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Dutchess of Smolensko, Dutchess of Estonia, of present full power, by the said Prince BariatinLivonia, Carelia, Twer, Ingoria, Germia, Viat- skoy and Sieur Marcoff, as also to cause our rakia, Bulgaria, and other countries; Lady and tifications thereof to be expedited in the time Great Dutchess of Lower Novogorod, of Czer- agreed upon.

In witness whereof, we have niguvia, Resan, Rostow, Jaroslow, Belo-Oforia, figned these presents with our own hand, and Udoria, Objoria, Condinia, Ruler of all the have caused the Great Seal of the empire to be Side of the North, Lady of Iveria, and Heredi- fixed thereto. Given at our residence of St. Petary Princess and Sovereign of the Czars of teriburgh, the twelfth of March, in the year

of Cartalinia and Georgia, as also of Cabardinia, Grace one thousand seven hundred and eightyof the Princes of Circaffia, of Gorfki, &c. Being three, and in the twenty-first year of our reigile intent, during all the course of the late war,

CATHARINE. which had extended over every part of the earth, to testify how much we had it at heart to see the

Count Joan D'OSTERMANN calamities thereof terminated, we were inclined, in conjunction with his Majesty the Emperor of the Romans, King of Hungary and Bohemia, to PRELIMINARY ARTICLES OF PEACE, BEemploy our good offices, in order to find means TWEEN HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY AND of conciliation proper for re-establishing peace and good understanding between the belligerent

SIGNED AT PARIS, SEPpowers. We have had the satisfaction to observe TEMBER 2, 1783. that our common endeavours were not fruitless;' and the paçisic sentiments, with which the said

In the name of the Most Holy Trinity. powers were happily animated, having ripened The King of Great Britain and the States and strengthened so far that they proceeded to

General of the United Provinces, animated with conclude Preliminary Articles, serving as a basis an equal desire to put an end to the calamities of to the Definitive Treaties, they invited us, con- war, have already authorized their respective mijointly with his Majesty the Emperor of the nisters plenipotentiary to sign mutual declarations Romans, King of Hungary and Bohemia, to for a fulpension of arms; and, being willing to recarry our united mediation into full execution, establish union and good understanding between and to interpose our good offices in this falutary the two nations, as necessary for the benefit of huwork, by concurring to consolidate and fully manity in general, as for that of their respective establish the peace, the foundations of which were dominions and subjects, have named for this purlaid by the aforesaid Preliminary Articles, and pose, to wit, on the part of his Britannic Majethus to accomplish the business of pacification ity, the most illustrious and most excellent Lord so happily begun. We, equally induced by the George Duke and Earl of Manchester, Viscount sentiments above exprefled, as by a just acknow- Mandeville, Baron of Kimbolton, &c. his amledgment of those which were manifested to us bassador-extraordinary and plenipotentiary to his on the part of the said powers, did not hesitate, most Christian Majesty; and, on the part of their in concert with his Majesty the Emperor of the High Mightinesies, the said States General, the Romans, to confirm their expectation, and to most excellent Lords Mathew Leitevenon de Bercharge ourself with the important employment kenroode, and Gerard Brantsen, respectively their which was tendered to us. For this end, we have ambassador and ambassador-extraordinary and made choice of, named and deputed, and by plenipotentiaries: who, after having duly commuthere presents do make choice of, name and nicated their full powers in good form, have agreed depute, our ministers plenipotentiary to his most upon the following Preliminary Articles. Christian Majesty, our beloved and trusty Prince Art. I. As soon as the Preliminaries shall be Iwan Bariatiníkoy, lieutenant-general of our figned and ratified, sincere and constant friendship forces, knight of the order of St. Anne; and Thall be re-established between his Britannic Ma. the Sieur Arcadius de Marcoff, our counsellor jesty, his kingdoms, dominions and subjects, and of Chancery; giving them full power, in our their High Mightinesses the States General of the name, and on our behalf, in quality of media- United Provinces, their dominions and subjects, tors, jointly with him or them who shall be named of what quality or condition soever they be, withfor this purpose and likewise furnished with full out exception either of places or persons; so that powers, on the part of his Majesty the Emperor the high contracting parties shall give the greatest of the Romans, King of Hungary and Bohemia, attention to the maintaining between themselves, co-mediātor as well as on the part of the other and their said dominions and subjects, this recipowers interested therein, to act or interpose, and procal friendthip, and intercourse, without permit, atlist with our mediation and good offices, in the ting hereafter, on either part, any kind of hostiarrangement and completion of all such treaties, lities to be committed either by sea or by land, conventions, or other instruments, as shall be for any cause or under any pretence whatsoever: judged necessary for the consolidation and entire and they shall carefully avoid, for the future, every confirmation of the work begun; and also to thing which might prejudice the union happily fign and deliver, on their part, fuch act or acts re-established, endeavouring, on the contrary, to as may be required and decmed conducive to the procure reciprocally, for each other, on every ocattainment of that end: promising, on our faith casion, whatever may contribute to their mutual and imperial word, to approve and faithfully glory, interests, and advantage, without giving perform every thing which shall have been done, any assistance or protection, directly or indirectly, concluded, promised and signed, in virtue of the to those who would do any injury to either of


