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sense, is corrected to pie ed she might really fully it, which taint-
bert, which is very stiff, and as ing seems to imply.
Polonius says, is a vile pbrafe.

- Mr. STEEVENS. Mr. REYNOLDS. P. 368. If this poor brach of P. 355. A Veronese, Michael Venice, whom I trace

Caffio.] The Revisal sup- For his quick hunting, fit and the poses, I believe rightly, that putting on.] The old read. Michael Clio is a Veronese. ing was trash, which Dr. War

It should just be observed, that burton judiciously turned into the Italian pronunciation of the brach. But it seems to me, that word must be retained, other tral belongs to another part of wise the measure will be defec- the line, and that we ought to tive.

Mr. Steevens. read trafh for trace. To trash a P. 362. To fuckle fools, and bound, is a term of hunting still

chronicle /mall beer.) I see used in the North, and perhaps no more humour in this line than elsewhere ; i, e. to correct, to is obvious to the most careless rate. The sense is, “ If this reader. After enumerating the “ 'hound Roderigo, whom I rate perfections of a woman, he adds, for quick hunting, for overthat if ever there was one such running the scent, will but as he had been describing, the fand ihe putting on, will but was, at the best, of no other use “ have patience to be properly than 10 fuckle children and keep the “ and fairly put upon the scent, accounts of a househoid. The ex. « c.". The context and sense pressions of to fuckle fools and is nothing if we read trace. This chronicle small beer, are only two very hunting-term, to traß, isinstances of the want of natural metaphorically used by Shakee affection, and the predominance peare in the Tempeft, act i. fc. ii, of a critical censoriousness in Pro. Being once perfected lag), which he allows himself to

“ how to grant suits, have, where he says, oh, I am “ How to deny them ; whom nothing if not critical! Shakı/;eare “ t'advance, and whom never thought of any thing like “ To trash for overtofping." the “ O nate mecum corjule Man- To trash for overtopping ; i. 66 lio,Mr. STELVENS.

66 what suitors to check for their This is certainly right.

too great forwardness.” Ta P. 366. Or tuinting his dif: pertep, is when a hound gives

cipline--) If the sense in this his tongue, above the rest, too place was not sufficiently clear, I loudly or too readily; for which should have thought taunting his he ought to be trajib'd or rated, discipline might have been the Tupper, in the good sense of the word, fince it was more likely word, is a common name for a for Rodrigo, from his general hound, in many parts of Engin foolih character, to be able to land. Shakespeare is fond of ale throw out something in contempt luficns to huncing, and appears of what he did not underland, to be well acquainted with its than to say any thing which language, Mr, WARTONG

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paints from the life : those in P. The drum and fife were also

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P. 374. Iago. He'll avatch the the drum, is of confiderable ană

borologue a double fet, tiquity in the European armies, If drink rock not his cradle.-) particularly the German. In a Chaucer uses the word borologe curious picture in the Asomolean in more places than one.

Museum at Oxford, painted 1525, “ Well kirer was his crowing representing the fiege of Pavia

“ in his loge, (lodge) by the French king, where the “ Than is a clocke, or abbey emperor was taken prisoner, we “ horologe."

see fifes and drums. In an old P. 397. To seal ber father's English treatise written by Wil

eyes up close as oak.] The liam Garrard before 1587, and bak is (I believe) the most clofe- published by one captain Hicho grained wood of the growth of cock in 1591, entitled the Arte of England. Close as oak, means Warre, there are several wood clofe as the grain of the oak. cutts of military evolutions, in

Mr. Steevens. which these inftruments are both I am ftill of my former opi- introduced. Io Rymer's Federa, nion.

in a diary of king Henry's fiege P.404. The spirit-ftirring drum, of Bulloigne, 1544, mention is

ib' ear-piercing fife.] In made of the “ drommes and vifta mentioning the fife joined with " leurs," marching at the head the drum, Shakespeare, as usual, of the king's army. Tom, xv.

in- 53. struments accompanying each other, being used, in his age, by much used at antient festivals, the Englis foldiery. The fife, shows, and proceffions. Gerard however, as a martial instrument, Leigh, in his Accidence of Armowas afterwards entirely disconti- ry, printed in 1576, describing nued among our troops for many a christmas magnificently celeyears, but at length revived in brated at the inner temple, says, the war before the last. It is we entered the prince his hall, commonly supposed, that our fol-. " where anon we heard the noyie diers borrowed it from the High- of drum and fife," p. 119. At landers in the last rebellion': but a stately masque on Shrove-funI do not know that the fife is pe- day 1509, in which Henry VIII. culiar to the catch, or even used was an actor, Hollinsoed mentions at all by them. It was first used, the entry of “a drum and fife within the memory of man, a. “ apprelled in white damalke mong our troops, by the British “ and grene bonnettes.” Chron. guards, by order of the duke of iii. 805. col. 2. There are many Cumberland, when they were en- more inftances in Hollinshed, and camped at Marstricht, in the year Stowe's Survev of London. 1747, and thence foon adopted From the old French word viffinto other Englis' regiments of leur, above cited, came the Enge infantry. They took it from the lish word whiffler, which an. allies with whom they served. ciently was used in its proper This initrument, accompanying teral sense. Strype, speaking of

a grand

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“ way."

a grand filting before the court, for joy or grief, it produces ftuin queen Mary's reign, 1554) pefaction and fainting. says, from an old journal, that Othello, in broken fentences king Pbilip and the challengers, and fingle words, all of which entered the lists, preceded by have a reference to the cause of « their whifflers, their footmen, his jealousy, shews, that all the « and their armourers." Ecclef. proofs are present at once to his Memor, iii. p. 211.

