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to be made by the Militia of Versailles, on the night of Monday; and numbers of citizens abandoned their houses in the Rue de Noailles, under which the mine was fuppofed to pafs. On arriving at the ftables, the Swifs refufed the Militia entrance; on which they commanded him on pain of inftant death, to enter and precede them with torches. At every part of the building they examined, they left centinels, to prevent a furprife from the attendants belonging to the ftables. At length M. de Vergnes, Equerry to the Compte D'Artois, arrived, and was refufed admittance; but on his offering to fhow every place, he was fuffered to accompany the Militia, who had already broken open feveral of the doors. All the cellars were carefully examined, and at length a discovery was made of an immenfe hole, the bottom of which could not be difcovered. One of the citizens defcended by means of a long beam held in a flanting direction; and the refult of his obfervations was, that he could perceive no apertures correfponding with this hole, which was very deep; fo that all that can be concluded is, that fuch a horrid plan has been really in contemplation, and preparing for execution, either prior to, or fince the Revolution; no perfon belonging to the ftables being able or willing to affign any ufe or mean ing whatever for this excavation. It is unneceflary to add, that proper precau
tions are taken.
Aug. 13. The National Affembly, on Monday laft, took into confideration the report of the committee respecting the dreadful disorders committed in all the provinces, and the method of appeafing them. Amongst other circumftances was proved to the Affembly, that a number of perfons flew from province to province, fpreading falfe news, and encoùraging the populace to infurrection. That in Allace, in particular, (on the German trontiers) a perfon affuming the character of a Deputy, produced an edict from the King, counterfigned by one of the Secretaries of State, authorizing every fpecies of disorder, with a variety of other circumftances, too evidently let on foot by traitors to admit of the fmalleft doubt. The following refolution was therefore propofed, and agreed to by the Affembly:
"The National Affembly, confidering that the enemies of the nation, having loft all hope of hindering, by the excelles of defpotifm, the regeneration of the kingdom, and the reftoration of pubVOL. X. No. $5.
lic liberty, feem to have conceived the no lefs criminal plan of carrying their projects into execution by the fury of anarchy; and being informed, that on the fame day, and at the fame hour, falfe alarms have been diffeminated through the different provinces of France, by pub lifhing accounts of infurrections that had no exiftence; perfuaded that those who difturb the order and harmony of fo ciety, merit the fevereft punishments; that the crime is ftill greater, as thofe incendiaries have gone fo far as to promul gate falfe orders, and even falfe edicts of the King, by counterfeiting the name of his Majefty, confidering that a good citizens fhould concur in putting a ftop to fimilar acts of violence, the National Affembly determine and decree, That all Municipal Bodies of the kingdom, as well in the towns as in the country, fhall watch over the maintenance of general tranquillity; that, at their requifition, the national militia, and all the troops, fhall come to their affiftance, in purfuing and apprehending all difturbers of the public peace, of what ftate or condition foever they may be: that all perfons apprehended for public criminality, fhall be imprifoned, and be regularly brought to trial; but that the execution of thofe who fhall be found to be the authors of thofe violent acts, fhall be fufpended: and their interrogatories, confrontations, and the other proceedings fhall be laid before the National Affembly, there to be examined, that it may be enabled to come at the fource of thefe criminal plots againft the nation. The faid National Affembly ordain, that all tumultuous meetings, either in the towns or in the country, under pretext of hunting, or any other pretext whatever, fhall be repelled; and that on the requifition of the Municipal Bodies, the troops fhall join with the Marechauffee to difperfe them; that every vagabond, without a profesfion or conftant habitation, fhall be apprehended; that the national militia, and all the troops, fhall take an oath to the nation, to the King, and to the law, well and faithfully to ferve the state; that the former fhall take this oath in prefence of their commanders; that officers of every rank, and the foldiers of each regiment, affembled round their colours, fhall take it to their chief, and the foldiers to their refpective officers."
The form of the oath to be as follows: "We fwear to the Nation, and the King the Chief of the Nation, and in the name of Religion, of our Country, and
and of Honour, to ferve the State-ne ver to permit any one to attack the Nation, and never to employ our force against our fellow citizens, but at the requifition of Municipal Officers."
M. de Mirabeau obferved, that this was a hafty measure, as nobody vet knew the form these municipal bodies would take, and that many of them were at prefent named by the King, &c. and that the limits of the executive and legislative powers were not yet determined. But it being anfwered, that the occafion was imminent, and that the obedience was to be paid to the municipal bodies, as confituted hereafter by the Affembly, and that the legislative body, at this moment, alone poffeffed the confidence of the nation, the oppofition ceafed, and it was almoft unanimoufly carried.
The King has inued the following declaration to accompany that of the National ffembly:
The King's Declaration.