the high contracting parties. There shall be a commissaries shall be named on each side, to general oblivion of every thing which may have make suitable arrangements on these points. been done or committed, before or fince the com- Art. 'VIII. All the countries and territories mencement of the war, which is just ended. which may have been, or which may be con

Art. II. With respect to the honours of the quered in any part of the world whatsoever, by fag, and the salute at sea, by the ships of the Re- the arms of his Britannic Majesty, as well as public towards those of his Britannic Majesty, by those of the States General, which are not the same custom shall be respectively followed, as included in the present treaty, neither under the was practiled before the commencement of the head of ceflions, nor under the head of restituwar which is just concluded.

tions, ihall be restored without difficulty, and Art. III. All the prisoners taken on either without requiring any compensation. fide, as well by land as by sea, and the hostages Art. IX. Asit is necessary to appoint a certain carried away or given during the war, and to this period for the restitutions and evacuations to be day, shall be restored, without ransom in fix made, it is agreed, that the King of Great Briweeks at latest, to be computed from the day of tain shall cause Trinquemale to be evacuated, as the exchange of the ratification of these Prelimi- well as all the towns, forts, and territories, which nary Articles; each power respectively discharging have been taken by his arms, and of which he the advances which shall have been made, for the may be in posleflion, excepting what is ceded to subsistence and maintenance of their prisoners, his Britannic Majesty by these articles, at the by the sovereign of the country where they shall same periods as the reftitutions and evacuations have been detained, according to the receipts, at- fhall be made between Great Britain and France. tested accounts, and other authentic vouchers, The States General shall restore, at the same which shall be furnished on each side: and sureties period, the towns and territories which their shall be reciprocally given for the payment of the arms may have taken from the English in the debts which the prisoners may have contracted EastIndies. In consequence of which, the necessary in the countries where they may have been de- orders shall be sent by each of the high contracttained until their entire release. And all ships, ing parties, with reciprocal passports for the ships as well men of war as merchant-lhips, which may which shall carry them, immediately after the have been taken since the expiration of the terms ratification of these Preliminary Articles. agreed upon for the cellation of hostilities, by fea, Art. X. His Britannic Majesty, and their thall likewise be restored, bonâ fide, with all their High Mightinesses the aforesaid States General, crews and cargoes: and the execution of this ar- promise to observe fincerely, and bonâ fide, ticle shall be proceeded upon immediately after all the articles contained and established in this the exchange of the ratifications of this Prelimi. present Preliminary Treaty; and they will not nary Treaty.

suffer the same to be infringed, directly or indiArt. IV. The States General of the United

rectly, by their respective subjects: and the said Provinces cede and guaranty, in full right, to his high contracting parties guaranty to each other, Britannic Majesty, the town of Negapatnam, with generally and reciprocally, all the ftipulations of the dependenciez thereof; but in consideration of the present articles. the importance which the States General of the Art. XI. The ratifications of the present United Provinces annex to the possession of the Preliminary Articles, prepared in good and due aforesaid town, the King of Great Britain, as a form, shall be exchanged in this city of Paris beproof of his good will towards the said States, pro- tween the high contracting parties, in the space mises, notwithstanding this ceffion, to receive and of one month, or fooner if it can be done, to be treat with them for the restitution of the said computed from the day of the signature of the town, in case the States should hereafter have an present articles. equivalent to offer him.

