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ADVERTISEMENT.

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THE Proprietor and Publisher of the History and Gazetteer of Derbyshire, has the pleasure of announcing to his numerous Subscribers and the Public, that the FIRST PART of the FIRST VOLUME of his work is ready for delivery. This PART contains,

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The Geography,

Geology,
Natural History, comprising Botany,

(Zoology,
Agriculture,
Trade and Commerce,
Manufactures, and
General Political History [to the close of the reign of Edward 111.)

and is illustrated by a geological plate, and a variety of other embellishments.

Stephen Glover has been induced, contrary to his original intention, to publish the work in parts, on account of his having obtained an accumulation of interesting materials, far exceeding his most sanguine expectations. This mass of important matter is the result, partly of his own researches, and partly of kind contributions of intelligent persons in every portion of the County. For this reason, the History will necessarily be extended to a size MUCH GREATER than was originally projected ; and will comprise THREE OTHER PARTS of considerable bulk.

The second PART, which will complete the FIRST VOLUME, will contain

The remainder of the General Political History,

Statistics, Government, &c. of the County,
Ancient Genealogical History,
Biography of eminent persons, either natives of Derbyshire, or long resident in the County.

The THIRD PART (which will form the FIRST PART of the SECOND VOLUME) will comprise about HALF OF THE PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF THE COUNTY ; embracing the General History of the Towns, Villages, &c. obtained from sources entirely, or for the most part, new.

The FOURTH PART, completing the GAZETTEER AND PAROCHIAL HISTORY, will terminate the work.

The SECOND VOLUME, the FIRST PART of which is nearly ready for publication, will contain above fifty copper and steel engravings of noblemen's and gentlemen's seats, churches, monuments, &c. and about one hundred and twenty shields of armorial bearings of the resident families, with tables of genealogy.

The Plates. Chatsworth House, by Sir Jeffry Wyatville, knt. a Hardwick Hall - - - - Countess of Shrewsbury's Monument, by Mr. Cubley Haddon Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore - Stanton Woodhouse, by Mr. John Rayner Bretby House, by Mr. Henry Moore Bretby House, by Mr. Henry Stevens no Kedleston House, by Mr. Henry Moore a Doveridge Hall - - Sudbury Hall and Monuments, by Mr. H. Moore Melbourne Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Calke Abbey, two views, by Mr. Glover Drakelow Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Tissington Hall, by Peter Bainbrigge, esq. Ashbourn Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Egginton Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Wingerworth Hall Willesley Hall, by Mr. R. L. Wright on Duffield Hall, by a Lady Stony Middleton Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Willersley Castle, by Mr. George Glover. Beauchief Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Brookfield Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Dunston Hall, by Mr. Henry Moore Stanton House and Lodge, by Mr. John Rayner Snelston Hall, by — Nash, esq. . . Langley Park, by Mr. Henry Moore i Bridge Hill House and Cotton Mills, by Mr. H. M. Portrait of Jedediah Strutt, esq. by Joseph Wright Radbourn Hall, by Mr. H. Moore Radbourn Rectory and Church, by Mr. H. Moore Dalbury Church and Rectory, by Mr. H. Moore Barlborough Hall

Donors. His Grace the Duke of Devonshire Ditto Ditto His Grace the Duke of Rutland Ditto The Right Hon. Earl of Chesterfield Ditto Right Hon. Lord Scarsdale Right Hon. Lord Waterpark Right Hon. Lord Vernon Right Hon. Lord Melbourne Sir George Crewe, bart. Sir Roger Greisley, bart. Sir Henry Fitz Herbert, bart. Sir William Boothby, bart. Sir Henry Every, bart. Sir John Henry Hunloke, bart. Sir Charles Abney Hastings, bart. Sir Charles Colvile Sir Thomas Denman Richard Arkwright, esq. Broughton Steade, esq. James Holworthy, esq. Thomas Smith Milnes, esq. William Pole Thornhill, esq. John Harrison, esq. Godfrey Meynell, esq. George Benson Strutt, esq. Late William Strutt, esq. F. R. S. E. S. Chandos Pole, esq. Rev. Reginald Pole Rev. Charles Evelyn Cotton Rev. C. H. R. Rodes

