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T. SE'RRY. v. 2. (serrer, French; serrato,
The same mess should be seroed up again for Italjan.) To press close ; to drive hard supper, and breakfast next morning. 'Arbuthnet.
6. To be subservient or subordinate to. together. For serry, Bacon uses serr;
Bodies bright and greater should not serve but neither serr nor serry are received. The less not bright.
Milton. With them rose A forest huge of spears; and thronging helms
7. To supply with any thing: as, the cuAppear'd, and serried shields in thick array,
rate served two churches. Of death immeasurable.
Milton, They that serve the city shall serve it out of Foul dissipation follow'd, and forc'd rout;
all the tribes of Israel.
Ezekiel, Nor serv 'd it to relax their serried files. Milton. 8. To obey in military actions : as, he SE RVAN.
bonos (servant, Fr. serpus, Lat.] served the king in three campaigns. I. One who attends another, and acts at 9. To be sufficient to. his command: the correlative of master.
If any subject, interest, or fancy has recomUsed of man or woman.
mended, their reasoning is after their fashion; We are one in fortune; both
it serves their turn.
Locke. Fell by our servants, by those men we loved
1o. To be of use to; to assist ; to promote. Shakspeare,
When a storm of a sad mischance beats upon I had rather be a country servant maid,
our spirits, turn it into some advantage, by obThan a great queen with this condition. Shaksp.
serving where it can serve another end, either of He disdain'd not
religion or prudence.
Taylor. Thenceforth the form of servant to assume.
He consider'd every creature
Milton. Most opportune might serve his wiles. Milsamh For master or for servant here to call
II. To help by good offices. Was all alike, where only two were all. Dryd. Shall he thus serve his country, and the muse 2. One in a state of subjection. Unusual. The tribute of her just applause abuse? Tats. Being unprepar'd,
12. To comply with ; to submit to. Our will became the servant to defect,
They think herein we serve the time, because Which else should free have wrong'd. Shaksp. thereby we either boid or seek preferinent. 3. A word of civility used to superiours or
13. To satisfy ; to content. This subjection, due from all men to all men,
As the former empty plea served the sottish is something more than the compliment of Jews, this equally sirves these to put them into course, when our betters tell us they are our
a fool's paradise, by feeding their hopes, withbumble servants, but understand us to be their out changing their lives.
Swift. Nothing would serve them then but riding. 10 SuRVANT. v. a. (from the noun]
L'Estrange. To subject. Not in use.
One half-pint bottle serves them both to dine,
And is at once their vinegar and wine. Pope. My affairs Are servanted to others: though I owe
14. To stand instead of any thing to one. My revenge properly, remission lies
The dull Aat falsehood serves for policy; In Volscian breasts.
Shakspeare. And, in the cunning, truth itself's a lye. Pope TO SERVE. v. a. (servir, French; servio, 15. (se servir de, French.) TO SERVE him. Latin.]
self of. To make use of. A mere Gal. . To work for.
licism. Because thou art my brother, shouldst thou A complete brave man must know solidly the therefore serve me for nought? Genesis. main end he is in the world for; and withai how 2. To attend at command.
to serve himself of the divine s high contemplaA goddess among gods ador'd, and servid. tions, of the metaphysician's subrile speculations, By angels numberless, thy daily train. Milton and of the natural philosopher's minute observa
ations. 3. To obry servilely or meanly.
Digby. When wealthy, shew thy wisdom noe to be
They would serve themselves of this form. To wealth a servant, but make wealth serve thee.
Taylor. Denbam. I will serve myself of this concession.
Cbillingworth. 4. To supply with food ceremoniously.
It is much more easy for men to serve their Others, pamper'd in their shameless pride, Are serv'd in plate, and in their chariots ride.
own ends of those principles, which they do not
put into men, but find there. Tillotson. Dryden.
If they elevate themselves, 't is only to fall 3. To bring meat as a menial attend.int:
from a higher place, because they serve themwith in or up: with in, as meat dressed selves of other men's wings, neither understandin the kitchen is brought into another ing their use nor virtue..
Dryden. room; with up, as the room of repast 16. To treat ; to requite: in an ill sense : is commonly higher than the kitchen. as, he served me ungratefully.
