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ticular purpose! Moreover, in order him “ extreme acrimony." Really to obtain such credit and notoriety, at this distance of time, and with applications for patronage and pro- much increased sympathy and retection were made to ladies of rank, spect for the deceased author, og who were perfect strangers to the reconsidering what we then wrote, author: and reviewers, who were and the tenour attributed to it by equally unknown to him, were re- Mr. White, and his biographer, we quested to speak with indulgence of must declare that we understand not a work which it was their duty im- our native language if the terms partially to examine. All these ap- which we used are, in any degree, plications, too, are sanctioned and susceptible of the character which fortified by a statement of his case. is applied to them. The verse which It is preposterous, then, to contend, we quoted was an incontrovertible that our advice to make that case at evidence of the justice of our critiönce publick would have trenched cism; and we suspect that Mr. on Mr. White's respectability, or White himself was hence led to ought to have affected his feelings. perceive the defects of his composiAs soon would a fair and accurate tion, and to attempt the correction reasoner adopt Mr. Southey's doc. of them afterwards, since he says in trine (p 18] that however bad these a letter to Mr. Southey: “I have poems might have been, “a good materials for another volume, but man would not have said so.'
they do not now at all satisfy me.'? The present volumes have inspi. As to Mr. Southey, we have only red us with unfeigned, though not farther to inform bim, that his fancied excessive nor indiscriminate admi. discernment has wholly misled him, ration for the talents, and with in the supposition that the article on esteem for the amiable virtues of Clifton Grove, and the reply to the Mr. White; and we could not silent- author's letter, were written by difly submit to the imputation of ha. ferent persons; and to whisper in his ving, in his instance, indulged in ear that his own boast of indifference that propensity to wanton, illiberal, to criticism, because he has been and insulting censure, which may, reviewed “above seventy times," is perhaps, have been sometimes justly not very felicitous. If he has," sevenascribed to criticks by profession, ty times," received commendation, but to which we trust that we could his indifference is ingratitude; and produce satisfactory evidence of our
if he has, “ seventy times," suffered own determined hostility, not only inefficacious castigation, he can only from the uniform tenour of the be likened to the idle school boy, Monthly Review for above sixty who, having been almost daily puyears, but from almost every single nished for his negligence, at length number of it. To the principles by becomes insensible to either pain or which it is our pride to regulate our shame, and systematically prefers 2 conduct in this particular, we are flogging to amendment. confident that neither our observa- Soon after the hopes of our young tions on the author's poems, nor our poet had been thus inflamed, they answer to his complaint, will appear encountered serious disappointment, to any unprejudiced mind to form in the failure of an attempt to place an exception. On the contrary, we him at the university; and from this must repeat, on closing this subject, cause, as well as from his own preour astonishment at the complexion judicial habits of study, his health of the article in question having became very seriously affected, and been so darkly represented to Mr. he was visited by the apprehension White's “mind's eye,” and at our of a consumptive disorder. A letter remarks having been termed by of introduction, however, to the
rev. Mr. Simeon, of King's College, failure here would have ruined his prosCambridge, induced him to visit that pects for ever. He had only about a fort. gentleman, who received him with night to read what other men had been the
whole term reading. Once more he exerted kindness, formed a just opinion of himself beyond what his shattered health his attainments, procured him a si, could bear; the disorder returned, and zarship at St. John's College, and he went to his tutor, Mr. Catton, with promised, with the aid of a friend, tears in his eyes, and told him that he : to supply him with an annuity of could not go into the ball to be examined. 301. To this provision, his brother here of so much importance, that he ex
Mr. Catton, however, thought his success Neville generously agreed to add horted him, with all possible earnestness, : 201. and his mother was expected to to hold out the six days of the examina
be able to allow fifteen or twenty tion. Strong medicines were given him to more, for his maintenance at college. enable him to support it, and he was pro. In the mean time, he became a can
nounced the first man of his year. But life didate for the bounty of the Elland
was the price which he was to pay for such
honours as this, and Henry is not the first Society, which, after a long and strict
young man to whom such honours have examination, pronounced him to be proved fatal. He said to his most intimate * qualified to receive that bounty, and friend, almost the last time he saw him, i admitted him on their list of young that were he to paint a picture of Fame, men to be educated for the ministry. crowning a distinguished under-graduate,
after the senate house examination, he * On obtaining this success, he disin
would represent her as concealing a terestedly communicated it to Mr.
