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Than one which holds a trencher.
Tim. A mere satiety of commendations.
If I should pay you for 't, as 'tis extoild,
Jew. My lord, 'tis rated
well And I have bred her at my dearest cost,
know, In qualities of the best. This man of thine Things of like value, differing in the owners, Attempts her love: I pr’ythee, noble lord, Are prized by their masters : believe it, dear lord, Join with me to forbid him her resort;
You mend the jewel hy the wearing it. Myself have spoke in vain.
10 Tim. Well mock'd. Tim. The man is honest.
Mer. No, my good lord; he speaks the comOld Ath. Therefore he will be, Timon':
mon tongue, His honesty rewards him in itself, .
Which all men speak with him. It must not bear my daughter.
Tim. Look, who comes here. Will you be chid? Tim, Does she love him?
Enter Apenantus, Old Ath. She is young, and apt:
Jew. We will bear, with your lordship. Our own precedent passions do instruct us
Mer. He'll spare none. What levity is in youth.
Tim. Good morrow to thee, gentle Apemantus! Tim. [To Lucil.] Love you the maid?
Apem. 'Till I be gentle, stay for thy good Luc. Ay, my good lord, and she accepts of it. 20
(honest, Old Ath. ifin her marriage inyconsent be missing, When thou art Timon's dog, and these knaves I call the gods to witness, I will choose
Tim. Why dost thou call thein knaves? thou. Mine heir trom forth the beggars of the world,
know'st them not. And dispossess her all.
Apem. Are they not Athcnians ? Tim. How shall she be endow'd,
25 Tim. Yes. If she be mated with an equal husband ? [all. Apem. Then I repent not. Old Ath. Three talents, on the present; in future, Jew. You know me, Apemantus.
Tim. This gentleman of mine hath serv'd me long; Apem. Thou know'st I do; I call'd thee by thy To build his fortune, I will strain a little,
name, For 'tis a bond in men. Give himn thy daughter :30 Tim. Thou art proud, Apemantus, [Timon. What you bestow, in him I'll counterpoise, Anem. Of nothing so much,as that I am not like And make him weigh with her.
Tim, Whither art going? Old Ath. Most noble lord,
Apem. To knock out an honest Athenian's Pawn me to this your honour, she is his.
brains. Tim. My hand to thee; mine honour on my 35
Tim. That's a deed thou'lt die for. promise.
Apem. Right, if doing nothing be death by the Luc, Humbly I thank your lordship: Never
Tim. How lik'st thou this picture, Apemantus? That state or fortune fall into my keeping,
Apem. The best, for the innocence. Which is not ow'do to you!
40 Tim. Wrought he not well, that painted it ? [Exeunt Lucil. and Old Ath. Apem. He wrought better that made the painPoet. Vouchsafe my labour, and long live your ter; and yet he's but a filthy piece of work. lordship!
Poei. You are a dog. Tim. I thank you; you shall hear from me anon: Apem. Thy mother's of my generation; What's Go not away,-'What have you there, my friend: 45 she, if I be a dog?
Pain. A piece of painting; which I do beseech Tim. Wilt dine with me, Apemantus? Your lordship to accept.
Apem. No; I eat not lords. Tim. Painting is welcome.
Tim. An tbou should'st, thou’dst anger
ladies. The painting is aļmost the natural man;
Apem. O, they cat lords ; so they come by For since dishonour trafficks with man's nature, 150 He is but outside: These pencil'd figures are
Tim. That's a lascivious apprehension. Even such as they give out. I like your work; Apem. So thou 'apprehend'st it: take it for And you shall find, I like it : wait attendance
thy labour. Till you hear further from me.
Tim. How dost thou like this jewel, Apemantus ? Pain. The gods preserve you ! [hand ; 55 Apem. Not so well as plain-dealing, which will Tim. Well fare you, gentlemen: Give me your
not cost a man a doit. We must needs dine together.—Sir, your jewel
Tim, What dost thou think ’tis worth? Hath suffer'd under praise.
Apem. Not worth my thinking: How now, Jew. What, my lord ? dispraise?
! Dr. Warburton explains this passage thus: “ If the man be honest, my lord, for that reason he will be so in this, and not endeavour at the injustice of gaining my daughter without my consent.” 2 or due. ? To unclew, is to unwind a ball of thread. To unclew a man, is to draw out the whole mass of his fortunes. * This aliudes to the proverb : “ Plain dealing is a jewel; but they that use it, die beggars."
