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rit, in order to make him fome Amends, he would at times fend him a comfortable Message ; and Madam Ann too, at the King's Entreaty, after she had contributed all she could to ruin him, once sent the Cardinal a Present of a Tablet of Gold, that used to hang by her Side. This put Wolfey upon thinking, that some Service might be done him, through the Interpofition of this Lady; therefore he writ not only to her, but to Cromwell, and, in his Letter to that Gentleman, intreats him to follicit the King to be gracious unto him, and to practise so as that the Lady Ann might mediate for him. Cromwell, in Answer to the Cardinal's Letter, says, “Mr. Page delivered the Letter

to the Lady Ann, but there is yet no Answer : She gives kind Words, but will not promise to speak

to the King for you.” And, in another Letter to a third Person, Cromwell writes, “None dare speak

to the King on the Cardinals Part, for fear of “ Madam Ann's Displeasure.”

After he found himself deceived, The Cardinal reand that there was a further Intené fleets on his Disap

pointment. tion of depriving him of the Revenues of the Bishoprick of Winchester, the Cardinal said, God be my Judge, I never thought, and so I was assured at the making of my Submision, to depart from any of my Promotions for the Rigour of the Law ; for any Offence that can be attested against me deferveth no such Punishment, and so, trusting to the King's Goodness, I am come to this point. I hope his Grace will consider the same accordingly. I have had fair Words, but little comfortable Deeds. Those Noblemen did otherwise promise to me, upon their Honour, upon the Truft whereof I made the frank Gift of my whole Eftate. The Cardinal further hints in a Letter,

That, « when he submitted and made a free Gift of all " that he had to the King, which he did at the Per“ fuasion of divers Noblemen, it was promised him,

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" that the King would make an Order for the Payment
“ of his Debts, and Maintenance of his Eftate ; yet
“ now he is in great Want of Relief.”
Still receives

He still received frequent Messages
Messages from from the Court, but more of them af-

flicting than consolatory, his Enemies using all possible Artifices, having greatly reduced him, to crush him entirely. As the King had seized all his Estate and Effects, besides his Colleges both at Oxford and Ipswich, they laboured to prevail on him to convert these Colleges to some other Purpose, which was so sensible a Mortification to Wolsey, that he desires Cromwell to be a Friend to his Colleges, and not suffer the Lands, applied thereto, as well by the Pope's as the King's Afient, to be converted to profane

Uses. To this Cromwell answered, “As
Letter to him. “ touching your Colleges the King is deter-

“ mined to diffolve them, and that new Offices should be found for all the Lands belonging

to them, to intitle his Highness thereto, which he had “ already drawn for that Purpose ; but whether his

Highness, after the Diffolution of them, means to revive them again, and found them in his own Name, I know not; wherefore I entreat your Grace

to be content, and let your Prince execute his Plea“ sure.” Wolsey, taking the Suppressing and Dismembering of his Colleges very heavily, again earnestly follicited Cromwell to endeavour to prevent the making void what had been authentically confirmed by the greateft Authority on Earth, saying, “ If such a Thing was “ done, it would be against the Laws of God and " Man.” And he did not stop here, for he wrote to the King on that Head, using these Expressions, “I hum

bly, and on my knees, recommend to your Grace's Charity and Goodness the poor College of Ox

ford:And ordered, that this Letter should be presented to the King by the Dean and Canons of the said College; but it appears, that, notwithstanding



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these Applications, the King dissolved the Colleges,
and that at Ipswich quite dropped, but the other the
King founded a new, as is before-mentioned.

The Cardinal in his Prosperity, at great The King sei-
Expence, caused his Tomb to be prepa- dinal's Tomb.
red, which not being finished before his
Adversity, Antonio Cavallory, a most exquisite Work-
man employed about it, writes thus to him, “ That for

gilding that Part of his Tomb, already done, being
“ the Half, he had laid out 380l. 13s. and there-
“fore desires to know his Pleasure, whether he meant to
“ have the rest of his Tomb perfected; because, if he
“ did not so mean, he desired the Cardinal's Leave, that
“ the Gilder might go Home to Antwerp, and that
“ the Carver might have the like Leave to return to

Italy.But, it seems, the King seized the * Tomb
likewise, which made the Cardinal afterwards desire
to have it restored to him, to the Intent that he might
order and dispose the same for his Burial, which is like-
ly, (said he) by reason of my Heaviness, to be shortly.
Yet it seems this Request was denied him, as well
as that of Money to pay his Debts.

