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THE

STATESMAN'S MANUAL;

CONTAINING THE

ADDRESSES AND MESSAGES

OF THE

PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES,

INAUGURAL. ANNUAL, AND SPECIAL,

FKOM

1789 To 1858;

WITH

A MEMOIR OF EACH OF THE PRESIDENTS,

AND

A HISTORY OF THEIR ADMINISTRATIONS:

ALSO,

TREATIES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN POWERS,
CONSTITUTION OP THE UNITED STATES, PRESIDENTS' PROCLAMATIONS,
AND OTHER IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION.

COMPILED FROM OFFICIAL BOUBCES BT

EDWIN WILLIAMS And BENSON J. LOSSING.

EMBELLISHED WITH PORTRAITS OF THE PRESIDENTS,

ENGRAVED ON STEEL.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

Vol. III.

ItEVISED AND ENLARGED EDITION.

NEW YORK:
EDWARD WALKER. 114 FULTON STREET.

1 • • - - i'

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1858,
By EDWARD WALKER,

in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

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CONTENTS OF VOLUME III.

Biographical Sketch Of James Knox Folk Paoe 1537

Inaugural Address, March 4, 1845 1547

First Annnal Message, December 2, 1845 1555

Message, Dec. 9, 1845, Constitution of Texas 1582

Message, Dec. 19, 1845, the African Slave-Trade 1582

Message, Jan. 3, 1846, Agents for the Preservation of Timber 1582

Message, Feb. 7, 1846, relative to the Oregon Boundary Question 1583

Message, Feb. 9, 1846, Free Navigation of the River St. John 1583

Message, Feb. 18, 1846, Mexican Indemnity 1583

Message, March 23, 1846, Adjustment of Claims for Excessive Duties between

Great Britain and the United States 1583

Messnge, March 24, 1846, Increase of the Naval and Military Forces 1585

Message, April 2, 1846, Memorial of the '' Six Nations of N. Y. Indians" 1587

Message, April 13, 1846, Difficulties among the Cherokee Indians 1587

Message, April 20, 1846, Payments on President's Certificates—Expenditure of

Secret Service Money a Confidential Act 1589

Message, May 6, 1646, the Slave-Trade between Africa and Brazil 1593

Message, May 6, 1846, Soldiers Shot for Desertion 1593

Message, May 11, 1846, the War with Mexico 1593

Message, May 28, 1846, Settlement of Claims for return Duties with G. Britain. .1599

Message, June 6, 1846, Right of Search Correspondence 1599

Message, June 8, 1846, Calls for Volunteers without authority—Reasons for re-

lieving Gen. Scott from the Command of the Army in Mexico 1599

Message, June 10, 1846, Proposal for the Adjustment of the Oregon Boundary

Question from Great Britain 1600

Message, June 16, 1846, Estimates of the Expenses of conducting the War with

Mexico 1602

Message, June 16, 1846, Submitting Oregon Treaty to the Senate for Ratification 1603

Message, June 17, 1846, Affairs with the Governments on the Rio de la Plata. ...1603

Message, July 2, 1846, Trial of Alexander M'Leod 1604

Message, Jnly 9, 1846, Mineral Lands on Lake Superior 1604

Message, July 21, 1846, Official Correspondence on the Oregon Question confiden-

tial and should not be published ;1604

Message, Aug. 3, 1846, Vetoing River and Harbor Appropriation Bill 1605

Message, Aug. 4, 1846, Proposing to open Negotiations for Peace with Mexico,

and asking for an Appropriation in advance to aid in the Settlement 1610

nage, Aug. 5, 1846, Oregon Treaty ratified—Organization of a Territorial Gov-

ernment recommended 1611

Message, Aug. 7, 1846, Treaty with Cherokee Indians 1612

Message, Aug. 8, 1846, Asking for an Appropriation of two Million Dollars to be

placed at the disposal of the Executive to settle difficulties with Mexico 1613

Message, Aug. 8, 1846, Vetoing French Spoliation-Claims Bill 1614

Second Annual Message, December 8, 1846 1616

Message, Dec. 22, 1846, Civil Government in the conquered Territory of Mexico

organized by American Officers 1646

Message, Dec. 29, 1846, Additional Military Forces in Mexico required—the ap-

pointment of a general Officer to serve during the War recommended 1648

Message, Jan. 4, 1847, Postal Intercourse with the Army in Mexico 1649

Message, Jan. 19, 1847, Number of Volunteers in Mexico 1649

Message, Jan. 20,1847, Constitution of Wisconsin 1649

Message, Jan. 25, 1847, Postage paid on account of Public Officers and Depart-

ments for Documents carried Free 1650

, Jan. 29, 1847, Members of Congress and others holding Office in the

Army, and when they were appointed 1650
Message, Feb. 3, 1847, Remittance of Funds to the Army in Mexico............ 1650

