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frail mortal examples, the Divine suet and Montauzier ; the former of Saviour himself to the Scribes and whom he respected for his learning, Pharisees. In modern history also, as much as he esteemed the latter instances may be found of similar for his virtuous inflexibility. Bosdecision of conduct. Latimer, in suet, however, did not hesitate to his rebukes to the unpreaching commend the curate, for a courage prelates, is a prominent example. which most probably he would not Many of the reformters exhibited have dared to exercise himself; althis undaunted courage in opposing though, it is true, he did remonthe evil measures and conduct of strate occasionally with his royal rulers, both civil and ecclesiastical. master ; and Montauzier remarked Luther and Knox are marked cha- pointedly, that Madame de Monracters in this respect. Indeed, this tespan should have thanked the cuspecies of hazardous fidelity seems rate for having spared her the renecessary to the character of a Re- sponsibility and peril of sacrilege. former : a superiority to the fear of

H. man cannot be separated from the qualifications of one who undertakes to rectify triumphant errors, and Tothe EditoroftheChristian Observer. correct daring abuses; and there is not a little in the circumstances of In the account of the blind man's public agitation, and the oppressions cure (John ix.), it is said, that “ He which usually contribute to generate spat on the ground and made clay a spirit of reform, to cherish and of the spittle; and he anointed the foster this feeling. Perhaps, there- eyes of the blind man with the clay." fore, instances of its operation in (verse 6.) And again, in the cure the more quiet and undisturbed of the deaf and dumb person (Mark scenes of life, are equally, if not vii. 33), “ He spit, and touched his more, deserving of attention, parti- tongue." A circumstance remarkcularly when they display a mag- ably similar in the nature of the apnanimous resistance to the power plication is related by Tacitus, Hist. of evil, clothed with those out- iv. 81. Whilst Vespasian, says the ward splendours which are but too historian, was at Alexandria, awaitwell calculated to dazzle the eyeing the favourable season for sailing that would detect, and to unnerve to Italy, a man, whose sight had the tongue that would reprove, the been destroyed by a defluxion of lordly vice. In this light, the con- the eyes, directed, as he asserted, duct of a curate, in the reign of by the god Serapis, applied to the Louis XIV., merits high respect and emperor for relief; begging him commendation. It is related in the “ut genas et oculorum orbes dignaMemoirs of Madame de Maintenon, retur respergereORIS EXCREMENTO;" that one day Madame de Montespan, " to moisten his cheeks and eyeballs the mistress of Louis, requested to with spittle.” The result of the receive the sacrament from the mi- operation, where a prince was the nister of a village in which she was Thaumaturgus, it is needless to add. residing: but this excellent man To this incidental notice of the pracrefused her request, addressing her tice by the Roman annalist may be in these energetic words; “What, subjoined the testimony to its freMadam! you who are a scandal quency, of Epiphanius, bishop of to all France! Go, Madam, and Salamis

, in the fourth century. This first renounce your guilty habits, father, in a treatise Kara Sapwawv, and then come to this holy rite !" informs us, that ó oré og TWV TTVopa. Madame de Montespan went away Twy was reckoned amongst the standin a state of furious indignation, and ard materia MIRACULOSA of his day. vented her complaints to the king, My object in adducing these paswho consulted on the subject Bos- sages is to shew, that those very isolated and apparently insignificant mortuam vocat.

Articulus enim facts in the sacred Scriptures, which habet vim pronominis demonstrativi. the scoffer delights to fasten on, and Emphasis quoque hic est in voce to ridicule, may always be most sa- dicendi.

dicendi. Non dicit. Si quis fidem tisfactorily explained. The spittle habet, sed si dicat se habere.” Faith, and the clay, it appears, neither taken generally, may be supposed were primarily nor arbitrarily adopta to mean either a true or a false ed by our Saviour for the purpose faith, and has been understood in in question. He found a prevalent each of these ways: but i misiç sig. belief in their efficacy amongst the nifies that particular kind of faith people, whose diseases he healed, which is described in the former and whose infirmities he removed; part of the verse, which St. James, and, in condescension to their no- further on in the chapter, denomitions and customs, he deigned to nates “ a dead faith," and which it employ them as connecting signs, is most certain, on Scripture auwhere otherwise a touch, a word, a thority, is incompetent to the office look, would have sufficed ; and, in of justifying or saving. his hand, the idle charms of vulgar I should not have ventured so superstition became in truth the trite a criticism upon your pages, media of restoring power.

but that to many readers the Eng. Ούτις. lish version only is known, while

some scholars who have only to open Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. their error to their own conviction,

their Greek Testament to disprove The well-known passage in the are not ashamed to quote the renEpistle of St. James, chap. ii. 14, dering in our translation, in support as it stands in our authorised Eng- of a doctrine as clearly opposed to lish version, bears an apparent re

the sentiments of St. James as of pugnance to the doctrine delivered St. Paul. Had Luther and some by St. Paul ; but a slight correc

of his incautious followers duly contion of the received translation, aşsidered this subject, they would has been observed by many critics not have irreverently spoken of St. and commentators, strips it of the James as either uncanonical or difficulty, and exhibits the harmony “strawy.” of the sacred writings.