death's head under a mask of beauty, • Simeon, and declined the intended “ When this was over he went to Lon. > beneficence of his unknown friends, don. London was a new scene of excite
no longer necessary: but that ment, and what his mind required was gentleman, with feelings that did tranquillity and rest. Before he left colhim equal honour, obliged him to lege, he had become anxious concerning
his expenses, fearing that they exceeded give up the assistance of the so
his means. Mr. Catton perceived this, and ciety.
twice called him to his rooms, to assure He spent a year of preparation for him of every necessary support, and every his academical studies, in the same encouragement, and to give him every course of unwearied industry, under hope. This kindness relieved his spirits the tuition of the rev. Mr. Grain. of a heavy weight, and on his return, he
relaxed a little from his studies, but it ger, of Winteringham, in Lincoln
was only a little. I found among his pa. shire; and in October, 1805, he com
pers the day thus planned out : Rise at menced his residence at college. half past five. Devotions, and walk till We shall pursue his affecting and seven. Chapel and breakfast till eight. instructive history in the words of Study and lectures till one. Four and a his biographer:
half clear reading. Walk, &c. and dinner,
and Woollaston, and chapel to six. Six to During his first term, one of the uni. nine, reading--three hours. Nine to ten, versity scholarships became vacant, and devotions. Bed at ten.” Henry, young as he was in college, and
“ Among his latest writing's are these almost self-taught, was advised, by those resolutions :- I will never be in bed after who were best able to estimate his chance six.* of success, to offer himself as a competitor I will not drink tea out above once a for it. He passed the whole term in preparing himself for this, reading for college
week, excepting on Sundays, unless subjects in bed, in his walks, or, as he says,
there appear some good reasons for so
doing. where, when, and how he could, never having a moment to spare, and often going
I will never pass a day without reading
some portion of the Scriptures. to his tutor without having read at all. His strength sunk under this, and though
I will labour diligently in my mathemati
cal studies, because I half suspect my. he had declared himself a candidate, he
self of a dislike to them. was compelled to decline; but this was not the only misfortune. The general college I will walk two hours a day, upon the examination came on; he was utterly un..
average of every week. prepared to meet it, and believed that a Sit mihi gratia addita ad hæc
Every additional sentence will his friends, Mr. Maddock, his letters told convey to our readers a more correct
a different tale. To him he complained of idea of the powers of Mr. White's dreadful palpitations; of nights of sleep
lessness and horrour; and of spirits de. mind; his honourable principles; his
pressed to the very depth of wretchedamiable disposition; and his affec- ness, so that he went from one acquainttionate heart, than any statement of ance to another, imploring society, even ours can present:
as a starving beggar entreats for food. Du.
ring the course of this summer, it was “ The exercise which Henry took was
expected that the mastership of the free. no relaxation. He still continued the habit school at Nottingham would shortly beof studying while he walked; and in this come vacant. A relation of his family was manner, while he was at Cambridge, com
at that time mayor of the town. He sugmitted to memory a whole tragedy of Eue gested to them what an advantageous situ. ripides. Twice he distinguished himself ation it would be for Henry, and offered to in the following year, being again pro.