The following and others are engraved at the expense of the Proprietor:

All Saints Church, by Mr. R. V. Knight Ashbourn Church, by Peter Bainbrigge, esq. Monuments in Ashbourn Church Wirksworth Church, by Mr. John Rayner Monuments in Wirksworth Church, by Ditto Portrait of Flamsteed, the Astronomer Portrait of Joseph Wright, by Himself

Portrait of Whitehurst
View of the Town Hall, by Matthew Habershon, esq.
Portrait of Sir Richard Arkwright, by J. Wright
Portrait of Samuel Oldknow, esq. by Mr. Potts
View of Belper Church, by Matthew Habershon, esq.
Geological Plate of the Strata of Derbyshire
A Map of the County, with fourteen views round the border.

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I.

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Preliminary observations

Crystallized Cavern. Situation, extent, &c. .

Caverns at Matlock . Form, surface, mountain ridges

Kinderlow Cavern . Great alpine ridge and minor ridges List of natural caverns List of mountains, hills, &c. . 5 Water swallows, &c. . Valleys . . .

8 Springs (with alphabetical list) List of narrow rocky valleys . . 9 Mineral waters . Caverns

Ebbing and flowing well .
Peak Hole Cavern . . 11 Rivers
Poole's Hole . . . 13

Trent . . .
Elden Hole . . . 14

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Derwent · ·
Dove . . .,
Erewash, Mease, A

Bootle, Wye

Bradford, Lathkil, &c.
Cascades and waterfalls
Ponds and reservoirs . .
Scenic character

. Climate, winds and rain Temperature and longevity .

35

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CHAPTER II.

38

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Geology

38 Primary rocks, transition or inter

mediate rocks Millstone grit ..

39 Shale or shiver .

39
Limestone and toadstone . . 40
Principal strata
Red marl

.
Magnesian limestone
Coal
List of collieries
History and mode of working the

coal mines Measures of strata

Shipley deep field, West Hal

lam, Ilkeston, Alfreton
common, Pinxton, Stub-

ley, Adelphi and Hady . 50 Damps Nature of Derbyshire coal

51 Gritstone and shale

52 First grit rock Great shale or schistus Mineral limestone Veins of lead ore Rake veins

54 Hillcar, Cromford and Wirksworth

soughs

Flatworks

· 54 Varble quarries . . : 72 Rights of miners in the king's field 55 Chert

.:. . . . 72 Lessees of mineral duties

. 65 Freestone (with list of quarries) . 73 Origin of the laws . . . 56 Building stone and list of saw mills Sorts of ore . . . . . 56 Shale, freestone, paviers, flags, slate Smelting furnaces

stone and list of quarries . Miners' standard dish

57 Prices of slate Annual produce

Grindstone, whetstone and scytheVeins of lead ore, antiquity of lead stone quarries · · ·

mines and Roman pigs of lead . 58 Scythe sticks Mineral laws

.

60 Cauk stones, quartz crystals and Barmaster gives possession . . 60 Derbyshire diamonds Method of working the mines 61 Calcarious concretions Ancient laws injurious to improvement 61 Fluor spar and fluate of lime .

77 List of lead mines

. 64 Stalactites, stalagmites and coralloids 78 Cupolas . ,'

Animals, insects and vegetable imAverage produce of lead ore • 67 pressions Slickensides

List of fossils Ironstone and mode of getting • 68 Earths, shale, bind, china clay, pipe Iron furnaces and founderies

clay and potters' clay . Ores of iron . . . . 69 List of potteries, chimney pots, fire Bloodstone . . . . 69 clay, fire bricks, tile and brick clay Copper, zinc, sulphuret of zinc,

and list of fire clay pits manganese and silver

Marl, tufa and gypsum Grey ore of antimony

. 71 Heavy earth and sand Limestone and list of quarries . 71 Fullers' earth, bitumen, sulphur, Marble . . 71 peat and turf

.

