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ExtraS from a Treatise on ti or liquors render the teeth more susceptible of pain from flight impressions of cold or chewing, and that the people who eat most sweetmeats are the most subject to disorders and deformities of the teeth. The peasants and poor farmers suffer less in this way, than thole of rank and opulence who eat of second courses; and I am credibly informed, that in the Low Countries, where sugar, tea, and coffee, and sweatmeats are used to excess, the people, even at an early age, are remarkable for the badness of their teeth. It is therefore adviseable to eat of them but seldom, and always to wash the teeth after them.
"Cracking nuts is often hurtful to the teeth, by breaking the enamel; as is also the custom of some girls, who cut the thread with their teeth when they few, to prevent the trouble of taking up the scissars.
"The boyish custom of raising weights with the teeth, and of carrying a table or chair in the mouth, is as dangerous as it is absurd, and therefore should not be attempted by any reasonable person.
"As to the constant use of toothpicks after meals, I am clearly of opinion that it is a very bad practice. For all tooth-picks, and particularly those that are made of metal or wood, by being often pushed between the • teeth, destroy the gums, and widen the interstices, so as to furnish more convenient lodgment for the food, and render the custom of picking every day more and more necessary.
"If people, after a long habit, cannot refrain from such practices, the tooth-picks made out of quills, or the slips of the Spanish thistle, do less injury to the gums than any Osiers. But to those who are willing
•e Disorders of the Teeth, . 19
to follow the safest and most effectual method:, I recommend the use of the straight tooth-brush, which has the hair fixed in the end, somewhat like a painter's pencil. This sort of brush, if it be well made of short stiff hair, instantly removes whatever scraps of food have lodged between the teeth; instead of hurting or pushing down the gums, gives a salutary stimulus, as we mentioned above, which encourages their growth and adhesion.
"I observe in people that smoke tobacco constantly, that the enamel of the, fore-teeth has many fissures, which run chiefly from the edge downwards. I am therefore inclined to think that smoking is hurtful to the teeth, although it be found serviceable in defluxions, on account of the discharge which it occasions, and on account of its sedative virtue. But whether this opinion be well founded or not, it is certain, that with those who catch the pipe between their teeth, the enamel in that part wears away remarkably, in process of time, by the constant friction of it.
It is but justice to allow that this work has fully answered the author's design in publishing it, which was, as he observes, to render his art of more extensive utility, and to rescue it fromthe indifference and unmerited contempt with which it has hitherto been treated, by those who are pleased to comprehend under the idea of tooth-drawing, or toothscraping; all that is necessary to be known or advanced on the subject, and, therefore, place on an equal footing with the surgeon-dentist, the tooth-drawing barber, and travelling mountebank.
A CAR D,
Provoco ad Populum.
AFriend to liberty and honour presents his compliments to the honest and upright public, and Cubmits, whether judge Jefferies, on the trial of Algernon Sidney, did not affirm hi j § innocence, integrity, and impartiality, in as strong and explicit terms as any modern lawyer has done, or can be supposed to do on any occasion? How far those assertions have operated against the evidence of facts, he leaves to the determination of the whole world.
Judge Jefferies, however, said one thing which more than one modern lawyer, it seems, would dispute; "We can take notice (said he) of nothing but what is upon the record."
§ " I should rather many guilty men should escape, than one innocent man suffer."
"Don't think that we overrule in your case what we would not over-rule in all mens cafes, in your condition, &c. &c."
Jefferies' Trial, Sidney, Quarto.
An extraordinary Instance of Public Spirit in a Cohler of MeJJina.
THERE is a fort of enthusiasm in public spirit, which renders it politically prudent in corrupt ltatesinen to discourage it; and yet there is something so great and Ib divine in this enthusiasm, that statesmen of a better turn, though they dare not encourage, yet cannot but admire it. We have a shining and surprising example of this in the cobler of Messina, which happened in the last century, and is at once a proof that public spirit is the growth
of every degree. And, which is
a point that our great men ought to consider with attention, that wherever corruption becomes flagrant and universal, this heroic lunacy of public spirit is most likely to appear.
This cobler was an honest man, and, I was going to fay, poor; but when I consider that he maintained his family, and was above dependence, I cannot prevail upon myself to make use of the expression. He was also a man of reflection, he saw the corruption, luxury, and oppression, the private frauds, the public robberies, the enormous violation of justice, under which his country laboured. He saw rapes unpunished,
adulteries unreproved, barbarous
murders either screened by c
f , or attoned for by money; in a word, he saw a universal degeneracy of manners, partly from the want of will, partly from the want of power in the government to chastise offenders. In this situation he resolved to undertake the arduous task of reforming these disorders, and thought it both lawful and expedient to assume the authority of avenger of the innocent, and the terror of the guilty.
