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Review of New Publications,

437 ulf this work should ever come to ano

96. A Differtation on the Influence of the Pasther edition, it is hoped that the gentlemen, fions upon Disorders of tbe Body. By Wil. who now honour it with a place in their li Tiam Falconer, M.D. F. R. S. &c. being braries, will oblige the Editor by such fur ibe Elay to wbicb tbe Fothergillian Medal Cher notices as their researches may obtain ;

was adjudged. which shall be niost respectfully considered THIS is the first fruits of the laud. hefore re-publishing, should the same hand able institution of the Medical Society undertake it."

1784, of giving a prize medal of gold The two views, drawn by Courtenay or silver for the best dissertations on and Millar, and engraved by Angus, fubjects proposed by them. Dr. Lettare elegant representations

their re

som, in a speech on the occasion, from spective subjects. Mr. Welch appears which we learn that he intended an hif. to bave executed his work faithfully, as tory of the paffions, exprefles his great far as his materials enabled him. He satisfaction in delivering the medal to a has given several blank pages for a con physician of whom Dr. Fothergill had tinuation, and added a copious index to high an opinion. Dr. Falconer has of names.

followed the pallions in their effects on

the several classes and genera of diseases. 95. Objections to be Abolitinn of ibe Slave

Trade, with Answers. To wbicb are prefaxed, Strictures on a late Publication, incia 97. Mont Blanc, &c. (Comeluded from p. 330.) tuled, Confiderations on the Emoncipation

ENOUGH, and perhaps too much, " of Negroes, and obe Abolition of ibe Slave has already been said upon this subject; " Trade, by a West India Planter. Byebe but we willingly indulge the animated Rev. James Ramsay, A. M. Sun. writer of the following epifle, by in

MR. R. who may be called the Han. ferting it at length: way and Howard of ihe Negroes, pusa

“ Since Mr. Urban's Reviewers, p. 329, suing his laudable design against all op. profess willingly to admit into their publicapolition, like many other advocates in

tion appeals from their tribunal, it is prea good cause, in his zeal frequently sumed they will not exclude a disavowal of puthes his arguments further than they

the charge of mean jealousy brought against can bear. In no instance, perhaps, so

the defender of MONT BLANC.

“ They know, or affect to know, whence forcibly, as when he recommends to us

that defence proceeds, and hint, that its pen to give up the sugar colonies and manu.

is accustomed to scribble in numbers; yet factories, rather than hold the one, and impute to envy-what ? even the disintereltcarry on the other, at the expence of ed aftertion of a rival author's claim to poetic humanity, and the rights of to large a honours-a claim which they had unjustly part of mankind as the inhabitants of spurned. They observe, that “ muses of fire Africa: while, at ihe same time, he are apt to bear no brother near the throne." gives us leave to buy sugar of our neigh. A muse, whose fires were of that lightless bours, who manufacture it on the same and corrohve nature, would have felt little hard and unjust terms. Mr. Rs plan inclination thus to have entered the lists as " aims only at the abolition of the slave champion for a rival bard, especially beneath " Trade ; it meddles not with flaves al inevitable consciousness, that if the source of “ ready in the colonies. All our flaves such temerity was guessed, it would be re

are pot yet generally in a state where: venged upon the defender's own works, if “ in full liberty would be a blessing: Mr. Urban's critics. They add, that ibis

they should hereafter país in review before “ Like children, they must be reftrained (meaning the detence of Mont Blanc) is not

by authority, and led on to their own the forf instance they have had occafion to

good. But it would be insidious not remark and to lamini-(they do not say of " to declare, that humanity looks for- wbar, but it is to be supposed they mean of “ ward to full emancipation, whenever envy); but chat, for the sake of a character " they shall be found capable of making they esteem, they fincerely hope it will be

a proper use of it. But this may be the lafi. The author of the stricture in “ left to the master's discretion.” Such question begs leave to observe, that a chais the constitution of things, that even

racter is not likely to become more amiable humanity cannot be rellored to her

by losing its zeal in the disinterefted defence of rights without much deliberation. The injured genius }, and that, if it is a mark of motion made by Sir William Dolben, envy, in the eyes of Mr. Urban's Reviewers, the 20th in fiant, for a bill to regulare concempruerfly refuse to glowing poetry the

to enter a protest against decisions whichi the number of llaves to be taken on

praise they lavish upon vapid nothingness, board each tip, is a preliminary to this author is content to be deemed envious some future reformation.

