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all the cables and snap the chains which tie us to an unfaith. ful shore, and enter the friendly harbour, that shoots far out into the main its moles and jettees to receive us.--" War with the world, and peace with our constituents.” Be this our motto, and our principle. Then indeed, we shall be truly great.

Respecting ourselves we shall be respected by the world. At present all is troubled and cloudy, and distracted, and full of anger and turbulence, both abroad and at home; but the air may be cleared by this storm, and light and fertility may follow it. Let us give a faithful pledge to the people that we honour, indeed, the crown ; but that we belong to them ; that we are their auxiliaries, and not their task-masters ; the fellow-labourers in the same vineyard, not lording over their rights, but helpers of their joy : that to tax them is a grievance to ourselves, but to cut off from our enjoyments to forward theirs, is the highest gratification we are capable of receiving. I feel with comfort, that we are all warmed with these sentiments, and while we are thus warm, I wish we may go directly and with a cheerful heart to this salutary work. Sir, I move for leave to bring in a bill, “ For the better

regulation of his majesty's civil establishments, and of certain publick offices; for the limitation of pensions, and the suppression of sundry useless, expensive, and inconvenient places ; and for applying the monies saved

thereby to the publick service*.” Lord North stated, that there was a difference between this bill for regulating the establishments, and some of the others, as they affected the ancient patrimony of the crown; and therefore wished them to be postponed, till the king's consent could be obtained. This distinction was strongly controverted; but when it was insisted on as a point of decorum only, it was agreed to postpone them to another day. Accordingly, on the Monday following, viz. February 14, leave was given, on the motion of Mr. Burke, without opposition, to bring in

1st. “ A bill for the sale of the forest and other crown lands, rents, and hereditaments, with certain exceptions; and for applying the produce thereof to the publick service; and for se

• The motion was seconded by Mr. Fox.

curing, ascertaining, and satisfying, tenant-rights, and common and other rights."

* 2d, “ A bill for the more perfectly uniting to the crown the principality of Wales, and the county palatine of Chester, and for the more commodious administration of justice within the same; as also for abolishing certain offices now appertaining thereto; for quieting dormant claims, ascertaining and securing tenant-rights; and for the sale of all the forest lands, and other lands, tenements, and hereditaments, held by his majesty in right of the said principality, or county palatine of Chester, and for applying the produce thereof to the pube lick service."

3d, “A bill for uniting to the crown the duchy and county palatine of Lancaster; for the suppression of unnecessary offices now belonging thereto; for the ascertainment and security of tenant and other rights; and for the sale of all rents, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, and forests, within the said duchy and county palatine, or either of them; and for applying the produce thereof to the publick service,”-And it was ordered that Mr. Burke, Mr. Fox, Lord John Cavendish, Sir George Savile, Colonel Barrè, Mr. Thomas Townshend, Mr. Byng, Mr. Dunning, Sir Joseph Mawbey, Mr. Recorder of London, Sir Robert Clayton, Mr. Frederick Montagu, the Earl of Upper Ossory, Sir William Guise, and Mr. Gilbert, do prepare and bring in the same.

At the same time, Mr. Burke moved for leave to bring in -4th, “ A bill for uniting the duchy of Cornwall to the crown; for the suppression of certain unnecessary offices now belonging thereto ; for the ascertainment and security of tenant and other rights; and for the sale of certain rents, lands, and tenements, within or belonging to the said duchy; and for applying the produce thereof to the publick service.

But some objections being made by the surveyor general of the duchy concerning the rights of the prince of Wales, now in his minority, and Lord North remaining perfectly silent, Mr. Burke, at length, though he strongly contended against the principle of the objection, consented to withdraw this last motion for the present, to be renewed upon an early occasion.

MR. BURKE'S SPEECH

AT THE

GUILDHALL, IN BRISTOL,

PREVIOUS

TO THE LATE ELECTION IN THAT CITY,

UPON CERTAIN POINTS RELATIVE TO HIS

PARLIAMENTARY CONDUCT.

1780.

VOL. II.

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