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thirty Days fucceffively) who fell fick at Toledo; being big with Child, was delivered of a dead Male Infant, and departed this Life in the 38th Year of her Age.

The Emperor paffes from Spain through


Notwithstanding the very great Difference between the Emperor and the King of France for feveral Years, even to be carried fo far as to challenge to fight each other and that nothing but the Death of the one or the other feemed any Way probable to reconcile them; yet, fo liable to change are human Affairs, this very Emperor, before this Year expired, set out to pafs into the Low Countries through France, taking only the French King's bare Word for his being well treated, which Journey the Emperor took on the following Occafion.

A Rebellion in Flanders.

His Imperial Majefty was preparing to pafs from Spain into Italy when News was brought him, that a Rebellion was broke out in Ghent, which made him alter his Refolution, and take a Journey for Flanders through France; many endeavoured to diffuade him from it, because of the Danger of putting himself in the Power of Francis; but, not regarding their Remonftrance, he fet forward by the Post with a small Retinue.

Monfieur Granville, being fent before to advertise the King of his coming, he prefently fent his two Sons, the Dauphin, and the Duke of Orleans, with the Conftable Montmorency, to meet and conduct him. Some report, when the Duke of Orleans met the Emperor in France, he, laying his Hand on his Back, faid, Yield yourself a Prifoner. To which the Emperor made no Answer, but embraced him.

The Emperor attended by the Dauphin and the Duke of Orleans.

Meets King


In January the Emperor and the King of France met at Chaftel-Herault, went thence to Amboife, where, the Hangings in the Emperor's Bed-chamber being fet on fire, he had




like to have been ftifled. Then they removed to Blois, and thence to Orleans, where a Confultation was held about detaining the Emperor, which Montmorency exclaimed againft, as a bafe Breach of Faith: But an Accident, or rather Contrivance, faved the Emperor. He being in Difcourfe with the Dutchefs D'Eftampes, who was in great Favour with the King, defignedly let fall a Ring of a prodigious Value, which he took up and offered him; but he refused to receive it, defiring her to keep it in Memory of his paffing through France. This Generofity fo obliged the Lady, that fhe prevailed on the King not to detain him; fo that we may say, for once the French kept their Faith. From Orleans the Emperor went to Fountainbleau, spent fome Days there, and then proceeded to Paris, where he was received with the greatest Magnificence imaginable. The King waited on the Emperor as far as St. Quintin, and the two Young Princes conducted him to Valenciennes, and there they took their Leave of him, who was highly pleafed with the Honours done him in France. Upon his Arrival in Flanders he foon found the Means of quelling the Rebellion that had broke out at Ghent.

tians conclude a Peace.

This Year the Turks and Venetians con- The Turks cluded a Peace. In Sept. Pope Paul and Veneconfirmed the Order inftituted by St. Ignatius of Loyola, commonly known by the Name of the Society of Jefus, which was afterwards again confirmed by Pope Julius the IIId; the Founder whereof died in the Year 1556.

The Emperor paffes into



The Beginning of this Year the Emperor paffed into Germany, and held a Diet at Ratisbon, wherein the principal Determination was, "That Matters of Religion fhould continue in the fame Pofture they were "in, till a General Council met, or till the next Diet, VOL. IV.



" which

"which was to meet in eighteen Months." After the Diet broke up the Emperor paffed into Italy, and e met the Pope at Lucca, where he prepared for his Expedition to Algiers, and accordingly repaired on board his Fleet; but a terrible Storm

Makes an un

fortunate Ex

pedition to Algiers.

arifing, before he had landed his Stores and Provifions, it prevented his taking the City. In the Height of this Storm came his Fleet from Spain, all which, except fome few great Ships, were caft away; fo that in a fhort Space above 150 Ships were loft; yet fome Horfes and the Men were faved; feveral Gallies also, having struggled all Night with the Tempest, in the Morning run themfelves a-ground, where the Arabs killed the Men as they came on Shore. The Emperor took this Difappointment very patiently, being only heard to fay, Thy Will be done.

