Abbildungen der Seite

And pluck con miseration of his state
From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of Aint ;
From stubborn Turks and Tartars, never train'd
To offices of tender courtesie.
We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.

Shy. I have possess'd your Grace of what I purpose,
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn,
To have the due and forfeit of my bond.

you deny it, let the danger light
Upon your charter, and your city's freedom!
You'll ask me, why I rather chuse to have
A weight of carrion Aesh, than to receive

Three thousand ducats? I'll not answer that 3
But say, it is my humour, is it answer'd ?
What if my house be troubl'd with a rat,
And I be pleas’d to give ten thousand ducats
To have it baned? what, are you answer'd yet?
Some men there are, love not a gaping pig;
Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat;
And others, when the bag-pipe sings i' th' nose,
joyed for many generations) and next line fays, he has answered
thereby became truly and pro- it, and then spends the 19 fol.
perly royal merchants. Which lowing lines to justify and explain
indeed was the title generally gi- his answer. Who can doubt.
ven them allover Europe. Hence, then, but we should read
the most eminent of our own
merchants (while public spirit re-

-Ill now answer that,
BY SAYING 'tis my

humour. fided among them and before it

WARBURTON. was aped by faction) were called royal merchants.

Dr. Warburton has mistaken WARBURTON. the sense. The Jew being alked This Epithet was in our Poet's a question which the law does time more striking and better un not require him to answer, stands derstood, because Gresiam was upon his right, and refuses; but then commonly dignified with afterwards gratifies his own mathe title of the royal merchant. lignity by such answers as he

I'll not answer that. knows wil aggravate the pain of But say it is humour.-) the enquirer. I will not answer, This Jer is the itrangeit Fellow, says he, as to a legai or serious He is alked a question : says he question, but since you want an will not answer it; in the very answer, will this serve you?


[ocr errors]



G 83

Cannot contain their urine, for affection ; *
Master of passion, sways it to the mood
Of what it likes, or loaths. Now for your answer:
As there is no firm reason to be render'a,
Why he cannot abide å gaping pig;
Why he, a harmless necessary cat ;
Why he, a woollen bag-pipe; but of force

Murt 4 Mr. Rowe reads,

is speaking of the power of sound Cannot contain their Urine for over the human affections, and Affection.

concludes, very naturally, that Maiterless paflion fways it to the masters of paffion (for fo he the Mood

finely calls the muficians) fway Of what it likes, or loathsa] the passions or affections as they Majterless Passion, Mr. Pope has pleale. Alluding to what the fince copied. I don't know what ancients telt as of the feats that Word there is to which this Re. Timotheus and other musicians Jative it is to be referred. Dr. worked by the power of music. Thirlby would thus adjust the Can any thing be more natural! passage.

WARBURTON, Cannot contain their Urine ; for Why be, a wholler bag-pipe.) Affection,

This incident ShaktJpear seems Maiter of Passion, fways it,&c. to have taken from J. C. Scali. And then it is govern'u of Paf- ger's Exot. Exercit. against Car. fron: and the iwo old Quarto's dan. A book that our author and Folio's read Matters of was well read in, and much inPalios, &c.

debied to for a great deal of his It may be objected, that Af- phyfics: it being then much in fection and Pasion mean the same vogue, and indeed is excellent, Thing. But I observe, the Wri- tho now long since forgot. In ters of our Author's Age made a his


Exercit. Sect. 6. he has Dillinction: a Johnson in Sejanus: these words, Narrabo nunc tibi He bath ftudied

jocosam Sympathiam Reguli VafAffection's paitons, knows their conis Equitis. Is dum viveret auSprings and ends.

dito phormingis fono, urinam illica And then, in this place, Affection facere cogebatur.---And to make will stand for that Sympathy or this jocular story ftill more ridi. Antipathy of Soul, by which we culous, Shakespear, I suppose, are provok'd to fhewa Liking or tranflared phorminx by bag pipes. Disgrist in the working of our But what I would chiefly obiesve Pajions.

THEOBALD. from hence is this, that as Sca. Mafterless passion fways it to the liger uses the word Sympathiam

mood.] The twoold Quarto's which signifes, and to he interand Folio read,

prets it, communem AFFECT10MASTERS OF pasion.

NEM duabus rebus, fo Shakespear And this is certainly right. He translates it by AFFEC.ION;


Mult yield to such inevitable same,
As to offend, himself being offended;
So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
More than a lodg'd hate and a certain loa: hing
I bear Ant bonio, that I follow thus
A losing suit againit him. Are you answer'd ?