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u The most exalted literary character now it should not be forgot, that the uncomidone living, well acquainted with the Defender of depth of his learning, and acuteness of his Mont Blanc, has pronounced, with his pen, mind, might enable him to discover connec. that a warmer Encomiast of real genius does tions and consequences which escape a comnot exist

mon observer. “If indeed Mr. Hayley has borrowed a line “ It is sometimes said, that the perucal of from the Engraver, rather than the Engraver his Commentary is now become uselors, as from Mr. Hayley, the latter is sufficiently ho- many of the doctrines of law which his writ. Ajured. But on which side is the plagiarism ings explain are become obsolete ; and that probable? The second edition of Hayley's every thing useful in him may be found, Oje to Howard was printed in the year more systematically and agreeably arranged, 1781. If the poem, which contains the line in modern writers. It must be acknowin question, preceded that beautiful Ode two ledged, that when he treats of those parts of years, whence, but in its want of power to the law which have been altered since his attract public notice, can it be, that nobody time, his Commentary patakes, in a certain recollects to have heard of his SHENSTONE, degree, of the obsoleteness of the subjects to or the FORCE OF BENEVOLENCE, during which it is applied: but even where this is the years that bave elapsed since its publica- the case, it does not often happen that the tion? No occasion, surely, for the most doctrines laid down by him do not serve. (o jealous author breathing to fear lest such a illustrate other parts of the law which are neglefled brother approach wo near the still in force. Thus, there is no doubt but throne."

the cases which now come before the courts

of equity, and the principles upon which 98. Coke on Littleton, &c. &c. they are determined, are extremely different (Continued from p. 337.)

in their nature from those which are the « THE reputation of Sir Edward Coke's subject of Sir Edward Coke's researches. Commentary is not inferior to that of the Yet the great personages who have presided work which is the subject of it. It is ob- in those courts have frequently recurred to jected to it, that it is defective in method. the doctrines laid down by Sir Edward Coke, But it should be observed, that a want of to form, explain, and illustrate their decrees. method was, in some respects, inseparable Hence, though portions charged upon real from the nature of the undertaking. During estates, for the benefit of younger children, a long life of intense and unremitted applica were not known in Littleton's time, and not tion to the ruly of the laws of England, Sir much known in the time of Sir Edward Edward Coke had treasured up an immenfity Coke, yet, on the points which arise respecte of the most valuable common-law learning. ing the vesting and payment of portions, no This he wished to present to the publick, writings in the law are more frequently or and chofe that method of doing it in, which, more successfully applied to than Sir Edward without being obliged to dwell on those doc- Coke's Commentary on Littleton's Chapter trines of the law which other authors might of Conditions. It may also be observed, explain equally well, he might produce that that, notwithstanding the general tenor of the profound and recondite learning which he present business of our courts, cases must frefelt himself to poflefs above all others. In quently occur which depend upon the most adopting this plan, he appears to have judged abstruse and intricate parts of the ancient rationally, and consequently ought not to be law. Thus the case of Jacob versus Wheate censuued for a circumstance inseparable led to the discussion of escheats and uses as from it.