Message, Feb. 13, 1847, Recommending a vigorous Prosecution of the War with

Mexico, and a Duty on Tea and Coffee.................................. 1651

Message, Feb. 20, 1847, Importation of Foreign Paupers and Criminals......... 1654

Message, Feb. 27, 1847, Correspondence with Gen. Taylor, and Reports of Oper-

ations in Mexico by Generals Hamer and Quitman........................ 1654

Third Annual Message, December 7, 1847............................... . . . . 1655

Message, Dec. 15, 1847, on Internal Improvements—Harbor and River Bill of the

previous Session retained, and now returned with Objections to it........... 1682

Message, Jan. 4, 1848, Additional Correspondence with Gen. Taylor............ 1696

Message, Jan. 12, 1848, Return of Santa Anna and Paredes to Mexico—Refusal

to furnish the House with copy of Instructions to Minister to Mexico........ 1697

Message, Jan. 21, 1848, Views of Gen. Taylor on Line to be occupied by Army... 1699

Message, Jan. 24, 1848, Forced Contributions in Mexico...................... 1699

Message, Feb. 2, 1848, Negotiations for Peace with Mexico, terms not approved... 1700

Message, Feb. 10, 1848, Duties levied on American Property in Mexico. ........ 1700

Message, Feb. 10, 1848, Respecting Propositions for Peace............ - - - - - - - - 1702

Message, Feb. 22, 1848, Treaty with Mexico laid before the Senate............. 1702

Message, Feb. 28, 1848, Armistice with Mexico.............................. 1704

Message, Feb. 29, 1848, Correspondence of Gen. Scott and Mr. Trist........... 1704

Message, March 7, 1848, Authenticated Map the United Mexican States......... 1705

Message, March 8, 1848, Three Millions of Dollars appropriated for Mexican Ne-

gotiations, how drawn by Mr. Trist........ ' ' ' ' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1705

Message, March 8, 1848, Despatches from Mr. Trist.......................... 1706

Message, March 15, 1848, Constitution of Wisconsin... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1706

Message, March 20, 1848, Correspondence between the Secretary of War and Gen.

Scott and Taylor and Mr. Trist........................................ 1706

Message, March 24, 1848, Reciprocity of Trade with Great Britain......... ... .1707

Message, April 3, 1848, Despatches relative to the 18evolution in France......... 1707

Message, April 29, 1848, Yucatan asking for Aid against an Indian Insurrection... 1708

Message, May, 8, 1848, Claims of Choctaw Indians.................... . . . . . . . 1710

Message, May 29, 1848, Oregon asking Aid against Indians.................... 1710

Message, July 6, 1848, Treaty with Mexico ratified—Territory ceded............ 1711

Message, July 12, 1848, Court of Inquiry at Saltillo—alleged Mutiny........... 1716

Message, July 24, 1848, in Relation to New Mexico and California Territory..... 1717

Message, July 29, 1848, Declining to furnish the House copies of Instructions to

Commissioners to Negotiate with Mexico................................ 1722

Message, Aug. 1, 1848, Indians in Oregon, California, and New Mexico—Military

Posts, and Military Force required for the Peace Establishment............. 1722

Message, Aug. 3, 1848, Courts of Inquiry in the Case of Gen. Pillow........... 1723

Message, Aug. 5, 1848, Court of Inquiry in the Cases of Lieut. Pendée and Sin-

gletary, and their Dismissal from the Service............................. 1724

Message, Aug. 11, 1848, Public Moneys paid to Gen. Cass and Gen. Taylor..... 1725

Message, Aug. 14, 1848, on signing the Oregon Territory Bill.................. 1762

Fourth Annual Message, December 5, 1848... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ 1726