secure for him the necessary interest. But nounced first at the great college exami. though the salary and emoluments are Nation, and also one of the three best estimated at from 4 to 6001. per annum,
heme writers, between whom the exa- Henry declineri the offer; because, had miners could not decide. The college he accepted it, it would have frustrated offered him, at their expense, a private his intentions with respect to the minis. tutor in mathematicks during the long va
try. This was certainly no common act of cation; and Mr. Catton, by procuring for forbearance in one só situated as to for. him exhibitions to the amount of 661. per. tune; especially as the hope which he had ann, enabled him to give up the pecuniary
most at heart, was that of being enabled to assistance which he had received from assist his family, and in some degree re. Mr. Simeon and other friends. This inten- quite the care and anxiety of his father tion he had expressed in a letter, written
and mother, by making them comfortable twelve months before his death. With in their declining years. Yegard to my college expenses,' he says, " The indulgence shown-him by his
I have the pleasure to inform you, that I colleague, in providing him a tutor during shall be obliged, in strict rectitude, to the long vacation, was peculiarly unfor. wave the offers of many of my friends. I tunate. His only chance of life was from shall not even need the sum of Mr. Simeon relaxation, and home was the only place mentioned after the first year; and it is where he would have relaxed to any purnot impossible that I may be able to live pose. Before this time he had seemned to without any assistance at all. I confess I be gaining strength; it failed as the year feel pleasure at the thought of this, not advanced: he went once more to London through any vain pride of independence, to recruit himself; the worst place to but because I shall then give a more unbi- which he could have gone; the variety of assed testimony to the truth, than if I were stimulating objects there hurried and agisupposed to be bound to it by any ties of ob- tated him, and when he returned to colligation or gratitude. I shall always feel as lege, he was so completely ill, that no much indebted for intended, as for actually power of medicine could save him. His afforded assistance; and though I should mind was worn out, and it was the opinion never think a sense of thankfulness an op- of his medical attendants, that if he had pressive burthen, yet ļ shall be happy to recovered, his intellect would have been evince it, when in the eyes of the world the affected. His brother Neville was just at obligation to it has been discharged'Ne this time to have visited him. On his first ver, perhaps, had any young man, in so seizure, Henry found himself too ill to short a time, excited such expectations. receive bim, and wrote to say so; he addEvery university honour was thought to be ed, with that anxious tenderness towards within his reach; he was set down as a me- the feelings of a most affectionate family dallist, and expected to take a senior which always appeared in his letters, that wrangler's degree; but these expectations he thought himself recovering; but his were poison to him; they goaded him to disorder increased so rapidly, that this fresh exertions when his strength was letter was never sent; it was found in his spent. His situation became truly misera. pocket after his decease. One of his friends ble. To his brother, and to his mother, he wrote to acquaint Neville with his danger. wrote always that he had relaxed in his He hastened down; but Henry was deli. studies, and that he was better, always rious when he arrived. He knew him only holding out to them his hopes, and his for a few moments; the next day sunk good fortune: but to the most intimate of into a state of stupor; and on Sunday, many of
October 19th, 1806, it pleased God to re. able instance of editorial pártiality. move him to a better world, and a higher The industry of the former might state of existence.”
possibly be more astonishing than No apology is necessary for these the same quality in the latter: but long transcripts, which few persons in ardent conception, in original will read without painful emotions, imagery, in happy expression, and or without a sincere wish to do ho- in that which is more important than nour to so uncommon a character. all the rest, the power of long sus. What follows will complete his pic. taining the most arduous flights of ture, as a self-taught scholar: poetry, the superiority of the unfor.
tunate bard of Bristow, is marked “ The papers which he left (exclusive, and conspicuous. The praise beof his correspondence) filled a box of con.
stowed by Mr. Southey, on the subsiderable size. Mr. Coleridge was present ject of his memoir, for “uniform when I opened them, and was, as well as myself; equally affected and astonished good sense, a faculty" as he observes, at the proofs of industry which they dis. “perhaps less common than genius,* played. Some of them had been written and which is said to have been before his hand was formed, probably be- “ most remarkable in him," appears fore he was thirieen. There were papers to us much more appropriate. This upon law, upon electricity, upon chymis. is the ruling principle in all his epis. try, upon the Latin and Greek languages, from their rudiments to the higher tolary observations; and branches of critical study, upon history, his later poems, in particular, dischronology, divinity, the fathers, &c. play a degree of taste, purity, and Nothing seemed to have escaped him. correctness, which is highly credi. His poems were numerous. Among the table to his understanding. Some of earliest, was a sonnet addressed to my his compositions, too, exhibit an which had subsisted between us had taken equable and agreeable fluency, with place. Little did he think, when it was a peculiar sweetness of manner, and written, on what occasion it would fall occasional elegance of style: but we into my hands. He had begun three tra- do not find the proofs of his being gedies when very young; one was upon fired with high poetick genius; nor Boadicea; another upon Inez de Castru; the third was a fictitious subject. He had
can we easily believe that his unplanned also a history of Nottingham. timely death has deprived the literaThere was a letter upon the famous Not. ture of England of a phenomenon tingham election, which seemed to have so wonderful as a second Chatterbeen intended either for the newspapers, ton succeeding the first in the short or for a separate pamphlet. It was written to confute the absurd stories of the Tree indeed, we may have lost a good
compass of thirty years. In White, of Liberty, and the Goddess of Reason; with the most minute knowledge of the scholar, possibly a distinguished macircumstances, and a not improper feeling thematician, certainly (we think) a of indignation against so infamous a ca. persuasive and observing moralist, lumny; and this came with more weight and, in every sense of the word, an from him, as his party inclinations seem excellent divine: but as neither the to have leaned towards the side which be humanity and acuteness of Clarke, was opposing. This was his only finished composition in prose. Much of his time,
nor the energy and sagacity of Johnlatterly, had been devoted to the study of son, nor even the vast comprehenGreek prosody. He had begun several po- sion of Bacon himself, can justly be ems in Greek, and a translation of the placed on a level, or nearly on a Samson Agonistes. I have inspected all level, with the divine mind of Shakthe existing manuscripts of Chatterton, and they excited less wonder than these."
