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The next morning but few of the natives were seen 1769. upon the beach, and not one of them came off to the
April. Thip. This convinced us that our endeavours to quiet Sunday 16. their apprehensions had not been effectual; and we remarked with particular regret, that we were deserted even by Owbaw, who had hitherto been so constant in his attachment, and so active in renewing the peace that had beep bro en.
Appearances being thus unfavourable, I warped the ship nearer to the shore, and moored her in such a manner'as to command all the N. E. part of the bay, particularly the place which I had marked out for the building a fort. Ir the evening, however, I went on shore with only a boat's crew, and some of the Gentlemen: the natives gathered about us, but not in the same number as before, there were I believe between thirty and forty, and they trafficked with us for cocoa-nuts and other fruit, to all appearance as friendly as ever.
On the 17th, early in the morning, we had the misfortune to lose Mr. Buchan, the person whom Mr. Monday 1%. Banks had brought out as a painter of landscapes and figures. He was a sober, diligent, and ingenious young man, and greatly regretted by Mr. Banks ; who hoped, by his means, to have gratified his friends in England with representations of this country and its inhabitants, which no other person on board could delineate with the same accuracy and elegance. He had always been subject to epileptic fits, one of which seized him on the mountains of Terra del Fuego, and this disorder being aggravated by a bilious complaint which he contracted on board the ship, at length put an end to his life. It was at first proposed to bury him on shore ; but Mr. Banks thinking that it might perhaps give offence to the natives, with whose customs we were then wholly unacquainted, we committed his body to the sea, with as much decency and folemnity as our circumstances and situation would admit.
In the forenoon of this day we received a visit from Tubourai Tamaide and Tootahah, our Chiefs from the West.they brought with them, as emblems of peace, not branches of plantain, but two young trees, and would not venture on board till these had been received,
1769: having probably been alarmed by the mischief which April
had been done at the tent. Each of them also brought, as propitiatory gifts, some bread-fruit, and a hog ready dressed: this was a moft acceptable present, as we perceived that hogs were not always to be got; and in return we gave to each of our noble benefactors a hatchet and a nail. In the evening we went on shore and set up a tent, in which Mr. Green and myself spent the night, in order to observe an eclipse of the first fatellite of Jupiter ; but the weather becoming cloudy, we were dis
appointed. Tues, 18.
On the 18th, at day-break, I went on fhore, with as many people as could possibly be fpared from the ship, and began to ere& our fort. While some were employed in throwing up intrenchments, others were busy in cutting pickets and fascines, which the natives, who soon gathered round us as they had been used to do, were lo far from hindering, that many of them voluntarily allisted us, bringing the pickets and fascines from the wood where they had been cut, with great alacrity : we had indeed been so scrupulous of invading their property, that we purchased every stake which was used upon this occasion, and cut down no tree till we had first obtained their consent. The foil where we constructed our fort was sandy, and this made it necessary to strengthen the intrenchments with wood; three sides were to be fortified in this manner; the fourth was bounded by a river, upon the banks of which I proposed to place a proper number of water-casks. This day we served pork to the ship's company for the firft time, and the Indians brought down so much bread-fruit and cocoa-nuts, that we found it necessary to send away part of them unbought, and to acquaint them, by signs, that we should want no more for two days to come. Every thing was purchased this day with beads : a single bead, as big • as a pea, being the purchase of five or fix cocoa-nuts, and as many of the bread-fruit. Mr. Banks's tent was got up before night within the works, and he slept on fhore for the first time. Proper centries were placed round it, but no Indian attempted to approach it the whole night.
The next morning, cur friend Tubourai Tamaide made Mr. Banks a vilit at the tent, and brought with
him not only his wife and family, but the roof of a house and several materials for setting it up, with furniture and implements of various kinds, intending, as we understood him, to take up his residence in our neighbourhood: this instance of his confidence and good-will gave us great pleasure, and we determined to strengthen his attachment to us by every means in our power. Soon after his arrival, he took Mr. Banks by the hand, and leading him out of the line, fignified that he should accompany him into the woods. Mr. Banks readily consented, and having walked with him about a quarter of a mile, they arrived at a kind of awning which he had already set up, and which seemed to be his occasional habitation. Here he unfolded a bundle of his country cloth, and taking out two garments, one of red cloth, and the other of very neat matting, he clothed Mr. Banks in them, and without any other ceremony, immediately conducted him back to the tent. His attendants soon after brought him some pork and bread-fruit, which he eat, dipping his meat into falt-water instead of sauce : after his meal he retired to Mr. Banks’s bed, and flept about an hour. In the afternoon, his wife Tomio brought to the tent a young man, about two and twenty years of age, of a very comely appearance, , whom they both seemed to acknowledge as their son, tho' we afterwards discovered that he was not so. In the evening, this young man and another Chief, who had also paid us a visit, went away to the westward, but Tubourai Tamaide and his wife returned to the awning in the skirts of the wood.
