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Notes on The Spectator.--Ancient Burial-Letter. Vol. VI. p. 182. The Spectator gives Mr. URBAN, Leith, May 9, a laughable scene between a bookfeller OME weeks ago, a parcel of oid and one of his customers, relative to a writings happened to fall into my volume of French Sermons: to which hands : a few of them appearing to be the Editor gravely adds a note, to inform curious, I inclofe copies of two, to be us that the scene passed in Vaillant's inserted in your Miscellany. ihop, and that the fubject was, it is said, The first is the most ancient Burial. a volume of Maffillon's Sermons;-as letter (as they are called here) that I if the humour or wit of the story was have met with. It is taken from the heightened an jota by telling wholé Ser- original faithfully, and ascertains the mons were the object of the dispute. time of the death of Sir Richard Mait
Vol. VII. p. 282. By an advertise- land, a person not altogether unknown ment fubjoined to this paper, a Mr. to the literary world. Taswell undertook to teach either sex, At this time, when there feems to above 14 years of age, the Latin tongue, exist in the kingdom a spirit for the imby an attendance of only an hour a day, provement of its fisheries, the second for three days in a week, in three may not be unacceptable. It proves, months time from their commencing that, above three centuries ago, the pupils. From which I reckon he of- white and herring fithery was a valuable fered to teach the language in thirty-fix obje&t (for the charter cannot apply to hours; and this, I believe, exceeds any the filmon fishery); and that the ver. thing of the kind yet offered *.
fels employed in it were generally manVoi. VIII. p. 136. The Editor fup- ned by fix failors. And the fubfequent poles that Mr. Addison's papers of a charter, in 1947, proves, that at that ferious nature were written long before time a fi hing vessel was held fo valuathe publication of " The Spectator," ble as to be claffed with heritage or when he had a design to enter into holy land; and that the widow of the proorders. But I apprehend it is much prietor of the bark, in place of having more probable that they were the result right to a third of it, as a moveable, of his maturer years. A mind like his, was entitled only to a rierce (or lifedeeply impreited with morality and rent of a third) of it, as an heritable piety, as he advanced in years, could subject. not fail to grow deeper imprefled with If such communications are agreeable these his most important concerns t. to you, I may have it in my power to
Ibid. p. 160. The Spectator observes, furnish you, from time to time, with that “ an eminent Italian author wishes others, tending to illufirate the laws that, for the benefit of mankind, he had and customs of our ancestors, Tropbonius's cave in his poffeflion;
Yours, &c. SUTOR. which, says he, would contribute more
1. to the reformation of inanners than all To my assured gud freind the Laird of the il'orkhouses and Bridewells in Eu
Saltcottis rope.” How long, Mr. Urban, fhall Efter my hairtlie comendatiouns Seing it we talk about folitary imprisonment, has pleafit God efter ane lang and honorable and not rry the only probable remedy in lyf to gif my father + ane blilit aod happie our power to correct and reform the end and to call him to his mercy Toqutions idle and the profligate? B. S.
being my dit to discharge my leutie in exe
culing of the last offices I have thocht it conP.S. June 4. In your last, p. 463, is
venient to dcsyre yow as ane of the number announced the marriage of Miss Hamer,
of the special freinds he estemit in his lyfe to of Hamer-hall, near Rochdale. I shall
honor his buriall with your presence and to esteem it a favour if any of your heraldic
tak the panes to be at Lethingtoun he myne correspondents vull inform me, what is
houris on Sonday next to cum the xxvil of the arms of the fainily, and if the fame this instant to accumpanie him with the rest as the late Commodore Hamer's imand thereto As I fal bie alwayis reddie to acwhy the arms belonging to the name of quyte yow, I wis not the lyk, in ony usher Hamer is entirely omitted in Edmond.
