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(l'nless we sweepthem fronthedoor with cannons) {to endure. I have some of 'em in Limbo Patrum,
To scatter 'em, as 'tis to make 'em sleep and there they are like to dance these three days;
On May-day morning'; which will never be: besides the running banquet of two beadles, that
We may as well push against Paul's, às stir ’em. is to come.
Port. How got they in, and be hang’d?

Enter the Lord Chamberlain.
Man. Alas, I know not; How gets the tide in? Cham. Mercy o'nie, what a multitude are here!
As much as one sound cudgel of tour foot They grow still too; from all parts theyare coming,
(You see the poor remainder) could distribute, As if we kept a fair ! W here are these porters,
I made no spare, sir.

These lazy knaves ? Ye have made a fine hand, Port. You did nothing, sir.

101 fellows. Man. I am not Sampson, nor Sir Guy, nor Col- There's a trim rabble let in : Are all these (have brand?, to mow 'em down before me: but, it i Your faithful friends o'the suburbs? We shall spar'd any, that had a head to hit, either young or Great store of room, no doubt, left for the ladies, old, he or she, cuckold or cuckold-maker, let me When they pass back from the christening. never hope to see a chinc again ; and that I would 15 Port. Please your honour, not for a cow, God save her.

We are but men; and what so many may do, Within. Do you hear, master Porter? Not being torn a-pieces, we have done : Port. I shall be with you presently, good master An arıny cannot rule 'em. puppy.-Keep the door close, sirrah.

Cham. As I live, Man. What would have

do?

20 [f the king blame me for't, I'll lay ye all Port. What sbould you do, but knock 'em By the bels, and suddenly; and on your heads down by the dozens? Is this Morefields to muster Clap round fines, for neglect: You are lazy knaves; in? or have we some strange Indian with the And here ye lie baiting of bumbards', when great tool come to court, the women so besiege Ye should do service. Hark, the trumpets sound; us? Bless me, what a cry of fornication is at door! 25 They are come already from the christening: O my christian conscience, this one christening Go, break among the press

, and find a way out will beget a thousand: here will be father, god- To let the troop pass fairly ; or I'll find father, and all together.

AMarshalsea,shaliholdyou play thesetwo months.Mar. The spoons will be the bigger, sir. There Port. Make way there for the princess! is a fellow somewhat near the door, he should bc 30 Man. You great fellow, stand close up, or I'll a brasier by his face, for, o' my conscience, inake your head ake. twenty of the dog-days now reign in's nose; all Pori.You i'the canıblet, get up o'the rail; I'll that stand about him are under the line, they need peck you o'er the pales else. [Eseunt. no other penance: that fire-drake* did I hii three

SCENE IV. times on the head, and three times was his nose|35|

The Palace. discharg'd against me; he stands there like a mor- EnterTrumpets, sounding; then two Aldermen, Lorit tar-piece,to blo. us up. There was a haberdasher Mayor, Gurier, Cranmer, Duke of Norfolk with wife of small wit near him, that rail'd upon nie his llarshal's styl, Duke of Sutjölk, two Nobletill her pink'd porringer fell off her head, for men beuring two great standing borels for the kindling such a combustion in the state. I miss'd 40 christening gifts; then four Noblemen bearing a the meteor once, and hit that woman, who cry'd canopy, under which the Dutchess of Norfolk, out, clubs ! when I might see from far some forty godmother, bearing the child richly labited in a trunchioneers draw to her succour, which were mantie, dic. Train borne by a Lady: then follow tlu the hope of the strand, where she was quarter'd. Murchioness of Dorset, the other godmother, and They fell on; I made good my place; at length 45 Ladies. The troop puss once about the stage, and they came to the broomstaff with ine, I defy'd’em Garter speaks.still; when suddenly a file of boys behind'ein, loose Gar. Heaven, from thy endless goodness, send shot, deliver'd such a shower of pebbles, that || prosperous life, long, and ever happy to the high was fain to draw mine honour in, and let 'em win and mighty princess of England, Elizabeth! ibe work: the devil was amongst 'em, I think, so Flourish. Enter King, and Train. surely.

