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of

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN.

WRITTEN BY HIMSELF,

AND CONTINUED BY HIS GRANDSON AND OTHERS.

WITH

IS SOCIAL EPISTOLARY CORRESPONDENCE, PHILOSOPHICAL, POLITICAL,

AND MORAL LETTERS AND ESSAYS,

AND HIS

DIPLOMATIC TRANSACTIONS AS AGENT AT LONDON AND MINISTER

PLENIPOTENTIARY AT VERSAILLES.

AUGMENTED BY MUCH MATTER NOT CONTAINED IN ANY FORMER EDITION,

WITH A

POSTLIMINIOUS PREFACE.

N TWO TOXUMES.

VOL. I.

PHILADELPHIA:

M CARTY & DAVIS, No. 171 MARKET STREET.

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ENTERED according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1834, by McCarty & Davis, in the

Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

INDEX TO VOLUME T.

A

specting general Sullivan, 140—Report of the com

mittee appointed to confer with lord Howe, 140-As.
407 of the British Parliament to prohibit and restrain semble at Philadelphia, 141.
American trade, 137.

Cool Thoughts, a pamphlet by Franklin, 78.
fases, Rutledge, and Franklin meet lord Howe, 137. Copely, sir Godfrey, his gold medal presented to Frank-
Albany, Franklin appointed commissioner to the In lin, 63

dians there, in 1754, 52-Plan of union of the colo. Correspondence, social and familiar, of Dr. Franklin,
Dies prepared and presented there, 53.

in a series of letters, 233— Private and political, be-
Altzerder, William, esq., Franklin's letter to, on the fore the declaration of independence, in a series of
origin of the stamp act, 78.

letters, 303. 510.
Jmente asserts her right of exclusively taxing her. Croghan, George, Indian interpreter, 57.
well, 85—Gratitude of, 201.

Cushing, Thomas, letters to, 103.
Riiar discontents, cause of, 197.
tarians abusei in the house of lords, their courage,

D
religion, and understanding depreciated and treated Dartmouth, lord, made secretary of state for America,
with contempt, 132

85—Friendly to Franklin, 86-His good wishes to-
Anecdotes of Bradford, 9, 10-of Ralph, 15-of governor wards the colonies, 95,

Clinton, 45—of Beatty, 60-of governor Denny, 63. Daschkoff's, the princess, letter to Franklin, 189.
Graad general, his treacherous conduct, 157—How re. Delor introduces Franklin's electrical experiments into
Warded by the British government, 157, 158.

France, 83.
Arrest, the ministry design to arrest Franklin, 105. Denham, Mr. an early friend of Franklin, 16–His death:
Srticles of belief and acts of religion, 33.

trait in his character, 20.

Denny, governor, succeeds Morris, 62—Presents a me-
B

dal to Franklin, 63--Refuses assent to an appropri.
Barclay, David, interview betwixt Franklin and, 107– ation, 68.

Conference with. 124-Further conference, 128. De Romas, invention of the electrical kite, falsely at.
Bernard, governor, dispute with lieutenant-governor tributed to, 83.
Hatehinson, 86.

D'Estaing arrives in America with six sail of frigates,
Bend. Dr. Thomas, proposes an hospital in Philadel. 151.
pha, 49.

Dickenson, John, engaged in public affairs, 77.
Bestes, resolutions of the town of, 84- Tumult with the Dissensions between England and America, concern-
people and the soldiers, 86.

ing the, 223
Bradexk, general, arrives in America, 54-Service ren. Dubourg, mons., translates Franklin's philosophical
dered to his army, 55–His character, 56–His defeat,

papers into French, 80.
37.

E
Brera, doctor, turns the Bible into doggrel verse, 9.
Burgoyne, general, surrenders with his whole army to Ecton, in Northamptonshire, birth-place of the ances-
the Americans, 146.

tor of Franklin, 1.
Barnet, son of Dr. Burnet, notices Franklin, 13. Education of females, how important, 39--Publishes a
с

pamphlet on, 47.

Electrical discoveries, general account of Franklin's, 62.
Calaanious speeches in the house of lords, against Electricity, Franklin's experiments in, 48-Renewed,
America, 132

62--Applied to various purposes by Franklin, 63.
Camden, lord, has interviews with him, 118-Supports Experiments on canals, and water, by Franklin, El.
America, 121-Speaks admirably on American af.

on the Gulf Stream, 133.
fairs, 132
Canada, Franklin decides the policy of Chatham con-

F
cerning, 74-His pamphlet thereon, 75.

Fayette, a letter to, 157.
Caricature occasioned by the stamp act, 80.

Fire Companies, first established by Franklin, 42
Carlisle, Eden, and Johnstone, 146.

Fire-place invented, an iron one, 17.
Cauca of the American discontents, a pamphlet, 84. Folgers, ancestors of Franklin, 3.
Chancery, Franklin sued in, 92.

