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ward, and the relief of Gibraltar, were the grand naval 1782. objects that the British administration had still in view: each was of high importance. Several of those ships, that were in the best condition for sea, proceeded to the Downs to attend the motions of the Dutch; while the rest of the fleet were in a hasty state of equipment at Portsmouth, and were replenishing their stores for the designed expedition to Gibraltar. It was found neceffary that the Royal George of 108 guns, commanded by adm. Kempenfelt, should receive a kind of flight careen, and be laid in a certain degree upon her side, while the defects under water occasioning the examination were rectified. This operation in still weather and smooth water is attended with so little difficulty or danger, that the admiral, captains, officers and crew, continued on board; and neither guns, stores, water or provisions, were removed.

The business was undertaken early in the morning, a Aug. gang of carpenters from the dock attending for the

purpose. The ship while on her fide was crowded with people from the shore, particularly women, thought to be not fewer than 300, among whom were many of the wives and children of the seamen and petty officers, who were come to see their husbands and fathers. The greatest part of the crew was also on board. In this situation, about ten in the morning, the admiral being writing in his cabin, and most of the people happening then to be between decks, a sudden and unexpected fquall of wind threw the ship on her fide, and the

gunports being open, she filled with water almost instantly, and went to the bottom. A victualler along side of her



1.782. was swallowed up in the whirlpool, occafioned by the

plunge of fo vast a body in the water:

The admiral, with a number of officers, and most of those between decks perished. The guard, and those who happened to be along with them on the upper deck, were in general saved by the boats of the fleet. About 70 more were likewise saved. It is thought that from 900 to 1000 persons were loft. About 300, mostly of the ships company, were saved. Capt. Waghorne, whose bravery in the North Sea under admiral Parker procured him the command of the ship, was saved, though severely bruised.

The loss of the ship, though the period is critical, is not to compare with the loss of the brave men who perished in her. Adm. Kempenfelt, though near 70 years of age, is peculiarly and universally lamented by the British. In point of professional knowledge and judgment, he was deemed one of the first naval officers in the world, and in the art of mancuvring a fleet, he was considered by their greatest commanders as unrivalled,

A letter from Sir Eyre Coote, dated Fort George, Jan. 28, 1782, was received at lord Shelburne's office, June the 4th. It relates, that after the action on the ist of July, 1781, Sir Eyre marched to the northward to form a junction with the Bengal detachment. It was effected on the 3d of August. On the 27th, Sir Eyre attacked Hyder Ally posted with his army in a formidable situation. The conflict lasted from nine in the morning till near sun-set, when Sir Eyre was left in full poffeffion of the field of battle. His loss on this occa.


fion was heavier than on the ist of July, and that of the 1782. enemy less. On the 27th of September, the two armies engaged again before four o'clock in the afternoon, and by the evening Hyder was completely routed. When Sir Eyre was upon his return from relieving the garrison at Vellore, Hyder appeared in full force on the 13th of January, and by a distant cannonade attacked his

army while crossing a marshy ground. The whole having passed the swamp, the line was formed and advanced upon the enemy, on which Hyder gave way, and retreated with precipitation. The London gazette of July 13th, confirmed the account before received of the surrender of the Bahama islands to the arins of Spain, on the 8th of May, by capitulation. The fame day advices were received from capt. Shirley of the Leander, of his having destroyed a French ftore ship off Senegal, valued at 30,000l. and of his taking five Dutch forts, mounting together 124 guns, on the coast of Africa, without any other afistance than the men belonging to his own ship. Toward the clofe of July, the English East India Company received from Bombay, advice of Tippoo Saib's having attacked col. Braithwaite on the 16th of February, and obliged him to surrender with all his force two days after ; and of the French fleet's consisting of 22 fail, large and small, on the 19th of February, in Pondicherry road. Tippoo Saib's success has occafioned to the English in that quarter, the loss of 2000 infantry and 300 cavalry.

The precarious state of affairs in the East Indies must be a motive with the British ministry to aim at a speedy establishment of peace. As the negotiations for it are


3,782. carrying on and likely to be continued, my next letto

will be from Paris.


Raxbury, Jan. 30, 1783.

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HE business of retaliating the execution of captain

Huddy shall begin the present letter, General Washington having made up his mind on the subject,

wrote to brigadier Hazen at Lancaster in Pennsylvania, May

on the 3d of May~" You will immediately, on the receipt of this, designate by lot for the above purpose [of retaliation] a British captain who is an unconditional prisoner, if such an one is in your poffeffion; if not, a lieutenant under the same circumstances, from among the prisoners at any of the posts either in Pennsylvania or Maryland. So soon as you have fixed on the person, you will send him under a safe guard to Philadelphia, I need not mention to you that every possible tenderness, that is consistent with the security of him, should be shown to the person whose unfortunate lot it may be to suffer.” He received about the same time from gen, Robertson a letter of May 1, acquainting him, that a court-martial was appointed by Sir H. Clinton for trying the person complained of and all his abęttors in the death of Huddy, and that Sir Henry had taken mea


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kures for it before he received any letter from gen. Wash- 1782.
ington on the subject. Robertson expressed his wish,
that the war might be carried on agreeable to the rules
which humanity has formed, and the examples of the
politest nations recommended; and proposed that they
should agree to prevent or punish every breach of the
rules of war within the spheres of their respective com-
månds. The letter was accompanied with a number of
papers, stating many acts of barbarity committed by the
Americans ; and which had been put into his hands as
vindications of the enormity complained of by Wash-
ington. Robertson meant to prevail upon the latter to
desist from his purpose. Washington however, in his
answer of May 5, said So far from receding from
that resolution, orders are given to designate a British
officer for retaliation. But I still hope the result of your
court-martial will prevent this dreadful alternative."
After sincerely lamenting the cruel necessity, which
alone could induce fo distressing a measure in the present
instance, he assured the other that he entertained his
wish and acceded to his proposal. But to some parts
of Robertson's letter he could not refrain from answer-
ing—“ Recrimination would be useless; I forbear there-
fore to mention numerous instances which have stained the
reputation of your arms, marked the progress of this war
with unusual severity, and disgraced the honor of human
nature itself.” When Washington was informed that capt.
Afgill [a youth of nineteen] had been designated and sent

forward, he wrote to Hazen on the 4th of June“ I4.
am much concerned to find that capt. Afgill has been
sent on, notwithstanding the information you had re-
ceived of there being two unconditional prisoners of war

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