* An ancient family in East Lothian, of son's “Body of Heraldry?” B. S.
the name of Livington (not Livingstone),
now extin&t. * The advertisement is just printed as it
+ Sir Richard Maitland, of Lethingtoun, was in the original Spectator in folio, as a cu
who died at the age of 90. Sce an account riosity. E,
of him in “Lift of Scotish Poels," p. cxii, + The Editor does not claim this supposio prefixed to “ Ancient Scotish Poems," lately tion, having only mentioned it. E.
published by Mr. Pinkerton.
bere pace ficut aliqua navicula riera di minuman To view has frequently a better ef
thing that lyis in my pouer q' what fall pleis ticabimus acquietabimus et imperpetuum per yow imploy me Sua I commit yow to the presentes defendemus In cujus rei robur et protectioun of God From Halyrudhous fidei teftimonium figillum noftrum presenti. this xxIII of Merche 1:85.
bus est appensum apud caftrum noftrum de Your luiffing freind Dirlton decimo die mensis Maii anno Domini
JO MAITLAND *. millefimo quadringentefimo fexagefimo fepII.
timo Teftibus Waltero Haliburton fratre OMNIBUS hoc fcriptum vifuris vel audi- noftro germano Ricardo Haliburton fratre turis Georgius de Haliburton Dominus ejuf- noftro naturali Henrico Haliburton conjan. dem et baroniæ de Dyrlton falutem in Do- guineo noftro Waltero Foular Henrico Ni. mino sempiternam - Noveritis nos deditie cholson et Ade Bural serjando cum diverfis
aliis. conceftusse et hac præsenti carta noftra cor
GEORGE Lord HALYBURTO. firmalle predilecta scutifero nostra Willelmo [N. B. By a chatter, dated 18 August, Levinton de Saltcottis pro fuis auxilio confi. 1547, John Levingtoun of Saltcottis convers lio et servicio nobis hactenus impenfo Noro to his beloved fon Archibald, and his heirs Iram puram plenam et liberam licenciam ad and asigns, the above puram plenam et libe
ram licentiam ad habendam naviculam ad habendam naviculam ad mare in villa et territorio de Gulyn † fuper litus maris ad pren: lietus maris ad prendendum capiendum fuper
mare in villa et territorio de Gulyne super dendum capiendum fuper mare pisces majores et minores cujufcunque fexus et ad ter mare pisces majores et minores cujuscunque ram deducend. Tenendam et babcndam dic- fexus et eofdem ad terram deducendam Retam naviculam cum pertinentiis de nobis et
servato tamen libero tenemento totius et inheredibus nostris dicto Willelmo et heredibus tegre prædictæ naviculæ cum libertatibus Tuis feu affignatis quibuscunque in feodo et proficuis et pertinentiis ejusdem mihimet ipfa hereditate imperpetuum cum omnibus et fine pro toto tempore vitæ meæ Et rationalbi gulis commodlitatibus libertatibus et ayria- tertia ejusdem sponsæ meæ quum contigerit.] mentis ac justis suis pertinenciis ad dictam naviculam ípe&tantibus seu juste spectare va
“Safe from the bar, the pulpit, and the throne, lentibus quomodolibet in futurum Adeo li “Yet touch'd and mov'd by ridicule alone.” quiete honorifice bene
place a minio per quemcunque superiorem dominum in regno Scocie melius plenius integrius ho
feet than to attempt a serious refutation. go: ificencius habetur seu poffidetur et confi- This seems to have been the idea of the mili modo sicut et nos necnon anteceffores writer of the following curious hand.bill, noitri habuimus et habemus cum laboranti, distributed, fome little time since, in the hus eandem asi numerum rex virorum vel city of Lichfield, and sent to me as a infra ad laborand. in ead. ficut moris est cum libero inti oitui et exitu ad mare ac ad ampli- curiofity by a correspondent in that candum cum tenpestates ingruerint in ali- neighbourhood. Who the author is i quo loco ubi eis contigerit infra diet, nof- know not.
It is written in ridicule of trum dominium cum equis et earum t the Methodifts, whose doctrines have of uxoribus feu servitoribus aut fervienti- late spread very much thereabouts. As bus cum pertinenciis ad obviand. dicte navi- few of your readers can have an opporcuie five cymbe necnon eam exonerandam tunity, of secing the original, the copy piícibus captis et ad terram deductis cum ad is at iheir service. domos iuas joeundo aditu et redućtu per nor
" The Secret disclosed ; or, The itinerant trum memoratum dominium tociens quociens
Field Orator's Methodist Gibberish : noéte et cie ubi et quando eis placuerit et
lately delivered in this Neighbourhood. Opius fuerit abfque moleftatione perturbacione questione taxatione exaccione contra
" You that have ears to hear, eyes to see, diétione revocatione per nos heredes noftros tongues to taste, and throats to swallow, * Teu aliquern noinine nottrum dicto Willelmo draw near ;-draw near, I say, and pick up heredibus fuis et atrignatis quovis colore que
the crumbs I shall scatter among ye - the fito inierendis Et nos vero dicius Georgius crumbs of comfort, wherewith ye muut be er hei edles noftri dictam naviculam five cim.