Full of this romantic resolution, he provided himself with a soort gun, which he canied under his cloak, and equipped with a powderpouch on one thigh, and a bag of balls on the other, he sallied out in the evenings, and as proper opportunities offered, he dispatched such as he knew to be incorrigible offenders, to that tribunal, where he was sensible they could not elude justice; snd then returned home full of that satisfaction which is the sole reward of public spirit. As there were in Messina a great number of these overgrown criminals, the cobler, in the space of a few weeks, did very great execution,
An extraordinary Instance os Public Spirit in a Coller of MeJJina. . 21
execution. The sun never rose with- done so much service to the state, out discovering frefli marks of his went directly to the palace, and dejustice; here lay a usurer, who had manded an audience of the vice-roy, ruined hundreds; there an unjust to whom, upon his declaring that he magistrate; who had been the curse had something of great importance of thousands,; in one corner, a no- to communicate, he was admitted bleman, who had debauched his alone. He began with putting his friend's wife; in another, a man of excellency in mind of his oath, who the fame rank, who, through avarice assured him he meant to keep it reand ambition, had prostituted his ligiously. The cobler then proown; but as the bodies were always ceeded to the following harangue, untouched, with all their ornaments "I, Sir, have been alone that inabout them, and very often with strument of justice, who dispatched considerable sums in their pockets, in so short a time, so many criminals, it was visible they were not dis- In doing this, Sir, I have done no patched for the fake of money; and more than what was your duty to do. their numbers made it as evident, You, Sir, who, in reality, are guilty that they did not fall victims to pri- of all the offences which these vate revenge. wretches committed, deserved the
It is not in the power of words to fame chastisement, and had met with describe the astonishment of the it too, had I not respected the reprewhole city; things came at last to sentative of my prince, who, I know, such a pass, that not a rogue of any is accountable to. God alone." He rank whatever, durst walk the streets; then entered into an exact detail of complaint upon complaint was car- all the murders he had done, and ried to the vice-roy; and magi- the motives upon which he had prostrates, guards, spies, and every ceeded. The vice-roy, who was other engine of power, were em- thoroughly convinced, that he tnld ployed to no manner of purpose. At him no more than the truth, repeated last, when no less than fifty of these his assurances of safety, and thanked examples had been made, the vice- him very affectionately for the tenroy took a serious resolution of put- derness he had shewn him, adding, ting a stop to these mischiefs, by the after all, he was ready to pay him only method that seemed capable of the 2000 crowns, reaching the evil; he caused public Our cobler returned the vice-roy proclamation to be made, that he his compliments in his rough way; would give the sum of 2000 crowns but told him, after what had passed, to any person who should discover he believed it would be but jjrudenf. the author or authors of these mur- in him to make choice of some other ders; promising, at the same time, city for his habitation, and that too the like reward, with an absolute in some corner of Italy, not under indemnity, to the person who had the jurisdiction of his catholic ma-, done them, if he would discover jelly. The vice-roy thought his reahimself; and as a pledge of his sin- sons had weight, and, therefore, after cerity, he went to the cathedral, and thanking him in the most gracious took the sacrament, that he would terms for supplying that power which punctually perform every tittle of his the government wanted, he ordered proclamation. a tartane to transport him, his "fa
The cobler, having either satisfied mily, his effects, and 2090 crowns,
his zeal of justice, or being now in to one of the ports in the territory of
a temper to secure his own safety; Genoa; where this extraordinary per
iifter slaving, in his own opinion, son passed the remainder of his days
in ease and quiet, and the city of Messina felt, for a long time after, the good effects of his enthusiastic zeal for the public good, and for the first execution of justice, without respect to persons.
This story, however strange, is exactly true; and, as Philip of Macedon kept a page, who, to moderate his ambition, and to put him in mind of his duty, as a prince, was wont to awake him in the morning
with this salutation, " Remember, Philip, that thou art a man;" so, I think, it would be happy for the ministers, who are either entrusted by their masters, or acquire to themselves a boundless authority, supported by boundless influence; if they would write in a table-book, and from thence refresh their memories frequently with this sentence, " V/hat if the cobler of Messina should revive?"
Some Account of the Statesman Foil'd, a Musical Comedy of two A£ls; composed by Mr. Rush; and performed, at thg Theatre Royal in the Hay-Market.
Persons of the Drama.
Ld Crafty (Uncle lMr_ SoWDON.
to Emilia) j Meanwell, Mr. Mahoon.
Worthy, Mr. Bannister.
Minute, Mr. Lloyd,
Emilia, Miss Edwards,
Sally, Miss Groce,
TH E piece opens with a dialogue between Emilia and her lover Meanwell; she informs him of the difficulties he has to encounter in obtaining her uncle's consent to their nuptials. She assures him nothing shall ever induce her to wed any man but himself; and in order to baffle lord Crafty's schemes, proposes to give Meanwell a promise of marriage under her hand; which he joyfully accepts. Lord Crafty soon after enters abruptly, and Emilia introduces Meanwell to him as one of her country acquaintance. My lord, imagining he may be of some use to him in the ensuing election, desires her to encourage his visits. When Meanwell has retired, lord Crafty lays a proposal of marriage before his niece, which is not at all agreeable to the young lady, who declares her resolution in the following
And flirt it through the town,
Such joys as Hymen crown. From wedlock's bounds, I'll not de
Nor take a wider course, [part; But, with my hand, I'll give my heart,
For better, and for worse.
Thro' fasoion'srout, and folly's maze,
I ne'er will vainly rove;
And constancy my love.
For better and for worse.
No apish fop, nor sot, nor rake,
My favour shall attain:
Nor share the miser's gain.
Would prove to me a curse, Since,with my hand, I'll givemy heart,
For better, and for worse.
Soon after Worthy and Sally are discovered. Worthy is a friend to Meanwell; and has entirely ruined his fortune in supporting the interest of lord Crafty, who treats him with the greatest neglect. To be revenged for this behaviour, Worthy, knowing
Some Account os the Statesman FoiPd.
5ng my lord's great fondness for the fair fex, engages Sally, a woman of the town, to play the part of his wife, and practice all her arts to make a dupe of the nobleman. When Sally goes out to execute this honourable design, Meanwell makes his appearance, and is informed of the plan Worthy has laid; and as there is a probability that' lord Crafty will be decoyed to Worthy's house on an assignation with the supposed Mrs. Worthy, Meanwell is advised by his friend to be at hand, and have a declaration of the nobleman's consent to his marriage with Emilia ready drawn up for my lord to sign, in cafe the plot should succeed. The two friends then drink to the prosperity of their joint cause, and end the act with a duet.
In the beginning of the second act, lord Crafty is informed that a very handsome lady, wife to Worthy, begs admittance, which he immediately grants, and appears greatly struck with her beauty. She upbraids him in very severe terms for his neglect of her hulband, and upon my lord's taking some liberties with her, pretends to fall into a fit: a reconciliation, however, is soon brought about by lord Crafty's ordering Mr. Minute to put down Mr. Worthy's name for a very principal place, and presenting the lady with a bank note to support them till the salary becomes due. Struck with this generous behaviour, she appears to listen to his passion, and appoints to meet him at her husband's house directly, as she assures my lord, Worthy will be out of the way.
In the next scene, Meanwell expresses joy at the contract Emilia has favoured him with, and hints to her, there is some likelihood of immediately obtaining her uncle's consent. He requests (he will flay at a milliner's near Worthy's house, till her appearance is requisite, and leaves her in order to execute his project,
with great protestations of affection and fidelity. The scene then changes to Worthy's house, where lord Crafty, true to his appointment, is soon after introduced to the pretended Mrs. Worthy, to whom he presents the grant for her hulband's post, which, when she has carefully examined, and found genuine, she begs leave to deposit in a place of safety, and accordingly retires to an adjacent chamber, where Meanwell and Worthy lie concealed; upon her return, my lord, impatient for the gratification of his wishes, proceeds to great freedoms with her, and as he is carrying her out in his arms, is met at the door, to his utter confusion, by Worthy, who immediately draws and demands satisfaction; but my lord, not being a fighting man, endeavours to excuse himself, and at length cries out for help. Meanwell, then enters and interposes in the poor nobleman's behalf, and persuades his furious friend to retire, while he tries to compromise the matter. Meanwell directly fastens the door, and acquaints lord Crafty, that the only reward he requires to rescue him out of this ugly affair, is his consent to marry Emilia, and at the same time shews him the contract of marriage from the lady. My lord, after a good deal of altercation, and being dreadfully intimidated by the noise Worthy makes at the door for satisfaction, consents to sign the paper which Meanwell had drawn up, upon condition he is protected from Worthy's fury. Mrs. Worthy and her pretended husband, are then let in, and discover they are not married; my lord is greatly enraged at this intelligence, and vows vengeance on them all, but at length is reconciled to his situation, by the kind behaviour of Sally. Meanwell soon after introduces Emilia, who my lord is assured had no concern in the plot against; him; the lovers return their thanks to him for his consent; he promises