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Marcus Alonzo Hanna, Republican, of Cleveland, was born in New Lisbon (now Lisbon), Columbiana County, Ohio, September 24, 1837; removed with his father's family to Cleveland in 1852; was educated in the common schools of that city and the Western Reserve College, Hudson, Ohio; was engaged as an employee in the wholesale grocery house of Hanna, Garretson & Co., his father being senior member of the firm; his father died in 1862, and he represented that interest in the firm until 1867, when the business was closed up; then became a member of the firm of Rhodes & Co., engaged in the iron and coal business; at the expiration of ten years the title of this firm was changed to M. A. Hanna & Co., which still exists; has been identified with lake carrying business, being interested in vessels on the lakes, and in the construction of such vessels; was president of the Union National Bank of Cleveland; president of the Cleveland City Railway Company; was director of the Union Pacific Railway Company in 1885, by appointment of President Cleveland; was a delegate to the national Republican conventions in 1884, 1888, and 1896; was elected chairman of the national Republican committee in 1896 and 1900; was appointed to the United States Senate by Governor Bushnell, March 5, 1897, to fill the vacancy caused by the retirement of Hon. John Sherman, who resigned to accept the position of Secretary of State in President McKinley's cabinet; took his seat March 5, 1897; in January, 1898, he was elected for the short term ending March 4, 1899, and also for the succeeding full term. Senator Hanna occupied a very prominent place among the leaders of the Senate. His advocacy of the Panama route for the isthmian canal, after the House of Representatives had by an overwhelming vote chosen the Nicaraguan route, resulted in a complete reversal of the program and the final choice of Panama; this is said to be one of the most remarkable legislative feats in the history of the United States Congress, and was the result alone of Senator Hanna's masterful presentation of the claims of Panama as compared with those of Nicaragua. Senator Hanna was chosen in January, 1904, to succeed himself in the United States Senate for the term commencing March 4, 1905, by the largest majority ever accorded a senatorial candidate by the legislature of Ohio. His speech of acceptance delivered to the General Assembly was looked upon as the benediction of one about to lay down the burdens of life, as indeed it proved to be, for his death followed one month later. Senator Hanna died February 15, 1904, in the city of Washington, and the funeral was held in Cleveland. His remains were deposited in the Wade mausoleum, Lake View Cemetery.



HE Constitutional Convention of 1802 forms a connecting-link be

tween the Territorial and State Government which seems to find its proper consideration at this point. The first session of the

Second (and last) Territorial Legislature, was adjourned by Governor St. Clair in January, 1802, to meet in Cincinnati, November 29. The Congress, by an act of April 30, 1802, provided for the election of members of a convention which should :

First. Decide on the desirability of forming a state government, and

Second. Frame the constitution for the state should the convention decide the first question affirmatively.

This convention met in Chillicothe on Monday, November 1, four weeks prior to the time set for the convening of the Second Territorial Legislature in its second session, and on the day appointed for the legislature to meet, promulgated the First ConstitUTION OF THE STATE OF OHIO.

Many members of the territorial legislature were members of this first constitutional convention, and the following notes from the Journal of that convention are republished as matters of history:

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Notes on the Constitutional Convention of 1802.


Rudolph Blair,
John Milligan,

George Humphrey,
Bazaleel Wells,

Nathan Updegraff.

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Edward Tiffin was chosen president of the Convention.
William Goforth was elected president pro tempore.
Thomas Scott was elected secretary at $3 per day.

William McFarland was elected assistant secretary, and ordered to attend the Committee on Preamble and First Article.

Adam Betz aws elected door-keepe rat $1.50 per day.

Upon the question whether it would be expedient to form a constitution and state government for the people of the Territory, at this time, the question carried in the affirmative by a vote of 32 to 1. Mr. Cutler voted in the negative.

NOTE.—"Although more than a fourth of the members comprising the body had expressed their opinion in very decided terms against the expediency of the measure, and against the manner of its accomplishment, yet the resolution was carried. * * * Judge Cutler, an indomitable Whig, of Washington County, voting in the negative, solitary and alone.” (Burnett's Notes on the Northwest Territory p. 352-3.)

A resolution was adopted requesting the governor to prorogue the territorial legislature which had adjourned in January last, to meet in Cincinnati on the fourth Monday of the present month. But this was not done, as the members of the legislature, many of whom were in convention, manifested no disposition to interfere with the progress of the Territory toward statehood. (See Burnett quoted.)

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Notes on the Constitutional Convention of 1802.

Nathaniel Willis was elected printer to the Convention, on the terms of his proposition to print 700 copies of the Journal of Convention, and 1,000 copies of the constitution then being framed.

A resolution to submit the proposed constitution to the people is found on page 15 of the Journal. It was disagreed to by the vote of 27 to 7, and the constitution was not submitted to the people, but was put in operation by the act of the delegates to the convention in formally signing the instrument in their representative capacity.

A proposition to have the members of the Senate chosen annually instead of biennially was defeated by a vote of 15 to 18.

A proposition to insert a proviso in Section 19 of Article 1, pro hibiting any member of the Convention from holding any office under the constitution so framed, unless elective, for the term oi one year after its adoption, was defeated-yeas 3, nays 31. .

A proposition to strike out of the bill of rights that part of the second section relating to servitude of adult persons not negroes or mulattoes was defeated by a vote of 12 to 21.

A proposition to strike out that part of the same section which forbids slavery or involuntary servitude in this state, was defeated overwhelmingly, by a vote of yeas 2, nays 31.

Messrs. Paul and Reily, of Hamilton County, voted in favor of the proposition. (See Journal, p. 26; November 20, 1802.)

A proposition to amend the third section of the bill of rights by striking out the words "no religious test shall be required," etc., and inserting words to the effect that no person who denies the being of a God, or a place of future rewards and punishments, shall hold office in the civil government, was lost-yeas 3, nays 30.

In considering Article 4, on the twenty-second of November, the Convention voted-yeas 19, nays 15—to add these words to the end of the article:

"Provided, that all male negroes and mulattoes, now residing in this territory, shall be entitled to the rights of suffrage, if they shall within twelve months make a record of their citizenship."

As this is one of the earliest records of an attempt to give the right of suffrage to the negro in America, the vote on that proposition is interesting. Those who voted aye were: Abbot, Byrd, Cutler, Darlinton, Dunlavy, Gatch, Gilman, Goforth, Grubb, Kitchel, Morrow, Paul, Putnam, Reily, Sargent, Smith, Updegraff, Wells and Wilson-19. Those who voted in the negative were: Abrams, Baldwin, Bair, Browne, Caldwell, Capenter, Donaldson, Humphrey, Huntington, Kirker, McIntire, Massie, Milligan, Woods and Worthington--15.

At the same time the Convention refused, by a vote of 17 to 16, to extend the right of suffrage to the male descendants of such negro residents.

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