crammed until ye become chickens of grace, dam cum pertinen. dicto Willelmo heredibus and are cooped up in the henwop of righ
teousness. fuis et affignacis in omnibus et per omnia ut premislom eft contra omnes mortales waran
“ If your hearts are as hard as a Suffolk
checse, or a Norfolk dumpling, my discourse Sir John Maitland, of Lethingtoun, af- shall beat them, as it were, upon a cobler's terwards chancellor of Scotland. In 1590 lap-stone, until they become as foft as a he was created Lord Maitland, of Thirler roasted apple;--aye, even as soft as custardtane. He is the anccitor of the Earls of meat, and meit in your bellies like a marLauderdale.
row-puciding. + Now Gullan, a village in East Lothian, "Do you know winnt trade Adium was? on the South fhore of the firth of Forth. I say, do you know what trade Adam was?
The Decay of Religion and Piety, whence principally arising. 489 If you don't, I'll tell you. Why, Adam was be surprised that their docks are equally a planter, for he planted the beautiful garden cold and indifferent? When we see the of Eden.
clergy more diligent in scrambling for “ Now, do you know what was the first preferment than promoting the falvation thing Adam set in his garden? Hol ho! ho! of fouls; when we see the great and imyou don't, don't you? Then I will tell you. His foot, His foot, I say, was the first thing portant duries of the pastoral care give Adam fer in his garden. But he could not
way to hunting and gaming, balls and keep ic there. No, no, no, no, no, no; he horie-races ; when we see the church could not keep it there; for Lucifer came
crowded with men who pofless neither behind him, tripe up his heels, and trundled learning nor dignity of chara&ter; what him out again neck and houders.
we to expeet from such a state of “I'll tell you a secret. I say, I'll tell you things? When the sanctuary is thus a secret. Knees were made before elbows; openly polluted, need we wonder at the aye, knees, I say, were made before elbows; fpirit of irreligion and dissipation which for the bearts of the field were made before so universally prevails in the higher man, and they have no elbows at all. There- ranks of life and at the ignorance and fore, down on your marrow-bones, and pray corruption of manners which, in these for mercy ; else you will ali be turned into days, lo trongly characterise the lower Belzebub's underground kitchen, to make orders of people in this country? bubble and squeak of your souls for the Devil's supper."
The clerical credit and character have
certainly funk very much, of tate, by Strange as this style may appear, it is admitting into the church men of no a very successful imitation of language education. This is an evil against every day to be heard at Methodist which we hear the loudest complaints meetings; but surely the congregations almost every where; and an evil it is must possess very depraved appetites to relith such coarse food. In endeavoure is indeed a heavy reflection upon my
which most loudly calls for redress. It ing to adapt their language to the capa. Lords the Bithups, that any one of them cities of the vulgar, the preachers of
should be induced, by any plea whatthis sect make use of the grolles meta
ever, to ordain persons who cannot make phors, which, coolly considered, cannot be looked upon but as gross impietjes. clattical learning, who not only are un
appear. that they have any tin&ture of There is certainly a great difference be able to confirue a verse in the Greek tween preaching a language incompre- Testament, but who have never been hensible to common minds, and thus instructed in a tyftem of divinity. The Jevelling all form of common decency: molt illiterate diffenting congregations That the preachers among both the Ef- would reject with scorn and contempt tablished Church and the Dilienters in many whom we fee created deacons and general would endeavour to pursue a mediuin between the tivo extremes, iš priests by the imposition of right reve
rend hands. What an insult then is it strongly recommended to them by
to the understandings of a discerning Yours, &c. S. J.