Fothergill, doctor, character of, 51-Letters to Dr.
Charter, the first royal, granted to Pennsylvania, in Franklin, 108—Meeting with him and Barclay, 128-
161, 72

Another meeting, 131.
Cratkem, lord, consults Franklin, 74-Desires to see Franklin, the family of, 1-Benjamin Franklin born, 3

him, 106–His motion relative to America, 121-Vi. -Erects a monument to his father and mother, 4-
als Franklin, 122–His plan for settling the disputes Is apprenticed to his brother, a printer, 5-Method
with the colonies, 123—Rejection of the same, 125. of teaching himself English composition, 6–Proposal
Clapham, colonel, 60.

made him

for establishing a new religious sect, 14–
Ciorbren's life of Penn, refutation of censurers on Pays his addresses to Miss Read, 15-Embarks for
Franklin in, 73.

London, 16—Writes a dissertation on Liberty and
- Caftar, John, first proposes the lighting of the streets Necessity, &c., 17—Becomes acquainted with Dr.
of Philadelphia, 50.

Pemberton, sir Hans Sloane, &c., 17-His moral and
Coleman. William, character of, 25-Liberality to religious principles, 23-Writes under the signature
Franklin, 26.

of Busy.body, 25--Writes on the necessity of paper
Collins, John, some account of, 9. 11. 13.

money, 26--His marriage to Miss Read, 28--Projects
Calbinson, publishes Franklin's “ New Experiments in the first subscription library in Philadelphia,
Electricity," 62.

Publisbes Poor Richard's Almanac, 38--Begins the
Commissioners in Europe, grant letters of marque, 145. study of languages, 40-Appointed clerk of general
Como sense, a political publication, 137.

assembly, 41--Made post-master at Philadelphia, 41--
Conductors, blunt opposed to pointed, 151—Epigram on, Founds the Union Fire Company, 42—Proposes esta-
151.

blishing an academy and Philosophical Society at
Congress, assembly of, 103–Their declaration of rights: Philadelphia, 44–Publishes Plain Truth, 44-Its ef.

their petition to the king, 103. 113—Send their pro fect, 45-Invents an open stove, 47-Renews his
ceedings to lord Chatham, and present a second peti. attempts to establish an academy at Philadelphia, 47
tion, 134-Declare the independence of the colonies, -Devotes his time to philosophical experiments, 48--
137--Appoint a deputation 10 meet lord Howe and Is elected a member of assembly and justice of peace
bear bis propositions of peace, 137-Resolution re 48—Is appointed a commissioner to treat with the

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Indians, 49—Plan for cleaning the streets of Phila: | Hartley, David, esq., employed to negotiate with Frank-
delphia and paving the same, 50–His improvement lin, 167.
in street lamps, 51–Appointed post master general, Hemphill, parson, first settles in Philadelphia, 39.
52–Made M. A. of Cambridge and Yale Colleges, 52 Henly and Nairne, verify Franklin's electric system,
-Plan for the union of the colonies, 52--His address 150.
to the counties of Lancaster, &c., 55—Chosen colonel Hereditary legislators and mathematicians, 123.
of a volunteer regiment, 61-Philosophical reputation, Hillsborough, Jord, made secretary of state for America,
62—Chosen a member of the Royal Society of Lon. 84-His resignation, 85.
don, and presented with the gold medal of sir Godfrey Hints for negotiation, 108–Arguments on, 109.
Copely, 63—Embarks for England, 65—His connex. on further propositions, 127.
ion with the London newspapers, 70-Dedication of Historical Review, opinion of various writers on the, 63.
his “Historical Review," &c., 73— Is consulted by Mr. History, observations on reading, 37.
Pitt, 75-Writes" England's Interest with respect to Holmes, Mr., brother-in-law to Franklin, 11.
the Colonies," 75–Visits Scotland, is made L. L. D. Hostilities commence betwixt Great Britain and France,
at St. Andrews, 75-Receives the same honour from 147.
Oxford, 75-Returns to Philadelphia, 76–Loses his House of Commons, Franklin's examination before the,
seat in the Pennsylvania assembly, 78—Reinstated, 79.
and revisits Great Britain, 78_Visits Holland, Ger. Howe, Mrs., conference with Franklin, 107–Letters to
many, and Paris, 80-Introduced to Louis XV.: re. Franklin, 119. 128. 131.
peats his electrical experiments in his presence, and Howe, lord, courts an acquaintance with Franklin, 116
by count de Buffon, &c., 80—Is dismissed from the -Meels him by appointment, 128-Letter to Frank.
office of deputy post-master, 99—Correspondence with lin, 129–– Another meeting, 131-Appointed to com.
dean Tucker, 100-Invents an emblematical sign, 103 mand the British fleet in North America, 137-Cor-
- His acquaintance with Mrs. Howe, 107–Hints for respondence with Franklin, 138.
terms of union with Great Britain, 108–Letter to Hutchinson, lieutenant-governor, disputes with, 86–
lord Dartmouth, 127-Experiments on the ocean, 133 His letters, Franklin's account of, 88.
- Arrival in America, 134—Proposes the adoption of Hutton, Mr., the Moravian, account of, 152—Letter to,
paper money, 136–Sent on a mission to Canada, 136– 159.
Writes to Holland for assistance, 136mCorrespond. Hyde, lord, his interview with Franklin, 128.
ence with lord Howe, 137—Is appointed minister ple-
nipotentiary to the court of France, 142—Experj.

