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The King's Flame now admitted of no
The King longer Delay : Therefore he privately mar
privately. ried Anna Bulleyn in Jan. before the Divorce was pronounced. Rapin charges Anna Bulleyn before her Marriage but with a single Fault, namely, for yielding to the King before his Marriage with Catherine was nulled : “But it is, says this fage “ Historian, very difficult for a young Lady of her << Rank to have Resolution enough to resist the Temp. « tation of being a Queen, if she could be so lawfully; « and it is likely the King made her believe so. " It cannot however be said, that she yielded to the " King's Desire before Marriage. He espoused her «s the latest in Jan. and she was not brought to
bed till the 7th of Sept.* So that there is no" thing in that which can give Occasion for any
Suf“ picion." In this Interval Warham, Archbishop Warham dies,
and Cranmer of Canterbury, died, upon which the
is made ArckeKing bestowed it on Dr. Cranmer, who bilbop. was in Germany deeply employed in“. the King's Cause. Rapin relates it
Rapin relates it was with great Difficulty Cranmer was prevailed upon to accept of this See, and much more to take the accustomed Oath to the Pope, which he did not do until he entered a private Protestation against it : For, it seems, he was confirmed in it by proper Instruments in the usual Form ; which Rapin admits was by no means one of Cranmer's commendable Actions. Be that as it will, he was consecrated on
The good old Wives and false Varnishes as well as DirtCivilians have generally admit- daubing Colours; which Materials, ed, that a Woman ought to we hope, our present New Comgo nine Months with Child pilers of ENGLISH History but this more knowing Author will be very careful not to make has allowed Anna Bulleyn but a use of; for certainly one stript of
; little above seven ; which In- them is much wanted, and will Atance, and many others fhews be very acceptable to the Pub M5, that he had always by him lick,
the 13th of March, though he was not put into Poffeffion of the Temporalities till the 29th of April.
When Cranmer was once fixed in his Archb. Cran- See, the King was fully determined to mer gives Sentence for the
end the Affair relating to the Divorce Divorce, according to his own Liking ; for that
end he so ordered, that his new Archbishop should demand his Leave to summon Queen Catherine, to appear at Dunstable, in the Neighbourhood of the Place where she resided. * This the King readily granted, and his Grace gave her to the 20th of May to appear and answer for herself, which she not doing, on the 23d of the fame Month he gave Sentence, That the King's Marriage with Catherine was null, being contrary to the Laws of God. And confirms
On the 28th of the fame Month the the King's new Archbishop, by another Sentence, conMarriage.
firmed the King's Marriage with Anna Bulleyn, and on the ist of June she was publickly crowned Queen. Thus ended the Proceedings on this notorious Divorce. + Rapin's Reo Rapin, in the Conclusion of the Acflections upon count relating to the Divorce, speaks of the Actors in the several Parties concerned in it; the the Divorce.
King he first blames, yet endeavours to justify him; the Pope he entirely condemns, as having acted upon a Principal of Self-interest; Wolsey he calls a bold and daring Minister ; he gives the Emperor the Credit of acting the Part of a Man of Honour, out of Respect to his Aunt, without regard to Justice or Religion ; Queen Catherine he alledges acted with Sincerity, though he believes she was guilty of Per
done in the same Month of ano+ It here appears, that a vast ther Kind, which proved as fatal deal of Business was done in the to Anna Bulleyn, as these TransMonth of May; and, in a very actions were pleasing to her at few Years after, as much was this time.
jury; in order to make Anna Bulleyn's Cause the better, he charges her but with one Fault, which we have before-mentioned; Cranmer he endeavours to acquit, as to what he transacted without the Authority of the Court of Rome, in regard he was inclined to be a Lutheran: The rest, who were concerned in this Affair, he avers acted only from worldly Views, without having any Religion in their Heads. ·
On the 7th of Sep. the Queen was brought Princess to Bed of a Princess, named Elizabeth, who Elizabeth was afterwards the famous Queen of England
born. of that Name; she swayed the Scepter for many with such high Reputation, that her Name and Memory even at this Time is so greatly revered, that the Day of her Accession to the Throne, the 17th of Nov. is annually celebrated. -- But she died without Issue, and was stiled, the Virgin Queen. When the News of what had been
The Pope extransacted in England reached Rome, his communicates Holiness was extreamly angry, and im- the King. mediately nulled the Archbishop's Sentence, and publickly declared, that the King himself was liable to an Excommunication, unless, by Sept. then next, he restored the Cause to its former State, which not being done, it ended in the Pope's formally excommunicating the King.