3 F 3
Poet. How now, philosopher?
2 Lord. Fare thee well, fare thee well. Apen. Thou liest.
Apem. Thou art a fool, to bid me farewell twice. Poet. Art not one?
2 Lord. Why, Apemantus ? Apem. Yes.
Apem. 'Should'st have kept one to thyself, for I Poct. Then I lie not.
5 mean to give thee none. Apem. Art not a poet ?
i Lord. Hang thyself. Poct. Yes.
lpem. No, I will do nothing at thy bidding: Apem. Then thou licst: look in thy last work, make thy requests to thy friend. where thou hast feign'd him a worthy fellow. 2 Lord. Away, unpeaceable dog, or I'll spura Poet. That's not feign’d, he is so.
10 thee hence. Apem. Yes, he is worthy of thee, and to pay Apem. I will fly, like a dog, the heels of the ass. thee for thy labour : He, that loves to be flai- i Lord. He's opposite to humanity. Come, ter'd, is worthy o' the flatterer. Heavens, that
shall we in, I were a lord!
And taste lord Timon's bounty? he out-goes Tim. What would'st thou do then, Apemantus: 15 The very heart of kindness.
Apem. Even as Apemantus does now, hate 2 Lord. Hepours it out; Plutus, the god of gold, lord with my heart.
Is but his steward: no meed“, but he repays Tim. What, thyself?
Sevenfold above itself; no gift to him, Apem. Ay.
But breeds the giver a return exceeding Tim. Wherefore ?
20 All use of quittance'. Apem. That I had no angry wit to be a lord': - 1 Lord. The noblest mind he carries, Art thou not a merchant
That ever govern'd man. Mer. Ay, Apemantus.
(not !! 2 Lord. Long may he live in fortunes! Shaft Apem. 'I'raffick confound thee, if the gods will
we in? Mer. If traffick do it, the gods do it.
125) i Lord. I'll keep you company. (Exeunt. Apem. Traffiek's thy god, and thy god con
SC'EN E TI.
Another Apartment in Timon's House.
Hautboys playing loud musick. A great banquet Tim. What trumpet's that?
seru'din; and then enter Timon, Alcibiades, LuMes. 'Tis Alcibiades, and some twenty horse, 30 cius, Lucullus, Sempronius, and other Athenian All of companionship:
Senators, with Ventidius. Then com: s, dropping Tim. Pray, entertain them; give them guide
after all, Apemantus discontentedly, like himself to us.
Ven. Most honour'd Timon, it hath pleas'd You must needs dine with me:-Go not you 35 My father's age, and call him to long peace.
the gods to remember 'Till I have thank'd you; and, when dinner? done,
He is gone happy, and has left me rich:
Then, as in grateful virtue I am bound
your frec heart, I do return those talents, Enter Alcibiades, with the rest.
Doubled, with thanks and service, from whose Most welcome, sir !
help Apem. So, so; there!
I deriv'd liberty.
[out! I gave it freely ever; and there's none And all this courtesy! the strain of man's bred 45 Can truly say, he gires, if he receives: Into baboon and monkey;
If our beiters play at that game, we must not dare Alcib. Sir, you have sav'd my longing, and I feed To imitate them; Faults that are rich, are fair. Most hungrily on your sight."
Ven. A noble spirit. Tim. Right welcome, sir :
[They all stand ceremoniously looking on Timon. Ere we depart', we'll share a bounteous time
Tim. Nay, my lords, ceremony In different pleasures. Pray you, let us in. Was but devis'd at first [Exeunt all but Apemantus.
To set a gloss on faint deeds, hollow welcomes, Enter trco Lords.
Recanting goodness, sorry ere 'tis shewn: i Lord. What time a day is 't, Apemantus ? But where there is true friendship, there needs Apem, Time to be honest,
155 I Lord. That time serves still.
[it. Pray, sit; more welcome are ye to my fortunes, Apem. The most accursed thou, that stillomite'st Than they to me.
[Tkey sit. 2 Lord. Thou art going to lord Timon's feasti | Lord. My lord, we always have confess'd it. Apem. Ay; to sce meat till knaves, and wine Apen. Ho, ho, confess'd it? hang'd it, have
The meaning may be, I should hate myself for patiently enduring to be a lord. 2
or lineage of man's worn down into a monkey: i. e.
e. part. * Meed in this place seems to mean desert. • j.e. all the customary returns niade in discharge of obligations.
