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being closely grasped by the farmer, smoking as he walked ; and it is a he was unable to thrust the weapon point of etiquette, that in passing a home, and it only struck against his sentinel, you take the pipe from your ribs. With some difficulty the thieves mouth. But as my friend was about were both secured. They were tried to comply with this uniform custom, for the crime before the High Court of the sentinel said, to his no small surJusticiary in Edinburgh-convicted, prise, “ Rauchen sie, immer fort : and condemned to be hanged--but verdamt sey der Preussiche dienst": afterwards, to the great surprise and “Smoke away, sir: d-n the Prussian disappointment of their Berwickshire service.” My friend looked at him neighbours, obtained a pardon--a piece with surprise, and the marked gypsey of unmerited and ill-bestowed cle- features at once shewed who he was, mency, for which it was generally un- and why dissatisfied with the service, derstood they were indebted to the the duties of which he seemed to take interest of a noble northern family of pleasure in neglecting. their own name. We recollect hearing “ In Hungary the gypsies are very a sort of ballad upon Tam’s exploits, numerous, and travel in great bands, and his deliverance from the gallows like Arabs, gaily dressed in red and through the intercession of a celebrated green, and often well armed and dutchess, but do not recollect any of mounted. A friend of mine met a the words. Tam died only a few years troop of them last year in this gallant ago, at a very advanced age,

guise, and was not a little astonished The following observations respecte at their splendour. But their courage ing the continental gypsies are come in actual battle is always held in low municated by a distinguished writer, esteem., I' cannot refer to the book, who, on a former occasion, enriched but I have somewhere read, that a our Miscellany with much interesting pass or fort was defended by some of and valuable information respecting them, during a whole night, with such this wild and wayward race :

bravery and skill, that the Austrians, “ The gypsies every where pretend who were the assailants, supposed it to skill in fortune-telling and sorcery; to be held by regular troops, and were but in Germany they are supposed to about to abandon their enterprise. have some particular spells for stopping But when day dawned, and shewed the progress of conflagration. I have the quality of the defenders, the attack somewhere a German ballad on this was immediately renewed, and the subject, which, if I find, I will trans- place carried with great ease; as if the late for you. Seven gypsies are un- courage of the gypsies had only lasted justly doomed to death; the town till their character was made known." takes fire; and the magistrates are Neither our limits nor our leisure obliged to release them, that they may allow of farther observation : "nor is it arrest the flames by their incantations. of much importance. We trust we Our Scottish gypsies are more cele- have succeeded in giving our readers brated for raising fire wilfully, than more information and livelier enterfor extinguishing it. This is their tainment by the mode we have adopted, most frequent mode of vengeance when than we could have conveyed in any offended; and being a crime at once other shape on the same subject. No. easily executed and difficult of detec- thing, indeed, like regularity in the tion, the apprehension of it makes the arrangement of our materials has been country people glad to keep on fair practicable; and they have been geneterins with them,

rally given to the public very much in They are greatly averse to employ, the form and order in which we ob ment of a regular kind, but, when tained them. Such a plan, no doubt, forced to serve, make good soldiers. would require a summary to its conOn the Continent, I believe, they are clusion, w bind together the loose mareceived into no service but that of terials, and draw general deductions Prussia, which, according to the rules from the crowd of unconnected facts of Frederic, still enrolls bon gré mul and observations. This task, however, gré, whatever can carry a musket. we must for the present leave to our But they detest the occupation. A readers themselves; the subject is far friend was passing a Prussian sentinel from being exhausted, but it must neon his post at Paris last year. The cessarily, for the present, be brought gentleman, as is usual abroad, was to a hasty close,

621

1817.] Documents relating to the History of Soottish Printing.

*:", ! 3,54 in on vin onoga "ANTIQUARIAN REPERTORY.

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DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE HIS. expert men to use the samyne, *- for *** TORY OF SCOTTISH PRINTING. she imprenting within our Realme of the buil

bukis of our Lawis, actis of parlia“?'*:.. [The following documents, relative to ment, croniclis, mess bukis, and porsi.-)! the early bistory of printing in Scotland, tuus efter the use of our Realme, with 4 5! have been taken from the original records addicions and legendis of Scottis sanca 10 in the Register House, and have not so far tis, now gaderit to be ekit tharto, and 19:11 as we know, been previously given to the public. One of them, however, (No I.) al utheris bukis that salbe sene necesari, has been already printed as a note in one of sar, and to sel the sammyn for compea 'j's the very learned and interesting official re tent pricis, be our avis and discreo 13 ports of the present Deputy Clerk Register, cioun, thair labouris and expens being which we have accidentally met with. It is considerit; And because we wnder 150 a grant under the privy seal, dated in the stand that this cannot be perfurnistrit year 1507, soon after the first introduction without rycht greit cost labour and of this invaluable art into Scotland, under expens, we have granted and promittit fl1 the reign of King James IV., conferring to thame that thai sall nocht be hurt if upon Walter Chepman and Andrew Millar the exclusive privilege of printing books of nor prevenit tharon be ony utheris to 1 law, acts of parliament, chronicles, mass