Bid them cover the table, serve in the meat, 17. (In divinity.] To worship the Supreme and we will come in to dinner. Sbakspeare. Being. Soon after our dinner was served in, which
Matters hid leave to God, hím serve and fear, was right good viands, both for bread and meat:
Shilton. we had also drinks of three sorts, all wholesome
18 TA SERVE a warrant. To seize an
Bacon. Besmeared with the horrid juice of sepia, they
offender, and carry to justice. danced a little in phantastick postures, retired a 19. TO SERVE an office. To discharge any while, and then returned, seiving up a banquet onerous and publick duty. as at solemn funerals.
Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept yith avenging fames the palace buro'd. Dryd, sheep.
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We will give thee this also, for the service By oppressing and betraying me, which thou shalt serve with me. Genesis, Thou might'st have sooner got another servite,
Sbakspears. 2. To be in subjection.
Thou hast made me to serve with thy sins; These that accuse him are a yoke of his disthou hast wearied me with chine iniquities.
carded men; very rogues, now they be out of Isaiab. service.
A court, properly a fair, the end of it' trade 3. To attend; to wait.
and gain; for none would go to service that Martha was cumbered about much serving,
thinks he has enough to live well of himself. and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister
Temple. hath left me to serve alone?
Luke. 4. To engage in the duties of war under 4. Any thing done by way of duty to a command.
superiour. Both more or less have given him the revolt;
That service is not service, so being done, And none serve with him but constrained things, But heing so allow'd.
Sbakspeare. Whose hearts are absent too. Sbakspeare.
This poem was the last piece of service I did Many noble gentlemen came out of all parts for my master king Charles.
Dryder. of Italy, who had before been great commanders, s. Attendance on any superiour. but now served as private gentlemen without Madam, I entre at true peace of you, pay.
Which I will purchase with my duteous service. 3. To produce the end desired.
Shakspeare. The look bewrayed, that, as she used these
Riches gotten by service, though it be of the ornaments not for herself, but to prevail with
best rise, yet, when gotten by Mattery, may be another, so she feared that all would not serot.
placed amongst the worst.
6. Profession of respect uttered or sent. 6. To be sufficient for a purpose.
I am a woman, lacking wit
To make a seemly answer to such persons; Take it, she said; and, when your needs re
Pray do my service to his majesty. Sbakspears. quire, This little brand will serve to light your fire.
7. Obedience; submission. Dryden.
Thou, Nature, art my goddess; to thy law My services are bound.
Sbakspeare. 7. To suit; to be convenient.
God requires no man's service upon hard and We have the summary of all our griefs,
Tillotson. When time shall serve to shew in articles. 8. Act on the performance of which pos
Shakspeare. session depends. As occasion serves, this noble queen
Although they built castles and made frecAnd prince shall follow with a fresh supply,
holders, yet were there no tenures and servius
Sbakspeare. reserved to the crown; but the lords drew all Read that; 't is with the royal signet sign'd, the respect and dependency of the common peoAnd given me by the king, when time should.
ple unto themselves.
Davies. serve, To be perus'd by you,
9. Actual duty; office. Dryden.
The order of human society cannot be pre8. To conduce; to be of use.
served, nor the services requisite to the support Churches, as every thing else, receive their
of it be supplied, without a distinction of stachief perfection from the end whereunto they tions, and a long subordination of ottices. Rogers.
10. Employment; business. Our speech to wordly superiors we frame in
If stations of power and trust were constantly such sort as serveth best to inform and persuade
made the rewards of virtue, men of great abili the minds of them, who otherwise neither could
ties would endeavour to excel in the duties of a nor would greatly regard our necessities. Hooker. Who lessens thee, against his purpose serves
religious life, in order to qualify themselves for To manifest the more thy might. Milton.
Swift. First investigate the variety of motions and II. Military duty. figures made by the organs which serve for arti When he cometh to experience of service culation, and the variety of matter to which those abroad, or is put to a piece or pike, he maketh a articulations are severally applied. Holder. worthy soldier.
