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Downs, Solomon U., of Louisiana, beaten
Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1848
for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,
Elected Vice-President, 1848.
Defeated for President in Whig National Con.
EVERETT, EDWARD, of Massachusetts, Union
American nominee for President in 1856..
candidate for Vice-President in 1860....
Indorsed by Whig National Convention in 1856, 25
His views on Slavery-His “Knapsack" Speech
His views on Slavery-Buffalo Letter of 1838,
in Congress Replies of Messrs. Mitchell, Rane
and Albany Speech of 1856..
dolph and Cambreleng-Mr. Everett on Geo-
His Letter to New York Union Meeting, 1860.. 203
graphical Parties-Later Views on Slavery,
in Letters of 1837 and '39....
FirZPATRICK, BENJAMIN, of Alabama, beaten
His Acceptance of the Nomination for Vice.
for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of
President of the United States....
His views on the Sumner Outrage.
Nominated by Democratic Convention, 1860...
Declines the Nomination...
ELLMAKER, Amos, of Pennsylvania, Anti- FLOURXOY, FRANCIS B, of Arkansas, tem-
Masonic candidate for Vice-President, 1832..... 10 porary Chairman of Democratic National Con-
ELECTION RETURNS IN DETAIL, of all the
Presidential Elections since 1836..
216 FLOYD, JOHN, of Virginia, supported by
Aggregate vote by States, for President, from
South Carolina for President, 1832.
1824 to 1856...
239 FREE HOMESTEADS -- Action of Congress on
Alabama vote for President.
Governor, Congress, etc. 1859 248
granting free Homesteads to actual settlers.. 182
Arkansas vote for President.
Mr. Grow's Ten-Year proposition defeated in
California vote for President..
Mr. Grow introduces another bill which is
passed in the House..
Connecticut vote for President...
The Senate refused to act upon it..
Mr. Grow introduces another in 1860, which
Delaware vote for President.
passes the House...
Rejected by the Senate..
Florida vote for President...
A compromise bill agreed upon.
Vetoed by the President.
Georgia vote for President.
Veto sustained by the Senate.
243 FRELINGHUYSEN, THEODORE, of New-Jersey,
Illinois vote for President.
Nominated and defeated for Vice-President in
Indiana vote for President.
222 FREMONT, Col. John C., of California, Re-
246 publican nominee for President, 1856.
Iowa vote for President..
237 Defeated for President, 1856..
• Governor, 1859.
247 Declines a re-nomination, 1860..
Kentucky vote for President.
GARTRELL, LUCIUS J., of Georgia, for dis-
Louisiana vote for President..
243 GEORGIA LEGISLATURE
Maine vote for President..
Berrien for voting to confirm Mr. Everett as Min-
ister to England....
Maryland vote for President.
241 Graham, William A., of North Carolina,
Massachusetts vote for President.
217 Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1852..
240 Defeated for Vice-President, 1852...
Michigan vote for President..
Chief Justice, 1859.
GRANGER, Francis, of New York, Presi-
Minnesota vote for Governor, 1859.
dent Anti-Masonic National Convention.
Missouri vote for President..
Beaten for Vice-President, 1836.
245 GUTHRIE, JAMES, of Kentucky, supported
Mississippi vote for President.
for President in National Democratic Conven-
Governor, Congress, etc, 1859 248
New Hampshire vote for President..
Governor, 1859. 240 HALE, John P., of New-Hampshire, Free
New-Jersey vote for President.
217 Democratic nominee for President, 1852..
New-York vote for President..
HAMLIN, HANNIBAL, of Maine, nominated
Sec. State, Controller, etc.,
for Vice-President by Republican National Con-
North Carolina vote for President.
Renounces the Democratic party in the U. S.
Ohio vote for President..
Accepts nomination for Vice-President...
" Governor, 1859.
245 Harrison, Gen. WILLIAM H., of Obio, nom-
Oregon vote for Congress, 1859.
inated and defeated for President in 1836.
Pennsylvania vote for President.
Nominated for President at Harrisburg, Decem-
Rhode Island vote for President.
ber, 1839; elected President in 1840.
Governor, 1860.. 240 HICKMAN, John, of Pennsylvania, support-
South Carolina chooses Electors and Governor ed for Vice-President in Republican Convention,
Tennessee vote for President..
Houston, Gen. Sam, of Texas, supported
Texas vote for President.
288 for President in Union Convention, 1860...