CLERICUS. “What doth it profit, my brethren, though a mon say he hath faith, and have not works? Can faith save

Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. him?” In this translation, the ar- Our Lord says, Matt. v. 43, “ Ye ticle is before risis is wholly omit- have heard that it hath been said, ted; whereas it is clearly intended Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and to be emphatic: “ Can this faith hate thine enemy." This passage save him ?" Can a faith, of which is sometimes commented upon, as we only hear, but of which we see if our Lord meant that private reand know nothing by its fruits, a venge was inculcated, or at least faith inoperative and counterfeit, allowed, under the Mosaic Law. But save him?

“ Can such a faith," is this the fact? Does the Old says Doddridge in his Paraphrase, Testament any where enjoin or per“ as may be separated from good mit hatred to enemies? works, save him?" So Beza, in his Lord intend to intimate that it did ? translation : “ Num potest fides illa Was it not indeed his express obeum servare.” Again, Macknight, ject to shew that this and the other and many others, “ Can this faith laxities and immoralities mentioned save him?" Poole justly remarks, in this discourse, were corrupt inthat “ ý tisuç fidem non quamlibet novations, the glosses of scribes, designat, sed illam quam postea pharisees, and hypocrites, and not

Did our

the appointed or permitted regula- Every person wishing to receive holy tions of the Jewish code? Still it orders in the American Protestant will be allowed, that in the Old Tes. Episcopal Church, must be admitted tament the love of enemies is not a candidate for orders, by the bishop, inculcated with the same clearness or by such body as the church in the as in the New; and the language diocese or state in which he intends and conduct of some of the most to apply may appoint, at least one eminent men under that economy, year before his ordination. In order seem to indicate that there were to his being thus admitted, he must circumstances under which hatred lay before the bishop or body aforewas considered lawful. I humbly said, a certificate from the standing submit, therefore, to your learned committee of the diocese, that from biblical correspondents, the follow- personal knowledge, or testimonials ing queries :- What was the general laid before them, they believe that character or spirit of the Law of he has lived piously, soberly, and Moses, as respected the allowance honestly; that he is attached to the of hatred or revenge? Did our doctrines, discipline, and worship of Lord add to, take from, or other- the Protestant Episcopal Church ; wise modify this law? and if so, in and that he possesses such qualificawhat respects? What also was the tions as may render him apt and allowed or common practice, as meet to exercise the ministry to the well as the specific law under each glory of God, and the edifying of dispensation ? A judicious review the church. The canon does not of these points would disclose much say by whom the above testimonials important truth, applicable to all are to be signed. They must be ages and states of the church, and such, however, as to satisfy the would also exhibit the harmony of committee. The standing committhe Old Testament with the New, tee of New-York have published a as well as the general character of resolution that they prefer having the additions made in the latter to the testimonial signed by the minithe former.

ster and vestry of the parish where R. S.

the applicant resides ; and will expect the signatures of at least one

minister, and three respectable layTothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.

men of the Protestant Episcopal The interest of late excited in Great Church. Britain, in favour of that hitherto The applicant must also, in order small, and scarcely known, but, I to being recommended by the standtrust, truly apostolical and rapidly ing committee for admission as a rising branch of the Church of candidate, produce to the comChrist, the Protestant Episcopal mittee a satisfactory diploma, or Church in the United States of certificate, from the instructors of America, induces me to commu- some approved literary institution, - nicate the following particulars re- or a certificate of two presbyters specting the qualifications for ad- appointed by the bishop or ecclemission to holy orders in that com- siastical authority to examine him, munion. The statement will, I of his possessing such academical hope, have the effect of increasing learning as will enable him to enter the respect and affection of every advantageously on

of reader for that hopeful scion of the theology. Anglican Church, by shewing the But when a person applies for care and precaution employed in holy orders, the canons allow the selecting those who shall be called bishop, with the advice and conto the sacred office of administering sent of all the clerical members of the word and sacraments among its the standing committee of his diomembers.

cese, to dispense with the Latin and



Greek, and other branches of learn- to the same effect, signed by at least ing not strictly ecclesiastical, in con- one respectable clergyman of the sideration of certain other qualifica- Protestant Episcopal Church, from tions in the candidate, peculiarly fit- his personal knowledge of the canting him for the ministry of the Go- didate for at least one year. The spel. If a person wishing to become above testimonials are to be handed a candidate, intends to apply, at the to the standing committee, who may time of his ordination, for this dis- proceed, thereupon, to recommend pensation, he must, before he can him to the bishop for orders. If be admitted as a candidate, lay be- they do so, the candidate must prefore the standing committee a tes- sent their recommendation to the timonial, signed by at least two bishop. presbyters of the church, stating When a deacon applies for priest's that in their opinion he possesses orders, the same process must be extraordinary strength of natural gone through, except that his tesunderstanding, a peculiar aptitude timonials need embrace only the to teach, and a large share of pru- period since his ordination as deadence. The above directions relate con ; his letters of deacon's orders solely to a person's being received being sufficient testimonials for the as a candidate for orders.