"His Majefty having received information, that numerous bands of robbers are fpread over the kingdom, who endeavoured to deceive the inhabitants in to an opinion, that they are warranted by the approbation of his Majefty in the attack and demolition of the cafties, carrying off the archieves, and committingother depredations on the habitations and properties of the nobility-bis Majefty therefore finds himself neceffarily obliged to declare, that fuch violences excite his utmoft indignation. He exprefsly enjoins all thofe who are charged with the execution of his orders, to prevent thefe crimes by every means in their power, as well as to bring the perpetrators to the most fevere punishment.
"His Maiefty cannot, without the greatest affliction, witnefs the troubles that prevail in his kingdom; troubles excited by ill-intentioned perfons, who be gan by propagating groundlefs rumours in the provinces, railing falfe alarms, and inducing the inhabitans to take up arms.
His Majefty enjoins to the commandants of his provinces, to guard with the utmost vigilance against fuch guilty and dangerous manœuvres. He warns all his faithful fubts to keep them felves on their guari againft evil defigns and deceitful fuggeftions; and he calls on every good citizen to oppose, to the utmost of his power, the continuance of that diforder which ex As, to the fhame and difgrace of France, and which effentially counteracts hote beneficial views which actuate the king, and the representatives
of the nation, for the advancement of the happiness and profperity of the kingdom, It is his Majefty's defire that this ordi nance be printed and diftributed throughout the kingdom, and also read from the pulpits in every parish.
Done at Verfailles the 9th of Auguft, one thousand seven hundred and eightynine.
LE COMTE DE ST PRIEST. The capital has been in great fermen→ tation these three days paft, relative to the French guards; and infidious at tempts have been induftriously made to fcatter the feeds of difcord.-The fact is, that a great number of them, impatient at not fecing the new regulation appear, which was to fecure them, as they richly merit, an easy and honourable fitua tion, repaired at an unfeafenable kour to the house of the Marquis de la Fayette, and prefed hard to know what was to become of them, as many wished to go into the provinces and vifit their relations. The Marquis anfwered them, that the nation, who felt all the force of the obligation they owed thefe firft and beft of citizens, would never be unmindful of their fervices; that the Committee of Paris were employed in forming the plan for a permanent body of subordinate military, and the city militia; but that in the terim, fuch as wifhed to depart might have permiffion; and that the regulation was about to appear, in which they were all honourably and lucratively confidered.
On the first appearance of difcontent among the French guards, all the good citizens, who love and efteem them as children of the fame family, offered to fubfcribe any fum for their immediate wants; "No (replied these generous fellows); we have means enough amongst us; thofe who have, fupply those who have not; we are your brethren, not beggars."
The National Affembly have iffued a declaration enjoining the payment of all taxes, duties, and pecuniary charges in the ancient form, until the feudal fyftem and all the fifcal and local abufes fhall have been abolished by the Affembly, and a new order of things established.
Paris, Aug. 13. The unexampled violences everywhere committed in this country, though the capital at prefent enjoys a ftate of tranquillity, have induced the necef eceffity of putting the provoft law into immediate and full force, for the Speedy
Speedy execution of juftice; and his Moft Chriftian Majefty's edict to that effect, was yesterday registered in Parliament. The new code of municipal laws, comprehending the general police of this city is completed, and its operations are directed at the Hotel de Ville, to begin from this day.
The Baftile, the moft extraordinary place of confinement ever feen, is now nearly demolished; it is with the greateft difficulty the people can be kept at a diftance; the eagerness to fee the infide, brings thousands to this fpot from all parts of the country: The iron collars, to furround the body, hands, and feet, found in the cells, are of the moft extraordinary kind. In one of the cells, twelve feet under ground, an iron cage has been found, the weight fuppofed to be ten tons, and the bars three inches fquare, in which was a perfect human keleton.
Soon after the death of C. Mazarin, an unknown prifoner, young, and of a graceful figure, was brought to the Baftile with the greateft fecrecy. He had on an iron mask, the lower part of which was rendered commodious by fteel fprings. It was generally underflood, that any difcovery of himfelf would have been followed with immediate death. The Marquis de Louvois, prime minifter of France, went to fee him, and never fat down in his prefence. The governor of the Baftle himself waited upon him, and remained always uncovered in his prefence. He had whatever he defired. His manners were elegant, and playing on the guittar was his chief amulement. He was always ferved on plate, and one day (being denied the ufe of pen, ink, and paper) took an opportunity to write fomething with a fork on a small filver difh, which he threw out of the window. It was found by a fisherman, who brought it to the governor, who, on reading the infcription, detained the man, till he was convinced he could not read, and that no other perfon had feen it. He continued in prifon from the year 1661 to 1704, when he died, and was buried privately. Monf. Chamillarde was the last perfon who knew any thing of this fecret, which at that time engaged the attention of all Europe. When on his death-bed, his fon-in-law, the Marfhal de Fenillade, conjured him earnestly to inform him who this perfon was. Chamillarde anfwered, it was a fecret of State, which had swore not to reveal. It has hitherto
remained undifcovered, and the papers found in the Baftile throw no light upon it. but it is generally believed, that the man in the mafk was a natural son of Henrietta Princess of England, who was married to the Duke of Orleans, brother to Louis XV. and fhe was foon after poifoned by her husband. The party who conducted him to the Baftile had orders to kill him if he took off his mafk, or difcovered who he was, and it is fuppofed he had written his name on the plate found by the fisherman.
