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A NATURALIST'S CALENDAR.

A COMPARATIVE VIEW

OP
THE NATURALIST'S CALENDAR,
As KEPT AT SELBORNE, IN HAMPSHIRE, BY THE LATE REV. GILBERT WHITE,

M.A. ; AND AT CATSFIELD, NEAR BATTLE, IN SUSSEX, BY WILLIAM MARKWICK.
Esq., F.L.S., FROM THE YEAR 1768 TO THE YEAR 1793.

N.B.—The dates in the following Calendars, when more than one, express the earliest

and latest times in which the circumstance noted was observed.

of the abbreviations used, A. signifies flowering ; l. leafing; and ap. the first

appearance.

Jan. 2•

WHITE.

MARKWICK. REDBREAST (Sylvia rubecula) sings Jan, 1-12

Jan. 331, and again Oct. Larks (Alauda arvensis) congregate Jan. 1-18

Oct. 16. Feb. 9 Nuthatch (Sitta Europaea) heard

Jan. 1-14

Mar. 3. Apr. 10 Winter aconite (Helleborus hiemalis) f. Jan. 1. Feb. 18. Feb. 28. Apr. 17 Shelless snail or slug (Limax) ap.

Jan. 2.

May 31 Gray wagtail (Motacilla boarula) ap.

Jan. 2-11

Jan. 24. Mar. 23 White wagtail (Motacilla alba) ap.

Dec. 12 Feb. 23 Missel thrush (Turdus viscivorus)

Jan. 2-14

Feb. 19. Apr. 14 Bearsfoot (Helleborus foetidus) A.

Jan. 2. Feb. 14 Mar. 1. May 5 Polyanthus (Primula Polyantha) fi. Jan. 2. Apr. 12 Jan, 1. Apr. 9 Double daisy (Bellis perennis plena) fl.

Feb. 1 Mar. 17. Apr. 29 Mezereon (Daphne mezereum) f.

Jan. 3. Feb. 16 Jan. 2. Apr. 4 Pansie (Viola tricolor) fi.

Jan. 3.

Jan. 1. May 10 Red dead-nettle (Lamium purpureum) fl. Jan. 3–21

Jan. 1. Apr. 5 Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) ff.

| Jan. 3-15

Jan. 1. Apr. 9 Hazel (Corylus avelana) fl.

Jan. 3. Feb. 28 Jan. 21. Mar. 11 Hepatica (Anemone hepatica) i.

Jan. 4. Feb. 18 Jan. 17. Apr. 9 Hedge sparrow (Sylvia modularis) sings | Jan, 5-12

Jan. 10. Mar. 13
Common flies (Musca domestica) seen in
numbers

Jan. 5. Feb. 3 May 15
Greater titmouse (Parus major) sings Jan. 6. Feb. 6 Feb. 17. Mar. 17
Thrush (Turdus musicus) sings

Jan. 6-22

Jan. 15. Apr. 4
Insects swarm under sunny hedges Jan. 6.
Primrose (Primula vulgaris) f.

Jan. 6. Apr. 7 | Jan. 3. Mar. 22
Bees (Apis mellifica) ap.

Jan. 6. Mar. 19 Jan. 31. Apr. 11; last Gnats play about

Jan. 6. Feb. 3

(seen Dec. 30 Chaffinchés, male and female (Fringilla colebs), seen in equal numbers

Jan. 6-11

Dec. 2. Feb. 3 Furze or gorse (Ulex Europaeus) il.

Jan. 8. Feb. 1 Jan. 1. Mar. 27 Wallflower (Cheiranthus cheiri; seu fruticulosus of Smith) fi.

Jan. 8. Apr. 1 | Feb. 21. May 9 Stock (Cheiranthus incanus) A.

Jan. 8

Feb. 1. June 3
Emberiza alba (bunting) in great flocks Jan. 9.
Linnets (Fringilla linota) congregate | Jan. 9.

Jan. 11

Feb. 28. April 17"

Jan. 2

WHITE

MARKWICK. Lambs begin to fall

Jan. 9-11

Jan. 6. Feb. 21 Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) resort to their nest trees

Jan, 10. Feb. 11 Jan. 23. Black hellebore (Helleborus niger) A. Jan, 10,

Apr. 27. Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis) ii.

Jan. 10. Feb. 6 Jan. 18. Mar. 1 White dead nettle (Lamium álbum) A. Jan. 13.

Mar. 23. May 10 Trumpet honeysuckle fl.

Jan. 13. Common creeping crow-foot (Ranuncu_lus repens) A.

Jan. 13.

Apr. 10. May 12 House 'sparrow (Fringilla domestica) chirps

Jan. 14.