243 Hunter, Robert M. T., of Virginia, sup-
Vermont vote for President.
ported for President by Democratic National Con-
Virginia vote for President..
241 Illinois DECLARES FOR FREE TERRITORIES
Wisconsin vote for President..
237 through Legislative Resolves....
Jackson, Gen. ANDREW, of Tennessee,
FILLMORE, MILLARD, of New-York, defeated beaten for President in 1824 and elected in 1828... 10
for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1844..... 18 Reëlected President in 1832..
Johnson, ANDREW, of Tennessee, supported
for President in National Democratic Convention :
Johnson, HERSCHEL V., of Georgia, beaten
for Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-
tion in 1856..
Nominated for Vice-President by Democratic
National Committee, 1860...
Speech on Slavery in the Territories in 1848
Holds that capital should own the laborer, in a
speech at Philadelphia in 1856. His Report
affirming the absolute right of holding slaves
in the Territories....
Johnson, RICHARD M., of Kentucky, beaten
in Convention for Vice-President, 1832.
Nominated and elected Vice-President in 1836..
Beaten for Vice-President in 1840..
Beaten for President in Democratic Convention,
Johnson, WILLIAM Cost, of Maryland, Pre-
sident of Young Men's National Convention.....
JULIAN, GEORGE W., of Indiana, Free De-
mocratic candidate for Vice-President, 1852.....
KANSAS OUTRAGES, Report of Howard and
KILLINGER, JOHN W., of Pennsylvania,
offers an Anti-Slavery resolve in the American
KING, LEICESTER, of Ohio, President of Lib-
erty Party National Convention, 1843.
KING, WILLIAM R., of Alabama, beaten
for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of
Democratic nominee for Vice-President in 1852.
Elected Vice-President in 1852..
ANE, Col. HENRY S., of Indiana, Presi-
dent of the Republican National Convention, 1856.
ANE, Gen. JOSEPH, of Oregon, beaten for
President in Democratic National Convention,
Nominated for Vice-President by Seceders at
Baltimore in 1860....
Law, GEORGE, of New-York, defeated for
President in American National Convention, 1856.
LAWRENCE, ABBOTT, of Massachusetts, de-
feated for Vice-President in Whig Convention, 1848.
LEAKE, SHELTON F., of Virginia, for Disso-
LEE, HENRY, of Massachusetts, supported
by South Carolina for Vice-President, 1882.......
LEMOYNI Francis J., of Pennsylvania,
Abolition candidate for Vice-President, 1840......
LETCHER, JOHN (Governor of Virginia),
LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENTION held
at Buffalo in 1843..
LINCOLN, ABRAHAM, of Illinois, defeated for
Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856...
Nominated for President by Republican Conven-
Speech at Springfield, Ill., June 17, 1858
Discussion with Mr. Douglas at Freeport, Ill..
Speech at Cooper Institute, New-York, 1860.
Letter to Boston Committee on the Jefferson
Birthday Festival; Letter to Dr. Canisius on
Accepts nomination for Presidency.
Lucas, Gen. ROBERT, President first Demo-
cratic National Convention....
MADISON, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-
dent 1808, and reëlected in 1812...
MAINE DEMOCRACY FOR THE WILMOT PRO-
ManguM, WILLIE P., of North Carolina, sup-
ported by South-Carolina for President in 1836...
MARCY, WILLIAM L., of New York, beaten
for President in Dem. National Convention, 1852.
Marsh, EPHRAIM, of New-Jersey, President
41 American National Convention.
Mason, John Y., of Virginia, beaten for
Vice-President in Dem. Nat. Con., 1848 ...
MASSACHUSETTS DECLARES FOR FREEDOM
48 through Legislative Resolves; Whigs of Massa-
chusetts for freedom.
MCLEAN, Judge John, of Ohio, defeated for
President in Republican Convention, 1856.
Also, in Republican Nat. Convention of 1860... 27
McKay, JAMES J., of North Carolina, beat-
en for Vice-President in Dem. Convention 1848... 16
McREA, JOHN J., of Mississippi, for Dissolu-
Missouri COMPROMISE, Adopted.
The Compromise Repealed,.
MITCHELL, JAMES C., of Tennessee, against
“ Monroe DOCTRINE."-Extract from the
Message of James Monroe on the influence of
European Powers on this Continent..