Spenser. Fashion is, for the most part, nothing but the At the parliament at Oxford, his youth, and ostentation of riches; and therefore the high want of experience in sea-service, had somewhat price of what serves to that, rather increases been shrewdly touched, even before the sluices than lessens its vent.
Locke. of popular liberty were yet Set open. Wotton. Our victory only served to lead us on to fur 12. A military achievement: ther visionary prospects..
Swift. Such fellows will learn you by rote where ser9. To officiate or minister : as, he served vices were done, at such and such a breach. at the publick dinner.
Sbakspeare. SERVICE. n. s. [service, Fr. servitium, 13. Purpose ; use. Latin.]
All the vessels of the king's house are not for
uses of honour; some be common stuff, and for 1. Menial office; low business done at the
mean services, yet profitable. Spelman. command of a master. The banish'd Kent, who in disguise
14. Useful office; advantage conferred.
The stork's plea, when taken in a net, was, Follow'd his king, and did him service Improper for a slave.
the service she did in picking up venomous creaSbakspeare.
L'Estrange. 3. Attendance of a servant.
The clergy prevent themselves from doing Both fell by our servants, by those men we much service to religion, by affecting so much to lov'd most :
converse with each other, and caring so little to A most unnatural and faithless service. Sbaksp. mingle with the laity.
Swift. 2. Place; office of a servant.
Gentle streams visit populous towns in their I have served prinee Florized; but now I am course, and are at once of ornament and service out of mrvice. Shekspeare. to them.
- Pope .
That service may really be done, the medicine 1. Slavish ; dependant ; mean. must be given in larger quantities. Mead. Fight and die, is death destroying death; 15. Favour.
Where fearing dying, pays death servile breath. To thee a woman's services are due,
Sbakspeare. My fool usurps my body. Sbakspeare. From imposition of strict laws to free 16. Publick office of devotion.
Acceptance of large grace, from servile fear
Milton. According to this form of theirs, it must stand for a rule, No sermon, no service. Hooker.
Ev'n fortune rules no more a seroile land, If that very service of God in the Jewish syna
Where exil'd tyrants still by turns command. gogues, which our Lord did approve and sanctify
Pope. with his own presence, had so large portions of
2. Fawning; cringing. the law and prophets, together with the many
The most servile Battery is lodged the most prayers and psalms read day by day, as equal in easily in the grossest capacity; for their ordia manner the length of ours, and yet in that re nary conceit draweth a yielding to their greaters, spect was never thought to deserve blame; is it and then have they not wit to discern the right now an offence, that the like measure of timo degrees of duty.
Sidney. is bestowed in the like manner? Hooker:
She must bend the servile knee, I know no necessity why private and single And fawning cake the splendid robber's boon. abilities should quite justle out and deprive the
Tboinsoh. church of the joint abilities and concurrent gifts SE'R VILELY. adv. [from servile.] Meanof many learned and godly men, such as the ly; slavishly. composers of the service-book were. K. Charles.
T' each changing news they chang'd affections The congregation was discomposed, and divine
bring, service broken off.
Watts. And sérvilely from fate expect a king. Dryden. 17. Course; order of dishes.
He affects a singularity in his actions and Cleopatra made Antony a supper sumptuous thoughts, rather than servilely to copy from the and royal; howbeit there was no extraordinary wisest.
Swift, service seen on the board.
Hakowili. SE'R VILENESS. 18. A tree and fruit. [sorbus, Latin.)
n. s. [from servile.] The flower consists of several leaves, which
1. Subjection; involuntary obedience. are placed orbicularly, and expand in form of a
What, besides this unhappy servility to cusrose, whose flower-cup afterwards becomes a
tom, can possibly reconcile men, that own christfruit shaped like a pear or medlar; to which
ianity, to a practice widely distant from it? must be added, pennated leaves like that of the
Government of the Tongue. ash.
Miller. October is drawn in a garment of yellow and
2. Meanness; dependance; baseness. carnation; in his left hand a basket of services, 3. Submission from fear. medlars, and other fruits that ripen late.
The angels and dæmons, those by their sub
Peacham. serviency, and these by the servility of their SE'RVICE ABLE. adj. (servissable, old Fr.
obedience, manifestly declared Christ and his from service.]
apostles to be vested with an authority derived from their Lord.
