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ever, is made by Dr Clark, whether in Dunfermline, he set his back to the the females in the dance at Moscow old Abbey wall, and defended himwere guided by signs with the napkin, self against all who attempted to seize in the manner in which Stewart and him. Forming with rapidity the dif. Drummond, by their cudgels, directed ferent guards, and striking with vi the women in their dances in Lothian gour, he swept his bludgeon around and Fife. The eyes of the females the front of his body with great viowere constantly fixed upon Stewart's - lence, drawing as it were a semi-circle, cudgel. Dr Clark is of the opinion, and all that came within its reach went that the national dance in Russia, to the ground. One stout weaver in called the barina, is derived from the particular made a bold effort to break gypsies. This celebrated traveller al- in upon him. Tam laid his arm in so thinks it probable, that our common pieces for his temerity. He at last, hornpipe is taken from these insignifi- like a deer, sprang through an ime cant wanderers. It appears, by Mr mense crowd, cleaving the mob with Hoyland's account, that the gypsies in his person, brandishing his cudgel in Russia correspond exactly in language, his front, and in his flight crossed the manners, and habits, with those in Forth at Queensferry for the south. Britain.

As I conceive the manners of the Opon inquiry, I find that the gyp: gypsey chief, Geordie Drummond, to sies have had also a particular method be very original, and himself a comof their own in handling the cudgel plete husband in real life for Jean in their battles; and I am inclined Gordon, alias Meg Merrilies, the sibyl to think, that part of the Hungarian in the celebrated novel Guy Manner. sword exercise, at present practised ing, the following extract from a comin our cavalry, is founded upon the munication of a friend of considerable gypsey manner of attack and defence. observation, who has often seen DrumIn their mode of fighting with the mond, may be worth preserving. So stick, they seem to have, with con- terrified were some of the inhabitants siderable accuracy, exhibited almost of Fife for individuals of the gypsey all the six cuts or strokes in the Huil- women who followed Geordie, that garian exercise, even including the the moment they entered the door, direct thrust to the front, which they salt was thrown into the fire, to set at perform with the club. One of blind defiance the witchcraft, of which they Pate Robison's daughters has been believed these gypsies were possessed. frequently heard giving her father a One female, called Dancing Tübby, sort of regular word of command in was in particular an object of conthe following manner, when he could siderable apprehension and suspicion. not see to lay on the blows himself Superstition is still far from being in their fights. She called to him to eradicated from the minds of the " strike down-strike laigh-strike lower classes in this county; and the amawin (athwart)---strike haunch- gypsies here seem to have been of a ways-strike shoulder-ways," &c.- ruder cast than those in the southern Here are nearly all the cuts or strokes shires. of the above-mentioned exercise of the 18th May 1817.-" On a traveller sword. Almost all the gypsies were coming towards him (says my friend), trained to this art of attack and de- Geordie had an invariable custom of fence by the club, in which they were immediately advancing with antic ges. in general dexterous; and when in tures several yards a-head of his concuthe army, I have heard they were con- bines, capering and dancing, and singsidered superior swordsmen.

ing some stanza of a warlike jacobite So dexterous was Tam Gordon,

song, * twirling his pike-staff around captain of a numerous band of “ gillie his head with uncommon dexterity.t wheesils,(signifying, in the west of He would also go through a kind of Fife, the lads who take the purses,) sword exercise over the head of the at this art of the cudgel, that being once detected picking pockets at a fair

If the gypsies had any political princi,

ples at all, they were certainly jacobitisn. I have every reason to believe, that this + Drummond was so excellent at the person is the Tam Gordon, late captain of cudgel, that very few could cope with him. the Spittall Gypsies, mentioned in the Sixth One battle he had with a stout sailor is par Number of your Miscellany,

ticularly mentioned.

poor Geordie."

astonished traveller, who commonly lic, corresponds with the practice of stood arrested and motionless by these the Indian dancers in Hindostan.* eccentric salutations. Geordie would The gypsies attended our large counthen shoulder his staff, and with a try-weddings in former times, both as humble, though apparently uncouth musicians, and for the purpose of remanner, supplicate a bawbee for ceiving the fragments at these enter

His merry fascinating tainments. At the wedding in the behaviour, and robust manly appear- .parish of Corstorphine, already menance, with his clouted drab great coat, tioned, Charlie Stewart entered into and goat-skin wallet on his back, familiar conversation with individuals; which contained his rough implements joking them about their sweethearts for compressing horns, of which he and love matters ; telling them he nomade spoons, together with his very ticed such a one, at such a place ;ancient cocked hat, surmounting dish- observing to another, that he saw him evelled and silvery locks, seldom fail- at a certain fair and so on. He ined to excite charity.”