92 MONROE, JAMES, of Virginia, elected Presi-
dent in 1816 and reëlected in 1820
MOORE, SUYDENHAM, of Alabama, for Disso-
MORGAN, WILLIAM, revealer of Masonic Se-
MOREHEAD, John M., of North Carolina,
President Whig National Convention, 1848....
20 MORRIS, THOMAS, of Ohio, Liberty Party
22 nominee for President in 1814....
NationAL REPUBLICAN (Clay) CONVEN-
tions, at Baltimore, 1831; at Washington, 1832... 11
New-HAMPSHIRE DECLARES FOR THE Wilmot
Proviso through Legislative Resolves.
NEW-JERSEY LEGISLATURE FOR FREE TER-
212 NEW-YORK FOR FREEDOM.-Resolutions of
the Legislature against Slavery in the Territo-
23 ries in 1820,
Ditto in 1847-8-9.
Gen. John A. Dix presents resolutions to United
The Whigs in State Convention declare for Free-
dom. Address reported by James Brooks... 2 7
Free Democracy of New York for Freedom.
Resolutions presented by John Cochrane..... 207
11 ORDINANCE of 1784 (Jefferson's) against
Slavery in Territories.
12 ORDINANCE of 1787 (Dane's) prohibiting
Slavery in Northwest Territory..
172 O'Conor, CHARLES, New-York, defends
Slavery as intrinsically just in a speech at Union
13 Meeting, New-York, 1859.
His letter to Committee of Merchants..
22 OH10 DECLARES FOR FREEDOM through Legis-
28 PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE FOR FREE
144 PIERCE, FRANKLIN, of New-Hampshire,
nominated for President in Democratic Conven-
Defeated for President in National Con., 1856 . 24
Receives one vote for President in National
10 Convention, 1860....
Pillow, Gen. GIDEON J., of Tennessee,
beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-
PINCKNEY, CHARLES C., of South Carolina,
beaten for Vice-President, 1800; also for President
in 1804 and 1808...
12 POLITICAL National Platforms. - None
adopted by first Democratic Convention; Nation.
20 al Republican Platform....
No Platform adopted by second Democratic SLAVERY EXTENSION or RESTRICTION, His-
Convention; no Platform adopted by Whig
tory of the struggle for...
Convention at Harrisburg, 1839; First Demo-
Origin and Progress of Slavery in America.. 49
cratic National Platform, 1840.
British Decisions affecting Slavery in the Colo-
Whig National Platform, 1844.
Democratic National Platform, 1844
Slavery under the Confederation.
Liberty Party Platform, 1844
Jefferson's Ordinance of 1784, providing for the
No Platform adopted openly by Whig Con-
Government of the Territories and the exclu.
sion of Slavery therefrom...
Democratic National Platform, 1848..
Yeas and Nays thereon in Continental Congress 52
Buffalo Free Soil Platform, 1848..
Ordinance of 1787, prohibiting Slavery in the
Whig National Platform, 1852
18 North-west Territory...
Democratic National Platform, 1852..
The Federal Constitution on Slavery..
Free Democratic Platform, 1852.
21 Constitutional Amendments affecting Slavery ;
Republican National Platform, 1856.
Cessions of Territory by Slave States; Early
American National Platform, 1856.
atteinpts to override the Ordinance of '87 53
Democratic National Platform, 1856.
Reports of John Randolph of Va., and Franklin
Whig National Platform, 1856..
of N. 0., in opposition thereto; The first Mis.
Republican National Platform, 1860.
Constitutional Union Party Platform, 1860.. 29
Slavery Restriction proposed by Gen. James
Democratic (Douglas) Platform of 1860..
Tallmadġe of N. Y.; Proposition sustained by
Addition thereto by Baltimore Convention... 48
the House ; Remarks thereon by Mr. T. Fuller
Seceders' Platform adopted at Charleston..
The same readopted by the Seceders' (Breckin-
Remarks of Gen. Tallmadge of N. Y..
ridge) Convention at Baltimore.
Reply of Mr. Scott of Mo...
POLK, James K., of Tennessee, nominated
Restriction negatived in the Senate.
House refuses to concur; Second Missouri
for and elected President, 1844..
Struggle ; Mr. John W. Taylor of N. Y. moves
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY IN THE TERRITORIES,
a Committee; Memorial of Daniel Webster in
favor of Slavery Restriction..
invented by Gen. Lewis Cass, in his Nicholson
Resolves of Legislature of N. Y., in favor of
PROHIBITION OF SLAVERY IN THE TERRITO-
Resolves of N. J. and Pa...
ries : Letter of Martin Van Buren thereon........