Tim. O, Apemantus !--you are welcome.
Or a keeper with my freedom; Apem. No; you shall not make me welcome: Or my friends, if I should need’em. I come to have thee thrust ine out of doors.
Amen. So fall to't: Tom. Fye, thou art a churl; you have got a
Rich men sin, and I eat ront. humour there
[Euts and drinks, Does not become a man, 'tis much to blame:- Much good dich thy good heart, Apeinantus! They say, my lords, ira furor brevis est,
Tim. Captain Alcibiades, your heart's in the But yonder man is ever angry:
\field now. Go, let him have a table by himself;
Alcib. My heart is ever at your service,my lord. For he does neither affect company,
101 Tim. You had rather be at a breakfast of eneNor is he fit for it, indeed.
mies, than a dinner of friends. Apem. Let me stay at thinc own peril, Timon; Alcib. So they were bleeding new, my lord, I come to observe; I give thee warning on't. there's no meat like 'em; I could wish my best Tim. I take no heed of thee; thou art an friend at such a feast. Athenian,
1:15 Apem. 'Would all those flatterers were thine Therefore welcoine : I myself would have no enemies then; that thou might'st kill 'em, and I prythee, let my ineat make thee silent. bid me to 'ein. Apem. I scorn thy meat; 'twould choak me, 1 Lord. Might we but have that happiness, my for I should
lord, that you wouldonce use our hearts, whereby Ne'er flatter thee._ you gods! what a number 20 we might express some part of our zeals, we Of men eat Timon, and he sees them not ! should think ourselves for ever perfect“. It grieves me, to see so many dip their meat Tim. O, no doubt, my good friends, but the In one man's blood : and all the madness is, gods themselves have provided that I shall have He cheers them up too?.
much help from you: How had you been my I wonder, men dare trust themselves with men: 25 friends else? why have you that charitable title Methinks, they should invitethem without knives; from thousands, did not you chiefly belong to my Good for their meat, and safer for their lives. heart; I have told more of you to myself
, than There's much example for 't; the fellow, that you can with modesty speak in your behalf; and Sits next him now, parts bread with him, pledges ihus far I confirm you'0, you gods, think I, The breath of him in a divided draught, 30 what need we have any friends, if we should never Is the readiest man to kill him: it has been prov'd. have need of them? they were the most needless If I were a huge man, I should fear to drink at creatures living, should we ne'er have use for meals;
[notes: them: and would most resemble sweet instruLest they should spy iny wind-pipe's dangerous ments hung up in cases, that keep their sounds to Great nen should drink with harness on their 35 themselves. Why, I have often wish'd myself throats.
poorer, that I might come ncarer to you. We Tim. My lord, in heart'; and let the health are born to do benefits: and what better or pro
perer can we call our own, than the riches of our 2 Lord. Let it flow this way, my good lord. friends? O, what a precious comfort ’tis, to have Apem. Flow this way!
20 so many, likebrothers, commanding one another's
And, at that instant, like a babe spring up
Apim. Ho, ho! I laugh to think that babe a
[much. Grant I may never prove so fond, 50 3 Lord. I promise you, my lord, you mov'd me To trust man on his oath or boid;
Tim. What means that trump?-How now? · Timon's meaning seems to be : I myself would have nn pozuer to make thee silent, but I wish thou would'st let my meat make thee silent. Timon, like a polite landlord, disclaims all power over the meanest or most troublesome of his guests. ? The allusion, says Dr. Johnson, is to a pack of hounds trained to pursuit by being gratified with the blood of an animal which they kill, and the wonder is, that the animal on which they are feeding checrs them to the chace. "That is, my lord's health with sincerity. * That is, arrived at the perfection of happiness. i. e. that dear, endearing title.
• That is, Why are you distinguished from thousands by that title of endearment, was there not a particular connexion and intercourse of tenderness between you and me? ’i. e. I fix your characters firmly on my own mind. : To look for buvies in the eyes of another, is no uncominon expression. 3 F 4
Enter a Sercant.
Please you to dispose yourselves. Sero. Please you, my lord, there are certain All iad. Most ihankfully, my lord. [Exeunt. ladies most desirous of admittance.
