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both with regard to Learning and Industry, began to bear a very favourable Aspect.
On Shrove-tuesday there was solemn Justs at Greenwich, between the King and others on the one Part, and the Marquis of Exeter on the other ; at which, by the Mischance of a Spear's shivering, Sir Francis Brian loit one of his Eyes. Church Zeal.
On the 11th of February, four Merchants Dr. Barnes of the Steel-yard did Penance at Paul's
Cross, for eating Meat on a Friday ; the do Penance.
famous Dr. Barnes was condemned in the Spiritual Court to do Penance, for certain Heresies alledged against him, by bearing a Faggot at Pauls Cross, which he accordingly did in the Presence of Cardinal and 11 Bihops; and the Bishop of Rochester upon this Occasion preached a Sermon, which was chiefly levelled against Luther, and the Doctrines he had lately advanced.
This Summer there had like to have Affairs relating to the Ci- been a great Disturbance in the City of ty of London. London on the following Misconduct : 1526.
An Act passed in the 4th Year of this King, That no Stranger Mould bring in Wine or Wood in any Alien's Ship; on which the English went to Tholouse, and brought much Wood to London ; but, notwithstanding the late Act, through the Means of fome Gentlemen about the King, divers Strangers
reside indifferently; Merton is in Great Britain, ftanding as a renowned for Schoolmen, Cor- Diana among the Nymphs. pus Chrifti for Linguists, Chrift It is said of Cambridge, that Church 'for Poets, All-Souls for the Building is the chief Credit of Orators, New for Civilians, Bra- that County, and that she may zen Nose for Difputants, Queen's be called a Town in a University, for Metaphysicians, Exeter for as Oxford is a University in a a long Series of Regius Profesors, Town : But, as the Colleges in Magdalen formerly, and St.
John's Cambridge are more separated latterly for eminent Prelates. from the Town than at Oxford, The Library equals any in Europe; they have better Conveniencies and very much exceeds most for Walks and Gardens.
obtanied Licences to bring in Chesnut Wood upon foreign Bottoms : So that not only London, but the Country too was full of their Wood, whereby the Chesnut Wood became of little or no Value. Upon this Sir John Alleyn, the Lord Mayor, sent for the Chief of the foreign Merchants, and represented to them, “ That they had gained considerably by " the City, and therefore willed them not to sell « their Wood in the Country, but to the Londoners, “ who would pay them instantly; for that, by their “ Proceedings, they greatly hurt the London Mer“ chants.”—The Strangers, says Grafton, proudly answered, “ They would seek every Place for their “ Advantage, and in a mocking Manner departed “ from the Mayor.” The Lord Mayor upon this called a Common Council in August, and there Complaints were brought against the foreign Merchants ; on which an Act of Common Council passed, whereby it was enacted, “ That no Citizen should buy or “ fell in any Place, nor exchange or meddle with “ certain Strangers, called Anthony Bonvice, Laurence “ Bonvice, Anthony Vivald, Anthony Caveler, Francis “ de Bard, Thomas Calmecant, and several others there“ in named, upon Pain of losing the Freedom and " Liberty of the City of London.' And this had so good an Effect, “ That the Strangers were so bridled,
they came to a reasonable Conclusion.
This Year was likewise remarkable in London, according to our Historian, for that, on MichaelmasEve, Thomas Hind, who was elected Sheriff, was called to take upon him the Office; but he made Default. *
Upon * This might be the Practice Office, or shew Cause why they then, but it is now altered, for, refuse it, that the Citizens, in upon their Election on Midsum- case the Cause is allowed, may mer-day, they are obliged foon af- have Time before Micheelmas to ter to give Bond to serve the elect others in their stead.
Upon this Simon Rice, Mercer, was chofen, who refused
As fome Abuses had crept into the reforms the King's Houshold, the Cardinal in the Houjhbold of Month of Oxtober, came to the King's the King
Court, which was held at Eltham, and 1526.
took Orders for reforming and settling the State of his Majesty's Houshold ; when many Officers, and other Servants who were grown old in the Service, were discharged and allowed Pensions during their Lives ; 64 Yeomen of the Guard, who were likewise grown old, were also discharged and allowed Half-pay. He also settled the Housholds of the Duke of Richmond, and the Princess Mary, which he did in fo regular a Manner, that he gave great Satisfaction to them all.