they stood before the statute of Henry VIILS “ It must be allowel, that the style of Sir and the case of Taylor versus Horde turned Edward Coke is strongly tinged with the on the learning of dilleisins. quaintners of the times in which he wrote: “ But the most advantageous, and perhaps but it is accurate, expreifive, and clear. That the most proper, point of view in which the it is sometimes ditħcult to comprehend his merit and ability of Sir Edward Coke's writmeaning, is owing, generally speaking, to ings can be placed is, by considering him as the abftrufenefs of his subject, not to the ob. the centre of modern and ancient law.-The scurity of his language.--It has also been ob- modern system of law may be supposed to jected to him, that the authorities he cites do have taken its rise at the end of the reign of not, in many places, come up to the doctrines King Henry VII, and to have assumed somethey are brought to support. There appears thing of a regular form about the latter er.d to be some ground for this observation. Yet of the reign of King Charles II. The prin.

cipal features of this alteration are, perhaps, * “Well acquainted" as we are both with the introduction of recoveries ; conveyances the writer of this letter, and the “exalted to uses; the testamentary disposition by wills; “ literary character" alluded to, (and in last the abolition of military tenures; the statute month we have, in more instances than one, of frauds and perjuries; the establishment of paid the tribute of gratitude to both), we a regular system of equitable jurisdiction ; heartily join issue in this sentiment; and the discontinuance of real actions; and the th il now dismiss the subject. EDIT. mode of trying titlou to landed property hy


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Review of New Publications.

439 sjemept. There is no doubt but that, dur- Swift successfully took in the chaing the above period, a material alteration racter of the Drapier; there are occawas effected in the jurisprudence of this fional flashes of genius and of satire, not country: but this alteration has been effect- unworthy the Advocate of Geneva. ed, not so much by fuperfeding, as by giving His proposed commutation is whimsical a new direction to the principles of the old and Chimerical; but his plan for prelaw, and applying them to new subjects. Hence a knowledge of ancient legal learning held Market it would well become the

venting the inconveniences of Smith. is absolutely necessary to a modern lawyer. Now Sir Edward Coke's Commentary upon

Corporation of London to adopt. Littleton is an immense repository of every Useful Hint for ibe Improvement of rbe Metropolisa Ihing that is most interesting or useful in the “ The idea," says Mr. De Lolme, “I legal learning of ancient times. Were it not

mean to suggest, is, the removing of the for his writings, we should still have to

Market held in Smithfield to some field at a search for it in the voluminous and chaotic Thort distance out of London. The fields Compilation of cases contained in the Year.

about St. Pancras, or Battle-bridge, would, books, or in the dry, though valuable, A- very likely, be a proper situation. bridgements of Statham, Fitzherbert, Brooke, « That the Market for cattle being held and Rolle. Every person, who has at in the very centre of London is no ornament tempted, must be sensible how very difficuk to the town, I do not think there is any neand disgusting it is to pursue a regular invef- cessity of undertaking to prove. tigation of any point of law through those “ In the second place, the consequence of works. The writings of Sir Edward Coke the Market being held in an interior part of have considerably abridged, if not entirely London is, that the cattle must be driven taken away, the neceffity of this labour.

through the streets the whole length of their “But his writings are not only a reposi- way to that particular place to which they Bory of ancient learning ; they also contain

are bound, however distant that place may the outlines of the principal doctrines of mo- be; whether Tower-hill and Ratclitt-highdern law and equity. On the one hand, he way, or the streets adjacent to Piccadilly delineates and explains the ancient system of This paffage of cattle through the streets is law, as it stood at the accession of the Tudor procluctive of much inconvenience, and very Line'; on the other, he points out the leading frequently of mischief; which would be circumstances of the innovations which then avoided if the Market were held in fume of began to take place. He thews the different those fields abovementioned: the cattle would restraints which our ancestors imposed on follow those roads by which London is sur. the alienation of landed property, the me rounded, till they should reach that particular thods by which they were eluded, and the part or street to which they are sent. The various modifications which property receive streets about Smithfield Market are in the ed after the free alienation of it was allowed. number of the narrowest and most crowded He shews how the notorious and public in London. transfer of property, by livery of feisin, was

