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most fawning Letters that ever was penned, nay, a very few Degree from Blasphemy, and therein fully acknowledging his Offence; which, wrote in Latin with Polydor's own Hand, is preserved in the Exchequer Record-office, a Translation whereof we have introduced. *


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To the most Reverend Lord, my God, the most worthy Cardinal

of York,
OST great and most ! Now the Time approaches

rev. Pontiff, and most ? when our Redeemer, CHRIST, • firm Pillar of the Church of • descended from the Heavens,

God, humble Commendations: "to reconcile Sinners to GOD • And I your Servant, who ? the Father, vouchsafe, oft 6 still' am buried in the Sha

great Prelate, in the same Mandow of Death, have heard • her, to take me from the Shades of your extraordinary Fame, of Death, in this Season of Grace,

and with how much Applause by the 'Right-hand of your • of all Men your most rev. • Clemency, and to restore me

Lordship has been raised to to Holy Light, that, on the • the high Cardinalate Throne : Lord's Birth-day, I, being like

So great is your Virtue, that wife, by your Means, regeneyou reflect more Lustre and

' rated, may be able to return • Dignity on that fupream

Thanks, and pray to the same Order, than you receive there- • Lord Jesus with Tranquillity from ; I, among the rest, do • of Mind, and a chearful Heart,

rejoice, and am heartily pleal for your moft rey. Lordfhip, red; but when it shall be law- I shall constantly do while ful for me, in your Majesty's · Life remains. Presence, to adore you, then

will my Soul be in Raptures • Therefore, good and most o with thee, O God of my com- rev, Lord, have Mercy on me

fort! Most rev. Lord God of speedily, who am afflicted and

Forgiveness, God of Pity, at ' in great Distress : Save me, O · length extend your Mercy thou, who can save for ever! your poor Servant! Your

• Have Mercy, I''say, because Benignity lately forgave my the Season for Mercy and SalCrime, vouchsafe, out of the vation dşaws near. Amen. & Bowels of God's Mercy to

forgive the Punishment like- Your most rev. Lordship's wise, that your Gifts may be

Humble Creature, as perfe& as your most rex. Lordship






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But the Cardinal knew Polydor too well to trust him, or employ him in any Affairs during the whole Course of his Ministry, which leaves us no room to wonder at what Polydor afterwards did, when he thought himself above the Reach of being called to Account for his unjust Reflections on him. We shall now leave this black, ungrateful Author, to attend to the Characters given us by three eminent Writers, a Protestant, a Roman Catholick, and a Player.

“ He maintained his Innocence with Mr. Collier's “ the highest Solemnities, pressed for a

Character of the “ Trial,

and desired nothing more than “ to be brought Face to Face before his Enemies : “ These one would think are no great Signs of Dec " jection or Despair : By the way, this Remark may « serve to clear him in fome measure from the Imputa“ tion of Cowardice, which a learned Historian, (Bithop « Burnet,] has thrown upon him. Fox charges the Car“ dinal with poisoning himself; but, to do him Justice

against Fox, if there was any foul Play, 'tis most likely " 'twas received from those who had him in Custody, “ The Cardinal was not altogether without his Failings ; “ he seems to have affected Pomp and secular Grandeur

too much ; he held the Offices of Lord Chancellor, “ the Bishoprick of Winchester, with the rich Abbey of St. Albans, and the Archbishoprick of York all at “one Time; this, without doubt, was being too

great a Pluralist: He appears likewise to have “ been too resigned a Courtier, and over obsequious to the King's Pleasure, and this Excess of Com“ plaifance he regretted at his very last Hour; and “ to this sort of Misconduct a high Station lies not

a little exposed. But then, he had the Mixture “ of many good Qualities : He was a Person of

great Parts and Industry, had deservedly the Re“ putation of an able Minister, and was courted by

the greatest Princes : His Learning is said to have

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is lain

« lain most in School Divinity, and Canon Law; “ but, notwithstanding this Character of Abatement,

we do not find he was ever taxed of being under« qualified for the Chancery-bench. He is much o blamed by some Historians for Haughtiness and u ftiff Behaviour ; but, if this had been his Fault, uit seems he left it off before his last Misfortune;