In January this Year the Parliament The Parliamet, and they opened their Proceedings ment meets.
1534. in passing an Act to repeal one made in Henry the IVth's Time against Hereticks.
Another was passed whereby it was enacted, “ That « all Convocations for the future should be called
to meet by Virtue of the King's Writ only : That “ the King should name 32 Persons of both Houses “ of Parliamnent, and a like Number from the Cler
gy, to examine the Canons and Constitutions of « the Church, with Power to abrogate or confirm “ such as they thought fit.”
Whilst the Parliament was thus em The Pope's Power demo- ployed the king received the News of the lijhed by Act Pope's Sente ce againit him; upon which, of Parlia.
the whole Nation, as Rapin fays, being
tired of the Pope's Yoke, it was determined at once to retrain that formidable Power, under which the nigdeid had so long groaned. Be that as it will, it is ct cain, that soon after divers Acts * palied that abolished the Papal Authority in England.
On the 7th of Sept. Mr. Cromwell was made Master of the Jewel-office, and was greatly intrusted
by *1. To confirm the Statute for not be contrary to the Law, on abolishing the Annates, or First Condition, that Part of the M10Fruits.
ney, from thence arising, should 2. That the Pope shall have be paid into the Exchequer : That nothing to do in nominating or all religious Houses, exempt and presenting of Bishops; but that, not exempt, should be subject to when a Bishoprick shall be va- the Archbishop's Visitation cant, the King Shall send to the 4. The King's Marriage with Chapter a Conge d'Elire, and, Catherine was declared null, in case the Election shall not be void, and ineffective ; and forbid, over within twelve Days after that any should stile her other the nce, it shall belong to than Princess of Wales, or the the King to present: That the Widow Dowager of Prince ArBishop Elect Thall swear Fealty' thur: At the same Time the to the King, and then be recom- King's Marriage with Anna Bulmended by his Majesty to the leyn was declared valid, and the Archbishop to be consecrated': Succession of the Crown settled That, if the Bishop elect, or Arch- upon their Issue : That if any bishops shall refuse to obey the Person of what Quality soever Contents of this Act, he or they should speak or write against the Mall be liable to a Premunire. King's Marriage, he or the should Moreover, all Persons are ex- be adjudged a Traitor to the presly forbid to apply to the King : That all his Majesty's Bishop of Rome for Bulls, Palls, Subjects, without Distinction, and the like.
should be obliged to swear to ob3. Peters-pence, all Procura. serve and maintain the Contents tions, Delegations, Expeditions of this Act : And therein was of Bulls, and Dispensatives from mentioned a List of the Marria. the Court of Rome, were forbid, ges forbid by the Laws of God and the Archbishoy of Ganter. and Man ; and that, if any suci bury was subitituted instead there- were then in being, they should of to grant the same, as should be disolved.
More and Bi.
by the King; among those, who fell a Sacrifice to the new Laws, wherein the King was declared Head of the Church, were Sir
Sir Thomas Thomas More and Bishop Fiser ; but
Shop Fisher bethe putting them to Death for this beaded. Matter was severely censured beyond Sea, and the Loss of them was greatly lamented by many in England. Queen Catherine ended her Days the
Queen Cathe. Beginning of this Year, and we leave rine's Death our Reader to collect her Character from what we have faid before.
This Year a new Scene was opened that proved likewise fatal to those we are going to mention ; for as the Sun, that often rises most gloriously, secs in a Cloud ; in like Manner, Lady Anna had not been Queen above three Years and four Months, before the King fixed an amorous Eye upon the Lady Jane Seymour, and resolved to have her, and get rid of Anna : But a Divorce would not do, not having the Pretexts as in his former Marriage ; therefore on Mayday, the King being at Greenwich, (where there was a solemn Juft, in which George Viscount Rochford, the Queen's Brother, was chief Challenger, and Harry Norris principal Defender) he suddenly left the Place, which greatly surprized the Company ; though some say, it was owing to the Queen's letting fall her Handkerchief, and its being taken up by one, supposed to be her Favourite, who wiped his Face therewith : However, as the King was gone, the Queen retired.
His Majesty, being arrived at Westminster, gave Orders in the first place for siezing the Queen's Brother and Norris, and they were committed to the Tower: Then the Queen was apprehended in her Barge passing to London, and, as the Lords were carrying her towards the Tower, they informed her of the Vou. IV.