tak copyis of ony bukis fürtht 'of out books, and other works therein specified; Realme, to ger imprent the samyne in i with a penalty against any other persons utheris cuntreis, to be brocht and sauld who should print the same in foreign coun- agane within our Realme, to cause the wo tries, for the purpose of being brocht and said Walter and Androu' tyne thair bag sauld agane within our Realme, to cause gret labour and expens ; And als It is the said Walter and Androa tyne thair gret is divisit and thocht expedient be us labour and expens."-Not long afterwards, and our consall, that in tyme cuming? as appears from the subjoined paper, (Noll.) this privilege had been invaded by certain mess bukis, manualis, 'mátyne bakis, . ! individuals, against whom a complaint is and portuus bukis, efter our awinx; made to the Lords of Council, in the name scottis use, and with legendis of Scot fi of Walter Chepman; and his'exclusive right tis sanctis, as is now galerit and ekit 11,2 is accordingly again re-enforced by their de. be ane Reverend fader in god, and our cision.

traist consalour Williame bischope” of ! The only publications known to have abirdene and utheris, be usit generaly issued from the press of Millar and Chep within al oar Realme alssone as the ..., man, are a collection of pamphlets, chiefly metrical romances and ballads, in 1508, of sammyn may be imprentit and pro 1-34? which an imperfect copy is preserved in the vidit, and that no manet of sic bukis 42 Advocates' Library (and of which we under. of Salusbery use be brocht to be sauld stand a reprint is now in a state of forward. within our Realme in tym cuming; ness for publication), and the Scottish Ser. and gif ony dois in the contrar, that vice Book, including the Legends of the thai sal tyne the sammyne ; Quliarfor Scottish Saints, commonly called the Brea

we charge straitlie and commandis viary of Aberdeen, in 1509, of which the yow al and sindrj our officiaris, liegis, copies are exceedingly rare.)

and subdittis, that nane of yow tak No I.

• The head of Blackfriars' Wynd, High JAMES, &c.---To al and sindrj our

Street, seems to have been the place fixed officiaris liegis and subdittis quham it upon for carrying on this printing establishefferis, quhais knawlage thir our let- ment ; for there is preserved, in the Records tres calcum, greting; Wit ye that of Privy Seal, a " Licence to Walter Chepforsamekill as our lovittis servitouris man, burges of Edinburgh, to haif staris to, Walter Chepman and Andro Millar wart the hie strete and calsay, with bak staris burgessis of our burgh of Edinburgh, and turngres in the frere wynd, or ont has, at our instance and request, for foregait, of sic breid and lenth as he salli our plesour, the honour and proffit of his land and tenement, and to fit the pend

think expedient for entre and asiamentis to our liealme and liegis, takin on thame of the said frere wynd for making of neidto furnis and bring hame ane prent, full asiamentes in the samyn," &c. Feb. 5, with all stuf belangand tharto, and 1510.

the xxti yer.

or

622 Documents relating to the History of Scottish Printing. [Sept. apon hand to do ony thing incontrar nor sell within this Realme, ony of this our promitt, devise, and ordinance, the bukis abonewrittin of the said use in tyme cuming, under the pane of of salusbery, in tyme to cum, under escheting of the bukis, and punising the said pain, according to the said of thair persons bringaris tharof within lettres under our souerane lordis priue our Realme, in contrar this our statut, sele direct thairuppon ; And as to the with al vigour as efferis. Geven un- bukis that ar ellis brocht hame be the der our prive Sel at Edinburgh, the saidis merchandis and uther persons, xv day of September, and of our Regne that thai bring nain to the merket,

nor sell nain within this Realme, bot (Registrum Sec. Sig. iii. 129.) that thai have the samyn furth of this

Realme, and sell thaim; And that the saidist provest baillies, and officiaris

forsaidis, serche and seik quhar ony of No II.

the saidis manuale, bukis, mesbukis, JAN. 14, 1509.