In witness whereof, we the under-written, Art. V. The King of Great Britain fhall their ambassadors and plenipotentiaries, have restore to the States General of the United Pro- figned with our hands, in their names, and vinces, Trinquemale, as a so all the other towns, by virtue of our full powers, the present forts, harbours, and settlements, which, in the Preliminary Articles, and have caused the course of the present war, have been conquered, seals of our arms to be affixed thereto. in any part of the world whatever, by the arms Done at Paris, the second day of September, of his Britannic Majesty, or by those of the one thousand seven hundred and eighty-three. English East India Company, and of which he

L. VAN BERKENROODE. might be in poffeffion; the whole in the condi- MANCHESTER. (L. S.) tion in which they shall be found.

(L. S.)

BRANTSEN. Art. VI. The States General of the United

(L. S.) Provinces promise and engage not to obftruct the navigation of the British subjects in the eastern

To compleat the pacific intelligence of this seas. Art. VII. Whereas differences have arisen

month, the following treaty of perpetual friendbetween the English African Company and the thip, between the East India Company and the Dutch West India Company, relative to the na

Marattahs, is just arrived; which we shall likevigation on the coasts of Africa, as also on the

wise seize this early opportunity of laying before

our readers, who will readily see the advantages subject of Cape Apollonia; for preventing all cause of complaint between the fubjects of the

which must accrue to our Oriental poffefiions two nations upon those coasts, it is agreed that

from the conclusion of this important alliance.


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lacks of rupees near Baroach, the English do now,

at the request of Madhoo Row Scindia, con 25 TREATY OF PERPETUAL FRIENDSHIP AND

to relinquish their claim to the faid country in ALLIANCE BETWEEN THE HONOURABLE


Art. V. The country which Seeajee and Futty MADHOO ROW PUNDIT PURDHAN, SET

Sing Gwickwar guve io the English, and which TLED BY MR. DAVID ANDERSON ON THE

is mentioned in the 7th article of the treaty with PART OF THE HONOURABLE COMPANY,

Colonel Upton, being therein left in a state of IN VIRTUE OF THE POWERS DELEGATED

fufpense; the English, with a view to obviate all THAT PURPOSE, BY THE

future disputes, now agree, that it shall be reHONOURABLE THE GOVERNOR GENERAL

stored; and it is he:eby fetiled, ihat, if the said APPOINTED,

country be a part of the established territories of KING AND PARLIAMENT OF GREAT BRI

the Gwickwar, it shall be restored to the GwickTAIN TO DIRECT AND CONTROUL AL L.

war; and if it shall be a part of the Peshwa's THE POLITICAL AFFAIRS OF THE HO

territories, it shall be restored to the Peihwa. NOURABLE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COM Art. VI. The English engage, that having alPANY IN INDIA; AND BY MAHA RAJAH lowed Ragonaut Row a period of four months,

ROW SCINDIA, AS from the time when this treaty shall become comPLENIPOTENTIARY

pleat, to fix on a place of residence, they will not





after the expiration of the said period afford him PURDHAM, BALLAJEE PUNDIT

any support, protection, or assistance, nor supply FURNAVESE, AND THE WHOLE OF THE

him with money for his expences. And the PeshCHIEFS OF THE MARATTAH NATION,

wa on his part engages, that if Ragonaut Row AGREEABLY TO THE FOLLOWING ARTI

will voluntarily, and of his own accord, : epair to CLES, WHICH SHALL BE FOR EVER BIND

Maha Rajah Madhoo Row Scindia, and quietly ING ON THEIR HEIRS AND SUCCESSORS, refide with him, the sum of 25,000 rupees per

month thall be paid him for his main:enance, and INVARIABLY OBSERVED BY BOTH PAR

no injury whatever shall be offered to him by the

Peshwa or any of his people.

