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December. Beachy

1766. On Sunday the 14th, at four in the morning, Cape

Ti Beachy-head bore N. W. N. diftant about eight Sund. 14.

leagues ; and at noon, our latitude being 50° 52' S. and longitude 68° 10'W. Penguin Island bore N. 3500 E. diftant 68 leagues. We were fix leagues from the fhore, and the extreams of the land were from N. W.

to W. S. W. Monday 15. At eight o'clock in the morning, of Monday the

15th, being about six miles from the shore, the extreams of the land bore from S. by E. to N. by E. and the entrance of the river Saint Croix S. W. {W. We had 20 fathom quite cross the opening, the diftance from point to point being about seven miles, and afterwards keeping at the distance of about four miles from each cape, we had from 22 to 24 fathom. The land on the north fhore is high, and appears in three capes; that on the south shore is low and flat. At feven in the evening, Cape Fairweather bore S. W. I S. distant about four leagues, a low point running out from it S. S. W:Å W. We ftood off and on all night, and had from 30 to 22 fathom water,

with a bottom of sand and mud.. At seven the next Tuesday 16. morning, Tuesday the 16th, we shoaled gradually into

12 fathom, with a bottom of fire sand, and soon after into fix: we then hauled off S. E. by S. somewhat more than a mile; then steered east five miles, then E. by N. and deepened into 12 fathom. Cape Fairweather at this time bore W. Ž S. distant four leagues, and the northermost extremity of the land W.N.W. When we first came into shoal water, Cape Fairweather bore W. N. and a low. point without it W. S. W. distant about four miles. At noon Cape Fairweather bore W. N. W. ; W. distant six leagues, and a large hummock S. W. W. distant feven leagues. At this time our latitude was 51° 52' S. longitude 680 W,

At one o'clock, being about two leagues distant from the shore, the extreams of three remarkable round hills bore from S. W. by W. to W. S. W. At four, Cape Virgin Mary bore S. E. by S. diftant about four leagues. At eight, we were very near the Cape, and upon the point of it saw several men riding, who made signs for us to come on fore, In about half an hour we anchored in a bay, close under the south side of


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the Cape, in ten fathom water, with a gravelly bottom. 1766.
The Swallow and store-ship anchored soon after be-
tween us and the Cape, which then bore N. by W.
I W. and a low sandy point like Dungeness S. by W.
From the Cape there runs a shoal, to the distance of
about half a league, which may be easily known by
the weeds that are upon it. We found it high water
at half an hour after eleven, and the tide rose twenty

The natives continued a-breast of the ship all night,
making several great fires, and frequently shouting very
loud. As soon as it was light, on Wednesday morn
ing the 17th, we saw great numbers of them in mo- Wednes. 17.
tion, who made signs for us to land. About five o'clock
I made the signal for the boats belonging to the Swal-
low and the Prince Frederick to come on board, and
in the mean time hoisted out our own. These boats
being all manned and armed, I took a party of ma-
rines, and rowed towards the shore, having left orders
with the master to bring the ship's broad-side to bear
upon the landing place, and to keep the guns loaded
with round shot. We reached the beach about six
o'clock, and before we went from the boat, I made
signs to the natives to retire to some distance : they
immediately complied, and I then landed with the cap-
tain of the Swallow, and several of the officers : the
marines were drawn up, and the boats were brought
to a grappling near the shore. I then made signs to the
natives to come near, and directed them to sit down
in a semicircle, which they did with great order
and chearfulness. When this was done, I distributed
among them several knives, scissars, buttons, beads,
combs, and other toys, particularly fome ribbands to
the women, which they received with a very becom-
ing mixture of pleasure and respect. Having distributed
my presents, I endeavoured to make them understand
that I had other things which I would part with, but
'for which I expected somewhat in return. I shewed
them some hatchets and bill-hooks, and pointed to
some guanicoes, which happened to be near, and some
ostriches which I saw dead among them ; making
signs at the same time that I wanted to eat; but they
either could not, or would not understand me : for


5766. though they seemed very desirous of the hatchets and December

the bill-hooks, they did not give the least intimation that they would part with any provisions; no traffick therefore was carried on between us.

Each of these people, both men and women, had a horse, with a decent saddle, stirrups, and bridle. The men had wooden spurs, except one, who had a large pair of such as are worn in Spain, brass stirrups, and a Spanish cymeter, without a scabbard ; but notwithstanding these diftin&ions, he did not appear to have any authority over the rest : the women had no spurs. The horses appeared to be well made, and nimble, and were about 14 hands high. The people had also many dogs with them, which, as well as the horses, appeared to be of a Spanish breed.