matinbukis, and portuiss, of the said

use beis brocht haim in tyme tocum, Avent the complaint maid be Wal- or sauld of thaim that ar ellis brocht ter Chepman, that quhar he, at the hame, and eschete the samyn to our desyre of our soverane lord, furnist soveraine lordis use: And als, that na and brocht hame ane prent and prent- persons tak copijs of the buikis abonaris, for prenting of croniclis, missalis, writtin and donatis, and . portuuss, and utheris buikis within uther buikis that the said Walter hes this realme, and to seclude salisberyis prentit ellis for till baf thaim to uther use ; And to that effect thair wes let. Realmes to ger thaim be prentit, tres under our said soverane lordis brocht haim, or sauld, within this priue sele direct, till command and Realme In tyme tocum, under the charge oure soverane lordis liegis, that pain of escheting of the samin ; And nain of thaim suld Inbring or sell ony quha dois in the contrair, that the bukis of the said use of salusbery, un said pain be put to executioun on der the pane of escheting of the samyn; thaim, And that lettres be direct her Neuirtheless, Wilyam Frost, Francis apon, in dew forme, as said Is. Frost, William Sym, Andro Ross, and

(Acta Dom. Conc. xxi. 70.)
diuers utheris, merchandis within the
burgh of Edinburgh, hes brocht haim,
and sellis daly, diuers bukis of the (The following is the Copy of an Author's
said use, sik as mess bukis, mannualis, Privilege, granted by the Lords of Council,
portuiss, matinbukis, and diuers uther which seems worthy of preservation on ac-
bukis, in the dissobeing of the said count of the very curious work to which it
command and lettres, lik as at mar

relates.]
lentht is contenit in the said com-
plaint: The saidis Walter, William,

Apud Edinburgum, vigessimo sexto die
Francis, William, and Andro, being

ffebruarij 1685. personaly present, And thair Richtis The lords of his Majestie's privy ressons and allegacions herd sene and councill, Haveing considered ane adunderstand, and thair with being Riply dress made to them by Master George avisit, The Lordis of Counsale forsaidis Sinclar, late professor of philosophie at commandit and chargit the saidis the Colledge of Glasgow, And Author William Frost, Francis Frost, William of the book Intitulled Satan's Invisible Sym, and Andro Ros, personaly, that Works Discovered, &c. Doe heirby nain of them, in tyme to cum, bring prohibit and discharge all persons hame; nor sell within this Realme, whatsomever from printing, reprintony missale bukis, mannualis, por ing, or importing into this kingdome, tuiss, or matinbukis, of the said use of any copy or copies of the said book, salusbery, under the payn of escheting dureing the space of eleven yearis afof the samyn ; And that lettres be ter the date heirof, without licence of writtin in dew forme to the provest and the Author or his Order, Under the balyies of Edr. and to officeris of the pain of confiscation thereof to the said kingis Sheriffes in that pairt, to com- author, Besydes what fürder punishmand and charge be oppin proclama- ment we shall think fitt to inflict upon tion, all utheris merchandis and per- the contraveeners. sons, that nain of thaim bring haim,

(Regist. Sec. Sig:)

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ORIGINAL POETRY.

LINES ON THE DEATH OF A YOUNG Than that it weeps hath suffered ! yet it LADY.

springs,

Fervent and firm in faith, to Him whose NR EDITOR,

love, The following Lines, written on occasion Brightest when clouds and darkness gather of the early death of an inhabitant of your

round, city, may perhaps catch the eye of some one among the many

who have known and Calls, in his own appointed time, the puriadmired her. If they do, and it should To Him, the only Pure, whose wisdom communicate any comfort to see that where

Jeads once she has been known she is remember. Each in his several way through this dim ed, it will afford much satisfaction to

world, THE AUTHOR. Snaps the frail thread of life at once for some,

To others sends a long and tangled train THEN thou art gone-the sad death-bell Of many sorrows-yet to all gives light hath toll'd

To lead the spirit on through toil and tears, And in the dull grave, lovely as thou wert, To Peace, and Purity, and Heavenly Joy! The friends who lov'd have laid thee

Nk, June 1817.
Peace be theirs !
For they have lost indeed a gem, whose rays,
Though blest by others, shone entire for

STANZAS
them!
Yes! Peace be theirs !--that sweet and sa.

On the Custom in Switzerland, g-c. of planta cred Peace,

ing Flowers on the Graves of departed

Friends.
Which o'er the waves of grief, like holy oil,
Spreads, smoothing every stormy billow

(The thought taken from DELILLE'S down.

L'Homme de Champs.) They best can tell, who mourn thee most, the tale

To 'scape from chill Misfortune's gloom, Of what thou wert.-There, where in secret From helpless age and joyless years ; shone

To sleep where flowerets round us bloom The playful smile which strangers might Can such a fate deserve our tears ?

admire, The voice of harmony, the eye of fire Since in the tomb our cares, our woes, That kindling eye which none might e'er In dark oblivion buried lie, forget

Why paint that scene of calm repose **** Oh! least of all, they who have seen it In figures painful to the eye ?! ,5*4147

CLOSE! Not such our pangs-yet we have known The wiser Greeks, with chaste design, thee too,

Pourtrayed a Nymph in airy flight ; Distant, and almost as the dead, yet dear Who, hovering o'er the marble shrine, And not to be forgotten ; we have seen Reversed a Hambeau's trembling light. Thine, early promise, -saw thee ere the world