A few days ago, his Majesty's fhip Nareiffus, P. D'Auvergne, Eiq; coman inder, anchored in Cherbourg Road. Capt. D'Auvergne was unwilling to end a boat on fhore, apprehensive of infult, in confequence of the popular idea at prefent prevailing in France, that the English were inimical to the French nation enjoying that liberty which they themselves poffels.
He accordingly weighed anchor and put to fea, acquainting a boat near him with the occafion of his fudden departure.
The Duc de Narbonne, commandant at Cherbourg, on hearing this was fo extremely concerned at the departure of the Narciffus, that he inftantly difpa ched an armed corvette, with a very polite letter to Capt. D'Auvergne, requesting his return, and affuring him that every poffible civility fhould be fhewn to any of his Britannic Majelty's hips which fhould put into any of their ports fince a thorough conviction reigned in every province in France, that the English participated in the joy occafioned by the late glorious Revolution.
On Saturday evening, the above armed corvette, with enfign and pendant flying, anchored at Spithead. Many conjectures were formed refpecting fo novel a fight: these, however, were foon cleared up. The officer who commanded her, a man of high rank, came on shore, and waited on Admiral Roddain, to repeat to him the affurances which the French commandaut had made to Capt. D'Auvergne.
According to letters from Nantz, received on Thursday, eleven veffels arri ved there from America, the 29th of laft month, laden with wheat and other corn. Their cargoes were difpofed of the mor ning after their arrival, and the ships were uniading as fast as poffible, to return home for frefh cargoes, grain being very plentiful in the American States. Stockholm,
Stockholm, June 30. Intelligence has been received here that, on the 18th infiant, a Ruffian corps, under the command of General Michelfon, attacked the Swedish troops at St Michel, commanded by Colonel Steding. The action began at midnight, in which the Swedes kept their ground, and fought very bravely for feveral hours; but Colonel Steding, perceiving that the enemy muft at lengti. fucceed in turning his front, and attacking hira in the flank, thought it prudent, in order to fave his men and artillery, to evacuate St Michel, and retreat to Jeckas, which he effected with a very thing lofs, having faved all his baggage and flores, except the powder magazine, which he blew up, to prevent its faking into the hands of the enemy. In confequence of this retreat, the Ruffians have entered into Sawolax. On the other hand, the King, at the head of a corps of about 5000 men; with fifty pieces of cannon, has paffed the river Kymene, and made an irruption, near Keltys, into Ruffian Finland.
Stockholm, July 3. A courier who arrived yesterday morning with letters from the King to the Queen, the Prince Royal and Baron Armfelt, brought the firft news of an action between the troops under his Majefty's command and a corps of Ruffians, whom he met on the 28th paft within two miles of Davidftadt. His Majefty mentions no particulars in his letters, only that he had defeated the enemy without receiving any hurt himself: But the courier reports, that the king, with only 2,000 of his troops, which compofed the van guard, without waiting for the reft of his army, advanced to charge the enemy, who amounted to about 5,600 men: That the Ruffians flood the fire of the Swedes with great intrepidity, for a confiderable time, and in their turn attacked the Swedes with bayonets fixed, which occafioned the latter to retreat about twenty paces; but that being inftantly rallied by his Majefty, who alighted from his horfe, and encouraged them in perfon, they returned to the charge, and put the enemy to flight: That the Ruffians in their retreat having paffed a defile, the Swedes in the purfuit difcovered another body of the enemy, drawn up in a line, at the opposite extremity; which fituation not permitting an attack with any hopes of fuccefs, the Swedes defifted; but that, making a circular march thro' a wood, they charged the Ruffians in flank, and entirely routed them. The lofs on the
fide of the Swedes is reported to be three officers and about 15 men killed, and three officers an nearly too men wounded. The lofs of the enemy cannnot be afcertained, as they carried off their dead.
