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DUNCAN, King of Scotland.
Generals of the King's Army.
Noblemen of Scotland.
Lords, Gentlemen, Oficers, Soldiers and Attendantsi
The Ghost of Banquo, and several other Apparitions.
SCENE, in the End of the fourth A&, lies
in England; through the rest of the Play, in Seote land; and, chiefy, at Macbeth's Castle,
М А С
Β Ε Τ Η.
А ст I.
Thunder and Lightning. Enter three Witches,
2 Witch. When the hurly-burly's done, When the battle's lost and won.
3 Witch. That will be ere set of sun.
All. Fair is foul, and foul is fair,
[They rise from the stage, and fly away, SCENE changes to the Palace at Foris. Enter King, Malcolme, Donalbain, Lenox, with Attersa
dants, meeting a bleeding Captain.
As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
Mal. This is the Serjeant,
Cap. Doubtful long it stood :
King. Oh, valiant cousin! worthy gentleman !
Cap. As whence the sun ’gins his reflection, Shipwracking storms, and direful thunders break; (1)
S@ (1) As whence the fun’gins bis reficētion, Shipwracking forms, and direful ibunders break ;] Mr. Pope has degraded this word, 'gins, against the general authority of the copies, without any reason afign'd for so doing; and substituted, gives, in the room of it. But it will soon be obvious, how far our author's good observation and knowledge of nature goes to establish his own reading, ’gins. For the sense is this ;--- As from the place, from whence
the sun begins his course, (viz. the East,) shipwrecking storms “ proceed; &c."-And it is so in fact, that storms generally come from the East. And it must be so in reason, because the natural and constant motion of the ocean is from East to West: and because the motion of the wind has the same general direction. Præcipua & generalis [Ventorum] caufa eft ipse Sol, qui igneo fuo jubare aerem rare. facit & attenuat; imprimis illum, in quem perpendiculares radios mittit, Jive fupra quem bæret. Aer enim rarefa&tus multo majorem locum poftulat. "Inde fit, ut aer a sole impulfus alium vicinum aerem magno impetu procrudat; cumque Sol ab Oriente in occidentem circumrotetur, præcipuus ab
So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come, (2)
King. Dismay'd not this
eo aëris impulsus fiet versus occidentem.-Quia plerumque ab aëris per Solem rarefaćtione oritur, qui cum continue feratur ab Oriente in occidentem, majori quoque impetu protruditur aër ab Oriente in occidentem, Varenii Geograph, l. i. c. 14, &c. 20. prop: 10. and 15.------This being so, it is no wonder that forms should come most frequently from that quarter; or that they should be most violent, because here is a concurrence of the natural mo:ions of wind and wave. This proves clearly, that the true reading is 'gins, i. e. begins : for the Other reading does not fix it to that quarter : for the fun may give its reflection in any part of its course above the horizon; but it can begin it only in one.
Mr. Warburton, (2) So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come, Discomfort swell’d.j" I have not disturbid the text here, as the sense does not absolutely require it; tho' Dr. Thirlby prescribes a very ingenious and easy correction :
So from that spring, whence comfort seem'd to come,
Discomforts well’d. i. e. stream’d, flow'd forth: a word that peculiarly agrees with the metaphor of a spring. The original is Anglo-Saxon peallian, featurire; which very well expresses the diffusion and scattering of water from its head. CHAUCER has used the word in these acceptations.
For whiché might she no lengir restrain
Troil. & Crell. I. iv. v. 709. I can no more, but here out cast of all welfare abide the daie of my deth, or els to se the fight that might all my wellynge forowes voide, and of the Rode make an ebbe.
Teftament of Love. I must report they were As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks] Cannons overcharg'd with cracks I have no idea of : My pointing, I think, gives the easy and natural sense. Macbetb and Banquo were like cannons over
charg d ;
So they redoubled strokes upon the foe :
King. So well thy words become thee, as thy wounds: They Imack of honour both. Go, get him surgeons.
Enter Roffe and Angus. But who comes here?
Mal. The worthy Thane of Roffe.
Len. What haste looks through his eyes?
Rolle. God save the King!
Rolle. From Fife, great King,
The Thare of Cawdor, 'gan a dismal conflict ;
(4) Norway himselt, with numbers terrible,
Allifted by ibat, &c.] Norway himself affifted, &c. is a reading we owe to the editors, not to the poet. That energy and contrast of expreffion are loft, which my pointing restores. The sense is, Nor. way, who was in himself terrible by his own numbers, when afifted by Cawdor, became yet more terrible. (5) 'Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lape in proof, Confronted bim with self.comparisons, Point against point, rebellious arm'gainst arm,
Curbing his lavis Spirit.] Here again we are to quarrel with the transpolition of an innocent comma; which however becomes dangerous to sense, when in the hands either of a careless or ignorant editor. Let us see who it is that brings this rebellious arın? Why, it is Bellora's bridegroom : and who is he, but Macbeth. We can never believe, our author meant any thing like this. My regulation of the pointing restores the true meaning; that the loyal Macberb Onfronted the disloyal Cawdor, arm to arm.