Tim. Flavius, Tim. Ladies? What are their wills ?
Flav. Mylord. Sero. There comes with them a fore-runner, 5 Tim. The little casket bring me hither. my lord, which bears that office, to signify their Flao. Yes, my lord. More jewels yet! pleasures.
There is no crossing him in his humour; [.Aside. Tim. I pray, let them be admitted.
Else I should tell him,- Well,-i' faith, I should, Enter Cupid.
When all's spent, he'd be cross' d' then,an hecould. Cup. Hail to thee, worthy Timon;—and to all, 10 'Tis pity, bounty had not eyes behind † ; That of his bounties taste! The five best senses That man might ne'er be wretched for his mind! Acknowledge thee their patron; and come freely
[Exit, and returns with the casketi To gratulate thy plenteous bosom; [table rise; 1 Lord. Where be our men? The ear, taste, touch, smell, pleas'd from thy Serv. Here, my lord, in readiness. They only now come but to feast thine eyes. 15 2 Lord. Our horses. Tim. They are welcome all; let 'em have kind Tim. O, my friends, I have one word admittance :
To say to you:-Look you, my good lord, I must Musick, make their welcome. [E.rit Cupid. Intreat you, honour me so much, as to Flord. 1 Lord. You see, my lord, how amply you are Advance thisjewel: accept, and wear it, kind my belov'd.
1201 1 Lord. I am so far already in your gifts,Musick. Re-enter Cupid, with a Masque of Ladies
All. So are we all. as Amazms, with lutes in their hands, dancing
Enter a Sercant. and playing:
Serr. My lord, there are certain nobles of the Apem. Heyday! what a sweep of vanity comes Newly alighted, and come to visit you. (senate this way!
Tin. They are fairly welcome. They dance! they are mad women.
Flar. I beseech your honour, Like madness is the glory of this life,
Vouchsafe me a word; it does concern you near. As this pomp shews to a little oil, and root'. Tim. Near? why then another time I'll hear We make ourselves fools, to disport ourselves; I pr'ythee, let us be provided
[thce : And spend our flatteries, to drink those men, 30 To shew them entertainment. Upon whose age we void it up again, [not Flav. [Aside.] I scarce know how. With poisonous spite, and envy. Who lives, that's
Enter another Serrant. Depraved, or depraves ? who dies, that bears 2 Sero. May it please your honour, lord Lucius, Not one spurn to their graves of their friends' gift: Out of his frec love, hath presented to you I should fear, those that dance before me now, 35 Four milk-white horses, trapt in silver. Would one day stamp upon me: It has been done ; Tim. I shall accept them fairly: let the presents Men shut their doors against a setting sun. Be worthily entertain'd.—How now? what news? The Lords rise from table, with much adoring of
Enter a third Sertant. Timon; and to shew their loves, each singles out 3 Serr. Please you, iny lord, that honourable an Amazon, and all dance, men with women; 10 gentleman, lord Lucullus, entreats your company a lofty strain or two to the hautboys, and cease. 1o-morrow to hunt with him; and has sent your Tim. You have done our pleasures much grace, Jhonour two brace of greyhounds. fair ladies,
Tim. I'll hunt with him ; and let then be reSet a fair fashion on our entertainment,
Not without fair reward.
[ceiv'd, Which was not half so beautiful and kind; 143 Flat. [Aside. ] What will this come to? You have added worth unto't, and lively lustre, He commands us to provide, and give great gifts, And entertain'd me with mine own device. And all out of an empty coffor.I am to thank you for it.
Nor will he know his pursc; or yield me this, 1 Lady. My lord, you take us even at the best?. To shew him what a beggar his heart is, Apem. 'Faith, for the worst is filthy; and 50 Being of no power to make bis wishes good: would not hold
His promises fly so beyond his state, Taking, I doubt me.