" for

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• In further Support of what & Saynt Albons As I would, we have faid of the Cardi. • Mr. Secretary, I cannot expal's commendable Behaviour af- presse howe much I am bown: ter his Retreat, we here intro- 'dyn to the Kynge's Royal duce Copies of two Letters from * Majeste for thys hys gret & him to Dr. Gardiner, Secretary • bownteowse Liberalyte, reputof State, communicated to us by yng the same to be muche Mr. Littleton, (in whose Hands more then I shal ever be aby! the Originals are) which are com- to deserve. Howbeyt yf hys posed literatim, as a Specimen Majeste confyderyng the short of the Spelling at that Time; ' & lygtyl Tyme, that I hal lyve tho' we have modernized the ' here in thys World by the Spelling in most of the other Let- reason of such Hevyneś as I ters, to prevent any Perplexity • have conceyvyd in my hert to our Readers.

wyth the ruinowse of the olde To the Rygth honorable Mr. Se

• Howfys & the decay of the

' faid Archbyshopryck at the cretary, in hafi,

• best to the Sum of viii C My owne goode Mastyr Secretary, • Marke yearly, by the reason

OYNG this Day out of the Aa paflyd for Fynys

my Pue to Hey of Teftaments, wth also my Malle, your Lettres datyd yel- ' long payniul Servys and poore ternygth at London wer dely. Degre; and for the Declara.

veryd unto me ; by the con- • tion of hys Grace's excellent • tynue wherof i undyistand, Cheryte, yf hys Hyhnes be • that the Kyng's Hyhnes, of 'myndyd Í fhal leve Wynches s hys . excellent Goodnes & ter & Saynt Albon's, wych !

Charyte, ys contentyd, that * fuppofyd, when I maid my • I Mal injoy & have the Ad. • Submyslyon, not offendying in

mynystration of Yorke Minster ' my Trewth towards hys Royal • with the Gyftts of the Pro- • Parsen, Dygnyte, or Majefte ·motions spiritual & temporall Royal, I should not, nor had

of the fame, reservinge onelydelyryd to have Life ; and • unto his nobyll Grace the ' much the more knowying his

gyft of vor vi of the best Pro- • Grace's excellent Propensyon • motions. And that hys Plea- to Pyte & Mercy, & re. y fure I Thal leve Wyncheffer ! membryng the francke Departe




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" for Cavendish relates, that, in his last Journey to the " North, he gained very much upon all Šorts of " People, and that he was remarkable, not only for

his Bounty and exemplary Life, but likewise for “ his Condescension and obliging Manner. He seems to have been a good-natured Man, by the Ten

u derness

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yng with of all that I had in • fhal be takyn from me to geve

thys World, that I may have ' and appoynt unto me a conve• some convenyent Pension re- nyent for the same, non ad pom

fervyd unto me, such as the pam, fed necessariam honeftatem.

Kyng's Hyhnes of his nobyll And yf I may have the free • hertshal thynke mete, so gyft and Dyspofytion of the

orderyng his that fhal fuc- • Benyfyts, yt ihal be gretly to

cede unto my lyvyngs, that my Comfort. And yet when • the same may be of lyck va- • any of the v or vi pryncypall

lew yeerly and exstent. Where-hal Fortune to be voyd, the as my trust ys, that, and my • Kyng's Grace being mynded Herte fo gevyth me, that hys to have any of them, hys hyhMajeste wold make no Dyf- nes shal be as sure of the fame,

fyculte, yf yt may lycke yow as though they wer reservyd. friendly to propound the fame, • And thus by his nobyl &

assuryng yow, that I desyre not 'mercyful Goodnes delyvered • thys for any mynde, (God ys owt of extreme Calamite, &

