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or Pride, or too complying from Familiarity or Forward. ness contracted at their own Houses. After these Hints on this Subject, I shall end this Paper, with the following genuine Letter ; and defire all who think they may be concerned in future Speculations on this Subjeét, to send in what they have to say for themselves for some Incidents in their Lives, in order to have proper Allowances made for their Conduct. Mr. SPECTATOR,. .

Jan. 5, 1711. • THE Subject of your Yesterday's Paper is of fo • 1 great Importance, and the thorough handling of • it may be so very useful to the Preservation of many • an innocent young Creature, that I think every one is • obliged to furnish you with what Lights he can, to ex• pose the pernicious Arts and Practices of those unnatural • Women called Bawds. In order to this the inclosed is • fent you, which is verbatim the Copy of a Letter writ• ten by a Bawd of Figure in this Town to a noble Lord. • I have concealed the Names of both, my Intention be• ing not to expose the Persons but the Thing.

I am, SIR,

Your humble Servant. My Lord, " | Having a great Efteem for your Honour, and a betoster Opinion of you than of any of the Quality, ' makes me acquaint you of an Affair that I hope will • oblige you to know. I have a Niece that came to Town • about a Fortnight ago. Her Parents being lately dead • she came to me, expecting to a found me in so good a • Condition as to a set her up in a Milliner's Shop. Her • Father gave fourscore Pounds with her for five years : 6 Her Time is out, and she is not fixteen ; as pretty a • black Gentlewoman as ever you saw, a little Woman, • which I know your Lordship likes ; well shaped, and as • fine a Complexion for Red and White as ever I saw ; I • doubt not but your Lordship will be of the fame Opi• nion. She designs to go down about a Month hence • except I can provide for her, which I cannot at present; • Her Father was one with whom all he had died with • him, so there is four Children left deftitute ; so if your


Lordship thinks fit to make an Appointment where I 'fhall wait on you with my Niece, by a Line or two, I • stay for your Answer ; for I have no Place fitted up ' fince I left my House, fit to entertain your Honour. I

told her she should go with me to see a Gentleman a ' very good Friend of mine ; so I desire you to take no

notice of my Letter by reason she is ignorant of the Ways of the Town. My Lord, I defire if you meet us ' to come alone; for upon my Word and Honour you are the first that ever I mentioned her to. So I remain,

Your Lordship's

Mojt humble Servant to command. • I beg of you to burn it when you've read it. T

No 275.

Tuesday, January 15.

tribus Anticris caput in fanabile


I Was Yesterday engaged in an Assembly of Virtuoso's,

where one of them produced many curious Observa

tions which he had lately made in the Anatomy of an Human Body. Another of the Company communicated to us several wonderful Discoveries, which he had also made on the fame Subject, by the Help of very fine Glasses. This gave Birth to a great Variety of uncommon Remarks, and furnished Discourse for the remaining Part of the Day.

THE different Opinions which were started on this Occasion, presented to my Imagination so many new Ideas, that by mixing with those which were already there, they employed my Fancy all the last Night, and composed a very wild extravagant Dream.

I was invited, methought, to the Diffection of a Beau's Head and of a Caquet's Heart, which were both of them laid on a Table before us. An imaginary Operator opened the first with a great deal of Nicety, which upon a cursory and superficial View, appeared like the Head of another Man; but upon applying our Glasses to it, we made a very odd Discovery, namely, that what we looked upon as Brains, were not such in Reality, but an Heap of strange Materials wound up in that Shape and Texture, and packed together with wonderful Art in the several Cavities of the Skull. For, as Homer tells us, that the Blood of the Gods is not real Blood, but only something like it; so we found that the Brain of a Beau is not real Brain, but only something like it. . · THE Pineal Gland, which many of our Modern Phi. losophers suppose to be the Seat of the Soul, smelt very ftrong of Essence and Orange-flower Water, and was encompaffed with a kind of horny Substance, cutinto a thoufand little Faces or Mirrours, which were imperceptible to the naked Eye, insomuch that the Soul, if there had been any here, must have been always taken up in contemplating her own Beauties.