W'este I. Active; diligent ; officious. He was sent to the king's court, with letters
4. Slavery ; the condition of a slave.
To be a queen in bondage, is more vile from that officer, containing his own serviceable
Than is a slave in base seruility; diligence in discovering so great a personage; adding withal more than was true of his conjec. SE'RVING-MAN. n. so [serve and man.]
For princes should be free. Shakspeare. tures.
Sidney. I know thee well, a serviceable villain;
A menial servant. As duteous to the vices of thy ntistress
Your niece did more favours to the duke's As badness could desire.
Sbakspeart. serving-man than ever she bestowed on me. 2. Useful; beneficial.
Sbakspeare. Religion hath force to qualify all sorts of men,
Just in the nick; the cook knock'd thrice, and to make them, in publick affairs, the more
And all the waiters in a trice
His summons did chey: serviceable; governors the apter to rule with conscience; inferiors, for conscience sake, the
Each serving-man, with dish in hand, willinger to obey.
March'd boldly up, like our train'd band,
Presented, and away. So your father charg'd me at our parting,
Suckling, Be serviceable to my son. Sbakspeare.
With Dennis you did ne'er combine, His own inclinations were to confine himself
Not you, to steal your master's wine ; to his own business, and be serviceable to reli
Except a bottle now and then, gion and learning.
To welcome brother servirg-men. Swift. A book to justify the revolution archbishop SE'R VITOR. N. s. (serviteur, French.] Tillotson reconimended to the king, as the most 1. Servant; attendant. A word obsolete. serviceable treatise that could have been pub This workman, whose servitor nature is, being lished then.
Szrift. only one, the heathens imagining to be more, SE'RVICE ABLENESS. n. s. [from service
gave him in the sky the name of Jupiter; in
the air, of Juno; in the water, of Neptune; in able.]
the earth, of Vesta and Ceres. Hooker. 1. Officiousness; activity.
Thus are poor servitors, He might continually be in her presence, When others sleep upon their quiet beds, shewing more humble serviceableness and joy to Constrain'd to watch in darkness, rain, and cold, content her than ever before. Šidney,
Sbakspeare. 2. Usefulness; beneficialness.
Fearful commenting All action being for some end, its aptness to
Is leavien servitor to dull delay; be com nanded or forbidden must be founded Delay leads impotent and snail-pac'd beggary. upon its serviceableness or disserviceableness to
Shulsperre. some end.
Norris. 2. One who acts under another; a fol. SERVILE. adj. [servil, French ; servilis, lower. Latin.)
Our Norman conqueror give úkay to lis sero
oitors the lands and possessions of such as did The periodical times of the planets are in sesoppose his invasion.
Davies. quiplicate proportion, and not a duplicate proporOne who professes duty and obedience. tion of the distances from the center or the My noble queen, let former grudges pass,
radii; and consequently the planets cannot be And henceforth I am thy true servitor. Sbaksp.
carried about by an harmonically circulating fluid.
Cheyne. 4. One of the lowest order in the university.
SESQUITE'RTIAN., [In mathematicks.] His learning is much of a size with his birth Having such a ratio, as that one quan. and education; no more of either than what a tity or number contains another once poor hungry servitor can be expected to bring and one third part more ; as between 6 with him from his college. Swift. and ?
Dict. SE'RVITUDE. n. s. I servitude, French; Sess. n. s. [for assess, cess, or cense.] servitus, Latin.]
Rate; cess charged; tax. 3. Slavery; state of a slave ; dependance. His army was so ill paid and governed, as the
Aristotle speakerh of men, whom nature hath English suffered morc damage by the sess of his framed for the state of servitude, saving, They soldiers than they gained profit or security by bave reason so far forth as to conceive when
abacing the pride of their enemies. Davies. others direct them.
Hooker. Se'ssion. 1. s. [session, F. sessio, Latin.] You would have sold your king to slaughter, His princes and his peers w servitude,
1. The act of sitting.
He hath as man, not as God only, a supreme His subjects to oppression and contempi. Sbaks.
dominion over quick and dead; for so much his Unjustly thou deprav'st it with the name Of servitude, to serve whom God ordains,
ascension into heaven, and his session at the right hand of God, do import.