Cran. [Kneeling]. And to your royal grace, and Port. These are the youths thatthunder at a play

the good queen, house, and tight for bitten apples“; that no audi- My noble partners, and myself, thus pray;-ence, but the tribulation of lower-hill’, or the Ali comfort, joy, in this inost gracious lady, limbs of Limehouse, their dear brothers, are ab!c|5511eaven ever laid up to make parents happy,

" It was anciently the custom for all ranks of people to go out a-maying on the first of May. ? Of Guy of Warwick every one has heard.—Colbrand was the Danish giant, whom Guy subdued at Winchester. A brasier signifies a man that manufactures brass, and a reservoir for charcoal occasionally heated to convey warmth. Both these senses are here understood. A fire-drake is both a serpent, ana ciently called a brenning-drake, or dipsas, and a name formerly givento a il illo'th' l'isp, or ignis fatuus. A kré-drake was likewise an artificial firework. si.e. the brasier. * The prices of seats for the vulgar in our ancient theatres were so very low (viz. a penny, truo-pence, and sir-pence, each, for the ground, gallery, and rooms :--the boxes were somewhat higher, being a shilling and half-u-crown), that we cannot wonder if they were filled with the tumultuous company described by Shakspeare in this scene; espan cially when it is added, that tobacco was smoaked, and ale drunk in them. Dr. Johnson suspects the Tribulation to have been a puritanical meeting-house. • A public whipping. To bait bumbards is to tipple, to lie at the spigot. Bumbards were large vessels in which the beer was carried to soldiers Epon duty: they resembled black jacks of leather,

May May hourly fall upon ye!

As great in admiration as herself;
King. Thank you, good lord archbishop: so shali she leave her blessedness to one,
What is her name!

KWhen heaven shall call her from this cloud of Cran. Elizabeth.

darkness)
King.Stand up,lord.—[TheKingkissesthe child. 5 Who, froin the sacred ashes of her honour,
With this kiss take my blessing: God protect thee! Shall star-like rise, as great in fame as she was,
Into whose hand I give thy life.

And so standtix’d:Peace,plenty, love, truth,terror, Cran. Amen.

[digal: That were the servants to this chosen infant, King. My noble gossips, ye have been too pro- Shall then be his, and like a vine grow to him; I thank ye heartily; so shall this lady,

10 Wherever the bright sun of heaven shall shine, When she has so much English.

His honour, and the greetness of his name, Cran. Let me speak, sir,

Shall be, and make new nations : He shall tourish, For heaven now bids me; and the words I utter And, like a mountain cedar, reach his branches Let none think flattery, for they'll find’em truth. To all the plains about him:-Our children'schilThis royal infant, (heaven still move about her!) 15 Shall see this, and bless heaven.

[dren Though in her cradle, yet now promises

King. Thou speakest wonders.] Upon this land a thousand thousand blessings, Crun. She shall be, to the happiness of England, Which time shall bring to ripeness: She shall be An aged princess"; many days shall see her, (But few now living can behold that goodness) And yet no day without a deed to crown it. A pattern to all princes living with her, 20 Would I had known no more! but she must die, And all that shall succeed : Shela was never She must, the saints must have her; yet a virgin, More covetous of wisdom, and fair virtue, A most unspotted lily shali she pass Than this pure soul shall be: all princely graces, To the ground, and all the world shall mourn her. That mould up such a nighty piece as this is, King: 0 lord archbishop, With all the virtues that attend the good, 25 Thou hast made me now a man; never, before Shall still be doubled on her : truth shall nurse her, This happy child, did I get any thing: Holy and heavenly thoughts still counsel her: This oracle of comfort lras so pleas'd me, She shall be lov'd, and fear'd: Her own shall bless That, when I am in heaven, I shall desire Her foes shake like a field of beaten corn, [her, Toseewbätthis child docs,andpraisemy Maker.And hang their heads with sorrow: Good grows 30 I thank ye all.- To you, my good lord mayor, with her:

And your good breihen, I am much beholden; In her days, every man shall eat in safety, I have receiv'd much honour by your presence, Under his own vine, what he plants; and sing And ye shall find me thankful. Lead the way, The merry songs of peace to all his neighbours:

lords ;God shall be truly known; and those about her 35 Ye must all see the queen, and she must thank ye, From her shall read the perfect way of honour, She will be sick else. This day, no man think And by those claim their greatness, not by blood. He has business at his house; for all shall stay, ['Nor shall this peacesleep with her: Butas when This little one shall make it holy-day. The bird of wonder dies, the maiden phænix,

(Ercunt. Her ashes new create another heir,

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For this play at this time, is only in Ailthai are here: Some come to tüke their ense,

The merciful construction of good women; And sletp an act or two; but those, we feur, For such a one we shew'd'em: If they sinile, We've frighted with our trumpets : so, 'tis clear, 50 And say, 'iwill do, I knowo, within a while They'll say, 'tis nuught: others, to hear the city All ihe best mu'n are ours; for 'tis ill hap, Abus'd extremely, and to

cry,

1,-that's witty! If they hold, when their ladies bid 'em clap. #hich we have not done neither : that, I feur, All the expected good we are like to hear