three years immediately preceding When he applies for deacon's or- that event; unless some circumders, he must produce to the stand. stance should have occurred that ing committee testimonials of his tends to invalidate the force of this piety, good morals, and orderly con- evidence. duct, for three years last past ; and It is further provided, that no that he has not, so far as the sub- person shall be ordained priest, unscribers know and believe, written, less he shall produce a satisfactory taught, or held, any thing contrary certificate from some church, parish, to the doctrine or discipline of the or congregation, that he is engaged Protestant Episcopal Church. This with them, and that they will retestimonial must be signed by the ceive him as their minister, and alminister and vestry of the parish low him a reasonable support ; or where the candidate resides ; or by unless he be engaged as a professor, the vestry alone, if the parish be tutor, or instructor of youth, in vacant; or, if there be no vestry, some college, academy, or general by at least twelve respectable per- seminary of learning, duly incorposons of the Protestant Episcopal rated ; or unless the standing comChurch. It is not necessary that mittee of the church, in the State the signers of this testimonial be for which he is to be ordained, shall personally acquainted with the can- certify to the bishop their full bedidate. Information respecting him lief and expectation that he will be from any source which is satisface received and settled as a pastor by tory to them is a sufficient warrant some one of the vacant churches in for their signatures. The candidate, that State. however, must produce testimonials



NEGRO SLAVERY.-No. X. gross misrepresentation, for having

asserted, that the Negroes are DRIVING SYSTEM.

worked like cattle under the whip, The Rev. G. W. Bridges has at- are strangers to the institution of tacked Mr. Wilberforce as guilty of marriage, and to all the blessed truths of Christianity;" and he af- this question is naturally suggested firms that he has proved this accu- by the circumstance that these marsation to be “totally unfounded." riages have all been celebrated pre(p. 35.)

cisely in those parishes where the With how little trutb he has de. Methodists have their establishnied Mr. Wilberforce's charge, as ments. And even if it should apit relates to the instruction of the pear that they have been celebrated slaves in the blessed truths of Chris- by clergymen, yet what connubial tianity, has been fully shewn in the rights do they confer? By what last Number. That Mr. Wilber- law of Jamaica have the marriages force was equally correct in assert- of slaves been rendered valid or ining that the Negroes generally were dissoluble? In some of the other “strangers to the institution of mar- islands the clergymen expressly afriage," has already been proved by firm, that the marriage of slaves is the most convincing and irrefragable not legal; and whether legal or not, testimony. Returns from the West most of them represent it as a thing Indies to the end of 1822, laid be- unheard of. A few years ago, when fore Parliament in the last session, a clergyman of Nevis attempted to leave not a doubt remaining on this marry a couple of slaves by banns, subject. We shall content ourselves the circumstance caused a great with briefly recapitulating the sub- commotion in that island, and he stance of these returns. Through- was obliged to abandon his purpose. out the whole of the West Indies, And in the year 1816, the Attorneywith the exception of Jamaica, the General of the Bahamas delivered number of legal marriages of slaves the following opinion upon the subreturned as having been celebrated ject :-“ Marriages are considered in the fourteen preceding years, in our laws as merely civil contracts. among a population of nearly To make any contract valid, the 400,000, had been four, exclusive party contracting must be of suffiof sixty marriages celebrated by a cient legal ability. But from the Catholic priest. Jamaica, contain- very nature of slavery it is evident ing 340,000 slaves, is divided into that no slave can enter into a valid twenty-one parishes. From seven- contract. It follows, that a marteen of these parishes, containing riage between a slave and a free an aggregate of 280,000 slaves, the person” (that was the point immedireturn is 130 marriages in fourteen ately at issue, but the argument of years, or less than at the rate of course applies equally, if not more one marriage in every two years for strongly, to the case of slaves) “is a each parish. The remaining four mere nullity. But the consent of parishes furnish a less unfavourable the owner would materially alter return. St. David returns 102; St. the case; and, if sufficiently eviAndrews 405; St. Thomas in the denced, may probably be considered East 1612; and Kingston 1648, in as amounting to an emancipation." fourteen years : so that these four The law officers of the Crown at parishes, to use the language of Sir home differed from the AttorneyGeorge Rose, look like a temple of General of the Bahamas; it being Hymen as compared with the rest their opinion, “ that slaves were not of the West Indies. With respect, to be excluded from marriage, either however, to these 3760 marriages, with free persons or slaves; and it still remains to be seen whether that their owner's claim to their serthey are legal marriages, celebrated vices would not be affected thereby clergymen of the Church of by.” We do not understand, howEngland, or only Methodist mar- ever, that this opinion has led to riages, which in Jamaica can have any practical result. On the conno legal validity in any way. And trary, the latest returns from the CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 270.

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