audience to have one placed over them,
as their paftor and intructor, whole vulMr. URBAN, Leicestershire, June 2. garity of dialect bespeaks the rullicity *HE decay of religion and piety, and meanness of his education, and who
among the laity of the Church of can scarcely write a common biller withEngland is visible in every place; and out betraying his ignorance of the comcannot but give pain to those who are mon rules of grammar and orthography! concernad for the support and honour At a time when the “harvest is to plenof our establishment. That the clergy teous," our Bilhops neither act the part bave, in a great measure, lost that re- of wife or faithful stewar'. by lending spect and veneration in which they uled such raw and unikilful labourers into to be held by the laity, is a truth no less their Mafier's vincyard. obvious. These appearances are not, I Nun sali auxilio, rion defenforibus iftis, apprehend, very difficult to be account Tempus eget, ed for. When picry becomes generally In the neighbourhood where I live, odious and unfashionable, what can the Mr. Urban, we have teen the plougii ministers of religion expect but neglect more than once exchanged for the pada and contempt? and when the zeal of pic, which has giveu occafion to a comthe pastors themfelves is in general ei mon remak, among our lagacious far. ther decayed or extinguished, need sc mers and grazicis, that “when aii othar
GENT. MAG. June, 1768.
means fail, they can become parsons.” parish, either in reconciling differences, It is of no avail to tell us, that their or in admonishing men of rank, who set piety and morals reflect no discredit on an ill example to others." their order. I could say as much of many No clergyman, therefore, who makes an honest farmer in my own parish, and a conscience of his duty, will be satisfied sign their testimonial with a safe consci- with barely performing the public of ence : but will any one be absurd fices which are required of him. He enough to maintain, that nothing fure knows that it is incumbent upon him to ther is requisite to procure a clergyman exhort, admonish, and instruct in prithat respect which will give due weight vate, as well as in public; in short, to to the exercise of his public functions be "instant in season and out of scafon." If the education of a common excise. He considers himself as the father of his man or mechanic qualifies for the cleric flock, as their instructor, adviser, and cal office, why do we spend so many guide, in their moft important concerns. years at school and in college? The He is always ready to offer them his vulgar, who are the bulk of mankind, best advice, his sympathy, and his always look up with the most profound prayers. His godlike office is, “to ease respect to a man of letters : and I will the opprefled, and raise the sinking maintain, that it is absolutely necellary heart." It is his business and delight to the parochial credit of every clergy. to teach his people how to improve the man, that he be respected, not only as a various dispensations of Providence, to man of piety and worth, but as a scholar administer confolation to the afflicted, and a gentleman. And can we expect and to “ smooth the bed of death."either the address and manners of a But when the low-bred and illiterate gentleman, or the accomplishments of a engage in fo arduous and important an icholar, from one who, before his head office, is it to be supposed that they can unfortunately came into contact with acquire the respect or confidence of episcopal hands, never associated with those who are committed to his charge? any above the rank of farmers, excise- Preposterous, indeed, to think that per: men, and mechanics?
fons, who have need to be instructed in Piety and humility, gentleness and “the first principles of the oracles of sondescension, ought to be the diftin. God," thould be able to communicate guishing characteristics of ministers of knowledge to the ignorant, to resolve the Gospel. They ought, indeed, to the doubts of the weak and the ferupu. characterise every one who profelles and lous, to support the drooping foul in the calls himself a Christian. But unless to hour of darkness and despair, and to the abovementioned qualities a clergy: arm it against the fcar of death. man adds a competent Thare of claflical
Yours, &c. CLERICUS. and philofophical learning, and, above all, a critical knowledge of the facred LETTERS ON EDUCATION. writings, how will he be able to “
(Continuent from p. 391.) hort and to convince gainsayers,” or
LETTER VII. “ rightly to divide the word of truth?” He may, indeed, with the help of good
“ Reason panders will." SHAKSPEARE. lungs and a good voice, perform the SIR,
April 17, 1786. the fatisfaction of his heareis ; and, in some few years since, the young
people used to have philofophical he bas been fortunate enough to stum. disputes among themselves about the ble upon a good collection of Sermons, foundation of moraliiy-the origin of evil he may shine in the pulpit. But, as the “fic and unfiterigbt and wrong-sbe pious and excellent Bishop Burnet ob. good of society, &c. But the WISE OBferves, in his “ latioral Care," " he SERVERS of the prefent day take the understands little of the nature and ob- liberty of saying, that the youth pow ligations of the priefly office, who follow the wrong without any diftir thinks he has discharged it by perform- nay, and that 100, long before they know ing the public appointments. In there, what is rigbi. Upon this head, howe all are almost alike : but the difference ever, I will argue, for the sake of my between one clergyman and another young friends, with any
moral Thows itself more sensibly in his private philotophers. What they call wrong, labours, in his prudent deportmint, in I positively aver to be right; and I hope his modeit and discreet way of procur 1
be allowed to be the oldest dupa ing respect to himself, in his treating his tant whatever, upon the subject of the
Strictures on the modern System of Education. 491 origin of evil, and right and wrong, if kind are less than nothing, listen to the that gives any claim of respect to opi- plea of rank, as a palliation of a crime ? pion. Human life, Sir, is too short for According to human reason and juflice, metaphysical disputes and enquiries; it is an aggravation.—But taking your and my young friends are right to fol own argument-You say, you do no low their own inclinations, without injury by seduction when the female is giving themselves the trouble of think- of an inferior rank; and it is only an ing about what is fit, or what is wrong. injury when she is of equal or superior But even without my aslistance, if any station ;-chat, by adding deceit and of my young friends should be attacked falfhood to criminality, the may puls by these fastidious moralists, they can well enough for the bosom friend and defend themselves by unanswerable are the domeftic confort of a man of her gument. For instance, upon the subject own rank.
