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amongst us, is a decided proof of beauty of the solo, and the delicacy the very limited progress which the of the accompaniment. But these public taste for music had made in are not indications of the sublime. his day. So late even as the latter Church music is therefore on the quarter of the eighteenth century, decline. Sublimity is the highest when the harpsichord and piano be walk of our art, as of every other. gan to form requisites in good edu Our art is, therefore, on the decation, the most fashionable, indeed cline!' We regret to be obliged to we might say, the only composers add, that Dr. Crotch's lectures' are for those instruments, were persons not likely to reform and exalt it. whose works and names have already They are not at all popular in their fallen into complete oblivion.- Who character. They are calculated now, for instance, hears of the merely for the connoisseur or the madrigals, and rondos, and sonatas professor, as they abound in details, of Eicbner, Sterkel or Nicolai? which cannot be understood, or at Boccherini, Haydn, Clementi, Han-, least not relished, by any person del, and finally, Beethoven and who has not been initiated in the Mozart, gave a

new impulse to technical difficulties of the science. music, and revived much of its ancient grandeur. Rossini has established a school of his own, which has for some time been rivalling

Art. XIII.-A Descriptive and that of Germany; between both, the

Historical Account of the Liverpublic taste has continued to im pool and Manchester Railway. prove. Both are iningled at the

-By Joseph Kirwan, Civil EnPhilharmonic concerts; the style

gineer. 8vo. pp. 32. London : peculiar tu each, is taught at the

Simpkin and Marshall. Glasgow :

M:Phun. 1831. Royal Academy; but from neither do we derive any additions to our We should by all means advise church music, which is in a most the traveller, who thinks of taking deplorable condition.

a trip on this celebrated railway, It is in this department that we already admitted to be the wonder may most clearly perceive the de and greatest ornament of our councline, which has taken place in the try, to purchase Mr. Kirwan's pamscience of sweet sound. As long, phlet, before he gets into his seat. says Dr. Crotch, 'as the pure sub He will not have time, indeed, to lime style, the style peculiarly suited read it all on the way, although it to the church service, was chaunted, numbers only thirty-two pages, but which was only to about the middle he will derive much satisfaction of the seventeenth century, we con from the accurate account which sider the ecclesiastical style to be in it contains of the construction of a state worthy of study and imita the road, the country on its borders, tion,-in a state of perfection. But the engines, and other matters, upon it bas been gradually, though not which his curiosity will be, at the imperceptibly, losing its character of moment, strongly excited. From sublimity ever since. Improve the most recent intelligence conments have indeed been made in the nected with this magnificent entercontexture of the score, in the flow prise, it appears that it is going on of melody, in the accentuation and most prosperously, and with the expression of the words, in the same astonishing success as at first;

that the locomotive engines con called a judge-made law in this tinue to ply with unabated vigour country, to be found in decided and effect; that they make now, cases, which cases generally govern in all, four or five journeys, if not the Courts of Law and Equity, in more, every day, from Liverpool to the construction of acts of the LeManchester, and back again : that gislature. But if the number before the journey is in general performed us, together with those that have in two hours, and frequently less : preceded and are to follow it, be and that even the mail itself is now intended to instil into the minds of conveyed on the railway, the guard the tradesman and the mechanic, merely taking his station with the the great practical principles of bags, in the train of one of the en prudence and caution in his dealgines, and thus, from three to four ings, and in the management of his hours may be saved in the time of property, which we believe to be the writing and receiving an answer real object of this “ Familiar Adbetween the two towns. Great viser," then we must award it our quantities of cotton, cotton goods, continued praise. When a plain coals, &c., are now conveyed in man reads here, for instance, the either direction, along the railway, Abstract of the 10th of George IV., and additional engines are only being an Act to consolidate and wanting to carry on a trade of ten amend the Laws relating to Friendly times the extent.