* A like Case happened a few Peace of the City: This was Years since, the City of London done by that generous Gentlebeing again fomewhat put to it man, Daniel Lambert, Esqi who for a fit Person to serve the said has since not only been elected Office, when a Name- fake of Alderman, but filled the Chairs this worthy Alderman's was pre- as Lord Mayor, in the Year vailed on to take that Trust up- 1741, with great Reputation ; on him, which also contributed and is now one of their worthy much towards preserving the Representatives in Parliament.
" That the Cardinal on this Occafion made many Orders for the better Government “ of all Things committed to his Care, which were « feveral Years after called the Statutes of Eltham ; © and, as some said, were more profitable than ho“ nourable." — Ill will speaks well of no Body.
The King, by the Advice of his Council, issued a Proclamation against unlawful Gaming, and Commisfions were fent into every County for the Execution of the fame : So that in many Places Tables, Dice, Cards, and Bowls were burnt.
But Stow tells us, “ The young Men were “ so dissatisfied, that they took to Drinking, others
to stealing Rabits and Deer in Parks, and other “ Unthriftinefs." It being observed, that great Quanti
Is intrufen ties of Silver were carried out of the w
with the Care
of the Coin. Kingdom, his Majesty was pleased to raise the Noble from 6s. 8 d. to 7s. 4d. and afterwards to 75. 6d. whereby every Ounce of Sterling Silver was worth 35. 9d. yet it did not answer what was proposed, on account that the Value of Money was still raised beyond Sea ; wherefore the King granted to the Cardinal a discretional Power to alter the Valuation thereof from time to time, as he should see Cause, which had a very good Effect ; for his Eminency took proper Care to keep our Coin upon a Standard with other Nations, and prevented its being carried clandestinely Abroad. *
The Cardinal also, as it is prefumed, with the King's Leave, erected two Mints for Coining of Money, one
* In Edward the IIId's Time, been remarkable, that the Turks, Persons attended at Dover, tó Perfians, and Ruffians, by keepreceive the Passengers Money, to ing their Exchanges above the exchange it for foreign Specie, Valuation of their Money, which prevented the current acted a more politick Part than Coin's being carried
we have done upon several Oc. the Kingdom: And it has cafions.
at York, and the other at Durham, which were very useful to that Part of the Country; and Dr. Fiddes exhibits at the End of the Introduction to his work, Prints of certain Coins from Wolsey's different Presses, each of which bear the Cardinals Hat, with the initial Letter of his Name.
The Cardinal, besides his grear PasAnd greatly en- sion for the encouraging of Learning, and Navigation.
likewise took incredible Care, during
the whole Course of his Administration, to promote the Trade and Navigation of the Kingdom, well knowing, that from thence Riches and Plenty naturally flow; and therefore he advised his Majesty to send out Ships, in order to make new Discoveries in the then unknown Parts of the World, which induced the King to send an Exhortation to Robert Thorn, who had been for some Years in the Indies, under his Majesty's Protection and Encouragement, to proceed in his Enterprize, which partly laid the Foundation for those great Discoveries that were afterwards made in the succeeding Reigns : So that we may justly reckon the Cardinal among the Worthies that were instrumental in beginning the British Empire in America, from which we, at this Day, reap so
Wolsey, in his Proceedings to suppress The Cardinal opposed, upon the lesser Monasteries, according to the his suppressing Power he was intrusted with, both from the leffer Mo- the See of Rome and the King, was opnafteries.
posed. When the Monastery of Bogham in Ellex was on the Point of being suppressed, certain People, who appeared in a strange and frightful Disguise, after the Canons were removed out of the Monastery, waited upon them and conducted them back in a pompous Manner, and, according to their Form, reinstated them in the Monastery, and withal promised to come at any Time to their Relief, upon the Signal of ringing the Abbey-bell, in