As I had two measuring rods with me, we went round and measured those that appeared to be tallest amongst them. One of these was six feet seven inches high, several more were fix feet five, and six feet six inches; but the stature of the greater part of them was from five feet ten to six feet. Their complexion is a dark copper colour, like that of the Indians in North America ; their hair is strait, and nearly as harsh as hog's bristles : it is tied back with a cotton string, but neither sex wears any head-dress. They are well made, robust, and boney ; but their hands and feet are remarkably small. They are cloathed with the skins of the guanico, sewed together into pieces about six feet long, and five wide : these are wrapped round the body, and fastened with a girdle, with the hairy side inwards ; some of them had also what the Spaniards have called a puncho, a square piece of cloth made of the downy hair of the guanico, through which a hole being cit for the head, the rest hangs round them about as low as the knee. The guanico is an animal that in size, make, and colour, resembles a deer, but it has a hump on its back, and no horns. These people wear also a kind of drawers, which they pull up very tight, and buskins, which reach from the midleg to the instep before, and behind are brought under the heel; the rest of the foot is without any covering. We observed that several of the men had a red circle painted round the left eye, and that others were painted


with sirdle.

on their arms, and on different parts of the face; the 1766.

December eye-lids of all the young women were painted black. They talked much, and some of them called out Ca-pi-ta-ne ; but when they were spoken to in Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Dutch, they made no reply. 'Of their own language we could distinguish only one word, which was chevow : we supposed it to be a salutation, as they always pronounced it when they shook hands with us, and when, by signs, they asked us to give them any thing. When they were spoken to in English, they repeated the words after us as plainly as we could do; and they soon got by heart the words “ Englishmen come on shore." Every one had a mislile weapon of a singular kind, tucked into the 'girdle. It consisted of two round stones, covered with leather, each weighing about a pound, which were fastened to the two ends of a string about eight feet long. This is used as a sing, one stone being kept in the hand, and the other whirled round the head till it is supposed to have acquired fufficient force, and then discharged at the object. They are so expert in the management of this double-headed shot, that they will hit a mark, not bigger than a shilling, with both the stones, at the distance of fifteen yards ; it is not their custom, however, to strike either the guanico or the oftrich with them in the chace, but they discharge them so that the cord comes against the legs of the ostrich, or two of the legs of the guanico, and is twisted round them by the force and swing of the balls, so that the animal being unable to run, becomes an easy prey to the hunter.

While we stayed on shore, we saw them eat some of their flesh meat raw, particularly the paunch of an oftrich, without any other preparation or cleaning than just turning it inside out and shaking it. We observed among them several beads, such as I gave them, and two pieces of red baize, which we supposed had been left there, or in the neighbouring country, by Commodore Byron.

After I had spent about four hours with these people, I made signs to them that I was going on board, and that I would take some of them with me if they were desirous to go. As soon as I had made myself under


1966. flood, above an hundred eagerly offered to visit the December.

fhip; but I did not chuse to indulge more than eight of the number. They jumped into the boats with the joy and alacrity of children going to a fair, and having no intention of mischief against us, had not the least fufpicion that we intended any mischief against them. They sung several of their country songs while they were in the boat, and when they came on board did not express either the curiofity or wonder which the multiplicity of objects to them equally strange and Itupendous, that at once presented themfelves, might be fuppofed to excite. I took them down into the cabin, where they looked about them with an unaccountable indifference, till one of them happened to cast his eyes upon a looking-glass: this however excited no more aitonifhment than the prodigies which offer themselves to our imagination in a dream, when we converse with the dead, fly in the air, and walk upon the sea, without refleđing that the laws of nature are violated; but it afforded them infinite diversion: they advanced, retreated, and played a thousand tricks before it, laughing violently, and talking with great emphafis to each other. I gave them fome beef, pork, biscuit, and other articles of the ship's provisions: they eat, indiscriminately, whatever was offered to them, but they would drink nothing but water. From the cabin I carried them all over the tip, but they looked at nothing with much attention, except the animals which we had on board as live stock: they examined the hogs and sheep with some curiosity, and were exceedingly delighted with the Guinea hens and turkies ; they did not feem to desire any thing that they saw except our apparel, and only one of them, an old man, asked for that: we gratified him with a pair of shoes and buckles, and to each of the others I gave a canvas-bag, in which I put some needles ready threaded, a few flips of cloth, a knife, a pair of scissars, some twine, a few beads, a comb, and a looking-glass, with fome new fix-pences and halfpence, through which a hole had been drilled, that was fitted with a ribband to hang sound the neck. We offered them some leaves of tobacco, rolled up into what are called segars, and they imoaked a little, but did not seem fond of it. I fhewed


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