Art. VII. The Honourable English East InIt is ftipulated and agreed to, between the dia Company and the Peshwa being defirous that Honourable the English East India Company their respective allies shall be included in this and the Peshwa, through the mediation of peace, it is here by mutually ftipulated, that each Madhoo Row Scindia, that all countries, places, party shall make peace with the allies of the other cities, and forts, including Baffeen, &c. which in the manner hereinafter specified. have been taken from the Peshwa, during the Art. VIII. The territory which has long been war that has arisen fince the treaty settled by the establiihed Jagheer of Secajee Guickwar, and Colonel Upton, and have come into the poslef- Futty Sing Gwickwar, that is to say, whatever fion of the English, shall be delivered up to the territory Futty Sing Gwickwar poflefled at the Peihwa. The territories, forts, cities, &c. to commencement of the present war, shall herebe restored, Thall be delivered within the space of after for ever remain on the usual focting in his two months from the period when this treaty poffeffion; and the said Futty Sing fhall, from shall become compleat, (as hereafter described) to the date of this treaty being compleat, pay for Tuch persons as the Peshwa, or his minister Nana the future to the Peshwa the tribute as usual, preFurnavese, shall appoint.

vious to the present war, and shall perform such Art. Jl. It is agreed between the English services, and be subject to such obedience, as have Company and the Peshwa, that Salsette, and long been established and customary. No claims three other islands, viz. Elephanta, Caranja, Thall be made on the said Futty Sing, by the and Hog, which are included in the treaty of Peshwa, for the period that is past. Colonel Upton, shall continue for ever in the Art. IX. The Peshwa engages, that whereas poífefsion of the English. If any other islands the Nabob Hyder Ally Cawn, having concluded have been taken in the course of the present war,

a treaty with him, hath disturbed and taken pofthey shall be delivered up to the Peshwa. session of territories belonging to the English and

Art. Ill. Whereas it was stipulated in the 4th their allies, he shall be made to relinquish them, Article of the treaty of Colonel Upton, that and they shall be restored to the Company and the Pcshwa and all the chiefs of the Marattah the Nabob Mahomed Ally Cawn. All prisoners ftate do agree to give to the Engļish Company that have been taken on either fide during the for ever all right and tiele to the city of Ba- war, shall be released; and Hyder Ally Cawn rozeh, as full and compleat as ever they col- fall be made to relinquith all such territories bele te from the Moguls or otherwise, without longing to the English Company and their allies, retaining any claim of Chout, or any other claims whatever; so that the English Company

as he may have taken poffeffion of fince the ninth

of the month Ramzan, in the year 1180, being fail policís it without participation or claim of the date of his treaty with the Peshwa; and the

This article is accordingly conti- said territories shall be delivered over to the Engnued in full force and effect.

lish and the Nabob Mahomed Ally Cawn within Art. IV. The Peshwa having formerly, in the fix months after this treaty's being compleat: and treaty of Colonel Upton, agreed, by way of friend- the English in such case agreed, that so long as thip; to give up to the English a country of three Hyder Ally Cawn hall afterwards abstain from



any kind.'

the laid treaty.

of this treaty:

hoftilities against them and their allies, and fo have both requested the said Maha Rajah to be long as he shall continue in friend hip with the the mutual guarantee for the perpetual and inPeihwa, that they will in no respect act hostilely variable adherence of boh parties to the conditowards him.

tions of this treaty; and the said Madhoo Row Art. X. The Peshwa engages, on his own be- Scindia, from a regard to the wilfare of both half, as well as on behalf of the Nabob Nizam itates, hath taken upon himself the mutual guiaAlly Cawn, Ragojec Boulala, Syna Saheb Souba, rantee. If either of the parties Mall deviate from anu the Nabob Eyder Ally Cawn, that they thall the conditior:s of this treaty, the jaid Maha Rajab in every respect maintain peace towards the Eng- will join the other party, and will, to the utmost lith and their allies the Nabob Atophaul Dow- of his power, endeavour to bring the aggrefior to lah Behader, and the Nabob Mahomed AllyCawn a proper understanding. Behader, and ihall in no reípect whatever give Art. XVII. It is hereby agreed, that whatthem any disturbance. The Englih engage, on

ever territories, forts, or cities, in Guzzerat, were their own behalf, as well as on the behalf of their granted by Kagonaut Row to the English, preallies the Nabob Alophaul Dowlah, and the Na-- vicus to the treaty of Colonel Upton, and have bob Mahomed Ally Cawn, that they shall in

come into their pofieition, the restitution of every respect maintain peace towards the Pethwa, which was stipulated in the 7th article of the said and his ailies the Nabob Nizam Aily Cawn, Ra

treaty, shall be restored agreeably to the terms of gojee Boutala, and Syna Saheb: and the English farther engage on their own behalf, as well as on This treaty, confiting of seventeen articles, is the beha f of their allies, that they will maintain

settied at Salbey, in the camp of Maha Rajah peace allo towards the Nabob Hyder Aliy Cawn,

Subadah Madhoo Row Scindia, on the 4th of the under the conditions fpecified in the gih article month Jemmad ul Suany, in the year 1187.

of the Hiiegera, correíponding with the 17th of Art. XI. The Honourable the East India May 1782, of the Christian æra, by the faid Company and the Peshwa mutually agree, that

Maha Rajah, and Mr. David Anderson. A the vessels of each shall offer no disturbance to the copy hereot shall be sent, by each of the abovenavigation of the vessels of the other: and nanied perions, to their respective principals at the 'vetlels of each shall be allowed access to the Fort William, and Poonah; and, on both copies ports of the other, where they shall meet with no being returned, the one under the seal of the Homolestation, and the fulleit protection shall be

nourable the East India Company, and signature reciprocally afforded.

of the Honourable Governor General and CounArt. XII. The Peshwa, and the chiefs of the cil of Fort Wiliam, to be delivered to Maha Marattah ftate, hereby agree, That the English Rajah Madhoo Row Scirdia Behader; and the thall enjoy the privilege of trade as formerly, in other, under the leal of the Peihwa Madhos Row the Marattah territories, and shall meet with no

Pundit Purdhan, and the signature of Bellakind of interruption: and in the same manner,

jee Pundit Nana Furnaveie, to be delivered to the East India Company agree, that the subjects

Mr. Anderson; this treaty ihail be deemed of the Peshwa shall be allowed the privileges of compleat and ratified, anu the articles herein trade without interruption in the territories of the

contained inail become binding on both the conEnglish.

tracting parties. Art. XIII. The Peshwa hereby engages, that

(Written in the Marattah character, by Rahe will not fuffer any factories of other European goo Bhow Lewan.) 'In all seventeen Articles, nations to be established in his territories, or those

on the 4th of Jemmad ul Akher, or the sth of the chiefs dependent on him, excepting only of Jeyt Adeck, in the Shukul Pattah, in the year such as are already established by the Portuguese,

1182.' and he will hold no intercourse of friendship with

Subscribed in the Marattah character, by Maany other European nations: and the English on

hajee Scindia, on the same day. their part agree, that they will not afford allist- Agreed to what is above written, ance to any nation of Deocan, or Hindoftan, at

D. ANDERSON. enmity with the Peshwa.

Witnesses, Art. XIV. The English and the Peshwa mu- JAS. ANDERSON. tually agree, that neither will afford any kind of

WM. BLAIN. ailistance to the enemies of the other.

A true Translation. Art. XV. The Honourable the Governor

J. ANDERSON, General and Council of Fort William engage,

Afiftant to the Embassy. that they will not permit any of the chiefs, de- Subscribed in the hand-writing of Nana pendents, or subjects of the English, the gentle. Furnavese.' Done by me Ballajce Inırdine, on men of Bombay, Surat, or Madras, to act con- the 15th of Mohurrum, in the year 1183, (Detrary, at any place, to the terms of this treaty: cember 20, 1782) under the small seal of the in the same manner the Peshwa Madhoo Row Peshwa; ratified also by Scindia, the 21st of Raba Pundit Purdhan engages, that none of the chiefs

bie ul Owal; counter part subscribed by Mr. Anor subjects of the Marattah state shall act con- derfon, the 24th of February 1783. trary to them.

Art. XVI. The Honourable East India Com. pany and the Peshwa Madhoo Row Pundit Purd. But, notwithstanding all these pacific arrangehan, having the fullest confidence in Maha Ra- ments, the three per cent. consolidated stuck was, jah Subadar Madhoo Row Scindia Behader, they on the 24th infant, fo low as 60l.155. This ciro


cumstance is truly alarming, and demands the this month reipecting some new disturbances in immediate attention of government; who ought South America, but we can by no means vouch to penetrate the true caule of so serious an evil, for it's authenticity. and endeavour to counteract it's ruinous effects. We haie no certain intelligence that Russia If an universal confidence in our funds is once and the Porte have as yet commenced hoftilities, loft, the fun of Great Britain will indeed set! though news to this effect seems to be hourly ex