Rome, July 17. A propofal made by two Ex-Jefuits is the present talk of this city; they have informed his Holiness that they can point out a place where a treasure of upwards of fifteen millions of crowns in gold is depofited, which they agree to difcover, in confideratin of a reward of one million of the treasure found; the reft to be at the difpofal of the Apoftolick Chamber. Every body is cu rious to know whether this extraordinary propofal will be accepted. I he place where the gold is hid is suspected to be fomewhere about the Antonine baths, formerly belonging to the Jesuits, near the gate of St Sebaftian, where there are confiderable edifices, and fome old walls and fubterraneous paffages.
This treasure is fuppofed to be that of the Jefuits, at the time of their first suppreffion.
Wefminft. July 31. This day the Lords being met, and the Commons being come, the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, the Duke of Leeds, and the Earl of Chatham, in virtue of a commiffion from his Majefty, notified the Royal assent to
An act for granting to his Majesty several additional rates and duties upon horfs and carriages with four wheels, and for explaining an act of his present Majefty, as far as relates to carriages with two or three wheels.-An act for granting feveral additional ftamp-duties on probates of wills, letters of adminiftration, and on receipts of legacies, &c. —An act for granting several additional ftamp duties on newspapers, advertisements, and on cards and dice.-An act for further continuing an act of the 23d of his present Majesty, for the more effectual encouragement of the manufac tures of flax and cotton in Great Britain.
An act for better regulating and ascertaining the importation and exportation of corn and grain, the exportation of ftarch, and the importation of rape feed.
An act for explaining an act passed last feffion, for regulating the trade between his Majefty's colonies in North America, and Weft India Islands, and the United States of America, and between his Majesty's said subjects and the foreign islande
in the Weft Indies.-An act to continue feveral laws therein mentioned, relative to the better encouragement of the making of failcloth in Great Britain; to the encouragement of the filk manufactures, &c. and to continue feveral expiring laws.
An act for further encouraging the Newfoundland, Greenland, and fouthern whale fisheries-and to four private bills.
Aug. 11. This day the Lords being met, and the Commons being come, the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, the Duke of Leeds, and Lord Sydney, in virtue of a commiffion sent from his Majefty, declared the Royal affent to an act for granting to his Majefty a certain fum of money out of the confolidated fund.-An act for repealing the duties on tobacco and fnuff, and for granting new duties in lieu thereof.-An act to exempt all piece goods, wove in this kingdom, and which fhall be fold by auction, from the duty impofed on fuch fales: for exempting perfons licensed to retail fpiritous liquors from the payment of the duties imposed on fuch licences, who fhall leave off retailing fuch liquors before the expiration of the time for which fuch licences fhall be granted; and for obliging perfons who fhall deal in brandy, not being retailers, rectifiers, or diftillers, to take out licences for that purpose.-An act for allowing a drawback on teas exported to the islands of Guernsey, Jerfey, Gibraltar, Africa, &c. -An act to authorise the Commiffioners of the Treasury to appoint two of the Commiffioners of the Cuftoms in England, and one of the Commiffioners of the Customs in Scotland, to inquire into the annual amount of the emoluments of officers of the customs, and other perfons employed in that revenue. An act to continue for a limited time, and amend, an act to regulate the fhipping and carrying flaves in British veffels from the coaft of Africa.-An act for appointing commiffioners further to inqnire into the loffes and fervices of the American Loyalifts. An act to enable the Eaft India Company to raise money by further increafing their capital ftock,
Speech of the Lords Commiffioners. After which the Lord Chancellor made the following Speech. "My Lords, and Gentlemen, "WE have it in command from his Majefty to exprefs to you the fatisfaction with which his Majefty has obferved the continued proofs which you have given, during the prefent feffion, of your uni
Lloyd verfus Broaun.
This was a caufe of a fingular nature the Plaintiff's declaration ftated, that the Defendant had, among other things, taken and carried away a halter, which he had converted to his own ufe.
It appeared in evidence, that the parties had been both goalers; and in order to fupport the Plaintiff's demand, the following curious letter from the Defendant was produced and read:
"My Kalendar confifts of fifteen prifoners, among which are seven capital affairs, one murder only, and four burglaries; three of thefe kiddies will fuffer next week; and therefore I shall want your affiftance: for you must know that my man Tom, a ftupid dog, hung himfelf last night in the prifon: he was a very clever fellow at his bufinefs, and there. fore I have met with a great lofs in him. I must request the favour of you to let your man John come down, and bring with him half a dozen pair of irons, and the beft hard fpun rope you have got, as I fhall ftand in need of them, and I will return them again with thanks."
A demand and refufal of the goods being proved, and no fatisfactory defence made, a verdict was found for the Plaintiff.
It is a circumftance truly worthy of memory, especially during the prefent tafte for cricketting, that not many years ago, a match was played in Hyde Park, between eleven Chelfea Penfioners, each wanting