The Cardinal, being now fully fatif- The Cardi-
fied of the Designs his Enemies had on
his Life, used all wise and necessary Pre-
cautions, in order to frustrate them, and armed him-
self with so much Patience, that they could not provoke
him either to say or do any Thing that might justly
render him obnoxious. However, being stript of his valt
Fortune, and the Prospect of being yet more Nighted,
tho’undeservedly, making deep Impressions on his Spi-
rits, he fell into a dangerous Sickness much about the
Time he wrote the Letter we have just mentioned to
Cromwell, the King began now to relent, and Dr. Butts
was by his Order sent to attend him, who found him

* As his Majesly had stript him Covering, when dead, would be
of his very Robes, while living, unneceffary, as a fine Tomb or
he doubtless thought a needlels Monument might be deemed.

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Heart *

extreamly ill. Upon his Return to Court he reported, " That, if the Cardinal did not receive Comfort from “ his Majesty, he would within four Days be a dead “ Man." When the King made Answer, " God for

bid, that he should die, for I would not lofe him " for 20,000 l. I pray you go to him, and do your " best Care to him.” Upon which, Dr. Butts advising the King to send some Gracious Message to him, his Majesty took a Ring from his Finger, charged with a Ruby, upon which his own Picture was engraved, commanding the Doctor to deliver it to him, and withal to acquaint him, That he was not in his

offended with him for any Thing, using other Expreffions which discovered a friendly and tender Concern for him ; and the Lady Ann, at the King's Request, also sent him Tokens of Favour. Upon receiving them, the Cardinal too easily apprehended the King and his Lady were seeking a Reconciliation with him ; and soon after he was in a good Way of Recovery. The King grants

The King about Candlemas was Wolseya Par- pleased to grant the Cardinal a full and

general Pardon. Rapin fays, “ Among

is all the Pardons in the publick Acts, “ there are none so full and particular as this, which

was done in order to relieve the Cardinal in some “ measure from the Anxiety he had been under from « Oetober to that Time, before his Pardon, he well

knowing, that he was subject to the Penalty of “ perpetual Imprisonment, which seemed to him to “ be equal, if not greater, than any Loss he had yet “ sustained.”

This Pardon was drawn fo full as to take in the highest Articles charged on him ; and that it was penned with the utmost Advantage and Strength of Law niay be further proved from Sir Edward Coke's Authority, which take in his own Words.


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* Then he had a very evil and ungrateful one.

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« The most learned * and beneficial Pardons, which

we have read, or do remember, were that to William Wickham, Bishop of Winchester, (for good Men “ will never refuse God and the King's Pardon, be“ cause every Man does often offend both of them) " and the other to Thomas Wolfey, Cardinal, which are “ learnedly and largely penned.”

Now the King gave him further Marks of his Friendship, and promised to restore to him the whole Revenues of the Archbishoprick of York; and at the fame time sent him fome rich Furniture for his House and Chapel


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* Articuli Pardonationis Reve- * The Articles in Cardinal W0L

rendiffimi Patris THOMÆ, Car- SEY's Pardon, 21 Hen. VIII.
dinalis, &c. 21 Hen. VIII. ::

Feb. 12.
Feb. 12. t
Omnimoda Proditiones tam maa All manner of Treasons or Trea-

jores quam minores; Proditio- cheries, as well High as Petty
num Mefprifiones & aliæ Mef Misprisons of Treason, and o-
prisones ;

ther Misprisons ; Legum subversiones, & earum illi- Subvertions of the Laws, and ilsitæ Extensiones ;

legal Extentions thereof;
Outlagarum quæcunque ;

All Outlawries ;
Intrufiones & ingressus in tempo- Intrusions and Invasions on the

ralia Archiepiscopatuum, Episco- ; Temporalities of Archbishop-
patuum, Abbatiarum, Priora. ricks, Bishopricks, Abbeys,
tuum, five aliarum Domorum Priories, or other Religious
Religiosarum, infra Regnum An- Houses, within the Kingdom
gliæ ;

of England; Provifiones Bullarum circa Exe- Procuring Bulls relating to the

cutionem Officii Legationis de Execution of the Legatine Of Latere, contra formam Statuti fice, contrary to the form of de provisoribus.

the Statute of Provisors. Concello quod præfatus THOMAS That the said Cardinal, Thomas,

Cardinalis omni pardonatione & may enjoy all manner of Par: gratia gaudeat, populo Regni dons and Graces, granted to ANGLIÆ in aliquo parliamen- the People of the Kingdom of to concesa;

England in any Parliament ; Donatio Archiepiscopatus EBORA- AGrant of the Archbishoprick of CENSIS cum pertinentiis.

YORK with its Appurtenances.

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+ Cotton. Libr. Julius I. fol. 271. Ann. Dom. 1529.

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