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petition was complied with, there dence, the collection is particularly is every reason to believe that it rich. It contains a beautifully was soon after granted ; and that illuminated manuscript of “ Harsir Thomas, to whom the property dyng's Chronicle," as it was prohad devolved, continued to the sented by its author to Henry 6th, day of his death, which happened which deserves especial notice. It in the year 1662, in quiet posses- was formerly sir Robert Cotton's, sion of his library." Stukeley re- and it differs from the printed copies lates that the high sheriff for Bed- of the Chronicles(which come down fordshire (Bramstall), in 1650, to Edward 4th's time) so much, as was greatly instrumental in pre- not even to admit of collation. serving this inestimable treasure, There is in it, also, a fair transcript during the convulsions of the civil of the “ Chronicle of Andrew of wars, in which, remarks the pre- Wyntown ;” and three volumes of face, “ all documents of a consti- original correspondence, the first tutional or legal nature were in- containing letters written by royal, dustriously sought after, in order noble, and eminent persons of to be destroyed."
Great Britain, from the time of The Lansdown Manuscripts. Henry 6th to the reign of his A catalogue of the “ Lansdown late majesty. The most important Manuscripts,” likewise has been document in the other two volumes printed by authority of the com- is, the memorable letter of lady mission on public records. This Jane Gray, as queen of England, collection of manuscripts was pure to the marquis of Northampton, chased in 1807, by a vote of par- requiring the allegiance against liament, of the representatives of what she calls “the fayned and the then late marquis of Lansdown, untrewe clayme of the lady Mary, for the sum of 4,9257.
bastard daughter to our great uncle The catalogue is divided into Henry th' eight of famous Me two parts: the first consisting of morye.” There is likewise a valuthe Burghley papers only; the able “ treatise on the court of star second comprehending the remain- chamber, written in the time of der of the manuscripts in general, king James 1st, and king Charles including the Cæsar and Kennett 1st, by William Hudson, esq., of papers. Of the Burghley papers Gray's Inn." In biblical learning one volume contains copies of char the collection contains two volumes ters, &c. of an early period ; but of particular interest. One is a the remainder, amounting to 121 fine manuscript of part of the old volumes in folio, consist of state Testament, in English, as trans. papers, interspersed with miscel- lated by Wicliffe ; the other is a laneous correspondence during the volume elegantly written on vellong reign of queen Elizabeth; lum, and illuminated, containing and among these is “ the private part of a French Bible, translated memorandum book of lord Burgh- by Raoul de Presle, or Praelles, at ley."
the command of Charles 5th of Exclusively of the larger series, France -- a version of extreme this collection of manuscripts com- rarity even in that country. There prehends many valuable works on are also some fine classical manudifferent subjects. In British His scripts; amongst them a fac-simile tory, Topography, and Jurispru- of the celebrated Virgil in the
Vatican library, made by Bartoli, thority of parliament, it appears in 1642. In poetry, besides two that the kings, heralds, and pur beautiful manuscripts of the 15th suivants, of the college of Arms century, on vellum, one contain- (by their memorial in chapter ing the “Sonnets of Petrarch,” agreed to), represented, that the the other the “Comedia of Dante," building, in which their records there is a very fair and perfect are preserved, was not only falling copy, also on vellum, of the fast to decay, but in constant and “ Canterbury Tales” of Chaucer, imminent danger from fire, inas. written about the reign of Henry much as a sugar-house, the timbers 5th; in the initial letter of which of which are actually inserted in is a full-length portrait of the the walls of the college, immeauthor. Likewise a volume, partly diately adjoins the library, and on vellum and partly on paper, there is no party-wall between the being “a collection of the poems buildings. Though the royal comof John Lydgate, monk of Bury," missioners, by personal inspection, many of which have never been ascertained that it was necessary printed; and an unpublished poem, to remove the college into some by Skelton, intituled “ The Image public building, or to secure it of Ypocresye,” believed to be the against the extreme peril of fire to author's autograph. There is also which it was exposed, nothing a volume containing 20 very inter- could be done. The Chapter again esting “ treatises on music," of memorialized the government, re.the 15th century, originally be- presenting that the decay of the longing to John Wylde, precentor building had increased so rapidly of Waltham Abbey, and after- as to render it even an unsafe resi. wards to Thomas Tallys, organist dence to those officers who inhabit to Henry 8th; a manuscript vo- certain parts of it; and, in parti. lume that has been particularly cular, they had observed, that some .noticed and commented upon by of the library presses had sunk sir John Hawkins and Dr. Burney, considerably, and that the books in their respective histories of music. contained in them were suffering