Ferdinand Cortes, who conquered Mexico, was with the Emperor in this Expedition, and advised him to return into Spain, and leave him with the Army to take the City; but the great Officers oppofed it; fo that Orders were given to repair on board, and, that there might be more Room for the Men, so many Ships being lost, the Horses were ordered to be thrown into the Sea, which the Owners being unwilling to perform, the Emperor himself went from Ship to Ship to fee it done. His Majefty going once towards the Sea, the Soldiers, thinking he would go on board and leave them, began to mutter; but he, turning to them with a pleasant Countenance, faid, Do not fear, my Friends, I am not going; I affure you, if any Body be left here, it shall be me; for I will not ftir till I fee you all fafe. In fine, the Forces were all shipped off, and, after a troublesome Voyage, the Emperor landed fafe at Carthagena, where he was received with extraordinary Joy, all Spain being in great fear for him; and thus ended this unhappy Expedition.


War between him and


This Year was no fooner approached, but another War broke out between the Emperor and France, which continued for three Years, during which Time the French took and loft Luxemburg; and the Duke of Cleve, taking Part against the Emperor, loft his Dominions. During the War the Emperor first went into Italy, to take care of his Intereft in that Country; then proceeded into Germany; and, on the 15th of Nov. 1543, married his only Son Philip, then fixteen Years of Age, to Mary Princefs of Portugal, Daughter to King John the IIId, and Catherine the Emperor's Sifter.

His Son mar

ries the Prin

cefs of Portugal,


A Diet at


The Emperor beats the


In 1544 the Emperor held a Diet at Spire, where the German Electors came to a Refolution to affift the Emperor against the Turks; but the Confideration refpecting Religion was deferred to a more convenient Opportunity, the Emperor having his Hands full of the French and Turks. However, he had the good Fortune to defeat the French in Piedmont; and then marched his Army in order to make the best of his Way to Paris. In the Courfe of this Progrefs he took several Places, and at length came within seventeen short Leagues of that City, which put the Citizens into fo great a Confternation, that they begun to fhip off their beft Effects: This caufed Francis to fend 6000 Foot and 300 Horse to defend the City; yet he foon entered into a Treaty with the Emperor, and Peace was proclaimed at Crefpi, which prevented the further Effufion of Blood on that Side.

A Peace be

tween him

and France.

Whilft that Peace was concluding Henry the VIIIth and his Army were before Bologn, whither the Emperor fent to give him an Account of what he



had done; to whom Henry fent for Anfwer, "That "his Imperial Majefty might do for himself as he pleafed, but, for his own Part, he intended to carry 66 on the War."


A French

Officer put to Death for Cowardice.

The Batteries raised against Bologn fo terrified the Governor, that he bafely furrendred the Place without standing an Affault, for which he afterwards loft

his Head at Paris.

The Marshal de Biez, who had thrown himself into Montrueill, made a better Defence, and the Duke of Norfolk, who had befieged him, fearing the French Army might obftruct his rejoining the King, drew off and returned to the main Army. Then Henry, having left Bologn well provided for Defence, returned to Calais, and thence foon fet fail for England: And the Emperor, having put an End to the War, spent the Winter at Bruffels.

The Year 1545 was the quieteft Charles 1545. the Vth enjoyed in the whole Courfe of his Reign; for King Francis, tired with continual Wars, and Age coming on him, ftrictly obferved the Peace lately concluded; and the King of England, fatisfied with the taking of Bologn, peaceably remained in his own Kingdom; fo that there was no more War between these three Monarchs during the Remainder of their refpective Lives.

The Emperor turned his

Arms against the Lutherans. :


A Rebellion in



The Emperor next commenced a War against the Lutherans, which was carried on in the Year 1546, and at last ended in his Favour. In this Year died the King of England, who was fucceeded by his Son Edward.

This Year was ushered in with a Rebellion breaking out in Naples, which, with Difficulty, was afterwards fuppreffed. On the 30th of March the French King died, and was fucceeded by his Son Henry.


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