quired about their masters and places This strange man, when provoked, of abode, with other particulars. always expressed his contempt, by Here the gypsey character displays spitting bitterly, like a wild Arab when itself-here Stewart, while he seems a insulted. He was supposed to be ful- mere merry-Andrew to the heedless ly ninety years of age when he died ; merry-making people at the wedding, and, notwithstanding this assumed is, with a deep sagacity, actually readmerry fascinating manner, he was ating the characters, ascertaining the bottom a shrewd, designing, cunning, connexions, and places of residence, of surly gypsey, and frequently beat his every individual in the country through concubines unmercifully. * He was

which he travels. Continually roamfrom his youth impressed with a be- ing up and down the kingdom indilief that he would die in the same vidually, in disguise on particular ochouse in which he was born. He had casions, as well as in large bands; not travelled over part of the Continent passing one house in their route; obwhile a soldier in the army; was in serving every thing that passes in parseveral engagements; and, amongst tial assemblies, at large weddings, and others, he fought in the battle of La general gatherings of the people at fairs Val. And perhaps, during his long in old times; together with their great and wayward life, he never had any knowledge of human character ; scanother residence than merely lodging in ning, with the eye of a hawk, both the out-houses of the farms at which male and female, for the purpose of he halted when travelling the coun- robbing them, the gypsies became try.' He fell sick when he was at some thoroughly acquainted, in their own distance from the house in which he breasts, with every particular incident prophesied he would die, but he hired concerning each individual in the à cart or chaise, and drove with haste whole population of the country. to his favourite spot. To this house Hence proceed, in a great measure, the he was allowed admittance, where he warlockry and fortune-telling abilities closed his earthly career in about for- of the shrewd sagacious gypsies. It is ty-eight hours after his arrival. however singular, that the method of

In all these particular traits, relative divining by the cup, practised by the to this man, there is something in ancient Assyrians, Chaldees, and Egypthem entirely foreign to the manners tians, with a trifling variation in reand habits of any class of our own spect to the qualities of some of the countrymen. That of capering and ingredients therein employed, is the dancing on the highways, for the pur- same as that practised by our female pose of gaining money from the pub- gypsies in Scotland. W. S.

10th January 1818. Although some of the gypsies treat the female sex with great severity, yet, were they But it likewise appears, by Abbé Raydeprived of the aid and careful assiduity of nal, that at an early period Egyptian dances their wives, they would, in their manner of were practised at festivals by the Priests in life, be helpless wretches indeed.

Italy, as well as in India.

THE DAMPERS.

the cook, or the wine-merchant, or to

their own selection, I shall not preMR EDITOR,

tend to say, but Mr and Mrs CheerIn the last Number of your Magazine well contrive to have for their guests, I alluded to the sect or fraternity of not only the best, but the very best Dampers, who have an establishment company in Edinburgh, which genenot only in every town, but also ex- rally embraces a considerable portion tend their beneficial influence, like, of dampers. parish banks, to every village. Free- One day, the beginning of last OcMasonry itself is not more ancient. tober, I dined at Mr Cheerwell's, and Indeed I have no doubt of the dampers most fortunately, out of sixteen people, having been active and eminent at the five dampers were present. At the court of King Solomon; and that bottom of the table appeared a superb neither the splendour of that monarch, haunch of venison, of which my friend nor the beauty and accomplishments seemed not only to be vain, but acof the Queen of Sheba, escaped their tually proud, having got it from Engphilanthropic observations. This so- land in a present from the Duke of ciety differs, however, from the craft R; and after discharging the arin several respects, being compounded duous duty of helping the company, of male and female members, and per. and having damped his own appetite haps the females are the most adroit with a couple of slices, he very natudampers,-neither is there any neces- rally, as I thought, began to descant sity among them for the seal of se- on the great superiority of English crecy (which is indeed sufficiently evi- venison over that fed in our own coundent from the component parts of the try, when Mr Bitterbile, a damper, society); on the contrary, the dampers who had consumed three slices of it, are extremely communicative, though besides occasional supplies of fat, inthey deal pretty much in what is called terrupted him by observing, that such inuendo ; and I do not believe there might possibly be the case, but it was is any Shibboleth among the initi- of little consequence, as, in his poor ated.

