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eat all day, if vi&tuals were set before of the Negro is perhaps more toler. them, and if not, would utter no com. able under the servitude of his foreiga plaint ; part without tears from their masters, than under the yoke of his wives, their children, and their coun- native tyrants ; despotism being found try, and are more affected with pain the most absolute and oppreffive, where than with death.” Had not the er. the limits of territorial jurifdiction are rors of humanity been entitled to some the most confined. We are told by a proportion of respect, rather than con- reputable and well-informed Author tempt, we might have been prompted of the present day, “ That the more to expatiate on the weakness of those civilized Negroes refleet with horror vilionary lamentations which the en. on their savage condition, and do not thusiasm of benevolence has diffused easily forgive the reproach of having through the nation ; but the genius of been born in Africa, and of ever ha. humanity, even in the garb of weak. ving lived in a state that nature inness, appears with an aspect so graci. tended for them, unless some complie ous and so amiable, that the poignancy ment be added on their improveof censure is disarmed. The condi, ments." To reprobate the commerce tion of the Negroes in the British of the Europeans on the coast of A. Plantations, and the inhumapity of frica, as the primary source of war their masters, have been painted also and depredation among the natives of in the darket colours that fancy, or e. that barbarous region, betrays the grolloquence, or pathos, can display. Such sest ignorance of the history of our representations are adapted rather to species, in the uncultivated periods of move the passions of the vulgar, than society. From the frequent causes of to convince the judgment of the cau- animosity which arise among a barba. tious and unprejudised ; and may ra, rous people, that extensive region, ther be considered as relations of ex. peopled by hostile nations of farages, aggerated facts, than details of histo: must have been always in a fate of rical veracity. Where the influence warfare. War is a necessary confe. of humanity is insufficient, or where quence of human depravity, a calathe motives of religion are not attend. mity with which human nature has ed to, the force of personal interest, been amicted in all ages, and in every where the object is immediately in gradation of society. Among civiliview, will generally be found sufficient zed communities, war is a consequence to obtain the ascendant, and to pre- of policy or ambition, the severities of vent the exercise of any cruelty or which are alleviated by the genius of oppression that may terminate to the humanity : but among favage nations, prejudice of ourselves. Such is the war is an operation of the most turcondition of the Negro, that, whether bulent and destructive paffions. Apihe continues in his native country, or mated by rage, by animosity, and by is transported thence to fome distant revenge, neither the aged nor the inregion, he is destined to be a Nave. nocent are spared; the infant upon the

That part of Africa, which is known breast, no less than the warrior in the by the general Dame of Guinea, is di- forelt, becomes the victim of their fuvided into many small communities, ry. Such is the Itate of nature, which each of which is governed by a petty fome dreamers in philosophy, blinded tyrant of its own, no less despotic a- by the prejudice of fyftem, hare cele mong his people, than the Grand Sig. brated as the most virtuous and most nior or Great Mogul. Prompted by happy. Prejudice; co-operating with interest to preserve his being and by native obstinacy of temper, and noucommon humanity to treat him with rished by the vanity of being diftiasome degree of lenity, the condition guilhed, closes every avenue to codriction; and the bigot in philosophy, men, destitute of property, and awed like the zealor in religion, or the pare by servitude and dependence, fet free tizan in politics, continues to be the from the shackles of restraint, beco. advocate of his favourite fystem, in de. ming infolent from independence, and fiance of reason, evidence, and com- daring from the strength and superio. mon sense. By presenting to the na- rity of its numbers, would be ready tives an object of traffic in their coun- for the commission of the most fagrant trymen, the commerce of the Euro-' enormities. The pallions of a multipeans on the coast of Africa, though tude, depressed by poverty, and overconfessedly the most exceptionable now awed by fear, are like the waters of a practised by mankind, has rendered torrent confined within their banks, their domestic wars less barbarous and ever ready to burst forth on the first sanguinary; and has changed the chac occasion that presents itself. Here the ra&ter of the natives from fierce bar- imagination mighe expaciate, without barity and implacable revenge, into departing from the tange of probabia that of fraud and selfishness, artifice lity, on the scenes of blood, of rapine, and precaution. The manumission of and of perfonal violence, that might the Negroes in the British plantations, follow the enfranchisement of a nufor which a subscription has been open- merous and desperate banditti : but ed in the metropolis, is one of the most since humanity refuses to proceed in extravagant projects that folly ever de. the detail, we shall drop the scenery vised; and may serve to evince, that of this ideal tragedy. When liberalis when humanity is abandoned by good ty becomes the fashion of the day, it sense, in the epidemic fever of bene. is of no importance to the crowd of volence, its exertions become absurd imitators, to what object the expression and visionary. When we consider the is applied, or for what purpose their magnitude of the object, we are con- bounty is to be employed ; they will vinced of its being impracticable ; and run with the current, whether it flows when we reflect on the disorders that in the channel of reason or absurdity; might arise from the execation of such such is the prevalence of popular dea plan, we are astonished at the incon- lusion ! fiderate ignorance of those with whom


POLINUS. it originated. A numerous body of Cumberland, May 5.