Feb. 17. May 9 Dandelion (Leontodon taraxacum) i. Jan. 16. Mar. 11 Feb. 1. Apr. 7 Bat (Vespertilio) ap.

Jan. 16. Mar. 24 Feb. 6. June 1, last seen Spiders shoot their webs

Jan. 16.

(Nov. 20 Butterfly ap.

Jan. 16.

Feb. 21. May 8, last seen Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) ap. Jan. 16.

Jan. 10-31 (Dec. 22 Blackbird (Turdus merula) whistles Jan. 17.

Feb. 16. May 13 Wren (Sylvia troglodytes) sings

Jan. 17.

Feb. 7. June 12 Earthworms lie out

Jan. 18 Feb. 8 Crocus (Crocus vernus) A.

Jan. 13. Mar. 18 Jan. 20. Mar. 19 Skylark (Alauda arvensis) sings

Jan. 2

Jan. 12. Feb. 27, sings till Ivy casts its leaves

Jan. 22.

(Nov. 13 Helleborus hiemalis A.

Jan. 22-24 Common dor or clock (Scarabæus stercorarius)

Jan. 23.

Feb. 12. Apr. 19, last seen Peziza acetabulum ap.

Jan. 23.

(Nov. 24 Helleborus viridis fl.

Mar. 5 Hazel (Corylus avellana) il.

Jan. 23. Feb. 1 Jan. 27. Mar. 11 Woodlark (Alauda arborea) sings

Jan. 24. Feb. 21 Jan, 28. June 5 Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) sings

Jan. 24.

Feb. 15 Jan. 21. Feb. 26 Jackdaws begin to come to churches Jan. 25. Mar. 4 Yellow wagtail (Motacilla flava) ap. Jan. 2 Apr. 14 Apr. 13. July 3, last seen Honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum)l. 25.

Jan. 1. Apr. 9 (Sept. 8 Field or procumbent speedwell (Veronica agrestis) il.

Jan. 27. Mar. 15 Feb. 12. Mar. 29 Nettle butterfly (Papilio Urticce) ap. Jan. 27. Apr. 2 | Mar. 5. Apr. 24, last seen White wagtail (Motacilla alba) chirps Jan, 28.

Mar. 16.

(June 6 Shell snail (Helix nemoralis) ap.

Jan. 28. Feb. 24 Apr. 2. June u.
Earthworms engender

Jan. 30.
Barren strawberry (Fragaria sterilis) H. Feb. 1. Mar. 26 Jan. 13. Mar. 26
Blue titmouse (Parsus cæruleus) chirps Feb. 1.
Brown wood owls hoot

Feb. 2.
Hen (Phasianus gallus) sits

Feb. 3.

Mar. 8 hatches Marsh titmouse begins his two harsh sharp notes

Feb. 3. Gossamer floats

Feb. 4, Apr. 1 Musca tenax ap.

Feb. 4. Apr. 8 Larustine (Viburnum tinus) ii.

Feb. 5.

Jan. 1. Apr. 5 Butcher's broom (Ruscus aculeatus) fi. Feb. 5.

Jan. 1. May 10 Fox (Canis vulpes) smells rank

Feb. 7.

May 19, young brought Turkey-cocks strut and gobble

Feb. 10.

[forth Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) sings

Feb. 12

Feb. 18 Apr. 28 Brimstone butterfly (Papilio Rhamni)ap. Feb. 13. Apr. 2 | Feb. 13. Mar. 8, last seen Green woodpecker (Picus viridis) makes

(Dec. 24 a loud cry

Feb. 13. Mar. 23 Jan. 1. Apr. 17 (June 1 Raven (Corvus Corax) builds

Feb. 14–17. Apr. 1. has young ones Yew tree (Taxus baccata) f.

Feb. 14. Mar. 27. Feb. 2. Apr. 11 Colesfoot (Tussilago farfara) i. | Feb. 15. Mar. 23. Feb. 18. Apr. 13

Apr. 27.

[ocr errors]

WHITE.

MARKWICK, Rooks (Corous frugilegus) build

Feb. 16. Mar. 6 Feb. 28. Mar. 5 Partridges (Perdiz cinerea) pair

Feb. 17.

Feb. 16. Mar. 20 Peas (Pisum sativum) sown

Feb. 17. Mar. 8 Feb. 8. Mar. 31 House pigeon (Columba domestica) has young ones

Feb. 18.

Feb. 8. Field crickets open their holes

Feb. 20. Mar. 30 Common flea (Pulex irritans) ap.

Feb. 2 -26. Pilewort (Ficaria verna) il.