Societies, he may not possibly understand all its provisions. But he

will learn that some regulations are ART. XIV.—The Laws relating to

to be observed, in order to entitle

any society of that kind of which Benefit Societies and Saving

he chooses to become a member, to Banks. 12mo. pp. 98. London:

the protection of the law, and he Washbourne. 1831.

will not endanger bis money unIrit wereintended, by the publication less he be satisfied, upon enquiry, of this little work, forming the fourth that the proper steps have been number of the" Familiar Law Ad taken for that purpose. The Abviser,” to make every man his own stract of the Law of Savings Banks, Lawyer, we should look upon it as which is presented to him in this a very mischievous production. We work, will also set him about askare confident that no greater injury ing proper and necessary questions could be inflicted upon a tradesman, of the officers of those institutions, be be engaged in limited or exten before he deposits his cash in their sive business, than to place ab keeping. In this point of view, as stracts of statutes, or commentaries a friendly monitor, not as a final upon them, in his hands, at the director, we have no hesitation in same time recommending him to sanctioning this work by our apconfide in his own judgment for the proval. An ample table of contents correctness of his interpretation of precedes a clear and concise Abstract the Law. Such a course as this of each Statute, and schedules are would, in all probability, lead him given at the end, containing such into perpetual and expensive liti forms for orders, declarations, bonds, gation, and would teach him, per awards, and any other matters of haps too late, that besides the sta that description,

which the law may tutes, there is what is commonly prescribe.

Art. XV.-Five Years of Youth ; separate projections of small zones

or, Sense und Sentiment.-By in the heavens, containing the whole Harriet Martineau. 12mo, pp.

of the 848 double and other com-, 264. London: Harvey and pound stars, and 2,500 Nebulæ, Darton. 1831.

and clusters of stars, from the caThough somewhat evangelical, talogue of Sir W. Herschell ; togeand rather too exclusive in her

with 103 Nebulæ from the obserreligious notions, Miss Martineau

vations of Messier, and the rehas displayed in this production mainder of the stars to the 8th considerable knowledge of the magnitude (inclusive) visible in the world. It is a tale of two sisters, latitude of London, as laid down in one of whom is governed in all

Bode's Atlas, Berlin, 1801. The her actions by the suggestions of maps are to be accompanied by a good sense, while the other yields

set of tables for each projection, as often to the temptations of sen

containing Sir W. Herschell's detiment and ambition, hoping to be

scriptive particulars and general come the most brilliant of her sex.

observations upon the above celesThey are led by the author through

tial phenomena, and by extracts

from his various communications a variety of incidents, well calculated to engage the attention of

to the Royal Society, relative to youthful minds, and to exhibit the Astronomy in general, and especieffect, so far as happiness is con

ally to the Telescope. Looking to cerned, of the two guiding qualities

the contents of this first part, in which are thus placed in contrast.

which a map is given of the stars Other instructors have confined

in Orion, and the Hare, with explatheir lessons to delineations of cha

nations which render it intelligible to racter, formed by ordinary influ

the meanest capacity, we must say ences ; Miss Martineau has de

that the public is deeply indebted to veloped the virtues of every-day

Sir W. Herschell, and to his assistuse, by means of circumstances out

ant, Mr. Holland, for the plan and of the ordinary, though not beyond

the excution of a work of so much the probable,course of things, under

utility. We have never seen any the impression that the young mind

scheme for rendering the astronoshould be prepared, as far as pos

mical student conversant with the sible, for the latter class of occur

positions of the stars, which deserves rences in life, as well as for the

to be compared with this, for simformer. In this design she has, in

plicity, accuracy, and clearness. If our opinion, suceeeded. Her story

the science has never been popular is charmingly written; full of prac

in this or any other country, we tical wisdom, and sound morality.

must attribute the fact to the numerous difficulties that have hitherto beset the different systems upon

which it has been taught difficulART. XVI.- The Herschelian Com- ties chiefly arising out of the

panion to the Telescope. Part countless numbers of the stars, and 1. Orionis and Leporis. Folio. the want of good maps by which London: Longman and Co their locality might be at once ascer1830.

tained. With a tolerable telescope This publication is described in a in our hand, and this Herschelian prodigiously crowded title-page, as

companion by our side, we may intended to consist of a series of henceforth acquaint ourselves with

pp. 410.

the hosts of islands that shine above land ; and, though unequal in its us in the heavens, as easily as by a style and interest, it, nevertheless, common chart we may find out the deserves a place among modern relative situation of Great Britain standard novels. The frontispiece itself. Thus is a grand point gained and vignette are badly engraved, for the promotion of a science, which and there is still room for improverequires only such facilities as this ment in the typography of this work supplies, to be universally collection. In all other respects pursued as the most fascinating the series is entitled to our approthe most sublime of all others. The bation, and is, we believe, becoming six maps of the stars, published by highly popular. At least, it ought the Society for the Diffusion of to be. Knowledge, are also deserving of our applause ; but they want the tabular explanations of Sir W. Herschell in order to render them useful

Art. XVIII.- The Panorama of to the classes for which they are

Constantinople, and the Compa

nion to the Panorama; comintended.

prising a Description of the most Remarkable Objects in that City

and its Suburbs, with Sketches of Art. XVII.-Standard Novels, No. the Manners and Customs of its

3. The Spy ; a Tale of the Neu Inhabitants. London : Leigh. tral Ground.By the Author of 1831. The Pilot. 12mo.

From the castles of Europe and London : Colburn and Bentley.