Message, Dec. 27, 1848, Imprisonment of American Citizens in Ireland......... 1765

Message, Jan. 29, 1849, Amount of Military Contributions in Mexico........ ... 1766

Message, Feb. 1, 1849, Invention by Emerson, answer to his Petition . . . . . . . . . . . 1766

Message, Feb. 8, 1849, Documents relative to Treaty with Mexico—the Protocol. 1766

Message, Feb. 12, 1849, the Coast Survey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1773

Message, Feb. 23, 1849, Imprisonment of Mr. Bush in Cuba................ ... , 1774

Message, Feb. 27, 1849, Reciprocity Treaties with Foreign Nations.............. 1774

Message, March 2, 1849, Consuls, Amount of their Fees and Perquisites........ 1774

ADMIN1st RAtion of Polk........................ - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . ... 1775

Biog RAPHICAI, Sketch of ZAchARY TAYLOR... . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1793

Inaugural Address, March 5, 1849... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 1831

Proclamation, August 11, 1849, against Invasion of Cuba. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 1846

First Annual Message, December 4, 1849. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1883

Message, Jan. 4, 1850, Expedition for the Relief of Sir John Franklin.......... 1847

Message, Jan. 21, 1850, Government of California and New Mexico. . . . . . . . . . .

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Message, Feb. 13, 1850, Proceedings of the English in Central America......... 1851

Message, Feb. 13, 1850, Instruction to Chargé d'Affaires at Guatemala.......... 1852

Message, March 28, 1859, United States Agent to Hungary.................... 1852

Message, April 22, 1850, Treaty to protect Oceanic Communication in C. America 1853

Message, May 7, 1850, Reciprocity Trade with Canada........................ 1855

Message, May, 22, 1850, Affairs in California and Oregon 1855

Message, June 3, 1850, Expedition to invade Cuba............... 1856

Message, June 10, 1850, Expedition at Round Island, Coast of Mississippi...... 1856

Message, June 17, 1850, Affairs of Texas and New Mexico.................... 1857

Message, June 26, 1850, Money collected from Customs in California........... 1857

Message, June 27, 1850, Indemnity paid by Peru............................. 1858

Message, July 1, 1850, Affairs in New Mexico.......................... . . . . . 1858

ADMINISTRAtion of TAYLOR................................... - - - - - - - - - - 1859

Biographical, SKEtch of MILLARD FILLMoR.E........................... 1883

Message, July 18, 1850, British Proceedings in Central America................ 1893

Message, July 30, 1850, Search of American Vessels by British Ships-of-War.... 1894

Message, Aug. 6, 1850, Territorial Claims of Texas.......................... 1894

Message, Aug. 8, 1850, Explanation of a Paragraph in the Texas Message....... 1900

Message, Sept. 9, Constitution of New Mexico............................... 1900

Message, Sept. 23, 1850, Removal of Remains of President Taylor to Kentucky... 1900

First Annual Message, December 2, 1850.................................... 1901

Message, Dec. 13, 1850, Acceptance of Boundary Proposition by Texas......... 1915

Proclamation, Dec. 13, 1850, Acceptance of the Ten-Million Bill by Texas...... 1916

Message, Dec. 17, 1850, Additional Grades in the Army....................... 1918

Message, Jan. 3, 1851, Compilation of the Opinions of Attorney-Generals....... 1918

Proclamation, Feb. 18, 1851, Opposition to Fugitive Slave Law in Boston....... 1919

Message, Feb. 19, 1851, Resistance to the Fugitive Slave Law in Boston......... 1919

Proclamation, April 25, 1851, Military Expedition to Cuba............. - - - - - - - 1924

Second Annual Message, December 2, 1851........................ - - - - - - - - - - 1925

Message, Dec. 15, 1851, Seizure of Steamship Prometheus by British vessel-of-war 1947

Message, Jan. 5, 1852, Pardon of American Prisoners in Cuba.......... - - - - - - - 1948

Message, Feb. 14, 1852, Legislation required respecting Census Returns........ , 1948

Message, March 4, 1852, United States Cemetery in Mexico................... 1948

Message, March 25, 1852, Emigration of Colored Laborers from the United States

to the British West India Islands.......................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1949

Message, March 26, 1852,. Depredations on the Public Documents in the State

Department... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ................................ . 1949

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