judgment, a leg of good Highland I have formerly given the dampers mutton was far better than any venifull credit for disinterestedness in their son that ever came upon a table. Our praiseworthy efforts to cure, or at least host was immediately damped, and no to repress, the pride and vanity of their wonder, at his friend the Duke of R's neighbours, as never taking any thing venison being so degraded, but confrom the general stock of their endea- tented himself with saying, that he vours to themselves. Indeed this dis- heartily wished the haunch, of which interested spirit extends so far, that I Mr Bitterbile had just contrived to rather think they are apt to allow the swallow three slices, had been Highqualities (if one may call them such) land mutton for his sake. which they are so constantly and kind- The first course having been removly endeavouring to counteract in others, ed, during which several less palpable to acquire greater strength in their hits at damping was practised, the own persons, a pitch of zeal for the second course was put upon the table, good of their friends which cannot be and at top there was a fine pheasant. too highly appreciated. But in order Our hostess asked Lady Dowager to explain the proper office of a dam- Dimpleton if she should have the hoper, I shall relate what happened at a nour of helping her ladyship to a wing, dinner party where I had the honour an offer which seemed to be every of being a guest.

way agreeable to the Dowager, but My friend Mr Cheerwell entertains when it was nearly finished, this Right as handsomely as any body, and as his Honourable person was pleased to relady perfectly understands the econo- mark, rather wittily, that a pheasant my of the table, at their houses one might do sometimes, but, in her opimeets with not only the best wines, nion, a barn-door fowl was the best of but the best dinners in town. Those all game. Mrs Cheerwell was damparticles, although some people think ed, but recovered in a moment, and they cannot always secure good sociea politely said, she was happy to know ty, are leading cards towards attract- her ladyship's taste, which should be ing what is commonly called the best carefully studied on a future occasion. company; and whether it be owing to On the removal of the second course,

some Parmezan cheese and a plate of But there are dampers who are confine Gorgona anchovies were introdu- stitutionally so, and perform the office ced, when I heard something advan- almost as well, though with none of ced in favour of an old ewe-milk that transcendent merit by which the cheese, and good Lochfine herrings, intentional dampers are distinguished. by two dampers respectively near the I happened to dine with my friend top and bottom of the table; but as ! Jeremiah Grumble, Esq. at his seat of was seated about the middle of it, I Grumblethorp, when the news came lost the force of these very seasonable of the victory at Aboukir, and that remarks. Thus four dampers had ex. only two of the enemy's ships had eserted their talents, in order to check caped to tell the story. This glorious the exultation of these entertainers affair put the company into outrageous over their good things, when the wines spirits, with the exception of Mr and dessert were put upon the table; Grumble, who assumed an aspect of and nothing having been said for a the most lugubrious construction. good while by any of the dampers, I “What is the matter with you, was afraid we should not be favoured Grumble," asked one of the guests, with any more of their laudable ob- you seem to have no relish for the servations. But Mrs Cheerwell hav- glorious news.” “God forbid,' replied ing requested a young gentleman to Grumble, God forbid ! for depend oblige the company with the song of upon it gentlemen, thae twa ships will "ril never leave thee,” he very rea- play the vera deevil in the Mediterdily complied, and, to my ears, seem- ranean.' But perhaps it may be ed to sing it extremely well; but just thought, that my friend belongs to as he had finished, a lady damper, the worshipful company of crolcers, who sat opposite to him, said, loud rather than to the society of true damenough to be heard by the whole com- pers. pany, “Pray, Mr Warble, did you ever The natives of Hindostan, when hear Jamie B- -r sing that song?" speaking of the East India CompaThe singer looked a little flat, as might ny, use the appellation Madam Combe expected, but remarked, that un- pany, and I shall employ a similar fortunately Mr B. had died a year or personification when approaching the two before he was born ; " true," re- Edinburgh Review.

With respect plied the lady,“ how vastly stupid in to our national concerns, it cannot, I me to forget! Poor Jamie! He sung hope, be denied, that Mr Review is that song with a world of taste.” Now a mighty pretty damper ; for, besides I will venture to say, that there is no having all the merit of an intentional reader of this Magazine who has not performer in point of design, he posheard similar observations thrown in sesses the additional merit of having by some of the dampers, and when rendered the art of damping a lucrahe happens to hear the like again, tive as well as a pleasurable and praisehe will be at no loss to know the so- worthy profession. Mr Review knows ciety to which such well intentioned well, that there are many people in those observers belong, although they may realms, especially south of the Tweed, happen to officiate like the brethren of who expect to have a mess of misery the Society of Jesus in disguise. served up to them for their ready

