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Joseph Benson Foraker, Republican, of Cincinnati, was born July 5, 1846, on a farm near Rainsboro, Highland County, Ohio; enlisted July 14, 1862, as private in Company A, Eighty-ninth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, with which organization he served until the close of the war, at which time he held the rank of first lieutenant and brevet captain; was graduated from Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y., July 1, 1869; was admitted to the bar and entered upon the practice of the law at Cincinnati, Ohio, October 14, 1869; was elected judge of the superior court of Cincinnati in April, 1879; resigned on account of ill health May 1, 1882; was the Republican candidate for governor of Ohio in 1883, but was de feated; was elected to the office in 1885, and re-elected in 1887; was again nominated for governor and defeated in 1889; was chairman of the Republican State Convention of Ohio for 1886, 1890 and 1896, and was a delegate-at-large from Ohio to the national Republican conventions of 1884, 1888, 1892, and 1896; was chairman of the Ohio delegation in the convention of 1884 and 1888, and pre sented to both of these conventions the name of Hon. John Sherman for nomi. nation for the Presidency; in the conventions of 1892 and 1896 served as chairman of the committee on resolutions; and as such reported the platform each time to the convention; presented the name of William McKinley to the Convention of 1896 for nomination to the presidency; was elected United States Senator, January 15, 1896, to succeed Calvin S. Brice, and took his seat March 4, 1897. He was re-elected January 15, 1902, for the term beginning March 4, 1903, and ending March 3, 1909.




(1802.) HE people of that part of the Northwest Territory now embraced

in the boundaries of the State of Ohio, having arrived at a numerical strength sufficient under the Ordinance of 1787 to

give them a separate organization, and acting under the Act of Congress of May, 1802, elected representatives to a Constitutional Convention to take the necessary steps for admission into the Union of States. The representatives so elected, met in Chillicothe on the ist of November, 1802, and completed their labors by the ratification on the 29th of that month of the First Constitution of the State of Ohio.

Joseph Darlington, Israel Donaldson, and Thomas Kirker.

James Caldwell and Elijah Woods.

Philip Gatch and James Sargent.

Henry Abrams and Emanuel Carpenter.

John W. Browne, Charles Willing Byrd, Francis Dunlavey, William
Goforth, John Kitchell, Jeremiah Morrow, John Paul, John
Reiley, John Smith and John Wilson.

JEFFERSON COUNTY. Rudolph Blair, George Humphrey, John Milligan, Nathan Updegraff, and

Bazaleel Wells.

ROSS COUNTY. Michael Baldwin, James Grubb, Nathaniel Massie, and Thomas


David Abbott and Samuel Huntington.

Ephriam Cutler, Benj. Ives Gilman, John McIntyre and Rufus

President of the Convention, Edward Tiffin, of Ross County.
Secretary of the Convention, Thomas Scott.

It is interesting to note the absence, in this list of 1802, of the names of such countles as Cuyahoga, Franklin, Lucas, Montgomery, Stark, Muskingum and Mahoning, the homes, in 1902 of all the large cities of the state, except Cincinnati.




E the people of the eastern division of the territory of the

United States northwest of the river Ohio, having the right of admission into the general government as a member of the

Union, consistent with, the Constitution of the United States, the ordinance of Congress of one thousand seven hundred and eightyseven, and of the law of Congress entitled “An act to enable the people of the eastern division of the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union, on an equal footing with the original States, and for other purposes;” in order to establish justice, promote the welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish the following constitution or form of government; and do mutually agree with each other to form ourselves into a free and independent State, by the name of the STATE OF OHIO.



SECTION 1. The legislative authority of this State shall be vested in a GENERAL ASSEMBLY, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives, both to be elected by the people.

SEC. 2. Within one year after the first meeting of the General Assembly, and within every subsequent term of four years, an enumeration of all the white male inhabitants above twenty-one years of age shall be made in such manner as shall be directed by law. The number of Representatives shall, at the several periods of making such enumeration, be fixed by the Legislature and apportioned among the several Counties, according to the number of white male inhabitants above twenty-one years of age in each, and shall never be less than twentyfour nor greater than thirty-six until the number of white male inhabitants above twenty-one years of age shall be twenty-two thousand; and after that event, at such ratio tliat the whole number of Representatives shall never be less than thirty-six nor exceed seventy-two.

Sec. 3. The Representatives shall be chosen annually, by the citizens of each County, respectively, on the second Tuesday of October.

No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained the age of twenty-five years, and be a citizen of the United

Sec. 4.

The First Constitution of Ohio.

States and an inhabitant of this State; shall also have resided within the limits of the County in which he shall be chosen one year next preceding his election, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this State, and shall have paid a State or County tax.

Sec. 5. The Senators shall be chosen biennially, by the qualified voters for Representatives; and on their being convened in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided, by lot, from their respective Counties or Districts, as near as can be, into two classes: the seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the first year, and of the second class at the expiration of the second year, so that one-half thereof, as near as possible, may be annually chosen forever thereafter.

Sec. 6. The number of Senators shall, at the several periods of making the enumeration, before mentioned, be fixed by the Legislature, and apportioned among the several Counties or Districts, to be established by law, according to the number of white male inhabitants of the age of twenty-one years in each, and shall never be less than one-third nor more than one-half of the number of Representatives.

Sec. 7. No person shall be a Senator who has not arrived at the age of thirty years, and is a citizen of the United States; shall have resided two years in the County or District immediately preceding the clection, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States, or of this State; and shall, moreover, have paid a State or County tax.

Sec. 8. The Senate and House of Representatives, when assembled, shall each choose a Speaker and its other officers; be judges of the qualifications and elections of its members, and sit upon its own adjournments; two-thirds of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members.

SEC. 9. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish them; the yeas and nays of the members on any question shall, at the desire of any two of them, be entered on the journals.

Sec. 10. Any two members of either house shall have liberty to dissent from, and protest against, any act or resolution which they may think injurious to the public or any individual, and have the reasons of their dissent entered on the journals.

Sec. II. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member, but not a second time for the same cause; and shall have all other powers necessary for a branch of the Legislature of a free and independent State.

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