« ZurückWeiter »
by some of the Divines of that Age, that it was remarked it had raised him more Enemies than any Thing he had written.
It is also evident, from many passages in Eralmus's Works, that he had so great Esteem for King Herry the VIIIth, that he vindicates his Title to the Kingdom of France against his Adversary Bredda, who was angry that Erasmus so much as mentioned
The Doctor was the Son of enbury, he frequently correspondThomas Yonge, Esq; one of the ed with. Justices of the Court of Common Erasmus reckons, among the Pleas, in the Reign of Edward the Worthies of our Nation, John IVth. And from the Judge's eldeft Clark, bred at Oxford, who had Son the present Right Hon. Sir travelled Abroad, and, upon his William Yonge, Bart. & c. is de- Return to England, was made Sescended.
See English Baronett. cretary to the Duke of Norfolk ; Vol. III. p. 335, &c.
who, as well as the rest of the Other Friends to Erasmus, Courtiers, he highly valued, being
Cardinal Pole, to whom he a Man of Letters. wrote several Epiftles.
Sylvester Giglis, Bifhop of WorStephen Gardiner, whom he cefter, was one of his Patrons, commends for his uncommon and, as he resided at Rome ás Share in Literature, as well as the English Ambaslador, for a Capacity to serve his Country long Time, Erasmus tells him, in the political Way.
in one of his Epistles, • That he Bishop Longland, to whom he wondered not he had so much
I dedicated one of his Theological • Favour from Henry the VIlth, Pieces, looking on him as a • Henry the VIIIth, and Leo the Prelate of great Ability, and espe-Xth, considering the many cially in that Science.
• good Qualities in him, which Bishop Tunstal he accounted • must always recommend a Man a very learned Man, whom he ( to the Service of his Prince : often mentions as one he highly And commends him particularly valued, and from whom he had for his publick Spirit, as well as received many Favours. fingular Humanity.
Bishop Stokeslie he also men- Leonard Cox, D. D. bred at tions as a Prelate of great Learn- Oxford, he much efteemed for ing, and one who adorned the his Learning, with whom he corEnglish Court.
responded both at Home and AGrocyn he celebrates for his broad. Indefatigablenels in the Pursuit of Thomas Bedel, Secretary to the Knowledge
Archbishop of Canterbury, was Richard Bere, Abbot of Glas- one that he remarkably favoured ..
it in his Dedication to that Prince, prefixed before his Paraphrafe on St. Luke. He spoke of him often too, as a Prince of great Abilities of Mind, and every Way fitted for his high Station; and particularly expresied his Resentment against the famous Martin Luther, and those who would insinuate, that the King did not pen the Book he published against the Reformer, declaring “ That he had known the King from a
Dr. Wills, one of the do- • alas ! Things were so altered metlick Chaplains to the Arch- with him, that it would bebil:op.
come him more to find out a Henry, Lord Stafford, only Son · Place for his Burial, where he
, of the unfortunate Duke of Buck
might be at Rest, since he dein ham, who was a Nobleman of ' fpaired of it whilft living. And great Piety, Virtue, and Learn- delires Sir Thomas to make his ing, and was esteemed a finihed Apology to the King, for not Scholar, early corresponded with answering his Epistle ; saying, Erc/22s, and wrote leveral Pieces • He would not venture upon both in Prole and Verse.
such a Talk, unless his Mind Henry the VIlth, in the Year
was quite free, and he could 1528, wrote Eramus a most do it handsomely, becoming affectionate Letrer, inviting him • the Dignity of the Prince he over to England; afturing hiin,
wrote to. That he had inany Years been In 1537 his Patron, Archbian Admirer of his great Abi. shop Warham, died, upon which lities, and was determined to he expressed much Grief; and, promote true Religion in his when he speaks of his Death,
Kingdom, in order to bring it and the Advancement of Dr. * back to its primitive Standard; Lee to the See of York, whom • that he was much concerned, he esteemed one of his greatest • leit, being taken out of the Enemies, he says, • Both Pieces Way, he should want that Al- of News
extreamly s fiítance he did expect, and was mortifying to him.' The Rea" sure he was ready to afford him, son of Erasmus's Anger against « in this his laudable Design.' Lee was this : The Doctor
It appears plain, that Eraf- had not only made himself free mus did not return any Answer in examining some of his Pieces, to this gracious Letter ; for, in but exposed them to the World; an Epiitle to Sir Thomas Alore, and, according to Dr. Knight, he we find this Paflige, • That so teazed Erasmus, that he wrote ' amidst the perplexing Circum- to Bishop Fox, 5 to restrain him • stances, which he was then in, • by his Authority from giving « his Majelty's Invitation gave • him any further Trouble ;
him great Satisfaction ; but, and, his Patience being almost
* Child, and how susceptive he was of all Branches “ of Learning, even the abstruse Parts of the Mathe“ maticks : That, after he came to be King, he em
ployed his leisure Hours in the improving hini“ self in good Literature : That the Alterations and " Interlineations in the King's Letters were wrote us with his own Hand : That the Germans indeed “ looked upon him (Erasmus) as the Author of the
King's worn out, says, 'I wish he was fore, viz. p 287) had given Lee
not an Englijnman, since he is this Character ; · He was a great a very Scandal to his Coun- Divine, and very well seen
try.' Nay, the Rev. Doctor in all kind of Learning ; fagives his Hero
mous as well for his Wisdom, not (says he, p. 219) but re- as Virtue and Holiness of Life; mark, that, if ever Erasmus loft a continual Preacher of the Gof. his Temper, it was in this be- pei; a Man very liberal to the
tween him and Lee ; and, . Poor, and exceedingly beloved otho he values himself at other by all Sorts of Men, who great• times for his Patience, yet we ily misled and bemoaned the
find that here he quite loft it.' ( Want of him when dead.' Again, Erasmus was fo exafpe- In the Year 1533 Ere: (77.15 was • rated at the Usage he met with at Friburgh ; and about this time,
, * from this Man, that he exag- on publihing his Exposition of the
gerates every Circumnitance of 22d Pfalm, he dedicated it to an it, and treats him with all the Englih Nobleman.