Heralds' College. The Commis- from damp. They searched for sion for examining into the state the cause, and they discovered that of the public records of the king- the north wall had become so dom, has pointed out the insecure ruinous as to render it necessary condition of the Heralds' Office or to lay a great part of it bare, by College of Arms. His majesty's taking down three of the said commissioners, in their report of presses, and they were in conse
1819, declared, that the office re- quence obliged to remore sore quired to be removed speedily into hundred volumes of manuscripts some public building, or that the which were contained in them, present one should be rendered into the hall, which is the public more secure from fire. Various passage to the office. They also proceedings took place, in corres- forwarded memorials, with like re pondence, memorials, &c., between presentations, to the duke of Northe officers of the Heralds' college, folk, as Earl Marshal of England. government, &c., but nothing The building remaining still the was decided upon. According to same, the memorialists again didocuments now published by au- rected attention to this subject.
They said, they hoped they had, by presented to parliament, and or-
secrated. The report then pro-
Lord Sidmouth, previously to tower only. There are to be
in the year 1824, and 5 in the year
approved of, but the works have ditional churches were not indise
6,000,000 are derived from the September, October, November, lottery; 5,000,000 from the gaming- August, and July. houses, and 4,000,000 from the The number of deaths in April post-office. Each individual, taking is in comparison to that in July as the population at 713,000 souls, 16 to 11. pays 114 franks; and without the The following numbers establish gaming-houses, 106 francs. the estimate of the difference be
Paris under the principal rela- tween the months, as regards the tions of finance and political eco- mortality of each ; viz.:-April, nomy, is a tenth of the whole of 163; March, 158; February, 153; France.
May, 149; January, 147; DeThe number of houses and chim- cember, 130; June, 129; Sepneys on fire in Paris is as follows: tember, 125; October, 123; No
Chimnies on fire. Houses on fire. vember, 122 ; August, 120; and
According to the estimate of 1820-631......170 the deaths during the years 1819 The value of the different build- to 1821, in which the distinction ings insured by the company for of age and sex was established, it mutual insurance is 860,000,000 is remarked that mortality among francs. There are five other com- males, up to the age of 25 years, panies. The corps of firemen con- is greater than among females, and sists of 568 men. The damage that from this age up to 50, there sustained by fire every year is upon die more women than men. It is an average one twenty-three-thou- reckoned that more women than sandth part of the value of the men arrive at advanced age. houses. Paris contains 560 bakers, In the year 1821, 348 suicides 355 butchers, 265 pork-butchers, were effected or attempted : in 927 restaurateurs, innkeepers,cooks, 244 of these cases, death ensued. and chophouse-keepers, 325 pastry. Of this number, 236 were men. cooks, custard-makers, and confec- The presumed motives for suicides tioners, 2,333 retail dealers in wine, 1,466 retail grocers, 1,767 fruit- Amorous passions
35 erers, many of whom are also Alienation of mind, domestic gardeners, 281 corn-chandlers, 787
troubles, and painful affliclemonade-sellers, 416 brandy-mer- tions
126 chants, 52 milkmen, &c. In all, Debauchery, losses by gam9,761 dealers in articles of susten- bling, the lottery, &c..... 43 ance for human life. There are Indigence, loss of place, debesides 1,749 milk-women, stand
rangement of affairs 46 ing in the public streets. The Fear of reproach and punishwomen who have sheltered stalls ment
10 in the market-places and public Unknown motives
88 streets are about 3,000 in number. Thirty-three suicides have been
The month in which most deaths effected by severe voluntary falls, occur is April ; that in which the 38 by strangulation, 25 by cutting least occur, July. In the order of instruments, &c., 60 by means of mortality, the calendar will run fire-arms, 23 by poison, 42 asthus:-April, March, February, phyxies by charcoal vapour, and May, January, December, June, 127 by drowning.