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the author beeing dead, that I did not, I am as sory as if the originall fault had beene my fault, because myselfe have seene his demeanor no lesse civil than he exclent in the qualitie he professes: besides, divers of worship have reported his uprightnes of dealing which argues his honesty, and his facetious grace in writing that aprooves his art. For the first, whose learning I reverence, and, at the perusing of Greenes booke, stroke out what then in conscience I thought he in some displeasure writ, or, had it beene true, yet to publish it was intollerable, him I would wish to use me no worse than I deserve. I had onely in the copy this share; it was il written, as sometime Greenes hand was none of the best; licensd it must be, ere it could bee printed, which could never be if it might not be read: to be breife, I writ it over, and, as neare as I could, followed the copy, only in that letter I put something out, but in the whole booke not a worde in ; for I protest it was all Greenes, not mine, nor Maister Nashes, as some uniustly have affirmed.” From Chettle's statement it is plain that the passage about Marlowe in the Groat's Worth of Wit was not printed in its venomous integrity. Chettle had no personal knowledge of Marlowe; he judged only from common report. It is to his credit that, prejudiced as he was, he had the good feeling to temper the virulence of Greene's attack. Nashe, in the “Private Epistle to the Printer,” prefixed to Pierce Penilesse (a tract issued at the close of 1592) was more vehement in repudiating all connection with the pamphlet which had given so much offence. “Other newes,” he writes, “I am advertised of, that a scald triviall
lying pamphlet, cald Green's Groats-worth of Wit, is given out to be of my doing. God never have care of my soule, but utterly renounce me, if the least word or sillible in it proceeded from my pen, or if I were any way privie to the writing or printing of it.” At this time Nashe was a friend of Marlowe's. In Pierce's Supererogation (which is dated 27th April, 1593), Gabriel Harvey accuses Nashe of disloyalty to his friends, among whom he particularly mentions Marlowe. Doubtless there was not a word of truth in the charge that Nashe “shamefully and odiously misuseth every friend or acquaintance (as he hath served some of his favorablest Patrons, whom, for certain respects, I am not to name), M. Apis Lapis, Greene, Marlow, Chettle, and whom not?” In Have with you to Saffron Walden, Nashe exclaims indignantly, “I never abusd Marloe, Greene, Chettle, in my life, or anie of my friends that usde me like a friend ; which both Marloe and Greene (if they were alive) under their hands would testifie, even as Harry Chettle hath in a short note here;” and then follows a note in which Chettle declares that he never suffered any injury at Nashe's hands. “Poore deceased Kit Marlowel" are Nashe's words in the Epistle to the Reader prefixed to the second edition (1594) of Christ's Tears over Jerusalem. The burial-register of the Parish Church of St. Nicholas, Deptford, contains the following entry":—“Christopher
* First printed in January 1821, by a writer in a periodical called. The British Stage.
Marlow, slain by francis Archer, the 1 of June 1593.” Thomas Beard the Puritan, Oliver Cromwell's tutor, relates the manner of the poet's death as follows:– “Not inferior to any of the former in atheisme and impietie, and equal to al in maner of punishment, was one of our own nation, of fresh and late memorie, called Marlin [in the margin Marlow], by profession a scholler, brought vp from his youth in the Wniuersitie of Cambridge, but by practise a playmaker and a poet of scurrilitie, who by giuing too large a swing to his owne wit, and suffering his lust to haue the full reines, fell (not without just desert) to that outrage and extremitie, that hee denied God and his sonne Christ, and not onely in word blasphemed the Trinitie, but also (as it is credibly reported) wrote bookes against it, affirming our Sauiour to be but a deceiuer, and Moses to be but a comiurer and seducer of the people, and the holy Bible to bee but vaine and idle stories, and all religion but a deuice of policie. But see what a hooke the Lord put in the nostrils of this barking dogge 1 So it fell out, that as he purposed to stab one, whom he ought a grudge vnto, with his dagger, the other party perceiuing so auoyded the stroke, that, withall catching hold of his wrest, hee stabbed his owne dagger into his owne head, in such sort that, notwithstanding all the meanes of surgerie that could bee wrought, hee shortly after died thereof; the manner of his death being so terrible (for hee euen cursed and blasphemed to his last gaspe, and together with his breath an oath flew out of his mouth), that it was not only a manifest signe of Gods judgement, but o *In horrible and fearefull terror to all that beheld . But herein did the justice of God most notably jors, in that hee compelled his owne hand, which ...itten those blasphemies, to bee the instrument to ...so him, and that in his braine which had deuised the is n $-” So the passage stands in the later editions. It sor o: unimportant to notice that in the first edition, 1597, So it fell out,” &c. we find, “It so fell out that in
m ...” Streets as he purposed to stab,” &c. The vague Ilo oon of “London Streets” shows that Beard had Colo *=ct information when he put together his highlyM.o.ed description of the poet's last moments. Francis Lye Sos in Palladis Tamia, 1598, writes:—“As the poet cohron was shot to death by a certain rival of his, so so topher Marlowe was stabd to death by a bawdy Frog-man, a riual of his in his lewde love" (sol. 286). Sorry Vaughan's Golden Grove, 16oo, Dyce quotes a wa. So what different account:—“Not inseriour to these wh S*>me Christopher Marlow, by profession a play-maker, *śairs *s it is reported, about 14 yeres agoe wrote a booke It so st the Trinitie. But see the effects of God's justice happened that at Detford, a little village about with miles distant from London, as he meant to stab him. his ponyard one named Ingram that had inuited Quicl ither to a feast and was then playing at tables, hee draulo ly perceyving it, so avoyded the thrust, that withall Mar **g out his dagger for his defence, hee stabd this Cotta Sw into the eye, in such sort that, his braynes Toing out at the daggers point, hee shortly after dyed. did God, the true executioner of diuine iustice,
worke the end of impious atheists” (sig. c. 4, ed. 1608).
I must now direct the reader's attention to a strange
“Sonet” and stranger “Postcript” and “Glosse,” printed
at the end of Gabriel Harvey's Newe Letter of Notable
Contents, 1593. Dyce (following Collier) quoted the
last line of the “Sonet,” but none of Marlowe's editors
has referred to the “Postcript” and “Glosse;” so I. make no apology for giving the pieces in full.
St. Fame dispos'd to cunnycatch the world
The Writers Postcript, or a friendly Caueat to the second Shakerley of Powles.