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We see no great Matter in Dr. Fiddes's Some Reflec

tions thereon. long supposititious Disquisition on the Cardinal's kneeling in the Dirt, &c. (See p. 472, in his Life of the Cardinal) no more than in Mr. Salmon's Observations on the Doctor, in his History of Henry the VIIIth. Though we cannot suppose he was really

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from CARDINAL Wolsey's Time. created Earl of Macclesfield; be- and fined 30,000 l. which he ing allowed by all a Nobleman paid ; and the Money, by his late of great Abilities. Whilft his Majesty K. George the Itt's DirecLordship presided in this Court tion, was applied towards making it was discovered that much of the good the Deficiency occasioned Suitors Money was misapplied, in- by the Officers Insolvency. Howfomuch that some of the Officers, ever, we cannot omit here to give as it afterwards appeared, were Mr. Collins's Character of his unable to make good the Sums. Lordship; The Earl, as a Hufcommitted to their Trust by the band, a Parent, and a Master, Court; though often brought there, was truly beloved by every one not by the Choice of the Parties con- ( who stood in those Reiations to: cerned, but by the Compulsion of the 'wards him. His Speeches on Court, under the Pretext of better publick Affairs, and in his juSecurity. + This drew on an In- 'dicial Capacity, shewed both quiry first before the King and • his Learning and Eloquence, Council, next in the Honourable and he favoured all Designs tendHouse of Commons, which pro- ing to the Advancement of Learn. duced an Impeachment against ing. No Man served his Friends the noble Earl; and, to encou- more readily, and chearfully ; rage fuch of the Masters in Chan- • and they found in him a moit cery, who had purchased their • agreeable, innocent, and inOffices, to make a Discovery • ftructive Companion. He was touching what they had paid for a sincere and faithful Member the fame, an Act passed to in- • of the Church of England, condemnify them from the Forfei- ftantly frequenting its Affem

' tures incurred by the Statute made • blies, and joining in all its Ofin Edward the VIth's Time. In • fices with a juft Sense of Relishort, the Earl was tried at the.. gion, and an exemplary Piety. Bar of the House of Lords, upon • To those Supports it was owing, the Impeachment, found guilty, that, when he apprehended the

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+ See the Speech of the Right Hon, Arthur Onflow, Esq; on the Trial of the Earl of Macclesfield.

| See the said Trial.
VOL. IV.

PP

in the Dirt, or on his Knees, scarce two Minutes, what a Pother have Bishop Burnet, Rapin, and others, made about it, and at last settled nothing. And sup

pose MEMOIRS of the LORD CHANCELLORS, &c. Approach of Death, he pre- sters should forthwith pass and ! pared himself for it with as ! settle their Accounts. Where. • much Calmness and Compo- by it soon appeared, if some fur. • sure as for a Journey: And, ther Provision was not made, for

having received the holy Com- the Relief of the Suitors, besides the • munion, in the Company of his 30,000l. paid by the Earlof Mac

Relations, Friends, and Ser- clesfield, many of them would be vants, he took his last Farewel greatly reduced, who were Wiof them ferious and unmoved ; dows and Orphans, and in some setting them a Pattern of dying, Cafes their All depending ; which

as he had always done of liv- might bring the Dignity of the • ing, like a true Christian. Up- Court into Difesteem, if not a on his Lordship's Death he was a Reproach on the Constitufucceeded in Honour and Estate tion. This put the Parliament by his Son the present Right upon taking the Matter into Hon. George Earl of Macclesfield. their serious Confideration, which

Upon the E. of Macclef- had this Issue, an Act passed,
1725. field's resigning the Great 12 George I. entitled, An Act for
Seal it was, in Jan. committed to the Relief of the Suitars of the Court
the Care of Sir Joseph Jekyll, Mr. of Chancery.
Justice Raymond, and Mr. Baron une the 21st, the
Gilbert, with the Title of Lords Great Seal was committed 1725.
Commissioners. Their Lordships, to Lord Chief Juftice King, with
as was consistent to the great the Title of Lord Chancellor ;