Hooker. Or nature: God and nature bid the same, When he who rules is worthiest. Milton.
Many, though they concede a table-gesture, Though it is necessary that some persons in
will hardly allow this usual way of session.
Brown. the world should be in love with a splendid sera vitude, yet certainly they must be much behold
2. A stated assembly of magistrates or seing to their own fancy, that they can be pleased nators. at it; for he that rises up early, and gocs to
They are ready t' appear bed late, only to receive addresses, is really as Where you shall hold your session. Shakspeare. much abridged in his freedom, as he that waits Summon a session, that we may arraign to present one. South. Our most disloyal lady.
Sbukspeare. 2. Servants collectively. Not in use.
The old man, mindful still of moan, After him a cumb'rous train
Weeping, thus bespake the session. Cwapman. Of herds, and Rocks, and numerous servitude.
Oi their session ended they bid cry
Milton. SE'RUM. n. s. (Latin.]
Cail'd to council all the Achaian states, 1. The thin and watery part that separ
Nor herald sworn the session to proclaim. Popes
3. The space for which an assembly sits, ates from the rest in any liquor, as in
without intermission or recess. inilk the whcy from the cream.
It was contrary to the course of parliament, 2. The part of the blood which in coagu that any bill that had been rejected should be lation separates from the grume.
again preferred the same session. Clarendor. Blood is the most universal juice in an ani- . The second Nicene council affords us plentimal body: the red part of it differs from the ful assistance, in the first session, wherein the serum, the serum from the lymph, the lymph pope's vicar declares that Meletius was ordained from the nervous juice, and that from the seve by Arian bishops, and yet his ordination was ral other humours separated in the glands. never questioned.
fleet. Arbuthnot. Many decrees are enacted, which at the next SESQUIA'LTER. ad;. [sesquiultere, Fr.
session are repealed.
Norris. SESQUIA’LTERAL. S sesquialter, Latin.] 4. A meeting of justices: as, the sessions
In geometry, is a ratio where one quantity or number contains another once SE'STERCE, n. s. [sesterce, Pr. sestertium, and half as much more, as 6 and 9. Lat.] Among the Romans, a sum of
about 81. is. sd. half penny sterling In all the revolutions of the planets about the
Dict. sun, and of the secondary planets about the pri
Several of them would rather chuse a sum in mary ones, the periodical times are in a sesqui sesterces, than in pounds sterling. Addison. altcr proportion to the mean distance. Cheyne. T. SET. v.a. preterit I set; part. pass. I
As the six primary planets revolve about the sun, so the secondary ones are moved about
am set. (satgan, or satyan, Gothick; them, in the same sesquialteral proportion of
rettan, Saxon; setten, Dutch.] their periodical motions to their orbs. Bentley. 1. To place; to put in any situation or SE'SQUIPEDAL. adj. [sesquipedalis,
place ; to put.
Ere I could SESQUIPEDA'LIAN. ) Latin.] Contain:
Give him that parting kiss which I had set ing a foot and a half.
Betwixt two charming words, comes in my faAs for my own part, I am but a sesquipedal,
Sbakspeare. having only six foot and a half of staturé. Addis. But that my adınirable dexterity of wit, coun
Hast thou ever measured the gigantick Ethi terfeiting the action of an old woman, delivered opian, whose stature is above eight cubits bish, me, the knave constable bad stet me i'th' conor the sesquipedalian pigmy? Arbuthnot and Pepe. mon stocks for a witch.
Sbakspeare. SEBUIPLICATE, adj. [In mathema. They that are younger have me in derision,
whose fathers I would have disdained to have set ticks.) is the proportion one quantity
with the dogs of my flock.
Job. or rumbu has to another, in the ratio He that hath received his testimony, hath set of one and a half to one.
to his seal, that God is true.
of the peace.
They have set her a bed in the midst of the voured to be set on foot, it is not easy to imaalain.