When walking along Prince's Street money; therefore he very laudably the other day, I met my friend Gene- assumes the cap and apron, and conral Rampart, who requested my com- descends to officiate as cook on the oce pany to a silversmith's shop, that we casion. might examine a vase which had been To illustrate this remark, I shall presented to him by the officers of his only refer to an article which appearregiment. It was most beautiful; and ed in the last Review on the power while we were admiring the design and policy of Russia, wherein Mr Reand workmanship, who should come view most powerfully and pathetically into the shop but Mr Sneer the damp- deplores our loss of character as a naer! My friend, in the fulness of his tion-our degradation in the eyes of vanity, or his pride, or perhaps a bet- all Europe--the crimes of the cabinet ter feeling, asked Mr Sneer if he did the fatal consequences of the late not think the piece of plate extremely war--the inefficiency of the sinking handsome ? -“ 0, y-e-s,” replied fund—the futility of an income tax as Sneer, “ if it had been gilt.” a source of future supply the impossibility of raising new taxes-the dan- ed by the whole pack of treasury ger of perishing by famine, or falling minions. The underlings of underby the sword-squandered resources lings, and all the ministerial toolssullied fame and above all, the ba- bitter words these-have opened in lance of power ! fire and fury for the full cry against the hero whose genebalance of power! neglected or mis- rous gallantry has redeemed the chaunderstood by a blind and bungling racter of the Queen of the Ocean, administration, who doubtless might merely because he had doubted the have been illuminated, had they soli- doctrines of legitimacy, and was an cited light from the Edinburgh Re- enemy to arbitrary power. How much viewers, not in the form of that most are we indebted to Sir Robert Wilson, obnoxious instrument, a treasury war and how much more to Mr Review, rant, which would have been spurned for informing us of our high obligaat, but in forma pauperis, as best be- tion, of which it is possible we might fitting them. Of all this dread cata- otherwise have remained an ignorant logue of ills past, present, and to come, people. I am afraid the bulk of our country- I shall conclude with a proposal, men have no adequate conception which I hope will not be disagreeable buoyed up by the issue of a few skir. to conversational dampers, that when mishes in the Peninsula which have any observation is made, with the obbeen magnified into victories-by the vious intention of correcting superchance-medley business of Waterloo- abundant pride, or vanity, or even by the restoration of three or four le- the excess of good humour and congitimate, mark that, legitimate crowns tentment (for every excess requires by the acquisition, at the peace, of correction), some person in the comcertain cumbersome territories in Eu- pany shall call out with an audible rope, Asia, Africa, and Americamby voice, A Damper, by which means the the blockhead Wellington being se- notice of all present will be immedilected to command the allied army- ately directed to the benevolent indiand by our mean turnkey triumph vidual, thereby obtaining for him that over a mighty but unfortunate mo tribute of respect to which he is so parch,

well entitled, and which I am posi“ The greatest man that ever was or ever

tively determined, such amiable, usewill be quite a jewel of a man,”

ful, and well bred persons shall al

ways receive from They rashly consider the nation as

AN OLD FELLOW. standing on a higher pinnacle of renown than it ever attained in former

P. S.-Being desirous of saving my times; whereas, were these unfortu- friends unnecessary trouble, I hereby nates capable of a moment's considera- intimate to the fraternity of dampers, tion, and would they carefully read the that when they meet with turtle and Edinburgh Review, they could not champagne at a friend's table, it is unfail to contemplate with horror the necessary for them to remark, that yawning gulf that is ready to devour calf's head and perry are much better them. One ray of comfort, however, has often hazarded, but without the de

things, the observation having been been' kindly emitted by Mr Review, sired effect. for it would seem that the conduct of a certain individual in the affair of Lavalette, has not only exalted his own character, but that of the British nation, in the eyes of all Europe. Here,

THE BATTLE OF SEMPACH. along with a crumb of comfort, we have a display of the true art of damping; and it will doubtless have a sa- The verses enclosed are a literal tranlutary effect in subduing the pride and slation of an ancient Swiss ballad upspirit of this once mighty nation, to on the battle of Sempach, fought have it established, that her degrada- 9th July 1386, the victory by which tion was sealed, unless it had been re- the Swiss cantons established their deemed by Major-General Sir Robert independence. The author, Albert Wilson. Yet this saviour of his coun- Tehudi, denominated the Souter, try's fame has, O shame! been hunt- from his profession of a shoemaker,

Six,

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