my judge,) that I have to restoryd to a newe Fredome, • accumulate Good, or defyre, • I shal, with God's Mercy & • that I have to the mucke of `Help, fo ordyr my Lyff, that • World ; for, God be thank- ' I trust hys Majeste ihal take

yd, at thys ower I let no fpecial Comfort therin, & be

more by the Ryches of & Pree- pleasyd with the same: Spero • minences of the World, then quod hoc, quod peto, non vide

by the dust under my Fote ; bitur magnum. Howbeyt I • but onely for the Declaration ' most humbly submyt and re

of the Kyng's Favor & hyhe . ferre all my Petytions, immo • Cheryte, & to have where 'noftram Vitam, to his gracyous • with to do good dedys, & Ordynance & Pleasure, pray. • to helpe my poore servants & 'ing yow to declare & syg. • kynnysfolks. And further. nify the fame, lupplying myn

more that yt wold please the Indyspofytion & lacke of • Kyng's excellent Goodnes by • Wyt, waynyd by Reason of

your freindly Medyation, con- my extreme forowe & hevy. fyderyng how slendyrly I am nes, that the same may be to furnyshyed in my Howse, nowe • the Kyng's oftentation, wher,

specially that the Apparell of « in I had lever be ded then to Wynchester and Sayni Albons • offende in Word, Thowght,

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66 His


« derness and Regret between him and his Family “ at parting, and his declaring, That no Circumstance in bis Misfortunes troubled him so much, as bis being disabled from making a Proviston for his į Servants.

1 • or Dede. And as towchying thus with my daily Prayer • the grantyng of the Fee of one 'I byd yow farewell. From • C L. for Mr. Nores duryng . Aber hapely with the rude • hys Lyff for hys good Servys Hand and mofte hevy herte of • done unto the Kyng's Hyh- Yowr assured Frende nes, for the wych I have al

« E Bedysman, • ways lovyd him, and for the

« T. Car.lis Ebor." • fingular good hert and mynde, that I knowe he hath alweys

To the Ryght honorable and • borne unto me, I am content ' my afuryd Frende Maftyr • to make out my Grawnte upon • the fame, ye & it wol please My owne goode Maftyr Secretary, the Kyng to inlarge iť C

FTYR my mofte herty and semblebly cause

Commendations I pray • Mr. Theforer hath the kepyng • yow at the reverens of God • of the Kyng's Game nygh to to helpe, that Expedition bę • Fernam, I wold gladly, if it ufyd in my Persuts, the De• may stand with the Kyng's • lay wherof fo replenysyth my • Pleasure, grawnte unto hym Herte with Hevynes, that 1 | • the Reversion of such Reve. take no refte ; not for nues of the fayd. Lands, fithens

vayne fere, but onely for the • then with the

of miserable condytion, that I am • the Fee above that wych is presently yn, and lyklyhod oldely accuftomyd, to the

to contynue yn the fame, onles • Sum of XL L. by the Yeere; • that yow, in whom ys myn • & also I wold gladly geve to assuryd Trufte, do_help & • Mr. Camptroller a lycke Fee, • relive me therin. For fyrst, • & to Mr. Ruffel, another of contynuyng in this moiste & • XX L. by the Yeere. Remyt- corrupt Ayer, beyng enteryd

tyng thys and all other my • into the Passyon of the Dropsy • Suts to the Kyng's Hyhnes • Pleasure, Mercy, Pity, & Com.

Appetitus et continuo insomnio, paffion, mofte humbly beseech- • I cannot lyve: Whirfor of neyng hys Hyhnes so nowe gra- • ceslyte I must be removyd to

cyously to ordyr me, that I • some other dryer Ayer and Place, • may from henceforth serve where I may have Comodyté "God quietly & with repose of of Physycyans. Secondly, hava • mynd, & praye as I ain most yng but Parte, wych is now • bowndyn, for the Conserva- decayd, by viji. C L. by, the

tyon & Increase of his most Yeere, I cannot tell how to nobył & Royal Estate. And • lyve, & kepe the poore nom

• byr


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