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the Holy See. To this the King answered, on the 22d of Oet.' “ His Officers had only done their Dutý, in “ executing Orders' long since established, with regard “ to Persons going out of the Kingdom: That he

was furprized he should talk of being Legate when « recalled; and much more at his being so ignorant, « in regard he was Bishop of Salisbury, of the Laws

of thể Land, as to dare to affume that Title without “ his Licenfé.” Nevertheless, Wolsey was afterwards destroyed, tho' he acted as Legate with his License.

Campeius, perceiving by this Answer that the King intended not to give him Satisfaction, thought himfelf very happy that he was even suffered to depart. Indeed, he had good Reason to wish himself out of the Kingdom, since he could not be unacquainted how angry the King was at the Disappointment he had met with.

And, now we are speaking of Campe- Campeius jausjus, we think it here incumbent on us

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unfair Reflecto do an Act of Justice to the Memory of this great Man, who has been represented by Bishop Burnet, upon the Authority of an obscure Libel, as leading at that Time' a very diffolute Life, “ Hunting and Gaining all the Day long, and “ following Whores at Night, as a vile, vicious

Stranger and Priest, who lived in England in all “ manner of Disorders, in which both he and his á Bastard-fon were guilty.”

In the first Place it was not his Bastard, but his legitimate Son, who was knighted by the King : that Cardinal, being at first a married Man, had had five Children ; but, his Wife dying, he took Orders, and was in timé promoted to the Purple.

Whether any Liberties taken by the young Knight, or Campana, who the Pope fent over to Campeius, and was one of his Bed-chamber when in England, might occasion this Scandal is uncertain : It is, how





ever, ungenerous to determine any thing with Affurance, concerning the Matter, on the single Evidence of a Traveller in a foreign Country, afterwards hanged for Treason in his own : Neither does the Cardinal's Age, or the State of his Health at that Time, agree with this Character ; but, allowing our English Air so healthful and restorative, that it might contribute to make an old Gentleman (so violently afficted with the Gout upon his first coming over, that he could neither go nor stand) in a few Months vigorous and luxuriant, it may still become us to consider a little, what fort of Character he bore in the World, among several Persons of Probity and Credit, before we pass such a gross Censure on him.

Hall, who lived at that Time in Londori, and was no Stranger to this Legate's Course of Life, and rarely suffers any Opportunity of exposing the Clergy to escape him, says, “ Campeius was a Man of great " Wit and Experience ; better learned in the Papal " Laws than in Divinity.”--- Father Paul ftiles him, a “ Man of Wisdom and Authority.”--- Godwin, “No bad " Man, anda sincere Speaker;'--- Fuller, a

Fuller, a good, heavy “ Man.”--- Polydor Virgil has these Words, Inter juris confultos jure consultisimus ! --- Erasmus these, Reverendijime Domine, virtutum tuarum infignium, & eruditionis rarisima fama, inflammatus jampridem gestio, & noje propius & coram adorare --- Infignem heroa & ecclefiæ Romanæ columen. After seeing these, what can we think of our learned Prelate's Character ?

The only Ground of Complaint Fox had against him, was for his Reply to the People of Strasburg, which at most only argues his strict Adherence to the Doctrine of the Romih Church, and the more likely he should incline to punish than encourage Incontinency in the Clergy, which, if he had notoriously exemplified, as he is represented to have done in his own Conduct, the Success of his Misions, twice into Germany, and once into England, had been not only



unlikely, but the Consistency of deputing such a one: from a Court fo refined and so cautious in its Measures, as that of Rome, altogether incompatible. But, to return, the King's Anger

The King orders against Wolsey was so great, that he

Wolsey to be prahad scarce Patience to stay till Campe- fecuted at Law. įus was gone out of the Kingdom, before he caused Prosecutions to be publickly set on foot against him. The Writer of the Church History gives us this Account of the Steps taken to disgrace the Cardinal.

Wolsey's Honours were gradually obtained, but « his Fall was sudden, and without any apparent “ Misbehaviour against the Prince whom he had “ always laboured to serve. The King, being very “ much out of Temper upon Account of the Avocation " of his Cause, from the Legatine Court in England “ to the Consistorial Court at Rome, and having given

ear to a great many differviceable Reports against 66 the Cardinal, ordered his two sworn Enemies, the “ Dukes of Suffolk and Norfolk, to go to him, Ołtober “ the 18th, and in the King's Name to ço demand the Great Seal * from him, and Dismisses him " let him know, that it was his Majesty's from his Office

. " Pleasure, that he should immediately

depart * Shakespear describes the Manner of the King's fending for the Great Seal, and what ensued, in the following moving Relation.