Resolves of Delaware; Counter Resolves of
Kentucky Legislature; Compromise proposed
Pogu, James L., of Alabama, for Dissolu-
by the Senate.
Adopted in the Senate, and Bill passed ; House
refuses to concur...
QUITMAN, Gen. John A., of Mississippi,
Senate asks a Conference...
beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-
Compromise finally carried in the House by 90
16 Yeas (14 only from Free States) to 87 Nays
Beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Con-
(all from Free States)...
24 The third Missouri Struggle; Enlargement of
Missouri in 1836; Annexation of Texas... 65
RANDOLPH, John, of Virginia, on Everett, 204 Address of John Q. Adams and other Whig
Raynor KENNETH, of North Carolina, de-
members against such Annexation...
feated for President in American Convention,
Mr. Calhoun's dispatch to Mr. King; Mr. John
P. Hale proposes a division of Texas.
Annexation project of Milton Brown of Tenn.;
REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856 22 Adopted, Yeas 118, Nays 101; Proposition of
Mr. Foster of Tenn...
REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1860 26
Annexation carried in Senate, 26 to 25; The
REVOLUTION PROPOSED by William L. Yan-
The Clayton Conpromise; Mr. J. M. Root's Re-
solve tor Slavery Restriction ; Proposition of
RIVES, WM. C., of Virginia, defeated for
Isaac P. Walker of Wisconsin.
Vice-President in Democratic National Conven-
Proposition of Mr. Richard W. Thompson, of
12 Ind.; Slavery excluded from Oregon Terri-
Rosh, RICHARD, beaten for Vice-President
Mr. Douglas, of Illinois, proposes to extend the
10 Missouri line of restriction to the Pacific... 74
Rusk, Gen. Thomas J., of Texas, beaten
Senate agrees, but House refuses ; The Compro-
for Vice-President in Democratic National Con-
mise of 1550; Gen. Taylor's recommenda-
tions ; Gen. Sam Houston's proposition ; Hen-
ry Clay's plan of Compromise ; John Bell's
Scott, Gen. WINFIELD, of New-York, de-
feated for President at Harrisburg, 1839.
12 Objections to Mr. Clay's scheme by Foote of
Defeated for President in Whig Convention,
Miss, and Mason, of Va..
15 Ditto by Jefferson Davis of Miss.; Mr. Clay
Nominated for President, 1852.
18 in reply; Messrs. Downs of La., King of Ala.,
Letter accepting nomination for President,
and Butler of S. O., in further opposition to
19 Mr. Clay..
Defeated for President, 1852.
22 Mr. Foote of Miss. moves a Committee of Thir-
SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Charleston, and
teen; Mr. Clay reports from said Committee ;
Mr. Jefferson Davis's. Amendment....
Mr. Chase of Ohio moves a prohibition of Sla-
SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Baltimore nomi-
very ; The Omnibus defeated as a whole, but
nates John C. Breckinridge for President, and
passed in separate bills; The Kansas-Nebraska
Gen. Joseph Lane for Vice-President......
Mr. Atchison's remarks thereon; President
SEWARD, WM. H., of New-York, candidate
Pierce protests against the renewal of agita-
for President before National Republican Conven-
tion; Mr. Douglas's first Nebraska Report... 80
He amends his bill; Mr. Chase proposes to au-
His “ Irrepressible Conflict" Speech at Roches-
thorize the people of Kansas to prohibit Sla-
very therein; Opposed by Messrs. Bell, Doug.
SERGEANT, John, of Pennsylvania, beaten
las, etc., and defeated.
for Vice-President in 1832..
Mr. Clayton's “ American" amendment; Mr.
Defeated for Vice-President in Whig National
Chase moves that the people of the Territory
be authorized to elect their own Governor;
Defeated by 30 to 10; Mr. Seward's speech
SINGLETON, Otho R., of Mississippi, for Dis-
against the bill..
172 The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the Senate 84
The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the House.....
Yeas 113, Nays, 104, thereon..
85 TYLER, John, of Virginia, nominated and
The clause of said bill repealing the Missouri
defeated for Vice-President, 1835_6.
Compromise ; President Pierce
on Kansas Af-
Nominated for Vice-President, at Harrisburg,
fairs in '55-'6; Mr. Douglas's Report on do.,
1839, and elected in 1840...