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Particulars of the Seizure of the Princess of Orange. Translated from the Re

port of Licutenant-Colonel Stamfort to the Prince of Orange, dated Nimeguen, July 1st, 1788 *.

SIR, V OUR Serene Highness having on entering the boat to pass this river,

I commanded me to give you a we saw the opposite bank lined with a faithful account of what happened to crowd of inhabitants from the town, your August Consort, relative to the who waited for our crolling; and Mr impediment she suffered in her journey Bentick informed me, that he obfer. to the Hague, near Schoonhoven, I ved, at a distance, some soldiers of the proceed to give a minute and circum-. Vry Corps shutting a bar, thro' which Itantial detail of this event, as singu- he supposed we were to pass to Schoonlar as unexpected. It was about four hoven. We agreed that, as it was proo'clock in the afternoon when her bable they would ask us who we were, Royal Highness arrived at the banks we would tell the truth, flattering our. of the Leck near Schoonhoven. Up- felves that at her Highgess's pame they

WOU * Gent. Mag.

would immediately open the bar. We impatient, I defired M: B. to alight, were not mistaken. When we reach- and inquire if there were no officers ed the bar, we saw an Ansjeffade with in this detachment, and, in case there three volunteers coming to meet us, to was one, to bring him forward, that alk us, with an embarra.fcd air, our we might conie to an explanation with names, where we came from, and whi. him. Me B. concurred with me ia aber we were going. At the resolute opinion, and joined the troop. At the manner in which M. Benrick answered same time I got out of our carriage, to them, and in which I desired theni noi inform her Royal Highness co what to make her Highness wait, they re- was doing, when I saw myself fudds. turned to make a report to the guard, ly stopped by one of the volunteers, and shortly after opened the bar to us. who, presenting his piece to me, orderWe saw,as we entered, the guard under ed me to stay where I was. “ Friend,

ms, who faluted her Highness in their (said I) you know not what you are belt manner, and Mr B. and myself doing, you do not understand vont thought ourselves well thro' this difa- profesion; I mean only to tell the greeable way, and drew from it a good Princess, who is in this coach, the omen for the rest of our journey, but reason of our waiting here so long." we soon found ourselves mistaken. I was going forward, but he stopped me

We had proceeded a full league be a second time, crying, that he thculd yond Schoonhoven, when we percei. positively oppose me. I was obliged to ved ourselves suddenly Itopped by a submit, and got into the chaise again; new troop of Vry Corps, whose com- provoked at the fellow's bebaviour, mander asked us the same questions as and was putting in their places a pair at Schoonhoven. We gave the same of pistols : “ What have you there?” answers, but mct with a very different faid the man, “ Have you never seen teception. The officer detached one a pair of pistols?” (said I); I affure of his men to inform the commander you they are charged.” He asked po of the principal troop, who stopped a more questions; and, a moment after, little way behind, but now came for- I saw Mr B. arrive with the officer ward, and told us, that he had orders who commanded the detachment, who to let no person pass without an express was, I know not why, behind bis troop: permission from the comniander of the I desired the officer to go with us to line. « This order (replied Mr B.) the Princess's coach, and he himself cannot apply to the Princess of Orange, repeated the order which; he said, had who is here with a very small suite, been given him by General Van Ryfa and you will easily be convinced of it, sel, commander of the line. Her High if you will be so good as to inform ness desired him to send a messenger your commander of her Royal High- express to that General, to inform him ness's arrival." As I thought I per- of her arrival, adding, that she was ceived that he was at a loss how to persuaded he would give no obstruction aa, and I was going to tell him to to our route. He consented with some make halte, we law a detachment co. difficulty, but absolutely refused Mi tning up of about 30 horse of the re- B's offer to fend off the express in one giment of Hesse Philipstal, which stop- of our chaises, and to accompany it, ped when it had joined the troop of in order to halted its return. All that jolunteers. The officer we had been we could obtain of this officer, worthy talking with left us, and fell into con by his rough mappers to serve in the versation with the Marechal du Logis, Vry Corps, was to permit Mr Bi ra but they were at too great a distance write some lines to Ĝen. Van Rysele for us to hear what passed. Their with which he sent a horseman of his conversation was long i and growing ows company.