"These lines, to the interruption by the king, seem to have been inserted at some revisal of the play, after the accession of king James. Theobald remarks, that the transition here from the complimentary address to king James the first is so abrupt, that it seems to him, that compliment was inserted after the accession of that prince. If this play was written, as in his opinion it was, in the reign of queen Elizabeth, we may easily determine where Cranmer's eulogium of that princess concluded. He makes no question but the poet rested here:

And cluim by those their greatness, not by blood. All that the bishop says after this, was an occasional homage paid to her successor, and evidently inserted after her demise. Dr. Johnson is of opinion, with other Critics, that both the Prologue and Epilogue to Henry VIII. were written by Ben Jonson. * In the character of Katharine.

CORIOLANUS.

ČORI O L A N U S.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

CAIUS MARCIUS CORIOLANUS, a noble Roman.
Tutus Lortius,} Generals against the Volscians.
COMINIUS,
MENENIUS AGRIPPA, friend to Coriolanus.
Sicisius VELUTUS, Tribunes of the people.
Juntus BRUTUS,
Tullus AUEIDIUS, General of the Volscians.
Lieutenant to Aufidius.

Young Marcius, Son to Coriolanus.
Conspirators with Autidius.
VOLUMNIA, Mother to Coriolanus.
VIRGILIA, Wife to Coriolanus
Valeria, Friend to Virgilia.
Roman and Volscian Serators, Ædiles, Lictors,

Soldiers, Common People, Servants to Auto-
dius, and other Attendants.

The SCENE! is partly in Rome; and partly in the Territories of the Volscians and Antiates.

A C Τ' Ι.

SCENE I.

we become rakes': for the gods know, I speak

this in hunger for bread, not in thirst for revenge. A Street in Rome.

2 Cit. Would you proceed especially against Entera Company of mutinous Citizens,with staves, Caius Marcius ? clubs, and other weapons.

5 All. Against him first: he's a very dog to the 1 BEFORE we proceed any further, hear commonalty. me speak.

2 Cit. Consider you what services he has done All. Speak, speak.

for his country? 'l Cit. You are resolv'd rather to die, than to 1 Cit. Very well; and could be content to give famish?

10 him good report for 't, but that he pays himself All. Resolv'd, resolv'd.

with being proud. 1 Cit. First, you know, Caius Marcius is chief All. Nay, but speak not maliciously. enemy to the people.

1 Cit. I say unto you, what he hath done faAll. We know 't, we know't,

mously, he did it to that end: though soft-coni Cit. Let us kill him, and we'll have corn at 15 scienc'd men can be content to say, it was for his our own price. Is 't a verdict ?

country, he did it to please his mother, and to be All. No more talking on't; let it be done: partly proud; which he is even to the altitude of away, away.

This virtue. 2 Cit. One word, good ? citizens.

2 Cit. What he cannot help in his nature, you 1 Cit. We are accounted poor citizens; the pa-20 account a vice in hiin : You inust in no way say, tricians, good; What authority surfeits on, would he is covetous. teliere us: If they would yield us but the super- i Cit. If I must not, I need not be barren of acMuity, while it were wholesome, we might guess, cusations; he hath faults, with surplus, to tire in they relieved us humanely: but they think, we repetition. [Shouts within.] What shouts are these? are too dear: the leanness that afflicts us, the 25 The other side o'the city is risen: Why stay we object of our misery, is as an inventory to particu- prating here? to the Capitol larize their abundance; our sufferance is a gain to · All. Come, come. them.--Let us revenge this with our pikes, erel 1 Cit. Soft; who comes here?

.. The whole history is exactly followed, and many of the principal speeches exactly copied from the Life of Coriolanus in Plutarch. ? Good is here used in the mercantile sense. : Alluding to the proserb, as lean as a rake; which perhaps owes its origin to the thin taper form of the instrument made use of by hay-makers. Dr. Johnson observes, that Rekel, in Islandick, is said to mean a cur-dog, and this was probably the first use among us of the word rake. --As lean as a rake is, therefore, as lean as a dog too worthless to be fed. ,

Enter

Enter Menenius Agrippa.

And mutually participate, did minister 2 Cit. Worthy Menenius Agrippa; one that Lnto the appetite and affection common hath always lov'd the people.

Of the whole body. The belly answer'd, i Cit. He's one honest enough; 'Would, all the 2 Cit. Well, sir, what answer made the belly! rest were so !