I
ments during the voyage, 143—Receives à present of Indian method of concealing fires, 60.
Cook's Voyages from the British government, 153- | Ingenhausī's, Dr., detection of Wilson's deceptive er
Private Journal, 153—Requests leave to retire on ac periments relative to Franklin's lightning conduct.
count of age, 153—The congress refuse his resigna. ors, and pretended improvements of his own, 150.
tion, 155— Account of Arnold's treachery in a letter Innis, the messenger, some account of him, 65.
to general la Fayette, 157–Political information with Intelligence from Pennsylvania, political papers, effect
sir William Jones, 160-Negotiates for a peace at Pa. of, 70.
ris. 164-Opens negotiation with the Swedish court,

J
167--Extracts from his private Journal, 169—Is nomi.
nated by the king of France to examine che proper. James, Abel, letter to Franklin, requesting him to con-
ties of animal magnetism, 173—Signs the treaty of tinue his memoirs, 29.
peace with Great Britain, 174-Leaves Passy on his Jay, John, esq., sent minister to the court of Spain, 148
return home, 175— Arrives at Philadelphia, 177-Con. -Arrives at Paris to negotiate for peace, 164.
gratulatory address on his arrival, 178-Chosen a Jones, John aul, pretended letter from him, 159.
member of the council, 179-Queries and Remarks on -- sir William, account of an attempt to negotiate
Constitution of government, 180-Speech on Sala. for a peace with Franklin, 160— His supposed trans-
ries, 181-Speech on Representation and Votes, 182– lation of " A Fragment of Polybius," 160--His senti-
Retires from public affairs, 185—Sketch of his ser. ments respecting America, 162.
vices, 186–Writes against the slave trade, 187-Last Judges made independent in Massachusetts, 86.
illness, death, and funeral, 190-Oration occasioned Junto, account of a literary one formed by Franklin,
by his death, 191–His character, 192—Extracts from 24-Its sphere enlarged, 40.
his will and codicil, 193-Epitaph written by himself,
196-Examined before the house of commons respect.

K
ing the Stamp Act, 203—Before the privy council, 217. Keimer first employs Franklin as a printer, 11-Pro-
Franklin, William, (Dr. Franklin's son,) appointed go. poses to Franklin to establish a new religious sect, 14
vernor of New Jersey, 75.

-Quarrels with him and parts, 22.
Franklin, W. Temple, baron de Staël's letter relative Keith, sir William, proposes to establish Franklin as a
to him, 167.

printer, 12-Practises the grossest fraud on Frank.
French, colonel, attention to Franklin, 11.

lin, 14.
French government first take interest in the dispute Kippis, Dr., a calumny of his respecting Franklin cor-
betwixt Great Britain and America, 84.

rected, 151.

L
Galloway, Joseph, engaged in politics, 77-His speech Lamps, improvement thereof, 51.
published with a preface by Franklin, 77.

Languages, began to study, 40.
Gates, general, defeats the British troops, 146. Laro of Nations, proposed improvement thereof, 170.
Georgia, Massachusetts, and New Jersey appoint Frank. Lee, Arthur, petition of, with Bollan and Franklin, 12.
Jin agent in England, 80.

Legal tender of paper money, he opposes, 69.
Gerard, monsieur, goes as envoy to America, 146. Library, the first established in Philadelphia, 32.
Germany and Holland, Franklin travels into, 80. Lighting and Paving of Philadelphia set on foot by
Gnadenhutten, Franklin sent in military command to, Franklin, 51.

58-Indians burn that place, 58-Constructs military Lightning drawn from the clouds, 63-Theory of con.
works there. 59--His military police, 60-Apopthegm ductors, 63.
scour the anchor,-Grog before prayers, incentive to Logan, Mr., account of, 46.
piety, 60.

Loudon, lord, arrives in Philadelphia, 64–His mode of
Godfrey, Thomas, inventor of Hadley's quadrant, 24. despatching business, 64–His ideas of public service,

Mrs., projects a marriage for Franklin, 27. 66—Cause of his removal, 66.
Government, Franklin's system of, eulogized by the Loughborough, lord, his abuse of Franklin before the
duke de la Rochefoucault, 184.

privy council, 87.
Grace's, Robert, liberality to Franklin, 26.

Lutwich, captain, account of his fast-sailing packet, 66.
Guerchy, the French ambassador, attentive to Frank. Lyons, Dr., encourages Franklin to write on religious
lin, 84.

subjects, 18.
Gunpowder, as grain,comprehended with wheat, &c., 46.

M
H

Magnetism, animal, 169.
Hall, Mr. David, a partner in business with Franklin, Mandeville's, Dr., friendship for Franklin, 18.
48.

Marbois, Barbe, bis secret letter on American affairs,
Hamilton, Mr. Andrew, account of, 16. 27.

Note, 165.
Harry, David, history of, 27.

Massachusetts appoints Franklin agent in England, 80

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