Be it fo: then, surely, with which I concluded my last letier. every rank superior to your own do no There is nothing more cominon tlan to injury in seducing or debauching your hear youtb of modern honour and falbion lifter, and, in all probability, expoling use this argument for female seduction : her to fame and infamy; or, if not,
“ Why, such a plan, no doubt, would she is good enough for a wife to one of have been disgraceful and infamous to her own ftation. have attempted upon a woman of rank Gentleman. Hold, Sir-Start not such and fashion but to an ordinary girl, an idca-By Heavens! were any man, and below one's own rank, Lord ! be his station what it would, to offer where's the harm ?" Suppote now, one the smallest indelicacy or indignity to of your men of principle ihould take up my fifter, I would put him to death this argument against a gay young fel- without fcruple, were 1 to be facrificed low, it would probably go on in this for it the next inoment.--No more of manner, and in the end you will find this, Sir, I prav. the philofopher will be silenced.
Philofopber. You are justly warm, and Philosopher. All mankind, Sir, are right, Sir. But, on cool refcction, you equal in the light of the Almighty! mutt lee that every inferior rank to you and the rights of none can be infringed have as goud a right to punish people without guilt. What you call people in your ftation, as you have those above of rank and fashion, I suppose, are those you. Believe me, Do as you would of an equal rank with yourself, or ri, be done by” must be the rule of action in fing above that rank; and people of or every fiation and fituation of life, if we dinary condition are below your own
would do rigiit. It is with you as with rank.
too many in the world : the bead is emGentleman. You are right, Sir, as to ployed in finding an excuse for the inthe distinction of rank; but I deny that clination, without examining the pro. all men are equal - consider those bc. priety or justice of ihe action. low me as born to be lubicrvient to me; Gentleman. You dittract me, Sir and I think there is no harm in leduc. Go 10 HELL with your argumen!s. ing a girl that is not entitied to expect This, as I hinted, is an unanswer. me for a husband. If the allows liber- able argument, and the philofopher is ties in such expectation, she is a fool: filenced.
This retort very propírly if she keeps her own fecret, and ma clofes many a debate, and dif utauts nages well, the has a chance of getting can go to no place where they will be a husband suitable to her.
made more welcome; but your men of Pbrloopier. All rank, Sir, is adven- principle, I have always found, are very titious: it might have been mine as thy of coming to BELZEBUB. well as yours. Go back but a little
(To be continued.) way, and you will find all our prede. ceilors were favages and barbarians. Mr. URBAN, Accident railed one, and depressed another. The high to-day may be now A Prick, or pryk, as anciently writ.
ten, means fometimes, no doubt, to-morrow, while those in an humble a fpur; the spur formerly conhiting of 1phere may rile to opulence and ho one point infiead of tive, or more. nours; and can mere accidental circum- Blount, Tenures, p. 125.
Grole on frances vary the nature and obligations Spurs, in Archæologia Soc. Antiq. vol. . of man? Toe higner his liation, the vill. p. 112, Jeq. Hence, 10 prick,
more duties hc histes perform; and wil means to ride, quali, 10 rick the borti, the Almighty! before who's all minde or put him on: