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17676 and the darkness was so thick that we could not see November. from one part of the ship to the other, we suddenly and discovered, by a fash of lightning, a large vessel close

aboard of us. . The steersnian instantly put the helm
a-lee, and the ship answering her rudder, we just clear-
ed each other. This was the first ship we had seen
since we parted with the Swallow'; and it blew so hard,
that not being able to understand any thing that was
said, we could not learn to what nation the belonged.

At fix, the weather having cleared up, we saw a sail -at anchor in the E. S. E. and at noon, we saw land in the W.N. W which proved to be Pulo Taya, Pulo Toté bearing S. 35o E. Pulo Weste S. 130 É. At fix in the evening we anchored in fifteen fathoms, with sandy ground; and ob'erved a current running E. N.

E, at the rate of five fathoms an hour... : : Thurs. 19. · At six in the morning we weighed and made fail,

and soon after saw two vessels a-head; but'at six in the evening, finding that we lost much ground, we came

again to an anchor in fifteen fathoms, with a fine sandy .:. bottom, .;',.i Friday 20. At fix o'clock the next morning, the current being

slack, we hove short on the small bower, which soon ..:: after parted at a third from the clench. We immedi

dately took in the cable, and perceived that, although we had founded with great care before we anchored,

and found the bottom clear, it had been cut through .:. by the rocks. After some time, the current becoming

strong, a fresh gale springing up, and the ship being
a great way to the leeward, I made fail, in hopes to
get up and recover the anchor ; but I found at last
that it was impossible, without anchoring again ; and
being afraid of the consequences of doing that in foul
ground, I determined to stand on, especially as the
weather was become squally. ' '
. We were, however, able to make very little way
till the next day, when about three in the afternoon,
We saw Monopin Hill bearing S. & E. and advancing

very little, saw the coast of Sumatra at half an hour Sund. 22after six the next morning. We continued to suffer

great delay by currents and calms, but on Monday Monday 30, the 30th of November, we anchored in Batavia Road,

+ C H A P,

Satur. 21.


Transactions at Batavia, and an Account of the Palsage

from thence to the Cape of Good Hope.

ITE fourd here fourteen sail of Dutch East-India 1967

w ships, a great number of small vefsels, and his December. Majesty's ship the Falmouth, lying upon the mud in a rotten condition.....

I sent an officer on shore, to acquaint the Governor of our arrival, to obtain his permiflion to purchase refreshments, and to tell him that I would salute him, if he would engage to return an equal number of guns. The Governor readily agreed ; and at sun-rise, on Tuesday the 1st of December, 1 saluted him with thir-Tuesd. 1. teen guns, which he returned with fourteen from the fort. Soon after the Purser sent off some fresh beef, and plenty of vegetables, which I ordered to be served immediately; at the same time I called the ship’s company together, and told them that I would not suffer any liquor to come on board, and would severely punish those who should attempt to bring any: and I took some pains to reconcile them to this regulation, by assuring them that in this country intemperance would inevitably destroy them. As a further preservative, I suffered not a man to go on shore, except those who were upon duty ; and took care that none even of these straggled into the town.

On the 2d I sent the Boatswain and the Carpenter, Wedn. 2. with the Carpenter of the Falmouth, to look at such of her stores as had been landed at Onrust, with orders, that if any were fit for our use they should be bought. At their return, they informed me that all the stores they had seen were rotten, and unfit for use, except one pair of tacks, which they brought with them : the masts, yards, and cables were all dropping to pieces, and even the iron work was so rusty that it was worth nothing. They also went on board the Falmouth to examine her hulk, and found her in so shattered a condition, that in their opinion she could not be kept together during the pext monsoon. Many of her ports were waihed into one, the stern-post was quite decay


1767. ed, and there was no place in her where a man could December,

be sheltered from the weather. The few people who belonged to her were in as bad a state as their vessel, being quite broken and worn down, and expecting to be drowned as soon as the monsoon should set in.

Among other necessaries, we were in want of an an.. chor, having lost two, and of three inch rope for rounding the cables ; but the officers, whom I had sent to procure these articles, reported, that the price which had been demanded for them was so exorbitant,

that they had not agreed to give it. On Saturday the Saturday s. 5th, therefore, I went on thore myself, for the first

time, and visited the different storehouses and arfenals, but found it impossible to make a better bargain than my officers. I fuspected that the dealers took advantage of our apparent necessity, and supposing that we could not fail without what we had offered to purchase, determined to extort from us more than four times its value. I was, however, resolved to make any shift * rather than submit to what I thought a shameful imposition, and therefore told them that I should certainly fail on the next Tuesday; that if they would agree to my terms in the mean time, I would take the things I had treated for';. if not, that I would fail without them.