W E observed a large Antrum or Cavity in the Sinciput, that was filled with Ribbons, Lace and Embroidery, wrought together in a most curious Piece of Network, the Parts of which were likewise imperceptible to the naked Eye. Another of these Antrums or Cavities was ftuffed with invisible Billet-doux, Love-Letters, pricked Dances, and other Trumpery of the same nature. In another we found a kind of Powder, which set the whole Company a Sneezing, and by the Scent discovered it felf to be right Spanish. The several other Cells were stored with Commodities of the same kind, of which it would be tedious to give the Reader an exact Inventory. . THERE was a large Cavity on each side of the Head. which I must not omit. That on the right Side was filled with Fictions, Flatteries, and Falshoods, Vows, Promises, and Protestations; that on the left with Oaths and Impreeations. There issued out a Duct from each of these Cells, which ran into the Root of the Tongue, where both joined together, and passed forward in one common Duet to the Tip of it. We discovered several little Roads or Canals running from the Ear into the Brain, and took particular care to trace them out through their several Parfages. One of them extended it self to a Bundle of Sonnets ard little musical Instruments. Others ended in feveral Bladders which were filled either with Wind or Froth.


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But the large Canal entered into a great Cavity of the Skyll, from whence there, went another Canal into the Tongue. This great Cavity was filled with a kind of spongy Substance, which the French Anatomists call Galimatias, and the English Nonsense.

THE Skins of the Forehead were , extremely tough and thick, and what very much surprised us, had not in them any single Blood-vessel that we were able to discover, either with or without our Glasses ; from whence we concluded, that the Party when alive must have been intirely deprived of the Faculty of Blushing.

THE Os Cribriforme was exceedingly stuffed, and in fome Places damaged with Snuff. We could not but tako notice in particular of that small Muscle which is not often discovered in Diffections, and draws the Nose up-wards, when it'exprefses the Contempt which the Owner of it has, upon seeing any thing he does not like, or hearing any thing he does not underítand. I need not tell my learned Reader, this is that Muscle which performs the Motion so often mentioned by the Latin Poets, when they talk of a Man's cocking his Nofe, or playing the Rhinoceros..

WE did not find any thing very remarkable in the Eye, saving only, that the Musculi Amatorii, or as we may translate it into Englise, the Ogling Muscles, were very much' worn and decayed with use ; whereas on the contrary, the Elevator, or the Musclewhich turns the Eyetowards Heaven, did not appear to have been used at all."

I have only mentioned in this Diffection such new Difcoveries as we were'able to make, and have not taken any notice of those Parts which are to be met with in common Heads. As for the Skull, the Face, and indeed the whole outward Shape and Figure of the Head, we could not discover any Difference from what we observe in the Heads of other Men. We were informed, that the Person to whom this Head belonged, had passed for a Man above five and thirty Years ; during which time he Eat and Drank like other People, dressed well, talked loud, laugh'd frequently, and on particular Occasions had acquit. red himself tolerably at a: Ball or an Assembly; to which one of the Company added, that a certain Knot of Ladies took him fora Wit. "He was cut off in the Flower of Vol.'IV.


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his Age by the Blow of a Paring-thovel, having been surprised by an eminent Citizen, as he was tendring fome Civilities to his Wife.

WHEN we had thoroughly examined this Head with all its Apartments, and its several kinds of Furniture, we put up the Brain, such as it was, into its proper Place, and laid it aside under a broad Piece of Scarlet Cloth, in order to be prepared, and kept in a great Repository of Dissections ; our Operator telling us that the Preparation would not be fo difficult as that of another Brain, for that he had observed several of the little Pipes and Tubes which ran through the Brain were already filled with a kind of Mercurial Substance, which he looked upon to be true Quick-filver.

HE applied himself in the next Place to the Coquette's Heart, which he likewise laid open with great Dexterity. There occurred to us many Particularities in this Dissection ; but being unwilling to burden my Reader's Memory too much, I shall reserve this Subject for the Speculation of another Day.


No 276. Wednesday, January 16.

Errori nomen virtus pofuiffet benefium. Hor.

Mr. SPECTATOR, "T Hope you have Philosophy enough to be capable of al bearing the mention of your Faults. Your Papers r * which regard the fallen Part of the Fair Sex, are, I " think, written with an Indelicacy, which makes them “ nnworthy to be inserted in the Writings of a Moralist • who knows the World. I cannot allow that you are at • Liberty to observe upon the Actions of Mankind with 6 the Freedom which you seem to resolve upon ; at least s if you do so, you should take along with you the Dia * ftinction of Manners of the World, according to the

• Quality

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