March 12, '56
Minority Report of Mr. Collamer of Vermont...
87 Two-THIRDS Rull adopted by first Demo-
House orders an investigation of Kansas frauds;
cratic Convention, 1832
Report of Messrs. Howard and Sherman there- TOUCEY. Isaac, of Connecticut, supported
House votes to admit Kansas as a Free State... 107
for President by Democratic National Convention, 41
Mr. Douglas reports a bill to pacify Kansas.
Mir. Trumbull's amendments thereto; Do. Messrs.
107 Van BUREN, Martin, of New York, nomi.
Foster's, Wilson's and Seward's; Passage of
nated for Vice-President..
Douglas's bill. ....
Nominated for President in 1835, and elected in
Mr. Geo. G. Dunn's bill to reorganize Kansas..
President Pierce's last Message on Kansas..
Nominated for reëlection as President, 1840
Remarks of Messrs. Hale, Seward, Mason, Wil-
Defeated for President in 1840.
son and Pugh thereon..
Defeated in Democratic National Convention,
President Buchanan on the Lecompton Constitu-
Nominated for President by Buffalo Convention,
Mr. Douglas's speech against Lecompton..
Action on Lecompton in Kansas.
On Slavery in the Territories, letter to Water-
Mr. Buchanan's special Lecompton Message..
bury and others....
Provisions of Lecompton Constitution respecting VOTE IN WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION,
1852, on Resolve approving Compromise Measures
The Lecompton bill; Passed in the Senate, but
defeated in the House; The Crittenden-Mont-
121 WARD, JOHN E., of Georgia, President of
Yeas and Nays on adopting substituie..
122 the Democratic National Convention, 1856.
Senate refuses to concur; Mr. English moves a
Conference Committee ; Carried by the Speak-
WEBSTER, DANIEL, of Massachusetts, sup-
er's casting vote; The English Compromise
ported by Massachusetts for President, 1836.. 12
Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848
Carried through both Houses; The Wyandot
Beaten for President in Whig Convention, 1852.. 18
Convention and Constitution.
Memorial to Congress for Slavery Restriction ... 59
Mr. Grow proposes, and the House votes to ad.
His view on the powers of Supreme Court... 177
mit Kansas under the Wyandot Constitution;
Speech against Slavery Extension.
Senate refuses to act on the bill....
126 WELLER, Col. JOHN B., of California,
SLAVE-TRADE ADVOCATED in Democratic
beaten for Vice-President in Democratic National
National Convention by Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia.
Convention, 1852 ..
Also by Governor Adams, of S. C., in Message to
Whig NationAL CONVENTIONS, held at Har-
208 risburg, Penn., 1839
Held at Baltimore, Md., 1844
SPENCER, AMBROSE, of New-York, Presi. Held at Philadelphia, Penn., 1848.
dent Whig National Convention, 1844 ..
13 Held at Baltimore, Md., 1852
Held at Baltimore, Md., 1856
SPENCER, JOHN C., of New-York, Presi-
dent Anti-Masonic National Convention
WHITE, Hugh L., of Tennessee, unsuccess-
ful candidate for President
STEVENSON, ANDREW, of Virginia, Presi-
dent Second Democratic National Convention... 12
Wilmot, DAVID, of Pennsylvania, defeated
Ditto, President National Democratic Conyen-
for Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856
Temporary Chairman of Republican National
STRANGE, ROBERT, of North Carolina, beaten
for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,
Wilson, Gen. HENRY, of Massachusetts,
President of Free Democratic National Conven-
SUMNER, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, de-
feated for Vice-President in Republican National
Wirt, WILLIAM, of Maryland, Anti-Ma-
sonic candidate for President, 1832
SUPREME COURT, POWER AND DUTIES OF-
Wilkins, WILLIAM, of Pennsylvania, sup-
Opinions of Thomas Jefferson...
ported by Pennsylvania for Vice-President, 1832.. 11
Opinions of John Taylor of Caroline, Va., John WISCONSIN declares for Free Territory,
Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon of
N. C., and John Bacon, of Massachusetts
through Legislative Resolves.....
Opinions of John J. Crittenden, Nathaniel Macon,
WOODBURY, LEVI, of New Hampshire, beaten
James Barbour, Supreme Court of Georgia,
for President in Democratic Convention, 1848 .... 16
Legislature of Georgia, Supreme Court of Penn-
sylvania, and Court of Appeals of Virginia.... 176
WRIGHT, Silas, of New-York, nominated
Opinions of Mahlon Dickerson, Richard M. John.
for Vice-President by Democratic National Con-
son, Gen. Andrew Jackson, and Daniel Web-
vention of 1844, but declined...