[you. That what he speaks is all in debt, he owes Tim. Ladies, there is an idle banquet attends for every word; he is so kind, that he now
· The meaning is, according to Dr. Johnson, “The glory of this life is very near to madness, as may be made appear from this pomp, exhibited in a place where a philosopher is feeding on oil and roots. When we see by example how few are the necessaries of life, we learn what madness there is in so much superfluity.” ai. e. you have seen the best we can do. 3 The poet does not mean here, that he would be cross'd in humour, but that he would have his hand cross'd with money, if he could. He is playing on the word, and alluding to our old silver penny, used before K. Edward the First's time, which had a cross, on the reverse, with a crease, that it might be more easily broke into halves and quarters, half-pence and farthings. From this penny, and other pieces, was our common expression derived, I have not a cross about me; i. e. not a piece of money. * To see the miseries that are following her. ! i.e. for his nobleness of soul, i.e. to prefer it; to raise it to honour by wearing it. 1
Pays interest for 't ; his land's put to their books. 1 'Lord. We are so virtuously bound, ---
Tim. And so am I to you.
2 Lord. So infinite endear'd, Happier is he that has no friend to feed,
Tim. All' to you.—Lights! more lights. Than such that do even enemies exceed.
5 i Lord. The best of happiness, [mon! I bleed inwardly for my lord.
(Erit. Honour, and fortunes, keep with you, lord TiTim. You do yourselves much wrong, you Tim. Ready for his friends. bate too much [our love.
Ereunt Alcibiades, Lords, &c. Of your own merits :--Here, my lord ; a trifle of Apem. What a coil's here!
2 Lord. With more than common thanks I will 10 Serving of becks?, and jutting out of bums! receive it.
I doubt, whether their legs ' be worth the suis 3 Lord. O, he is the very soul of bounty ! That are given for 'em. Friendship's full of dregs:
Tim. And now I remember, my lord, you gave Methinks, false hearts shouldnever have sound legs. Good words the other day of a hay courser Thus honest fools lay out their wealth on court’sies. I rode on: it is yours, because you'lik'd it. 15 Tim. Now, Apemantus, if thou wert not sullen,
2 Lord. O, I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, I would be good to thee. In that.
Apem. No, I'll nothing: for, Tim. You may take my word, my lord; I If I should be brib'd too, there would be none left know, no man
To rail upon thee; and then thou would'st sin, Can justly praise, but what he does affect: 20
the faster. I weigh my friend's affection with mine own; Thou giv'st so long, Timon, I fear me, thou I tell you true. I'll call on you.
Wilt give away thyself in paper * shortly: All Lords. O, none so welcome.
What need these feasts, pomps, and vain-glories? Tim. I take all and your several visitations
Farewell; and come with better musick. [Exit. Thou art a soldier, therefore seldom rich,
Apem. So;It comes in charity to thee: for all thy living Thou wilt not hear me now,—thou shalt not then, Is 'mongst the dead; and all the lands thou hast, 30 L’ll lock
[be Lie in a pitch'd field.
Thy heaven' from thee. O, that men's ears should Alcib. In defiled land, my lord.
To counsel deaf, but not to flattery! [Exit,
140, Can found his state in safety'. -Caphis, ho! A publick place in the City.
Caphis, I say!
Caph. Here, sir ; What is your pleasure?
Timon; He owes nine thousand;--besides my former sum, Importune him for my monies; be not ceas'do Which makes it five and twenty.-Still in motion With slight denial; nor then silenc'd, when Of raging waste? It cannot bold; it will not. Commend me to your master--and the cap [rah, If I want gold, steal but a beggar's dog, Plays in the right hand, thus:—but tell him, sirAnd give it Timon, why, the dog coins gold: 50 My uses cry to me, I must serve my turn If I would sell my horse, and buy twenty more Out of mine own; his days and times are past, Better than he, why, give my horse to Timon, And my reliance on his fracted dates Ask nothing, give it him, it foals me, straight, Has smit my credit ; I love, and honour him; And able horses 6: No porter at his gate'; But must not break my back, to heal his finger: But rather one that smiles, and still invites 55 Immediate are my needs; and my relief All that pass by. It cannot hold; no reason Must not be tost and turn'd to me in words,
' i.e. all good wishes, or all happiness to you. * To serve a beck, according to Johnson, is to offer a salutation: Mr. Steevens believes it in this place to mean, to pay a courtly obedience to a nod.
Our author plays upon the word leg, as it signifies a limb and a bow or act of obeisance. * i. e. be ruined by his securities entered into. i. e. the pleasure of being flattered.
• i. e. If I give my horse to Tinon, it immediately foals, and not only produces more, but able horses. ? Our author here alludes to that sternness which was in his days the general characteristic of a porter, & i. e. Reason cannot tind his foriune to have any safe or solid foundation. ' i. e. stopp'd.