Bill. This is no answer thou unfeeling man,
T'excuse the current of thy cruelty.

Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my an: fwer.

Bal. Do all men kill the thing they do not love?
Shy. Haces any man the thing he would not kill ?
Bas. Ev'ry offence is not a hate at first.
Shy. What, would'st thou have a serpent fting the

Anth. I pray you, 'hink, you question with a Jew.
You may as well go ftand upon the beach,
And bid the main food 'bate his usual height.
You may as well use question with the wolf,
Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb.
You may as well forbid the mountain pines

wag their high tops, and to make no noise,
When they are fretted with the gufts of heav'n.
You may as well do any thing most hard,
As seek to foften that, (than which what's harder!)
His Jewisis heart. Therefore, I do beseech you,
Make no more offers, use no farther means ;
But with all brief and plain conveniency
Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.

Cannot contain their urine for Editors agree with complete uni-

formity in this reading, I can Which Inews the truth of the hardly forbear to imagine that preceding emendation of the text they underllood it. But I never according to the old copies ; faw a woollen bag pipe, nor can which have a full flop at affection, well conceive it. I luppose the and read, Maficrs of paljion. author wrote wooden bag-pipe,

WARBURTON. meaning that the bag was of leaWoolles-bag pipe.] As all the ther, and the pipe of vood.


G g 4


Bal. For thy three thousand ducats here is fix.

Shy. If ev'ry ducat in fix thousand ducats
Were in six parts, and ev'ry part a ducat,
I would not draw them, I would have my bond.
Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring

none ?
Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong?
You have among you many a purchas’d Nave,
Which, like your asies, and your dogs, and mules,
You uie in abject and in Navish part,
Because you bought them. Shall I say to you,
Let them be f ee, marry them to your heirs ?
Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds
Be made as foft as yours, and let their palates
Be season'd with such viands; you will answer,
The Naves are ours.

So do I answer you.
The pound of fein which I demand of him,
Is dearly bought, 'tis mine, and I will have it.
If you deny me, fie upon your law!
There is no force in the decrees of Venice.
I stand for judgment. Answer; shall I have it?

Duke. Upon my pow'r I may dismiss this Court,
Unless Bellario, a learned Doctor, ?
Whom I have sent for to determine this,
Come here to day.

Sal. My lord, here stays, without,
A mesinger with letters from the Doctor,
New come from Padua.

Duke. Bring us the letters, call the messenger.

[ocr errors]

Many a purchas'd save.]This i Bellario, a learned Do&or, argument considered as used to Whom I have

sent for — -] the particular persons, seems con. The Doctor and Court are here clusive. I see not how Vene somewhat unskilfully brought totians or Englist men, while they gether. That the Duke would, practise the purchase and sale of on such an occasion, consult a Naves can muih enforce or de. Doctor of great reputation, is mand the law of doing to others not unlikely, but how should as we would that they faculd do this be foreknown by Portia ?


to us.

Baf. Good cheer, Anthonio. What, man, courage

yetThe Jew shall have my Aesh, blood, bones, and all, Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.

Anth. I am a tainted weather of the flock, Meetest for death : the weakest kind of fruit Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me. You cannot better be employed, Bassanio, Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.



Enter Neriffa, dress'd like a lawyer's Clerk.

Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario?
Ner. From both, my lord.

Bellario greets your
Baf. Why dost thou whet thy knife fo earnestly?
Shy. To cut the forfeit from that bankrupt there.
Gra. * Not on thy foal, but on thy soul, harsh

Thou mak'st thy knife keen; for no metal can,
No, not the hangman's ax, bear half the keenness
Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee?

Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make.

Gra. O be thou damn'd, inexorable dog, And for thy life let justice be accus'd! Thou almoit mak'st me waver in my faith, To hold opinion with Pythagoras, That souls of animals infuse themselves Into the trunks of men. Thy currilh spirit, Govern'd a wolf, who, hang'd for human Naughter,

8 Not on thy foal, but on thy that thou art whetting thy knife Soul, harsh Jew.! This loit jin on the foale of thy shoe, yet it is gle Mr. Theobald found again; upon thy foul, thy immortal part, but knei not what to make of Abiurd! the conceit is, that his it when he had it, as appears by soul was so hard that it had given his paraphrase, tho' thou thinkef an edge to his knife.


« ZurückWeiter »