5 Men. Sir, I shall tell you.-With a kind of Men. Whạt work's, my countrymen, in hand

smile, Where go you

Which ne'er came from the lungs', but eventhusWith bats and clubs? The matter? Speak, I |(For, look you, I may make the belly smile pray you.

As well as spcak) it tauntingly reply'd 2 Cit. Our business is not unknown to the se- 10 To the discontented members, the mutinous parts nate; they have had inkling, this fortnight, what That envy'd bis receipt; even so mnost fitly. we intend to do, which now we'll shew 'em in As you malign our senators, for that deeds. They say,poor suitors have strong breaths;

They are not such as you. they hall know, we have strong arms too.

2 Cit. Your belly's answer-What! Men. Why, masters, my good friends, mine 15 The kingly-crowned head, the vigilant eye, honest neighbours,

The counsellor heart", the arm our soldier, Will you undo yourselves ?

Our steed the leg, the tongue our trumpeter, 2 Cit. We cannot, sir, we are undone already.

With other muniments and petty helps Men. I tell you, friends, most charitable care

In this our fabrick, if that they Have the patricians of you. For your wants,

201 Men. What then? Your suffering in this dearth, you may as well 'Fore nie, this fellow speaks !--what then? what Strike at the heaven with your staves, as lift theni

then? Against the Roman state; whose course will on 2 Cit.Should byttecormorantbellyberestrain'd, The way it takes, cracking ten thousand curbs Who is the sink'o' the body, Of niore strong link asunder, than canever 25 Men. Well, what then? Appear in your impediment: For the dearth, 2 Cit. The former agents, if they did complain, The gods, not the patricians, make it: and What could the belly answer? Your knees to them, not arms, must help. Alack, Men. I will tell you; You are transported by calamity

If you'll bestow a small (of what you have little) Thither where more attends you; and you slander 30 Patience, a while, you'll hear the belly's answer. The helms o'the state,who care for youlike fathers, 2 Cit. You are long about it. When you curse them as enemies.

Men. Note me this, good friend ; 2 Cit. Care for us !—True, indeed !- They Your most grave belly was deliberate, ne'er car'd for us yet. Suffer us to famish, and Not rash like his accusers, and thus answer'd : their store-houses cramm’d with grain; make 35" True is it, my incorporate friends," quoth he, edicts for usury, to support usurers; repeal daily “ 'That I receive the general food at first, any wholesome act established against therich;and " Which you do live upon; and fit it is; provide more piercing statutes daily; to chain up “ Because I am the store-house, and the shop and restrain the poor. If the wars eat us not up, • Of the whole body : But, if you do remember, they will; and there's all the love they bear us. 40“ I send it through the rivers of your blood, Men. Either you must

“ Even to the court, the heart, to the seat 'o' the Confess yourselves wond'rous malicious,

brain; Or be accus'd of folly. I shall tell you

" And, through the cranks and offices of man, A pretty tale; it may be, you have heard it; |“ The strongest nerves, and small inferior veins, But, since it serves my purpose, I will venture 45“ From me receive that natural competency To scalet' a little more.

Whereby they live: And though that all at once 2 Cit. Well, I'll hear it, sir; yet you must not You,my good friends,” (this saysthebelly) niark think to fob otfour disgrace with a tale: but, an't 2 Cit. Ay, sir; well, well.

[me, please you, deliver.

Men." Though all at once cannot Men. There was a time, when all the body's 50" See what I do deliver out to each; members

" Yet I can inake my audit up, that all Rebelld against the belly; thus accus'd it:- From me do back receive the flour of all, That only like a gulf it did remain

" And leave me but the bran.” What say you to't? l' the midst o' the body, idle and unactive, 2 Cit. It was an answer: How apply you this? Still cupboarding the viand, never bearing

Men. The senators of Rome are this good belly, Like labour with the rest; where’ the other in- And

you

the mutinous inembers: For examine struments

Their counsels, and their cares; digest things Did see, and hear, devise, instruct, walk, feel,

rightly, To scale is to disperse. The word is still used in the North. The meaning is, Though some of you have heard the story, I will spread it yet wider, and diffuse it ainoug the rest. Disgraces are hardships, injuries. Where for whereas. *i.é. with a smile not indicating pleasure, but contempt. i.e, exactly • The beart was anciently esteemed the seat of prudence. Seat for throne.

Touching

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tious rogues,

Touching the weal o' the common; you shall Men.Nay,theseare almost thoroughlypersuaded;
No public benefit, which you receive, (find, For though abundantly they lack discretion,
But it proceeds, or comes, from them to you, Yet are they passing cowardly. But, I beseech
And no way from yourselves:--What do you think? What says the other troop?

[you, You, the great toe of this asseinbly?