Contempt imaginable, and as Dr. Knight relates, that Eraf. • he thought he deserved.' But mus had a great Value for Queen the Doctor tells us, in another Catherine ; that he dedicated his Place, " That Erasmus was an Book of Christian Matrimory to • Under-match for Dr. Lee : her; and that, in one of his E. Yet he expresses fome Surprize pistles, he commends her Daugh- . at Erasmus's being so uneasy at ter, the Princess Mary, for her
, what Dr. Lee had wrote ; ' for Latin Epistles, as writ in a good ' that, upon examining of them, Stile ; as he did the Queen, not
they were most of them wretch only for being one of the moit • ed Criticisms, pretending to pious, but also as one of the most
point out 390 Places, wherein learned Women of the Age: And
Erafmus was mistaken in his (fays the Doctor) one of the • New Testament, noc deserving 'many good Reasons, why E
an Answer froin fo learned a 'remus thought Cardinal 1701. • Writer,' Notwithstanding this Sey deserved the Character he the Doctor (but two Pages bem • had left of him, in some of his
• later VOL. IV,
King's Book against Luther, which might turn
more to his Account, if the English would be of “ the same Opinion.” Likewise, to support what he alledges, he speaks of many Letters he received from his Majesty and Lord Montjoy, who would bear his Testimony of the same, one of which, we have introduced, Vol. L. fol. 372, 380.
Erasmus, during the Time he resided at Bafil, recommended Hans Holbein, the famous Painter, to the English Court, who, being introduced by the Cardinal, his Majesty was so well pleased with his Performance, that he took him into his Service; and hence he was called Henry the VIIIth's Painter. He also met with so great Encouragement from the whole Court, that he was fully employed, and his Paintings
• later Epiftles, we may presume, to reform every Thing he thought
was using this Princess so bar- amiss among the Students : But • barously, But does not tell met with such Returns (says us in what Respect, and only ' Dr. Knight) as generally fall gives us part of a Speech The to the Share of Reformers, Hamade to Wolfey.
• tred and opposition :' Yet, when As Erasinus was now pretty they fell to Wolsey's Lot, for atwell advanced in Years, his tempting the like Work, the Friend Sweating wrote
him a good-natured Doctor reckoned he pressing Letter, to come and set. deserved such Treatment. ile in Holland, his own Country, And further tells us, “That some and spend the Remainder of his time before Erasmus's Death, Sir Days in a religious House. How- « Thomas More and he had a sort ever, his Inclination did not lead of a Dispute concerning fome that Way, being more for a free • Notions in Religion ; in the Life, having thereby a better · Course of which Sir Thomas told Opportunity of conversing with • him, “He was afraid he would his chief Delights, learned Men " incur the Displeasure of his and Books, which under Confine- “ Superiors, Cardinal Wolsey and ment he could not fo generally “others; and therefore begs him do: Therefore, after he left Eng- “ to be more wary for the fuland, he first resided at Bafil, and ture, lest he should prejudice then proceeded to Friburg.
himself, and incur the Odium Whilst he was at Bafil, he was chosen Rector of the Universi
But, having lived to see his ty, where he took great Pains Friend, Cardinal Wolfoy, die in
66 of Herejy."
in general were so highly approved of, that they were carefully preserved, many of which are still to be met with in several of the Royal Palaces, as well as in the Houses of our Nobility and Gentry.
He kept a very close Correspondence with Bishop Fox, whilst he was carrying on the Building of Corpus Christi College in Oxford, for which he celebrates his Piety and Bounty in a Letter to Dr. Claremond, the
a first President thereof.
Erasmus was not made uneasy Abroad only, in Relation to some of his Works; for we find he complains in one of his Letters, “ That there was a
" & certain College in the University of Cambridge, ♡ where his Edition of the New Testament was not sufu fered to come within its Walls : And this he ad
Disgrace, Sir Thomas More and to the last, and, breathing out Bishop Fisher beheaded, the Be- his Soul in several pious Ejacuginning of the Year 1536, helations, he departed this Life perceived his Life was drawing the 12th of July, 1536, havto a Close, which made him ing lived 70 Years, 8 Months, leave Friburg, where he had and 15 Days. Thus fibeen fome Time, and return to nished the Course of this truly his old Companion, Frobin, the great and learned Man, whose Printer, at Basil; and, not long Works will make his Name imafter his Arrival, he was seized mortal. He was interred in the with a severe Fic of the Gout, Cathedral Church at Bafil, atattended with Convulsions, which tended both by the Members of foon brought him into a low the University and the Citizens, Condition : Then, taking notice in a Chapel sacred to the Virthat his most intimate Familiars gin Mary, under a Monument were dead, says, I defire not, if it of Porcean Marble ; and, near please the Lord, to live any longer: adjoining to the Monument is a So that, it seems, Life was now be- Buft of the God TERMINUS, come quite indifferent to him. with these Words,
In June following his other Diftempers were accompanied DES. ERASMUM ROTEwith a violent Flux, which RODAMUM, AMICI, SUB Hoc held above a Month, the ve- Saxo CONDEBANT, QUARTO ry Distem per his old Friend, IDUS JULIAS, Cardinal Wolscy, died of. His Senses and Speech remained