Ezekiel. gine how it should at first gain entertainment. God set them in the firmament, to give light
Tillotson. upon the earth,
Genesis. When the father looks sour on the child, every She sets the bar that causes all my pain; body else should put on the same coldness, til Ore gift refus'd, makes all their bounty vain. forgiveness asked, and a reformation of his fandt
Dryden. has set him right again, and restored him to his The lives of the revealers may be justly former credit.
Locke. enough set over against the revelation, to find His practice must by no means cross his prewhether chey agree.
Atterbury. cepts, unless he intend to set him wrong. Locke.
If the fear of absolute and irresistible power 2. To put into any condition, state, or
set it on upon the mind, the idea is likely to sink posture.
Lacken They thought the very disturbance of things When he has once chosen it, it raises desire established an hire sufficient to set them on that proportionably gives him uneasiness, which work.
Hooker. determines his will, and sets him at work in purThat man that sits within a monarch's heart, ruit of his choice on all occasions. Locke. Would he abuse the count'nance of the king,
Sbakspeare. Quench'd the dire flanie that set the world on fire.
Addison. Will give you audience; and wherein
A couple of lovers agreed, at parting, to set It shall appear that your demands are just,
aside one half hour in the day to think of each You shall enjoy them; ev'ry thing set off
Addison. That might so much as think you enemies.
Your fortunes place you far above the necesSbakspeare.
sity of learning, but nothing can set you above the ornament of it.
Felton. This present enterprize set off his head,
Their first movement and impressed motions I do not think a braver gentleman
demand the impulse of an almighty hand to set Is now alive. Sbakspeare. them a-going
Cheyne. Ye caused every man his servant, whóm he That the wheels were but small, may be guesse had set ac liberty, io return. Jeremiah.
ed from a custom they have of taking them off, Every sabbath ye shall set it in order.
and setting them on.
Pope. Leviticus. Be frequent in setting such causes at work, I am come to set a man at variance against his whose cffects you desire to know. Watts. father.
Alattban. Thou shalt pour out into all those vessels, and
3. To make motionless; to fix immoveaset aside that which is full.
Struck with the sight, inanimate she seems; The beauty of his ornament he set in majesty,
Set are her eyes, and motionless her limbs. but they made images; therefore have I set it
Gartb. far from them.
Nabum. Hereon the prompter falls to Nat railing in the The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the bitcerest terms; which the gentleman, with a children's teeth are set on edge. Ferenriab. set gesture and countenance, still soberly re
The shipping might be set on work by fishing, lated; until the ordinary, driven at last into a by transportations from port to port. Bacon, mad rage, was fain to give over. Carew. The wheel, set on going, did pour a war upon
The town of Bern has handsome fountains the Venetians with such a tempest, as Padua planted, at set distances, from one end of the and Trevigi were taken from them. Bucon. streets to the other,
Addison. That this inay be done with the more advan
s. To regulate; to adjust. tage, some hours must be sei apart for this exa
In court they determine the king's good by his mination.
desires, which is a kind of setting the sun by the Finding the river fordable at the foot of the
Suckling. bridge, he set over his horse. Hayward. God bears a different respect to places set apart By his aid aspiring
and consecrated to his worship, to what he bears To set himself in glory above his peers. Milton.
to places designed to common uses. South. Equal success had set these champions high,
Our palates grow into a liking of the season. And buch resolv'd to conquer or to die. W uller.
ing and cookery which by custom they are set Nothing renders a man so inconsiderable; for
Locke, it set him above the meaner sort of company, He rules the church's blest dominions, and makes him intolerable to the better.
And sets men's faith by his opinions.
Against experience he believes,
Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute. Instructed there in rules of husbandry. Dryd.
Dryden. Over labour'd with so long a course,
Grief he tames that fetters it in verse;
But when I have done so,
Some man, his art or voice to show
Duth sei and sing my pain;
Aind, by delighting many, frees again
Grict, which verse did restrain. Donne.
I had one day set thu hundredth psalm, and was The son of Maia, with severe decree,
singing the first line, in order to put the congreTo kill the keeper, and to set her tree. Dryden.
tion into the tune.
Spectator. If such a tradition were at any time endea 7. To plant, not sow.