Our Surgeon, Mr. Monkhouse, having walked out this evening, reported, that he had seen the body of the man who had been fhot at the tents, which he said was wrapped in cloth, and placed on a kind of bier, supported by stakes, under a roof that seemed to have been set up for the purpose: that near it were deposited some instruments of war, and other things, which he would particularly have examined, but for the stench of the body, which was intolerable. He said, that he saw also two more sheds of the same kind, in one of which were the bones of a human body that had lain till they were quite dry. We discovered afterwards, that this was the way in which they usually disposed of their dead.
A kind of market now began to be kept just without the lines, and was plentifully supplied with every thing but pork. Tubourai Tamaide was our constant guest, imitating our manners, even to the using of a knife and fork, which he did very handily.
As my curiosity was excited by Mr. Monkhouse's account of the situation of the man who had been shot, I took an opportunity to go with some others to see it. I'found the thed under which his body lay, close by the house in which he resided when he was alive, some others being not more than ten yards distant; it was about fifteen feet long, and eleven broad, and of a proportionable height; one end was wholly open, and the other end, and the two sides, were partly enclosed with a kind of wicker work. The bier on which the corps was deposited, was a frame of wood like that in which the sea-beds, called cotts, are placed, with a matted bottom, and supported by four posts, at the height of about five feet from the ground. The body was covered first with a matt, and then with a white cloth; by the side of it lay a wooden mace, one of their weapons
and near the head of it, which lay next to the close end of the shed, lay two cocoa-nut shells, such as are sometimes used to carry water in; at the other end a bunch of green leaves, with some dried twigs, all tied together, were stuck in the ground, by which lay a ftone about as big as a cocoa-nut: near these lay one of the young plaintain trees, which are used for emblems of peace, and close by it a stone axe. At the
open of the shed also hung, in several strings, a great number of palm-nuts, and without the shed, was stuck upright in the ground, the stem of a plaintain tree, about five feet high, upon the top of which was placed a cocoanut shell full of fresh-water: against the side of one of the posts hung a small bag, containing a few pieces of bread-fruit ready roasted, which were not all put in at the same time, for some of them were fresh, and others ffale. I took notice that several of the natives obferved us with a mixture of solicitude and jealousy in their countenances, and by their gestures expressed uneasiness when we went near the body, standing themselves at a little distance while we were making our
examination, ed the country for several miles along the shore to the eastward : for about two miles it was flat and
examination, and appearing to be pleased when we
April. came away.
Our residence on shore would by no means have been disagreeable, if we had not been incessantly tormented by the flies, which, among other mischiefs, made it almost impossible for Mr. Parkinson, Mr. Banks's natural history painter, to work; for they not only covered his subject, so as that no part of its surface could be seen, but even eat the colour off the paper as fast as he could lay it on. We had recourse to musquito nets and fly-traps, which, though they made the inconvenience tolerable, were very far from removing it.
On the 22d, Tootahah gave us a specimen of the Satur. 22. music of this country; four persons perforined upon flutes which had only two stops, and therefore could not send more than four notes, by half tones : they were sounded like our German Autes, except that the performer, instead of applying it to his mouth, blew into it with one noftril, while he stopped the other with his thumb :" to this instrument four other persons sung, and kept very good time; but only one tune was played during the whole concert.
Several of the natives brought us axes, which they had received from on board the Dolphin, to grind and repair ; but among others there was one which became the subject of much speculation, as it appeared to be French : after much inquiry, we learned that a ship had been here between our arrival and the departure of the Dolphin, which we then conje&tured to have been a Spaniard, but now know it to have been the Boudeuse, commanded by M. Bougainville.
An excursion to the Eastward, an Account of several In
cidents that happened both on board and on fore, and of
N the 24th, Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander examin- Monday 24.