speare, so the poetick powers of
Kirk White cannot compete with The comparison of White with those of Chatterton. Chatterton, however, which closes If Mr. Southey had pointed out this passage, strikes us as a remark- such among the poems of White as
prove him, in the judgment of Mr. we extract some of the most singu. $. to be gifted with the very rare lar and original couplets that appear endowments which he discerns in to have been ever composed by the him, we should have selected those writer. It might be deemed ominous for the purpose of enabling our read- of his fate, since it opens with "a ers to form their own opinion: but dance of the Consumptives," who we are left to our unassisted choice, sing a doleful chorus, and vanish; and shall begin with some verses after which “ the Goddess of Con. written at a very early age:
sumption descends in a sky-blue
robe, attended by mournful musick." « On being confined to School one The Goddess of Melancholy then
pleasant Morning in Spring. points out the beautiful and forsaken Written at the age of thirteen.
Angelina as their joint victim, and
CONSUMPTION marks her for her “ The morning sun's enchanting rays Now call forth every songster's praise;
own in these energetick lines: Now the lark with upward Alight,
“ In the dismal night air drest, Gayly ushers in the light;
I will creep into her breast; While wildly warbling from each tree, Flush her cheek, and bleach her skin, The birds sing songs to liberty.
And feed on the vital fire within.
Lover, do not trust her eyes “But for me no songster sings,
When they sparkle most she dies ! For me no joyous lark up-springs;
Mother, do not trust her breath For I, contined in gloomy school,
Comfort she will breathe in death! Must own the pedant's iron rule,
Father, do not strive to save her And far from sylvan shades and bowers, She is mine, and I must have her! In durance vile must pass the hours; The coffin must be her bridal bed; There con the scholiast's dreary lines, The winding sheet must wrap her head; Where no bright ray of genius shines,
The whispering winds must o'er her sigh, And close to ruggid learning cling, For soon in the grave the maid must lie. While laughs around the jocund spring. The worm it will riot
On heavenly diet, ** How gladly would my soul forego When death has deflowered her eye.” All that arithmaticians know, Or stiff grammarians quaintly teach, A considerable number of similar Or all that industry can reach,
specimens would have induced us To taste each morn of all the joys long to hesitate, before we pronounThat with the laughing sun arise; And unconstrained to rove along
ced our opinion on the poetry of The bushy brakes and glens among;
this young author: but in fact the And woo the muse's gentle power,
above passage is nearly unique. In unfrequented rural bower ?
From his ode to Mr. Fuseli, on seeBut ah ! such heaven-approaching joys ing engravings from that artist's de. Will never greet my longing eyes; signs, we transcribe the exordium, Still will they cheat in vision fine, Yet never but in fancy shine.
as an example of the productions
of his maturer years: « Oh, that I were the little wren
Mighty Magician! who on Torneo's That shrilly chirps from yonder glen!
brow, Oh, far away I then would rove,
When sullen tempests wrap the throne To some secluded bushy grove;
of night, There hop and sing with careless glee,
Art wont to sit and catch the gleam of Hop and sing at liberty;
light And till death should stop my lays,
That shoots athwart the gloom opaque Far from men would spend my days."
And listen to the distant death.shriek Surely, here is no evidence of extra
long ordinary poetick genius.
From lonely mariner foundering in
the deep, From another early production, the Which rises slowly up the rocky "Fragment of an eccentrick drama," steep,