: next observed, that, as it was but of her Highness's waiting-maids, who three leagues from the place where we had occasion to go to a place, whither, were to Van Ryslel's quarters, it was probably, no woman was ever so escortnot proper to keep the Princess wait. ed. The officer who conducted us was, ing in the middle of the road will the however, politc after his fashion. He return of the express, and I desired stayed, at first, with his sword drawn the officer to conduct us to some place in the Princess's chamber ; but some in the neighbourhood, where her Roy of her Highness's attendants having al Highness might be more at her ease. observed to him that this was not ac To this he consented, and we prepa- all proper, he made no difficulty of red for our departure. Part of the ca- putting it up again into his scabbard. valry and volunteers went behind the He carried bis politeness so far as to carriage, making such a noise as I sup- offer her Royal Highness and her suite pose highwaymen would do upon a wine and beer, and cven pipes and togood prize. I could not observe the bacco, sitting cross-legged by her side. least discipline or subordination in this Her Highness readily forgave this want whole troop, except what was shewn of respect, plainly seeing that he was a by the lieutenant of the horse to the good kind of brute, whom chance had officer of the volunteers ; he never made, from a Moemaker or a tailor, spoke to him but with his hat in his captain of the Vry Corps. hand, and we saw plainly that he de. After some hours, her Highness repended upon him for his orders, tho'ceived a viGt from the Commissioners of the latter was got at all depended on the States of Holland residing at Woby his miserable troop. They placed erden. Her suite went into the next themselves behind and before the car. rooms but I must observe, chat, dus riage just as they thought fit. In this ring the conversation these gentlemen confusion one of the Princess's coach- held with her Highness, they kept the horses took fright, and I expected every officer of the Vry Corps constantly in moment they would overset the coach the room, whence I conclude that they in one of the dykes on each side of the considered her as their prisoner. They road. Mr B. and I leaped out of the began by asking her Highness the mo. carriage to allilt, but the Vry Corps tive of her journey, and if the meant to had the insolence to hinder us. Mean- go to the Hague. She satisfied their while the Princess's servants disenga. inquiries, and did not conceal from ged the horses from the traces, and them her surprise at what had happenwe set off, conducted like prisoners, ed. They then made their excuses, we knew not where. On the road, and endeavoured to palliate their conwe learnt that they were carrying us duct, concluding with telling her, that to a place called the Goverwelle Sluys, they had been obliged to keep to their where we arrived at feren o'clock in orders, which were extremely strict; the evening. The Princess and her that they had dispatched an express to fuite were conducted to the quarters the States, to inform them of what of the commander of the Vry Corps, had happened, and to get their further who was absent. The volunteer offi- orders; that, till the return of the excers of the troops that convoyed us press, it was impossible for them to let carried us all together into the same her proceed on her journey ; and that room, and her Royal Highness's at- they desired her to choose some neightendants into another adjoining. They bouring town to pass the night in. placed centinels at all the doors, and They proposed to her Woerden or took the most ridiculous precautions, Schoonhoven. She had at first proso far as to cause three soldiers, with posed Gouda, which was nearest ; but their swords drawn, to accompany one as they made many difficulties, and YOL, VII. No 42,



were apprehensive of an insurrection, to Nimeguen. At four in the morning The did not inalt on it, in order to the quitted Schoonhoven, after having prove the fincerity of the allurances quietly pasied thirty-lix hours there which she had given them. She had without attempting to surmount the also thought of turning back to Leer- obstacles raised to her departure ; be. dam, but the difficulty of getting hor- cause, as her intentions were laudable, ses made her determine tor Schoon. The had nothing to reproach herself hoven, whither two of the Commis- with, and feared nothing, but was pere fioners accompanied her with an e- fectly resigned to all that could hasscort of horse.

pen to her. Her Highoess received It was about midnight when we at last from the States the answer so arrived there. Her Royal Highness long expected, at the moment we were wrote immediately to the Grand Pen- about to cross the Leck; and you fioner and the Secretary, and having know, Sir, that the contents of thcle in vain waited all the 29th for an an- letters were not such as to induce her swer from the States of Holland, not Royal Highness to stay any longer in only to her letters, but also to the the territory of Holland. express from the Commillioners, she . I have the honour, &c. thought it was most adviseable to return .

Letter to the People of Great Britain, on the Cultivation of their National

History *. T HE period of our history which dious parsimony, while they regale as

1 has been least illustrated, strikes with every incident of Norman times at once, as being that preceding the in full display. This partiality of our Norman conquest. It is, indeed, a original writers has affected our an. mortifying reflection, that Englishnien tiquaries and historiographers; who, Thould think the history of their own initead of running counter, as they ancestors of no moment, in compari- ought, to this difpofition, have been son with that of the Norman Princes drawn into its vortex. Yet it is cerand their followers, who settled in this tainly a matter of the easiest concepcountry; should seem to think Eng- tion, and most palpable truth, that the land of no account till it became a moft obscure period of our history was prey to Norman ravages ! Perhaps it exactly that which required the most may be faid, that the want of materi. illustration. So that our antiquaries, als for our history, preceding the con- who have confined what little researchquest, is a sufficient excuse for our es they have made to the Norman and neglect of that period. Certain it is, later periods of our history, have acted that these materials are not large, be- in diametrical opposition to their duty, ing almost confined to the Saxon both as parriors and as antiquaries. Chronicles ; while, after the Norman Another reason for reglecting the setilement, our numerous historians, earlier parts of our history is, the dif. chiefly of Norman race, or under Nor. ficulty arising from the heptarchic diman patronage, throw a blaze of light vision. It is certainly a matter of some around them, which renders even mi• difficulty to give a clear bistory of fix nute parts of our history confpicuous. or seven small kingdoms ; but, as the But the attachment of these writers to Greek proverb bears, all excellent things the Normans made them pass the more are difficult; and the greater the dift· ancient history of England with invi. culty, there is the more merit in good

cxccut.00. * Gent. Mag.

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