Truft, immediately set a- who, on the 4th of Nov. made
bout reforming the Abuses that an Order greatly for the Benefit
had crept into this Court, and of the Suitors of the Court, and
the Masters in Chancery chear. soon afterwards an A& paffed,
fully affifted their Lordships in 12 Gea. I: entitled, An Ad for the
this useful Work, and readily o- better securing the Moneys and Ef
beyed such Orders as were thought' feets of the Suitors of the Court of
requisite for the better securing Chancery; wherein the Order made
the Suitors Money and Effects, by his Lordship was verbatim fes
particularly one, bearing Date forth and confirmed.
the 26th of May, 1725, where- The Provisions which the Par,
by their Lordships ordered, “That liamenț made for the Relief of

all the Moneys, Securities, &c. the unhappy Suitors were such I belonging to the Suitors of the as intirely answered the End

Court, in the Hands of the proposed,' and gave universal & Masters, should be carried into Content to the Nation in general; the Bank ; and that the Ma- and for their further Ease an Act

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pose it were determinable, which we do not see it is, whether he was religiously respectful to the King as the Lord's Anointed, or fond of being again car

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from CARDINAL WOLSEY's Tiine. lately passed, to exempt the Sui: ters, endeavours to prove,

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That ébrs from paying the Accomptant • the Master of the Rolls was no General Fees on his Reports, for • Judge, either in Law or Equibringing their Moneys, &c. in- ty ; but what Judicial Power to the Bank, or receiving them • he could lawfully exercise was therefrom, pursuant to such Or- by being one of the XII Maders as the Court should make • fters of Chancery, or by Virfrom time to time.

'tue of the King's Commiffion." During the Time his Lord- - The Controversy being drawn fhip presided in this Court å to this Length, in order to prevent Dispute arose; Whether the Master anyInconvenience to the Publick, of the Rolls had a Judicial Autho- an A&t passed, 3 Gcorge II. entitled, rity to bear Causes in the Absence of An to put an end to certain She Lord Chancellor, without a Com- Disputes, touching Orders and Demilion ? _This Matter was in- trees made in the Court of Chans troduced to the Publick in a Book cery, in which

recited, printed in Trinity Term, 1726, That whereas divers Questions

" under the Title of The Hiftory of and Disputes had arisen, touch

the Chancery, wherein the Au. ing the Authority of the Master thor asserts, " That his Honour of the Rolls in the High Court • could not hear Causes in Court • of Chancery, for putting an • without a Delagation from the end to all Disputes concerning • Chancellor, unless by Commis- • the same, it was enacted, That • fion: An Answer to this was • all Orders and Decrees made

published, entitled, A Discourse by the then present Master of the of the Judicial Autbority belong Rolls, or any of his Predecef

ing' to the Office of the Master of ' fors, or any thereafter to be • the Rolls; wherein the Author • made by the said Master of the affirms, "That the Master of the Rolls, or any of his Successors, Rolls could hear Causes, and (exeept such Orders and Decrees • make Orders in Chancery, by as Mould be made only by the • Virtue of his Office, without • Lord Chancellor, &c.) shall

any special Commission: And, • be deemed and taken to be vain Support of his Argument, sets lid Orders by the said Court,

• forth many Cases. This produced • subject nevertheless to be disanother Piece by way of Reply, 'charged, revoked, or altered faid to be wrote by one of • by the Lord Chancellor, &C the Masters of the Court, enti- . And that no such Order or Detled, The Legal Judicature in cree should be inrolled, till the Chancery frated; and herein the • same be first signed by the Lord Gentleman, among other Mat- • Chancellor, &c.'

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Lord

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refled by his ungrateful Master, or rejoiced with the Thoughts of his Troubles being at an End, what great Personage is there that may not easily drop into

the

MEMOIRS of the LORD CHANCELLORS, &c.

Lord King held the Seal until the Monument erected to his Me. the Year 1733, and died the 22d mory relates these further Partiof July, 1734. The Inscription on culars of his Lordship.