177 YANCEY, WILLIAM L., of Alabama, offers
TAYLOR RATIFICATION MEETING at Phila-
"non-interference " resolve in Democratic Con-
delphia, 1848, and Resolves
15 vention, 1848
He advocates Revolution in the South.
TAYLOR, ZACHARY, of Louisiana, Whig
nominee for President, 1848
15 YOUNG, Col. SAMUEL, of New-York, Presi-
Elected President in 1848..
dent of the Barnburners' Convention at Utica in
DANIEL R., of Ohio, proposes
Offers Anti-Slavery Resolves in Senate of New.
lavery Restriction in Whig Convention, 1848 .... 15
A POLITICAL TEXT-BOOK FOR 1860.
NATIONAL CAUCUSES, CONVENTIONS, AND
National Conventions for the nomination of a potent influence over such questions, being; candidates are of comparatively recent origin. on this occasion, unable to agree as to which of In the earlier political history of the United her favored sons should have the preference. States, under the Federal Constitution, candi- Ninety-four of the 136 Republican members of dates for President and Vice-President were Congress attended this caucus, and declared nominated by congressional and legislative their preference of Mr. Madison, who received caucuses. Washington was elected as first 83 votes, the remaining 11 being divided bePresident under the Constitution, and reëlected tween Mr. Monroe and George Clinton. The for a second term by a unanimous, or nearly Opposition supported Mr. Pinckney; but Mr. unanimous, concurrence of the American people; Madison was elected by a large majority. but an opposition party gradually grew up in Toward the close of Mr. Madison's earlier Congress, which became formidable during his term, he was nominated for reëlection by a second term, and which ultimately crystalized Congressional Caucus held at Washington, in into what was then called the Republican May, 1812. In September of the same year, a party. John Adams, of Massachusetts, was convention of the Opposition, representing prominent among the leading Federalists, while eleven States, was held in the city of NewThomas Jefferson, of Virginia, was preëmi- York, which nominated De Witt Clinton, of gently the author and oracle of the Republican New-York, for President. He was also put in party, and, by common consent, they were the nomination by the Republican Legislature of opposing candidates for the Presidency, on New-York. The ensuing canvass resulted in Washington's retirement in 1796–7.
the reëlection of Mr. Madison, who received Mr. Adams was then chosen President, while 128 electoral votes to 89 for De Witt Clinton. Mr. Jefferson, having the largest electoral vote In 1816, the Republican Congressional Caucus next to Mr. A., became Vice-President. nominated James Monroe, who received, in the
The first Congressional Caucus to nominate caucus, 65 votes to 54 for Wm. H. Crawford, candidates for President and Vice-President, is of Georgia. The Opposition, or Federalists, said to have been held in Philadelphia in the named Rufus King, of New-York, who receivea year 1800, and to have nominated Mr. Jeffer- only 34 electoral votes out of 217. There was. son for the first office, and Aaron Burr for the no opposition to the reëlection of Mr. Monroe second. These candidates were elected after a in 1820, a single (Republican) vote being cast desperate struggle, beating John Adams and against him, and for John Quincy Adams. Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina. In In 1824, the Republican party could not be 1804, Mr. Jefferson was reëlected President, i induced to abide by the decision of a Congres with George Clinton, of New-York, for Vice, sional Caucus. A large majority of the Repubencountering but slight opposition: Messrs. lican members formally refused to participate Charles C. Pinckney and Rufus King, the op- in such a gathering, or be governed by its deciposing candidates, receiving only 14 out of 176 sion; still, a Caucus was called and attended by Electoral Votes. We have been unable to find the friends of Mr. Crawford alone. Of the 261 any record as to the manner of their nomina- members of Congress at this time, 216 were tion. In January, 1808, when Mr. Jefferson's Democrats or Republicans, yet only 66 ressecond term was about to close, a Republican ponded to their names at roll-call, 64 of whom Congressional Caucus was held at Washington, voted for Mr. Crawford as the Republican nomijo decide as to the relative claims of Madison nee for President. This nomination was very
nd Monroe for the succession, the Legisla. extensively repudiated throughout the country, i ure of Virginia, which had been said to exert land three competing Republican candidates