5 Mar. They are dissolv’d: Hang'em! [verbs ; 2 Cit. I the great toe? Why the great toe? They said, they were an-hungry; sigh’d forth proMen. For that, being one o' the lowest, basest, That, hunger broke stone walls; that, dogs must, poorest,

eat;

[sent not Of this most wise rebellion, thou go'st foremost : That, meat was made for mouths; that, the gods Thou rascal, that art worst in blood to run, 10 Corn for the rich men only:-With these shreds Lead'st first, to win some vantage':

They vented their complainings; which being But make you ready your stiff bats and clubs;

answer'd, Rome and her rats are at the point of battle, And a petition granted them, a strange onc, The one side must have bale :-Hail, noble (To break the heart of generosity', [caps Marcius!

15 And make bold power look pale) they threw their

As they would hang them on the horns o' the
Enter Caius Marcius.
Shouting their emulation.

(moon, jíar. Thanks.-What's the matter, you dissen- Men, What is granted them? doins,

Mar. Five tribunes, to defend their vulgar wisThat, rubbing the poor itch of your opinion, 120 Of their own choice: One's Junius Brutus, Make yourselves scabs?

Sicinius Velutus, and I know not s'death! ? Ci. We bave ever your good word. [flatter The rabble should have first unroofd the city,

Mar. He that will give good words to thee, will Ere so prevail'd with me: it will in tine Beneath abhorring.- What would have, you curs, Win upon power, and throw forth greater themes That like nor peace, nor war; the one affrights you, 25 For insurrection's arguing. The other makes you proud. Hethat trusts to you, Men. This is strange. Where he should find you lions, finds you

hares;

Mur. Go, get you home, you fragments ! Where foxes, geese: You are no surer, no,

Enter a Niessenger. Than is the coal of fire upon the ice,

Mes. Where's Caius Marcius? Or hailstone in the sun. Your virtue is,

30

Mur. Here: What's the matter? To make him worthy,whose offence subdues him,

Mles. The news is, sir, the Volces are in arms. And curse that justice did it. Who deserves greatDescrves your hate: and your affections are (ness,

Mar. I am glad on't; then we shall have means

to vent A sick man's appetite, who desires most that Which would increase bis evil. He that depends 35

Our musty superfluity:-See, our best elders. Lpon your favours, swims with fins of lead, (ye:

Enter Cominius, Titus Lartius, ruith other Senators; And hews down oaks with rushes. Hang ye! Trust

Junius Brutus, and Sicinius Velutus. With every minute you do change a mind;

| Sen. Marcius, 'tis true, that

yoli

have lately And call him noble, that was now your hate,

The Volces are in arms.

(told • us; Him vile, that was your garland. What's the matter, 40 Mar. They have a leader, That in these several places of the city

Tullus Aufidius, that will put you to’t. You cry against the noble senate, who,

I sin in envying his nobility: Under the gods, keep you in awe, which else And were I any thing but what I am, Would feed on one another ?-What's their seck- I would wish me only he. ing? 45 Com. You have fought together.

(and he Men. For corn at their own rates; whereof, Mar. Were half to half the world by the ears, The city is well stor’d.

[they say, Upon my party, I'd revolt, to make Mar. Hang 'em! They say?

Only my wars with him: He is a lion
They'll sit by the fire, and presume to know That I am proud to hunt.
What's done i' the Capitol: who's like to rise, 50 I Sen. Then, worthy Marcius,
Who thrives, and who declines: side factions, and Attend upon Cominius to these wars.
give out

Com. It is your former promise.
Conjectural marriages ; making parties strong, Mar. Sir, it is;
And feebling such as stand not in their liking, And I am constant.—Titus Lartius, thou
Below their cobbled shoes. They say, there's grain 55 shalt see me once more strike at Tullus' face:
Would the nobility lay aside their ruth', [enough! What, art thou stiff? stand'st out?
And let me use my sword, I'd make a quarry Tit. No, Caius Marcius;
With thousands of these quarter'd slaves, as high I'll lean upon one crutch, and fight with the other,
As I could pitch * my lance.

Ere stay behind this business. The meaning is, Thou art a hound, or running dog of the lowest brecd, lead'st the pack, when any thing is to be gotten. ? Bale is an old Saxon word for misery or calamity. 3 i. e. their pity, compassion. * The old copy reads-picke my lance; and so the word is still pronounced in Star fordshire, where they say--picke me such a thing, that is, throw any thing that the demander wants. • Meaning, To give the final blow to the nobles. Generosity is high birth. 6 viz. that the l'olce; are in arms.

11en.

21

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