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Page

Page

130

102

106

108

Class 10. Decandria

ble Page
. 96 Butcher bird, raven, crow, rook,
11. Dolecandria . . 97 Royston crow, jackdaw and jay · 128
12. Icosandria . 97 Magpie, cuckoo, wryneck and wood-
13. Polyandria . 98 pecker . . . . . 129
14. Didynamia . 99 Kingfisher, nuthatch, creeper, star-
15. Tetradynamia

· 101

ling and thrush
16. Monadelphia .. 102 Song and heath thrush, redwing,
17. Diadelphia .

fieldfare, blackbird, ring ouzel,
18. Polyadelphia . 103 water ouzel, rose coloured ouzel,
19. Syngenesia .

104 waxen chatterer, crossbill and gros20. Gynandria

beak .

. . 131 21. Monoecia

106 Greenfinch, bullfinch, bunting, yel22. Dioecia

. 108 low hammer, reed, house and tree 23. Polygamia . 108 sparrow, chaffinch, brambling and 24. Cryptogamia

goldfinch ; .

. 132 Zoology of Derbyshire

112 Common linnet, greater and lesser CLASS 1.

red-headed linnet, siskin, flyHorse . . .

112 catcher, sky, tit, wood and pipet Ass, ox and sheep .

· 113 lark, white and grey wagtail . 133 Goat and stag .

• 114 Yellow wagtail, nightingale, hedge Fallow deer and hog

. 115 sparrow, redstart, wood wren, lesDog, several varieties

. 116 ser pettichaps and golden-crested Wolf, fox, wild cat, badger and otter 118 wren

. . . . . 134 Polecat, marten, ferret, weasel, stoat,

Lesser white-throat, sedge warbler, hedgehog and mole

. . 119 robin redbreast, wheatear, willow Hare, rabbit, rat (varieties of) wren, wren, whinchat, stonechat mouse (varieties of) and squirrel 120

and white-throat

. 135 Bat . . :, .

121 Blackcap, greater, cole, marsh, blue CLASS 2. Birds.

and longtailed titmouse

. . 136 Observations . . . . 121 Swallow, martin and sand martin 137 Golden eagle, osprey, kite, buzzard, Swift and goatsucker . . . 138

goshawk, hen harier and ring tail 126 Stockdove, ringdove and cock .. 138 Kestrel, sparrow hawk, little buzzard, Peacock, turkey, guinea fowl, pheamerlin, white owl, horned owl,

sant, wood grouse and black game 139 short-eared owl, screech owl, Moor-game, partridge, quail and brown owl and little owl . . 127 stone curlew

• • • 140

Crane, bittern, heron, curlew, wood

cock, snipe and jacksnipe . 141 Godwit, redshank, ruff and reeve, lap

wing, common and spotted sandpiper, dunlin, knot, golden plover,

sanderling and ringed plover . 142 Dotterel, seapie, water rail, water

hen, corncrake, grey phalarope,

bald coot and lesser grebe . 143 Greater and lesser crested grebe,

great northern and speckled diver, common, lesser and black tern, black-capped, black and white and common gull, kittiwake, goosan

der and dundiver .' . . 144 Red headed smew, wild, tame and

black swan, grey lag, white fronted, bernacle and brent goose, wild duck, sheldrake, widgeon, po

chard and long-tailed duck . 145 Goldeneye, morillon, garganey, teal,

cormorant and gannet . . 146 Fish . . .

. 148 Eel, burbot, bullhead, river bullhead, flatfish, flounder, perch and strickleback . : :

149 Loach, salmon, trout and grayling . 150 Pike, carp, bream and roach

151 Tench, barbel, chub, dace, bleak,

gudgeon, minnow, lamprey, lam

pern, nine-eyed eel and sturgeon . 152 Reptiles Toad, frog, lizard, newt and

,,. . . . 153 Snake and blindworm .154 Insects

• • . . 154

CHAPTER IV.

