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E E C H
MADE AT THE
AMONG the excellent Orders of that glorious Senate of Rome one was, that any Senator having a Right to speak to every Business in Debate, might instead of giving his Sentence to the present Question (if he had no mind to declare himself) propose any Thing else, that was in his Judgment e Republica, of
The Rota was a Club of speculating Politicians in those Times of Confusion, when almost every Man unhappily thought it his Business to make or mend Government; and to this Butler alludes in his Hudibras.
But Sidrophel, at full of Tricks
As Rota-M*» of Politics. P. 2. C. 3. V. 1107.
The Founder of it was James Harrington, Esq; who in the beginning of the civil War sided with the Prrfbyteriam, and in 1646, went as a Volunteer with the (ommissioners appointed by Parliament to go to the King at Newcastle to treat for a Peace and Settlement, and bring him nearer to London, who, talcing a liking to Mr. Harrington s Conversation, admitted htm a Groom of his Bedchamber, in which Attendance he continued till the King's Death. After that, thinking that Monarchy would never be restored, he
Concernment to the Commonwealth. This Custom I humbly desire may be received into this ingenious Assembly, and that I may have the Honour to be the first Man that shall put it in Practice. For I perceive, we have not only heard all, and more than aH, that can be said to the Purpose concerning over-Balance and Proprietys but like those that are out os their Way, the further we go the further we are from our End j and I doubt, in Conclusion. shall come to discover, that there is no such Thing at present in the English Nation, as either the one, or the other—Besides, Sir, as all Rotations and Wheelings cause a kind of Giddiness in the Brain; so if we provide not some wholesome Diversion for those that we have so often heard of, it will not be in the Power of this sober and considerate Coffee to
followed his own Genius, which chiefly lay towards Politics and democratical Government, and writ his Octan/t or System of a perfect Commonwealth. In 1659 in the Beginning of Mcbatlmet Term he and his followers had every Night a meeting at the then Turks-Head in the new Palace Yard at Westminster called MileSt CtjseeHovse, to contrive the Model of a Commonwealth, to be erected in England. Their Scheme was, that the third Pnrt of the Senate should rele out by Ballot every Year, so that every ninth Year the said Senate would be wholly altered, and from hence they got the Name of the Rtta-Club. See Weed's Athene
Concerning o-vtr-Balaatt end Propriety.] Harrington** Foundation Maxim was, thai Ems ire felleivs the Ballance of Profrrti, whether lodged in one, a sew, or many Hands; n .J observed, " That the
keep us in our Wits. Although if it be the black Broth which the Lacedemonians us'd, as some learned Authors are of Opinion, I grant it hath a sovereign Operation to strengthen politic Notions, especially such as concern Republics, and is the fame which Lycurgus himself drank, when he form'd his Commonwealth; and among other excellent Constitutions, hit / upon that excellent Law, that enjoins Women to wear Slits in their Petticoats, and Boys to /leal Bread and Butter, as Plutarch writes in his Life j and I could wish Mr. Harrington may be desired by this Assembly to introduce it into his Oceana—But this is not that, which I purpose to propose at this Time, but something that does more immediately concern the present Government, which as yet we live under, for whose Service I suppose these Meetings are pe
"Troubles of Ills Time were not to be wholly attributed to WU"fulness or Faction, neither to the Misgovernment os the Prince, "nor the Stubbornness of the People; but to a change in the Ba*• lance of Property, which ever since Henry the seventh's Time "was daily falling into the Scale of the Commons, from that of the "King and the Lords ."——All Imperfections of Government he imputes to o-ver-Balancc, which in one, fays he, creates absolute Monarchy, in the sew Aristocracy, and in the People popular Government, See Harrington's Life and Works.
Although if it le the hlaci Broth, which the Lacedemonians used] Plutarch tells us, that this Black Broth, whatever it was, was the favourite Food of the Ltt.eJt.r.cnigns, especially of the older and graver Sort.
culiarly intended—And that is, whether the late Name of Rump be significant, proper, and adequate to the present Parliament. I doubt not, but at first Sight it will appear to most Men to be nothing less; but if you please to trust me with your Patience for a few Minutes, I dare undertake to make it appear, not only out of all Antiquity and the Consent of all Ages, but the Testimony of Nature herself, that it is not only the most proper, apt, and significant, but the most honourable Denomination, that could by the Wit of Man be given unto it.
The learned Eben Ezra and Manajseb Bert Israel do write, that there is in the Rump of Man a certain Bone, which they call the Bone Luz; this, they fay, is of so immortal and incomprehensible a Nature, that at the Resurrection out of it all the rest of the Bones and Members shall sprout, just as a Plant does out of a Kernel: and is there any thing that
The Ur.riud Eben Ezra, &c] Our Author introduced this and several other of the Arguments which follow, into the second Canto of the third Part of his HnJihreu, where he describes the Burning of the Rump; but, in my Opinion, not with the Propriety, in which they appear here, as it could not naturally be supposed, that the Statesman, into whose Mouth they are there put, rushing
can bear a nearer Resemblance to this Rump Bone than the present Parliament, that has been so many Years dead and rotten under Ground to any Man's thinking, that the Ghosts of some of the Members thereof have transmigrated into other Parliaments, and some into those Parts from whence there is no Redemption, should nevertheless at two several and respective Resurrections start up, like the Dragon's Teeth that were sown, into living, natural, and carnal Members? And hence it is, I suppose, that Physicians and Anatomists call this Bone Os sacrum, or the holy Bone.
The Ægyptians in their Hieroglyphics decyphered a Prince by a Bee: now a Bee, you know, does carry not only his Militia or Defence, but his whole politic Interest in his Tail; for when he has lost his Sting he is presently banished that well order'd Government, as an unprofitable Member and a Drone.
in, as he is there described, in the utmosl. Fear and Haste, could have a Mind at Liberty enough to descant, in the manner upon the Subject.
The learned Rabbins of the Jews
Write there's a Bone, which the/ call Luz, &c.
Hud. P. 3. C. 2. V. 1615.