Feb. 2

21. Apr. 13 Jan. 25. Mar. 26 Goldfinch (Fringilla carduelis) sings Feb. 2

. 21. Apr. 6 Feb. 28. May 5 (Oct. 28 Viper (Coluber berus) ap.

Feb. 22. Mar. 26 Feb. 23. May 6, last seen Woodlouse (Oniscus asellus) ap.

Feb. 23. Apr. 1 Apr. 27. June 17
Missel thrushes pair

Feb.
Daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus) fl, Feb. 2 Apr. 7 Feb. 26. April 18
Willow (Salix alba) i.

Feb. 2 Apr. 2 Feb. 27. Apr. 11
Frogs (Rana temporaria) croak

Feb. 25.

Mar. 9. Apr. 20 Sweet violet (Viola odorata) i.

Mar. 31

Feb. 7. Apr. 5 Phalæna Tinea vestianella ap.

Feb. 2 Stone curlew (Otis ædicnemus) clamours

Apr. 24 June. 17. Filbert (Corylus sativus) A.

Feb. 2

Jan. 25. Mar. 26 Ring-dove coos

Feb. Apr. 5 Mar. 2. Aug. 10 Apricot tree (Prunus armeniaca) A.

Feb.

Feb. 28. Apr. 5 Toad (Rana bufo) ap.

Feb. 2 Mar. 24. Mar. 16. July 1 Frogs (Rana temporaria) spawn

Feb. 2 Mar. 22 Feb. 9. Apr. 10, tadpoles Ivy-leaved speedwell (Veronica hederifo

(Mar. 19 lia) A.

Mar. 1.

Apr. 2 Feb. 16. Apr. 10 Peach (Amygdalus Persica) il.

Mar. 2. Apr. 17 Mar. 4. Apr. 29
Frog (Rana temporaria) ap.

Mar. 2. Apr. 6 Mar. 9.
Shepherd's purse (Thlaspi bursa pastoris)
A.

Mar. 3.

Jan. 2. Apr. 16
Pheasant (Phasianus Colchicus) crows Mar. 3—29. Mar.1. May 22
Land tortoise comes forth

Mar. 4. May 8
Lungwort (Pulmonoria officinalis) il. Mar. 4. Apr. 16 Mar. 2. May 19
Podura fimetaria ap.

Mar. 4.
Aranea scenica saliens ap.

Mar. 4. Scolopendra forficata ap.

Mar.5-16. Wryneck (Jynat torquilla) ap.

Mar. 5. Apr. 25 Mar. 26. Apr. 23, last seen Goose (Anas anser) sits on its eggs Mar. 6.

Mar. 21.

(Sept. 14 Duck (Anas boschas) lays

Mar. 6.

Mar. 28. Dog's violet (Viola canina) fi.

Mar. 6. Apr. 18 Feb, 28. Apr. 22 Peacock butterfly (Papilio Io) ap. Mar. 6.

Feb. 13. Apr. 20, last seen Trouts begin to rise

Mar. 7-14,

(Dec. 25 Field beans (Vicia faba) planted

Mar. 8.

Apr. 29 emerge Bloodworms appear in the water

Mar. 8. Crow (Corvus Corone) builds

Mar. 10.

July 1 has young ones Oats (Avena sativa) sown

Mar. 10–18.

Mar. 16. Apr. 13 Golden-crowned wren (Sylvia regulus)

(Dec. 23. Jan. 26 sings

Mar. 12. Apr. 30 Apr. 15. May. 22, seen Asp (Populus tremula) i.

Mar. 12.

Feb. 26. Mar. 28 Common elder (Sambucus nigra) 1. Mar. 13—20. Jan. 2 . Apr. 22 Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Al.

Mar. 15. May 21. Apr. 2. May 27 Chrysomela Gotting. ap.

Mar. 15. Black ants (Formica nigra) ap.

Mar. 15. Apr. 22 Mar. 2. May 18 Ephemere bisetæ ap.

Mar. 16. Gooseberry (Ribes grossularia) 1. Mar. 17. Apr. 11 Feb. 26. Apr. 9 Common stitchwort(Stellaria ho a) A. Mar. 17. May 19 Mar. 8. May 7 Wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa) i. Mar. 17. Apr. 22 Feb. 27. Apr. 10 [19 Blackbird (Turdus Merula) lays

Mar. 17.

Apr. 14, young ones May Raven (Corvus Corax) sits

Mar. 17.

Apr. 1 builds (Oct 26 Wheatear (Sylvia (Enanthe) ap.

Mar. 18-36 | Mar. 13. May 23, last seen

waren (Cor Turdus wmone nemoolostea) A.

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