This ex- inind, which fo overpowers it, plains the use of the word in that he falls in a trance, the naShakespeare, where it is also li- tural consequence. terally appliedHenry V. act

Mr. REYNOLDS. iv, fc. ult.

P. 461. Line 2. Gone to burn. -“Behold, the English beach ing bell.-) Against the “ Pales in the flood with men, authority of all the editions, I

“ with wives and boys, think, we might venture to read, • Whose shouts and claps out- burn in bell.- REVISAL. “ voice the deep-mouth'd P. 469. Like the base Judean

threw a pearl away; « Which, like a mighty wbif Ricber than all his tribe. I

" fler 'fore the king, cannot join with the learned cri" Seems prepare his ticks in fupposing this passage to

refer either to the ignorance of By degrees, the word whiffler the natives of India, in respect of hence acquired the metaphorical pearls or the well known story of meaning which it at present ob- Herod and Mariamne. tains in common speech, and be- Othello, in deteftation of what came an appellation of contempt. he had done, seems to compare Whiffler, a light trivial cha. himself to another who had racter, a fellow hired to pipe at thrown away a thing of value, Jows and procefrons.

with some circumstances of the Mr. WARTON. meanest villainy, which the epiP. 424. Nature could not in- thec base seems to imply in its Rejt herself in such fhadowing general sense, though it is somepaffions without some instruction.] times used only for low or mean. However ingenious Dr. Warbur- The Indian could not properly ton's note may be, it is certainly be termed base in the former and too forced and farfetch'd. Othello molt common sense, whose fault alludes only to Callio's dream, was ignorance, which brings its which had been invented and own excuse with it, and the told him by lago, when many crime of Herod surely deserves a confused and very interesting more aggravated distin&tion. For ideas pour in upon the mind all though in every crime, great as at once, and with such rapidity, well as small, there is a degree of that it has not time to shape or baseness, yet the furiis agitatus digest them, if the mind does amer, such as contributed io that not relieve itself by tears, which of Herod, seems to ask a stronger we know it often does, whether word to characterize it, as there


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was spirit at least in what he did, When Falsaf is justifying him.
.though the spirit of a fiend, and self in Henry IV. he adds, If
the epithet base would better suit what I have said be not true, I
with petty larceny than royal guilt. am a Jew, an Ebrew Few, (i.
Besides, the fimile appears to me one of the most suspected cha-
too apposite almost to be used on racers of the time) and the vi-
the occasion, and is little more gilance for gain which is de
than bringing the fact into com- scribed in Shylock, may afford us
parison with itself. Each through reason to suppose the poet was
jealousy had destroyed an inno alluding to a story of fome Jew,
cent wife, circumstances so paral. who rather than not have his
lel, as hardly to admit of that own price for a pearl of valut,
variety which we generally find bafely threw that away which was
in one allusion, which is meant fo excellent in its kind, that its
to illustrate another, and at the fellow could hardly ever be ex-
fame time to appear as no super- pected to be found again.
Auous ornament. Neither do I Richer than all his tribe, seems
believe the poet intended to make to point out the Jew again in a
it coincide with all the circum- mercantile light, and may mean
Atances of Othello's situation, but that the pearl was richer than all
merely with the single act of the gems to be found among a fet
having bafely (as he himself terms of men generally trading in them,
it) destroyed that, on which he Neither do I recollect that Othello
ought to have set a greater value. "mentions many things, but what
As the pearl may bear a literal he might fairly have been allow-
as well as a metaphorical sense, I ed to have had knowledge of in
would rather chuse to take it in the course of his peregrinations.
the literal one, and receive Mr. Of this kind, are the fimilies to
Pope's rejected explanation, pre to the Euxine sea flowing into
Suppofing fome ftory of a Jew al- the Propontick, and the Ara.
luded 10, which might be well bian trees dropping their gums.
understood at that time, though The rest of his speeches are more
Row totally forgotten.

free from mythological and hisShakespeare's seeming aversion torical allusions, than almost any to the Jews in general, and his to be found in Shakespeare, for constant desire to expose their he is never quite clear from them, avarice and baseness as often as though in the design of this chahe had an opportunity, may racter, he seems to have meant ferve to strengthen this supposi- it for one who had spent a greation; and as that nation in his ter part of his life in the field, time, and fince, has not been fa. than in the cultivation of any mous for crimes daring and con- other knowledge than what fficuous, but has rather content- would be of use to him in his ed itself to thrive by the meaner military capacity. It should be and more successful arts of baseo observed that most of the flou. nefs, there seems to be a particu- rishes merely ornamental were lar propriety in the epithet. added after the firit edition, and


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this is not the only proof to be others which may not be thought met with, that the poet in his al- to bring conviction with them) terations, sometimes forgot his that the true sense of a passage original plan.

has frequently remained undeterThe metaphorical term of a pearl mined, till repeated experiments for a fine woman, may for ought have been tried on it, when one I know be very common; but commentator, making a proper in the instances Dr. Warburton use of the errors of another, has brought to prove it so, there is has at laft explained it to univera circumstance that immediately fal satisfaction. When mistakes Thews a woman to have been have such effects, who would remeant.

gret having been mistaken, or “ There she lies a pearl : be sorry to be the means of di“ Why she is a pearl of recting others, by that affinity

« price.”

which a wrong reading or interIn Othello's speech we find no pretation sometimes has to the such leading expression, and are right, though he has not been so therefore at liberty, I think, to lucky to produce at once authotake the passage in its literal rities which could not be quelmeaning

tioned, or decisions to which noTo this note, should be sub- thing could be added ? joined (as an apology for many


I have


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