He was born in the City of Exeter of worthy and fubftantial Parents:

But with a Genius greatly superior to his Birth.
By his Industry, Prudence, Learning, and Virtue,
He raised himself to the highest Character and Reputation,

And to the highest Posts and Dignities.
He applied himself to his Studies in the Inner Temple;
And, to an exact and compleat Knowledge in all the Parts and Hiftory

Of the Law,
Added the most extensive Learning, Theological and Civil.
He was chosen a Member of the House of Commons in the Year 1699 ;

Recorder of the City of London, in the Year 1708 ;
Made Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, 1714;

On the Accession of King GeorCE I.

Created Lord King, Baron of OCKHAM; And raised to the Poft and Dignity of Lord High Chancellor of

GREAT BRITAIN, 1725.
Under the Labour and Fatigues of which weighty Place,
Sinking under a paralytick Disease, he resigned it, Nov. 29th, 1733.

And died, July 22, 1734, Aged 65.
A FRIEND TO TRUE RELIGION AND LIBERTY.

He was succeeded in his Ho- ther Courts ; the other, The Jurif. nour and Estate by the present dietion of the Chancery, as a Court Right Hon. John Lord King, of Equity, researched. The last his eldest Son.

Author, after he has spoke of the Nov. the 29th, the Seal Original of the Court, and the 1733. was delivered to the

great

Acts of Parliament, as he thinks, Ld. Talbot, with the Title of Lord that established it, says, ' It may Chancellor. During his Time two • be assured and concluded, that different pieces, besides those we • the Root and Original Authohave mentioned, were published, rity of the Chancery, as a Court relating to the Original of this of Equity, is not occult ; nor, Court; the one in the Year 1735,

like the Head of the Nile, unentitled, An Historical Esay of the • discoverable ; nor is founded on Jurisdiction of the Court of Chan- 'any antient Prescription Time cery, with fome Incidents of the o- o out of Mind used ; nor upon

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the like Extasyon experiencing such a Turn of Fortune

a as he had done. Why may not the Reader judge for himself after the Facts are fairly related, without so much Preaching about them?

But, from CARDINAL Wolsey's Time. any unwritten Law or Cuftom, Mafter of the Rolls, and the • but on Acts of Parliament.' rest of the Hon. Commissioners

Lord Talbor held the Great appointed for that Purpose) well Seal to his Death, whose Cha- governing the Court of Chanceracter we cannot better sum up ry, and their tender Regard to than in Mr. Collins's Words, in the Rights of the Suitors therehis British Peerage : . In his of, by the printed Orders and

judicial Capacity he shewed his Tables of Fees, throughout the • great Learning and Knowledge respective Offices, published in

of the Law, with an unbiassed January 1743.

Integrity; and none in his Sta- To conclude, it is evident, that • tion was ever more esteemed Ca nal Wolfey's Conduct and • whilft living, or died more uni- Behaviour in the high Office of

versally lamented. He behaved Lord Chancellor, were the Cause • with the greatelt Honour in of greatly raising the Reputation

every Act of Life, being Ma- of the Chancery; and that by • iter of all those Virtues that the Legislature's interposing, and • make a great and good Man the good Orders and Regulations

conspicuous.' His Lordship’s made of late Years in the ProDignity and Eftate descended to ceedings of this Court, for the the Right Hon. William Talbot, Ease of the Suitors, are such, that his second Son.

the Properties lodged therein were Upon the 21st of Feb. never so well secured and taken care 1736. his Lordship was fucceed- of since Cardinal Wolsey's Time : ed by the present Right Hon. And the whole Nation cannot but Philip Lord Hardwicke, with the acknowledge, that we are much like Title of Lord High Chancel- indebted to the late and present lor, who has particularly distin- Chancellor for several of the Beguished himself in supporting the nests now enjoyed, whose great Liberty of the Press, by protecting Abilities and faithful Discharge of the legal Right to Copies. A recent this important Trust, as Keepers Instance we have of his Lordship's of the King's Conscience, will be (together with the Advice and the Means,we make no doubt, of Alliftance of the Right Ho- transfering their Names to Portenourable William Fortescue, Esq; rity with the highest Regard.

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