“But the providing the cattle with water, superseded by the secret and refined mode of during the time the Market is held, is that transferring it, introduced in consequence of circumstance which I mean more partici the statute of uses. We may trace, in his larly to suggest. Works, the beginning of the difuse of real

« The feelings of dumb animals seem to be actions; the tendency in the nation to con

very quick, perhaps as quick as ours (though vert the military into focage tenures; and they want foresight): it is a kind of duty to the outlines of almost every other point of pay attention to that; especially when it modern jurisprudence. Thus his writings costs but little. Itand between and connect the ancient and

“ The cattle are driven through the dusty modern parts of the law; and, by shewing roads, for several hours, in Summer, to the their mutual relation and dependency, dis- Market-place, where they are kept twelve cover the many ways

by which they resolve hours more without a drop of water. Sheep, into, explain, and illustrate one another.”

especially, must suffer much, as they walk (To be continued.)

close together, in flocks, with their mouths

no higher than twelve or fifteen inches above 99. De Lolme's Observations on tbe Windoro Tax, C. (Concluded from p. 345.)

the ground, swallowing, when they breathe,

more Just than air: the misery of those sheep HAVING been assured that this is a

that walk in the middle of a Aock must be genuine production of the writer whose very great: the heat raised by the pallage of name it bears, we have been induced to

a flock of sheep may be felt at the distance give it a fecond perusal; and, though of several yards. Sheep bear patiently their we fill think the subject treated in a distreis on the Market-placo; but the larger manner abundantly too jocular, and in cattle grow unruly and mischievous. fome parts of it perceive an ineffectual “ The fields I have mentioned, about St. attempt to reach those flights which Pancras, being lower than the New-river



head, would be easily supplied with water. “ with the falutary restrictions of the Troughs, conitructed in a lasting manner, “ law; one clause directs him how it might be placed through all the pens, at the « shall be carried into his bard; another height of twelve inches or so above ground ;

“ displays the legal form by which it is and water might begin to be sent through

“ to be carried out; another condethese troughs as soon as the time of the Mar

« scends to regulate the manner of its ket begins. Two or three rows of larger troughs might also be fixed, to which the

package, and the inscription upon the larger cattle might be tied, and water kept

• truss. In the mean while, his sera running under their noses during the whole vants, neighbours, family, and rela. time the Market is kept.

“tions, are all inftigated to continual “ Some person or persons, paid for that treachery; and he can never close his purpose, ought to be appointed to take care eyes with a certainty that he may not of the troughs, and also to see that the water “ awake the next morning to experience begins constanily to be distributed at the pro. “the rage of offended manufacturers, per time.

" and the vengeance of the Chamber of “ The Market-place might be paved with

" Commerce."--He condemns the con. bricks placed edgewise; which would have duct of the manufacturers in applying a neater appearance ; would keep the place to the legislature to diminilh the price dry, and not be so cold as stones. Houses of of a material; which price, under every entertainment, for the persons attending the Market, would be built in a trice around the disadvantage, is only raised by their own new place.

competition, and the extension of their " In case the proprietary rights of any per. business; and contends, that the higher fons were an obstacle co the removal of the the price of wool is at home, the less Market from Smithfield, the Parliament will be the clandestine exportation of it. might allist the City, not only with a bill, He urges the impolicy of compelling but also with money, if necessary; as the France to cultivate the breed of theep; measure might in fome degree be considered which, however, might not be effected as a national object.”

were the small quanrity of wool supposed This idea is excellent, and well wor to be imuggled really fent into that thy the attention of the higher powers. country:-Mr. Day concludes his well.

written letter with the highest eulogium 100. A Letter to Arthur Young, Esq. on the on Mr. Young; to whom he ascribes