To die !What is in Death to fear ? Had known what flow'r was op'ning to the 'Twill decompose my lifeless frame sun,

A power unseen still watches near, Alas! how soon to wither!Well we knew, To light it with a purer flame. And oft have said, when thou wert borne

And when anew that flame shall burn, Back to thy native Scotia, that there dwelt Perhaps the dust that lies enshrined A soul of beauty in that gentle form, May rise a woodbine o'er my un, Whose light, ere long, should burst upon With verdant tendrils round it twined!

the day Ah! little thought we that so dark a night How would the gentle bosom beat, So soon must hide its beams of brightness That sighs at Death's resistless power, from us !

A faithful friend again to meet,

Fresh blooming in a fragrant flower ..., Fare thee well! Perhaps the heart that now at distance It sure would thrill the Lover's heart,

When kneeling on his Fair One's graves, Thy perished worth, hath keener pangs in To feel the Lily's breath impart

The 'raptured kiss his Myra gaye.

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An Angel's

The love that in my bosom glows, Upon his bosom and his prayer was heard ;
Will live when I shall long be dead, For

from some mountain cliff at length arose And haply tinge some budding Rose The sound of running waters :-what That blushes o'er my grassy bed!

bound

Was then in every heart, and what a cry
O thou who hast so long been dear, Of joy, as from its parent source, clothed
When I shall cease to smile on thee,

round I know that thou wilt linger here,

In lovely green, the clear, cold rivulet With pensive soul to sigh for me. Gushed sparkling in the sun !-An

voice Yes, Laura, come; and with thee bring, Could not have sweeter been. Then down To sooth my shade, young flowerets fair ;

they sat Give them around my grave to spring,

And doft their helms, and bathed their And watch them with a Lover's care:

burning brows;

And from their heavy armour cleared away Thy gentle hand will sweets bestow, The sharp, dry desert sand; then pitched Transcending Eden's boasted bloom ;

the tents Each flower with brighter tints will glow, And spread their frugal fare-No sounds When Love and Beauty seek my tomb.

were heard

But those of mirth ; here on the grassy turf And when the rose-bud's virgin breath The careless warriors lay, and oft between

With fragrance fills the morning air, Rose the sweet song of their own native Imagine me released from Death,

land And all my soul reviving there.

Even sweeter because heard in foreign clime;

For nought like music has the magic power Inhale the dewy sweets at morn,

To bring the shades of long forgotten joys
For they to thee shall transport give ; Back to the weeping memory; softer grew
Thus Damon's Love, on odours borne, The soldier's heart, and Piety and Love
Still in his Laura's breast shall live. Led all their thoughts to home ; then silence

sunk
Upon the camp, and every warrior breath'd

His evening orisons, and slept in peace.
PASSAGE THROUGH THE DESERT.

Ere yet the sun had with his earliest beam
A Fragment.

Purpled the east, the Christian army rose,

Renewed in strength and hope ; deep graTHROUGH barren and deserted wastes,

titude
through sands

Beamed in each countenance as the leaders
Checkered by no soft resting spot of green ;
Beneath a burning heaven, the Christian host, Forth from their tents, beneath the cool
Pursued their weary march; it was that host, clear air,
When led by noble Godfrey, took the vow To fit their armour on ; each youthful
To free Jerusalem ;the Infidels,

Squire
Already on Dolyleum's field, had bowed Smiled to his master, as he clasped the
Beneath their arms; God and their own

helm
good swords

Or fixt the spur, or backed the impatient Had won the day, and on the Turkish steed, towers

And told how soon he hoped to gain renown The blood-red banner of the Cross was seen And knighthood in the breach of AntiochiWaving in triumph.Onward still they Thus marched they on in joy, and gained held

at last For Antioch ; but in Lycaonia's sands The barren ridge of Amanus, which divides Famine and Thirst proved sterner foes than With rocky girdle the Cilician waste. war,

From the fair fields of Syria, all behind, And Sickness, desert-bred, had thinned the Lay a drear desert, but before them spread, ranks

In rich expansion, that delightful vale More than the Turkish sword; each wcari. Through which Orontes rolled his sable Sought for some stream ;--for three days

burning suns,
With merciless rays, had dried the pulse of
life.

ELVERSHÖH, A FAIRY BALLAD.";
No speck was in the sky, no little cloud
That promised rain,

no shadowy grove, (From the German of Herder. Sliča
For the tired eye to rest on. Onward still I Laid my head on the Fairy-hill,
The weary soldier march'd, and often raised With watching my eyes were weary,
His mailed hand to Heaven in silent prayer, When I was aware of two maidens fait,
And pointed to the blessed Cross he bore Came tripping with smiles right cheery.

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