The fall of stocks has been charged on the ex- pected by all Europe. France and England, it portation of the English gold coin, as well as on the is faid, are both determined to preserve a perfect new channels of commerce opened by the peace; neutrality; but, though both these last powers and perhaps it may, in some measure, be fairly have, we believe, had quite enough of war for afcribable to these causes: but, whatever may be the present, we cannot bring ourselves to expect the cause, melancholy must be the effect of that that they will long remain inactive, should this loss of public credit which we have too much rea- event take place. Indeed, the meditated contest son to dread, if proper measures are not hailily between these powerful empires seems likely to pursued to avert the threatening danger. involve all Europe; and it is from this considera

At the beginning of this month, an alarming tion alone, that we still think the Grand Seignior disease among the horned cattle made it's ap- may be prevailed upon, by his European friends, pearance in Nottinghamshire, but it happily to accommodate matters with the Empress. In turned out to be merely local.

the mean time, the Emperor of Germany keeps The resolutions of the Dungannon Volunteers, up a most powerful army, and is daily making in Ireland, seem to promise much ferious, but the greatelt exertions poflible for the establishnot unexpefted business. If thou art wile, Hi- ment of a respectable navy; the King of Prussia bernia, be satisfied with what has been conceded, is ready to take the field on the flightest occaleft Britannia should perceive that she has already fion; Peland is under perpetual alarm; Dengranted too much!

mark and Sweden are indefatigable in itrengthenNothing material from Anierica has this ing their marine; and even the little Republic of month transpired; but we are in daily expectation Venice is likewise increaling her naval power. of important intelligence from that quarter. Nor have France and Spain fo haftily disband.

The attempt of the Spaniards against Algiers ed their armies, or laid up their ships of war, as has by no means been successful; and they have might naturally have been expected, did there returned into port with very little additional ho- not appear at least a strong probability that their

A report has been pretty freely circulated affistance would soon be wanted,




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Madrid, August 12.

centre of the town, where it continued all the ON Antonio Barcelo informs our court, evening.

that fince he left Caithagena, he had D. Joachim Moscoso, commander of the brig constantly met with contrary winds; but on the Fincalter, who brought these dispatches, adds, 29th of July he arrived before the Bay of Al- that having been sent off in the night of the giers. The swell, and the winds, did not per- zd, he could nut get away till the next day at mit him to begin the attack before the ift inftant; eight o'clock; so that he saw the third attack, and, during that interval, he was joined by such which tork place in the morning, from half past of the ships of his squadron as had parted on the fix till three quarters after seven, when the wind passage. That day, the weather becoming calm, freshening, he pursued his course. He thinks though the sea continued very rough, he formed that this atta k has had more success than the his line of battle; the 18 bomb-ketches form- two preceding ones; but could not discover it's ed the front; the 13 gun-boats were placed in effects, on account of the smoke produced by the the wings to support them, and the boarding- fire of the Alzerine batteries, which was fiercer boats, xebecks, bilarders, and other vessels of than that of the day before. war, ready to act against the enemies ships, if Smyrna, August 18. The plague is much any attempted to come out.

At half past two abated in our environs; the fogs are diffipated, the firing began, and did not end till sun-let, and we begin to enjoy a pure and serene air. when the bomb-vessels had expended all their Madrid, Aug. 19. The expedition against ammunition. Three hundred and eighty bombs Algiers is at an end. The feet returned to were thrown that day; and the Algerine bat- Carthagena the 11th instant: the following are the teries threw 30 bombs, and 1075 buliets, which most interesting particulars that have occurred. patling over the Spanish line, kilied oniy two After the attack of the ift, 2d, and 3d inftant, a men, and wounded two others.

The next fresh attempt was made by Don Barcelo, on the day, at half past two, a fresh attack was made, 4th, which lasted two hours. During this which lasted two hours, during which twenty- time 558 fhells, and 490 bullets, were fired off, two embarkations with oars came out of Algiers, by which means the town was set on fire at the when the gun-boats obliged them to take thelter

four corners.

The enemies fallied out with again. The bomb-ketches threw 375 bombs, eleven gallies; but these were so successfully ree which set fire to two places in the eart, towards pulled by Serjeant-Major Don Guievechea, that the Moles, where it lafted an hour, and in the several of them were driven on fhore along the


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