Bill now depending in Parliament 10 prevent the greatest praise for his vigorous cx.
tbExportation of Wool. By Thomas Day, ertions in opposing this Bill.
Ejq. 8vo. ( Reviewed by a Correspondent.)
THOSE who are acquainted with the

joi. Brorber Peter ro Brother Tom, &c. writings of Mr. Day cannot but rejoice

Concluded from p. 345.) when an author of such approved mcrit

MATURE confideration obliges us uses his endeavours to avert the danger to pass a severe cenfure on Brother with which the rights and liberties of Peter, for his unfeeling heart. The one part of the community are actually

most fplenetic resentment against persons threatened. “ Commerce (he fays) is in power, by whom he thinks himself “ in its origin a gentle river, gliding i.

neglected or disappointed, cannot justify “ Jently along its banks, and dispensing

his rude trampling on the ashes of the “ fertility to every foil it visits: a little

dead, and wounding the feelings of sure “ farther advanced, it is a salutary in“ undation, that may sometimes impede been grievously ditappointed by this

vivors. In other respects also we have " the labours of agriculture, but repays publication of the arch wag. " with usury the damage it occasions. “ In its last stage (he fears) it is toe

102. Peter's Pension. A folemn. Epifle to a apt to become an impetuous torrent,

fublime Personage. Witb an Engraving * by “ that threatens destruction in its course,

an eminent Atift. By Peter Pindar. “ and bears away liberty, public spirit,

“PETER writeth Joft fonnets to “ and every manly virtue."--He confie ders the present proposed regulations of and we hope he will never more offend

that he hath not a bard heart;"

prove wool as one of the most extraordinary against Humanity, Modejiy, or Piely.instances of despotism; and describes

He thews that he can ling a tender lovewhat would be the unhappy state of the

lay as well as tell a merry tale—though farmer in the following words: “From

still at the expence of majesty. But “the very instant that he shears the fa" tal fecce, all his cares, all his exer-, * Of a great personage offering a pensiang “ tions, must be confined to complying and of Peter Pindar refusing it.


Review and Catalogue of New Publications.

441 writing, as he ftill does, for a penfion vertisement of the proprietor of bis from the publick, though not from the works, to detect piracy, favours too privy purse, he seems less t nder of his much of the quaint but now worn-out poetical reputation than when our ac- device, - Beware of Counterfeits, for quaintance first commenced. The ad- such are abroad!

Mr. URBAN's Reviewers, once for all, folemnly profess themselves to be under no influence but that of Impartiality and Justice. If, therefore, the works of one publisher feel their lash more severely than those of another, it is not from any resentment either to the Auber or the Publisher, but from a fair and dispassionate judgement of the publications. Not men, but books, are their object. A concern for the interests of Literature urges them to the severity of free and unreserved cenfure. Were booksellers of the greatest reputation to submit to be the propagators of frivolity and infipidity, whether under the titles of Beauties, Fkwers, Abridgemenes, or of Essays, Observations, Differtations, Disquisitions, Sermirs, or under more specious and less hacknied titles, or such Imitations of the writings of celebrated authors as discredit both the original and the imitator, in poetry or prose, and those too full of error, and the effect of hafte—they are fair game to Reviewers, whose province is to expose error, cither by argument or ridicule, without regard to the pocket or person of the author or the bookseller. Publishers' names are rarely noticed in our Review; but if Publishers, for want of competency to juuge of the myit of a work offered to them, or from any other motive, will take up with every composition that a vain, an empty, or hungry author, otfers to them, they stand in need of some friend to pull then by the Neeve, as Apollo pulled the old poets by the ears To Thew, however, how littie Mr. Urban's Reviewers apprehend from an appeal, they have printed one in the last month (see p. 319), founded, they presume, on the warmest friendship, and have left the impartial publick to judge between the two opinions. They have gone further. In p. 437 they have, on the same subject, admittel a second appeal against themselves, without, however, by any means intending to make a precedent.

P. 428. The frontispiece to “ The Book Club” is deágned by James Dunthorne, and etched by J. Rowlandfon. That to “ The Patriot King" designed by R. Smirk, and engraved by Andrew Smith.


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