Enter to Wolsey the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the Earl of

Surry, and the Lord Chamberlain.
Nor. Hear the King's Pleasure, Cardinal, who commands you
To render up the Great Seal presently
Into our Hands, and to confine yourself

To Alber-house, my Lord of Winchester's,
'Till you hear further from his Highness.

Wolf. Stay :
Where's your Commiffion, Lords ? Words cannot carry
Authority so mighty.


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“ depart from his Palace, called York-boufe, and retire " to Effner, a Country-feat near Hampion-court, and * belonging to the Bilhop of Winchester, the Tempo

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Suff. Who dare crops 'em,
Bearing the King's Wili irom his Mouth exprefly?

Wolf 'Till I find more than Will, or Words to do it,
Imran your Nalice, know, ofiicious Lords,
I dare, and must deny it. Now I feel
Of what coarse Metal ye are molded, - Envy:
How cagerly ye follow my Disgrace !
As if it fed ye, and how sleek and wanton
Y'appear in every Thing may bring my Ruin!
Follow your envious Courtes, Men of Malice !
You have a Christian Warrant for 'em, and
In time will find their fit Rewards. That Seal,
You ask with such a Violence, the King
(Niine and your Maler) with

own Hand gave me ;
Bad me enjoy it, with the Place and Honours,
During my Life; and, to co-firm his Goodness,
Ty'd it by Letters Patent. Now who'll take it?

Sur. The King that gave it.
Wolf. It must be himself then.
Sur. Thou'rt a proud Traitor, Prieft!

Holl. Proud Lord, thou lyeft!
Within these forty Hours Surry durft better
Have burnt that Tongue, than said fo.

Sur. Thy Ambition,
Thou scariet Sin, robb’d this bewailing Land
Of noble Buckingham, my

Father in-law;
The Heads of all thy Brother Cardinals,
With thee and all thy best Parts bound together,
Weigh'd not a Hair of his. Plague of your Policy !
You lent me Deputy for Ireland,
Far from his Succour; from the King, from all
That might have Mercy on the Fault thou gav'ft him :
Whilit your great Goodnes, out of holy Pity,
Absolv'd him with an Ax.

Wolf: This, and all else
This talking Lord can lay upon my Credit,
I answer is most false, The Duke by Law.
Found his Deserts. How innocent I was
From any private Malice in his End,
His noble Jury and foul Cause can witness,


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* Yet Norfolk, Surry's own Father, fat as Lord High Steward, od pajed Sentence of Death on him.

“ ralities whereof had lately been conferr’d on the “ Cardinal. Upon the Delivery of this Message, , “ the Cardinal refused to obey, unless they could

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If I lov'd many Words, Lord, I should tell you,
You have as little Honesty as Honour ;
That, in the Way of Loyalty and Truth
Toward the King, my ever Royal Master,
Dare mate a founder Man than Surry can be,
And all that love his Foilies.

Sur. By my Soul,
Your long Coat, Priest, protects you, thou shouldft feel
My Sword i'th' Life-blood of thee eise ! My Lords,
Can you endure to hear this Arrogance ?
And from this Fellow? If we live thus tamely,
To be thus jaded by a Piece of Scarlet,
Farewel Nobility, let his Grace go forward,
And dare us with his Cap, like Larks.

Wolf. All Goodness
Is poison to thy Stomach.

Sur. Yes, that Goodness
Of gleaning all the Land's Wealth into one,
Into your own Hands, Card’nal, by Extortion:
The Goodness of your intercepted Packets,
You writ to th' Pope, against the King; your Goodness,
Since you provoke me, Ihall be most notorious.
My Lord of Norfolk, as you're truly noble,
As you respect the Common Good, the State
Of our despis'd Nobility, our Issues,
Who, if he live, will scarce be Gentlemen,
Produce the grand Sum of his Sins, the Articles
Collected from his Life. I'll startle you
Worse than the scaring Bell, when the brown Wench
Lay kissing in your Arms, Lord Cardinal.

. How much methinks I could despise this Man, But that I'm bound in Charity against it.

Nor. Those Articles, my Lord, are in th' King's Hand:
But thus much, they are foul one's.

Wolf. So much fairer
And Spotless shall mine Innocence arise,
When the King knows my Truth.

Sur. This cannot save you :
I thank my Memory, yet I remember
Some of these Articles, and out they shall.
Now, if you can, blush, and cry, Guilty, Cardinal,
You'll shew a little Honesty.

Vol. IV.

M m


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