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reveal themselves. Bad deeds will ooze out. Beware of the flatterer! Remember the good old proverb, “ He that flattereth his neighbour, spreadeth a net for his feet."
Companionship in. boyhood springs from impulse; but proffered friendship in after years often arises from motive; consequently, the beginning of Trust should be the result of calm consideration. Above all things, see that your friend is a good man, for if not, his friendship is rotten ; for a bad man is not true to himself, and therefore must prove false to you. Have nothing to do with him.
Mr. Billington leaped out of a handsome two-horsed brougham, rushed into the office, and shaking me by the hand, said, “I want to introduce you to my friend S; come along. His brougham is at the door. We dine at Lovegrove's.".
" Who is S-? I don't remember his name."
46 Just introduced to him. Fine fellow! He will be of use in our concern. Come along; I want you to give me your opinion of him."
We sat down to a sumptuous dinner ; the wine went freely round; Billington was full of anecdote; Slaughed and complimented Billington on his wit. Compliments, and the obsequious “ Friend Billington, your health!” tickled poor
Billington, who was pleased, and talked, and laughed, and drank, and was overjoyed with the dinner and the wine, and with all about and around him. Friends present, and friends absent, received the warm words of affection from my excited friend.
About a fortnight afterwards Billington called at my office in THE brougham. He was alone, and called to give me a drive and a dinner.
6. What do you think of my friend S-? Fine fellow! keeps a splendid table; has a box at the Opera, and mixes in the best society."
BILLINGTON THOMAS CARLYLE ADVICE TO YOUNG
MEN—ON THE CHOICE OF BOOKS_VOICE OF YOUNG SCOTLAND.
PILLINGTON was a rising man; he had been
the favourite pupil of the great preacher, Dr. Chalmers; and when I first knew him, he held an influential appointment, and was editor of a prosperous journal, and a contri
butor to the periodical press. He had talent, he had industry and perseverance, and fame was smiling upon him, and fortune all but within his reach ;-yet, my son, one false step wrecked the prospects of that rising man, and left him bankrupt in fame, and poor-indeed! Many a pleasant day we spent together! many literary schemes we planned ; but, alas! that fatal error eclipsed a rising star, and robbed it of the lustre which it had attained.
Poor Billington! You remember him. Many a hearty laugh you have enjoyed when he related his humorous anecdotes, which he told so well.
I impressed upon you the care required in selecting your companions in youth-your boyhood companions. When you reach manhood the same care in the choice of your friends must be observed ; for unwise fellowship ruins thousands. Before you admit a man into your friendship, watch him well; weigh his actions; and if there be a flippancy of words or a deficiency of honour and integrity, eschew him. A little watching, and his propensities, his disposition of mind, will
Rector of the University of Edinburgh. His address to the students on that occasion breathes the spirit of love and encouragement, and portions of it deserve to be engraven on the memory
“ Your enthusiasm towards me, I must admit, is
very beautiful in itself, however desirable it may be in regard to the object of it. It is a feeling honourable to all men, and one well known to myself when I was in a position analogous to your own. I can only hope that it may endure to the endthat noble desire to honour those whom you think worthy of honour, and come to be more and more select and discriminate in the choice of the object of it; for I can well understand that you will modify your opinions of me and many things else as
you go on."
VOICE OF YOUNG SCOTLAND,
“There are now fifty-six years gone last November since I first entered your city, a boy of not quite fourteen-fifty-six years ago-to attend classes here, and gain knowledge of all kinds, I know not what, with feelings of wonder and awe-struck expectation; and now, after a long, long course, this is what we have come to. There is something touching and tragic, and yet at the same time beautiful, to see the third generation, as it were, of my dear old native land, rising up and saying: 'Well, you are not altogether an unworthy labourer in the vineyard : you have toiled through a great variety of fortunes, and have had many judges.' As the old proverb says, 'He that builds by the wayside has many masters.' We must expect a variety of judges ; but the voice of young Scotland, through you, is really of some value to me, and I return you many thanks for it, though I cannot describe my emotions to you, and perhaps will be much more conceivable if expressed in silence.”
AMBITION. “ When this office was first proposed to me, some of you know that I was not very ambitious to accept it at first. I was taught to believe that there were more or less certain important duties would lie in my power. This, I confess, was my chief motive in going into it—at least in reconciling the objections felt to such things; for if I can do anything to honour you and my dear old Alma Mater, why should I not do so? Well, but on practically looking into the matter when the office actually came into my hands, I find it grows more and more uncertain and abstruse to me whether there is much real duty that I do at all. I live four hundred miles away from you, in an entirely different state of things; and my weak health-now for many years accumulating upon meand a total unacquaintance with such subjects as concern your affairs here,—all this fills me with apprehension that there is really nothing worth the least consideration that I can do on that score. however, depend upon it that if any such duty does arise in any form, I will use my most faithful endeavour to do whatever is right and proper, according to the best of my judgment.”
PURSUITS. " In the meanwhile, the duty I have at present—which might be very pleasant, but which is quite the reverse, as you may fancy—is to address some words to you on some subjects more or less cognate to the pursuits you are engaged in. In fact, I had meant to throw out some loose observations—loose in point of order I mean—in such a way as they may occur to me—the truths I have in me about the business you are engaged in, the race you have started on, what kind of race it is you young gentlemen have begun, and what sort of arena you are likely to find in this world. I ought, I believe, according to custom, to have written all that down on paper and had it read out. That would have been much handier to me at the present moment, but, when I attempted to write, I found that I was not accus
tomed to write speeches, and that I did not get on very well. So I flung that away, and resolved to trust to the inspiration of the moment—just to what came uppermost. You will, therefore, have to accept what is readiest, what comes direct from the heart, and you must just take that in compensation for any good order of arrangement there might have been in it.”
ADVICE TO YOUNG MEN. "I will endeavour to say nothing that is not true as far as I can manage, and that is pretty much all that I can engage for. Advices, I believe, to young men and to all men-are very seldom much valued. There is a great deal of advising, and very little faithful performing. And talk that does not end in any kind of action better suppressed altogether. I would not, therefore, go much into advising ; but there is one advice I must give you. It is, in fact, the summary of all advices, and you have heard it a thousand times, I dare say; but I must, nevertheless, let you hear it the thousand and first time, for it is most intensely true, whether you will believe it at present or not-namely, that above all things the interest of your own life depends upon being diligent now, while it is called to-day. Diligent! That word includes all virtues that a student can have; I mean to include in it all qualities that lead into the acquirement of real instruction and improvement. If you will believe me, you who are young, yours is the golden season of life. As you have heard it called, so it verily is, the seed-time of life, in which, if you do not sow, or if you sow tares instead of wheat, you cannot expect to reap well afterwards, and you will arrive at indeed little; while in the course of years, when you come to look back, and if you have not done what you have heard from your advisersand among many counsellers there is wisdom-you will bitterly repent when it is too late. At the season when you are in young years the whole mind is, as it were, fluid, and is capable of forming itself into any shape that the owner of the mind