Agriculture-preliminary observa Carrots, potatoes and alternate hus- Sheep, varieties of . . . 184

tions . . . . . 161 bandry . . . . .175 Shepherds' societies . . . 185 Estates, value and leases

. 164 Pasture and meadow land, diversity Ram, Carcass, new Leicester breed 186 Farms, rents and cottages • 165 of soil

176 Swine and horses

. 187 Tithes .

166 Grasses and meadows . .177 Asses, rabbits, poultry, and increase Rates, implements, ploughs, harrows Pasture land, farming stock, and de

of animals and vegetables

· 189 and rollers . . . 166 scription of stock . . . 178 Farm buildings

. . . 190 Carriage of produce and inclosures . 167 Short horned bull, Charles the Second 179 Gardens and orchards

193 Fences and hedge-row timber . 168 Short horned heifer, Daffodil, short Park wood and forest timber ..194 Gates and tillage . . . 169 horned cow, Lady, and Dishley Chamomile

. 194 Wheat

. 172 steer .
. . . 180 Agricultural societies

• 194 Rye, barley and oats . .173 Bretby heifer

. . 182 Inclosures

195 Pease, tares, turnips, mangel wurzel Chcese

. . . . 182 and cabbage . . . . 174

CHAPTER V.

Antiquity of the Derbyshire manu

factories and lead ore . . 198 Manufactories

i . . 199 Cauk, ironstone and furnaces . 199 Butterley iron works . . . 200 Iron works- Alfreton, Brampton,

Chesterfield, Derby, Dronfield, Copperas, marble, china stone, lime

Millford, Renishaw, &c. . 201 works, freestone and grindstone . 203
Iron forges, iron implements and nails 201 Gritstone, slate, plaster stone, spar
Iron screws, needles, tin-plate work-

works, bricks, tiles, tobacco pipes,
ers, calamine, brass founderies and Derbyshire diamonds and jewelry 204
coals

. . 202

Page

• 223

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China works, earthenware, malt, ale Lace manufactories, silk and Lomb's Ferries, fords and Cromford and

and wool .

205 silk mill

. . 212 High Peak railway

Fulling mills, woollen cloth and

en cloth and Silk trade and weaving of silk . 213 Early railways and canals

worsted spinning

. 206 Cotton manufacture, Hargrave's and Grand trunk canal

. 225

Flax, linen, hemp and stockings . 207 Peel's machines and Arkwright's Chesterfield canal

.226

Framework-knitting and Derby rib 207 spinning frame . . . 213 Erewash and Nutbrook canals

. 227

Improvements in the stocking frame, Cotton manufactories, Crompton's Peak Forest canal and Marple aque-
hosiers, knitting of various articles 208 mule, jenny, Cartwright's power

duct · · · · ·

Lace and point net machines . 209 loom cotton trade and cotton mills 215 Cromford canal

. . .229

Bobbin net machine, Brown's net Weaving muslin, calico printing, Pinxton railway and tonnage, Ash-

machine, bobbins and carriages

bleaching, dyeing, tape, clocks and

by-de-la-Zouch and Derby canals 230

and Heathcote's machine . 209 watches and general manufactures 216 Adelphi and Woodheaves canals and

Traverse warp machine, Morley's Paper manufactories, trade of the

Trent navigation . . . 231

straight bolt and circular bolt ma-

county, exports and imports and Conveyance, fairs and markets . 232

chine . . . . . 210 ancient trade

. 217 Auctions and circulating medium . 233

Leaver's machine and improvements Roads, turnpike and private. . 218 List of tradesmen's copper tokens . 233

in lace machines . . 211 County bridges . . . 221 Agriculture benefited by commerce 234

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