Soon after I returned on board, I received a petition from the Warrant-Officers of the Falmouth, representing, that there was nothing for them to look after : that the Gunner had been long dead, and his stores spoiled, particularly the powder, which, by order of the Dutch, had been thrown into the sea : that the Boatswain, by vexation and distress, had lost his ferYes, and was then 'a deplorable object in a Duich hofpital : that all his stores had been long scoiled ar:d rotten, the roof of the storehouse having fallen in dur

ing å wet montoon,' and left them exposed many ** months, all endeavours to procure another place to put "hëm in being ineffe&tual: that the Carpenter was in a dving condition, and the Cook a wounded cripple. For these reasons, they requested that I would take them home, or at leaft dilmiss them from their charge. It was with the greatest regret and compasicn that I told These unhappy people it was not in my power to relieve



them, and that as they had received charge of stores, 1767.. they must wait orders from home. They replied, that De they had never received a single order from England since they had been left here, and earnestly intreated that I would make their distress known, that it might be relieved. They had, they said, ten years pay due, in the expectation of which they were grown old, and which now they would be content to forfeit, and go home sweepers, rather than continue to suffer the miseries of their present situation, which were indeed very great. They were not suffered to spend a single night on fore, whatever was their condition, and when they were sick, no one visited them on board; ; they were, besides, robbed ly the Malays, and in perpetual dread of being destroyed by them, as they had a short time before turned the Siam prize. I assured them that I would do my utmost to procure them relief, and they left me with tears in their eyes.

As I heard nothing more of the anchor and rope for which I had been in treaty, I made all ready for sea. The ship's company had continued healthy and sober, and been served with fresh beef every day, from the time of our first coming to an anchor in the road; we had also some beef, and a live ox, to carry out with us. We had now only one man upon the sick list, except a seaman, who had been afflicted with rheumatic pains ever since our leaving the Streight of Magellan : and at fix o'clock in the morning of Tuesday Tuesday 8. the 8th of December, after a stay of just one week, we set sail.

On the uth at noon, we were off a small ifand Friday 11. called the Cap, between the coasts of Sumatra and Java, and several of our people fell dows with colds and fluxes. The next day, a Dutch boat came on Saturday 12. board and sold us some turile, which was served to the ship’s company. At night, being at the distance of about two miles from the Java shore, we saw an incredible number of lights upon the beach, which we fupposed were intended to draw the fish near them, as we had seen the same appearance at o:her places.

On Monday the 14th, we anchored off Prince's Mond. 14. Island, and began to take in wood and waler. The next morning, the natives caine in with turtle, poultry, Tuesday 15.



Friday 1.

1967; and hog-deer, which we bought at a reasonable price.

* We continued here, fitting the ship for the sea, till Saturday 19. the 19th, during which time many of the people be

gan to complain of intermitting disorders, something Sunday 20. like an ague. At six o'clock the next morning, having

completed our wood, and taken on board seventy-fix tons of water, we made fail.

While we lay here, one of the seamen fell from the main-yard into the barge, which lay along-side the ship. His body was dreadfully bruised, and many of his bones were broken : it happened also, that in his

fall he struck two other men, one of whom was so Thurs. 24. much hurt that he continued speechless till the 24th, • and then died, though the other had only one of his

toes broken. We had now no less than sixteen upon January. the sick list, and by the first of January, the number

was increased to forty; we had buried three, among whom was the Quarter-Master, George Lewis, who was a diligent, sober man, and the more useful, as he spoke both the Spanish and Portuguese languages. The diseases by which we suffered, were fluxes, and fevers of the putrid kind, which are always contagious, and, for that reason alone, would be more fatal on board a ship than any other. The Surgeon's mate was very foon laid up, and those who were appointed to attend the sick, were always taken ill in a day or two after they had been upon that service. To remedy this evil, as much as it was in my power, I made a very large birth for the fick, by removing a great number of people from below to the half deck, which I hung with painted canvass, keeping it constantly clean, and dire&ing it to be washed with vinegar, and fumigated, once or twice a day. Our water was well tasted, and was kept constantly ventilated ; a large piece of iron also, used for the melting of tar, and called a loggerhead, was heated red hot, and quenched in it before it was given out to be drank. The sick had also wine instead of grog, and salep or fago every morning for breakfast: two days in a week they had mutton broth, and had a fowl or two given them on the intermediate days; they had, besides, plenty of rice and sugar, and frequently malt meshed; so that perhaps people in a sickly ship had never so many re


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