Asia, on one side, to Calcedone and 1831.

Mount Olympus on the other, we In a new introduction which the have here a truly splendid panoauthor has prefixed to this volume, rama, filled with objects at once he informs us that the original of highly picturesque, and replete with his' Spy,' was a secret agent, em the most affecting historical associployed by the American Govern ations. The Sea of Marmora, grament, in the early stages of the dually narrowing into the Thracian Revolution, for the purpose of Bosphorus, divides the picture into tracing and communicating the two parts; Constantinople, and its operations of the British Authori pleasant suburbs, Galata, Pera and ties, which were directed towards Topana, being on one side ; and the the enlistment of royalist bands in Turkish Cemetery, and the new and the then infant Republics. It seems old quarters of Scutari, on the other, that when the war was ended, a The Panorama, when fully opened grant was made by Congress in out, must measure, we should think, favour of this individual, who had from eight to ten feet in length. undergone a series of marvellous As a mere lithograph, it is an experils and escapes ; but such was cellent work of art; the long perthe spirit of patriotism by which he spective of this magnificent assemwas animated, that he then refused blage of scenery, stretching along the reward of bis labours, saying, either shore, being presented to the that the country could not well eye in the most pleasing and effecafford it. He has since, however, tive manner.

With the assistance accepted the grant. The tale itself of the Companion,' we may easily has long been well known in Eng- imagine ourselves sailing up the Dar

pp. 181.

danelles, or traversing the streets of tain the mind, to form the taste, and Constantinople, exploring its public give it a true relish for all that is buildings, and observing the motley excellent in poetry, philosophy, elogroups of people by whom it is

quence, and history. inhabited; thence we may, in a moment, transfer ourselves to the shady groves and gardens, and beautiful cemeteries, on the Asiatic

Art. XX.- Framlingham : a Narshore. Mr. Leigh has produced

rative of the Castle.

In four several valuable works in this line

Cantos. By James Bird. Svo. of publication ; but the Panorama

London: Baldwin now before us surpasses them all,

and Cradock. 1831. in the execution as well as in the General history versified is bad very happy choice of the subject. enough in all conscience ; but topo

graphy versified, a full, true and particular description in rhyme of

an old castle, is of all other things ART. XIX.-- Family Classical Li

the most intolerable. Mr. Bird brary. No. XVII.- Horuce Trans

should rise above such leaden lated. By William Francis, D.D.

theines as those which FramlingVol. I. 12mo. pp. 296. London:

ham, even with the aid of superstiValpy. 1831.

tion and legend, can suggest. He INSTEAD of placing in an appendix is a man of much research, and his the best translations, by various industry in giving to the world the hands, of several of the Odes and results of his investigations is highly Satires of Horace, we wish that Mr. commendable. But if he choose alValpy had either incorporated them ways to confine them to the vehicle in the text with the versions of of poetry, we fear that he will have Francis, or excluding his, in those misspent a great deal of precious instances in which bis are of inferior time, and have, unintentionally, demerit, substituted others in their voted a great deal of good paper to room. Of the two plans, we should the use of the trunk-makers. have preferred the former, as the reader would then have a pleasant opportunity of indulging his critical taste, by examining the points upon

Arr. XXI.-- The Twelve Nights. which the translators differ from

8vo. pp. 404. London: Whit

1831. each other, and ascertaining the

taker, Treacher and Co. comparative accuracy and elegance Under this title we have a colof their productions. Undoubtedly

Undoubtedly lection of stories, all of which, we as a whole, the translation of Francis believe, have already appeared in is the best that has yet been pub- the Magazines. The author aclished, and this reprint of it in so knowledges that he has borrowed cheap a form, will be generally ac- the groundwork and the materials ceptable. The Classical Library is, of most of his sketches, from the we bope, taken in by every well periodical literature of the French. educated family. There is no pub- To him, however, the merit of selication consisting of the same nam- lection belongs, and also the style ber of volumes, that contains so in which they are presented to the dense and diversified a body of mat- English reader.

English reader. The subjects geter, calculated to instruct, and enter- nerally are chosen with a view to

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