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As soon as the News of Campeius's Arrival in England was known at London, great Preparations were

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Suff. Pray God he do! he'll never know himself else.

Nor. How holily he works in all his Business,
And with what Zeal! for now he has crackr the League
'Tween us and the Emperor, the Queen's great Nephew,
He dives into the King's Soul, and there scatters
Doubts, Dangers, Wringing of the Conscience,
Fears and Despair, and all these for his Marriage,
And, out of all these to restore the King,
He counsels a Divorce, a Loss of her,
That, like a Jewel, has hung twenty Years
About his Neck, yet never lost her Lustre ;
Of her that loves him with that Excellence,
That Angels love good Men with; even of her,
That, when the greatest Stroke of Fortune falls,
Will bless the King: And is not this Course pious ?

Cham. Heav'n keep me from such Counsel ! 'tis moít true,
This News is ev'ry where, every Tongue speaks it,
And every true Heart weeps for't. All, that dare
Look into these Affairs, see his main End,
The French King's Sister. Heav'n will one Day open
The King's Eyes, that so long have slept upon
This bold, bad Man.
Suff. And free us from his Slavery.

Nor. We had need pray, and heartily, for Deliverance ;
Or th'imperious Man will work us all
From Princes into Pages ; all Men's Honours
Lie like one Lump before him, to be fashion'd
Into what Pitch he please.
Suff. For me, my Lords,
I love him not, nor fear him: There's my

As I am made without him, * so I'll stand,
If the King please ; his Curses and his Bleslings
Touch me alike; their Breath I'll not believe in.
I knew him, and I know him ; so I leave him
To him that made him proud, the Pope.

Nor. Let's in ;
And, with some other Business, put the King
From these fad Thoughts that work too much upon him.
My Lord, you'll bear us Company !

Cham. Excuse me,
The King has sent me other-where ; besides,


* Yet he acknowledges in a Letter, that his chief Friend, next the King, was the Cardinal. See our IId Vol. p. 258.

made to receive him ; but, being much afflicted with the Gout, he chose to come to Town privately ; fo


You'll find it a moft unfit Time to disturb him :
Health to Your Lordships!

[Exit Lord Chamberlain. Nor. Thanks, my good Lord Chamberlain.

The Scene draws, and discovers the King fitting and reading

Suff. How sad he looks ! sure he is much afflicted.
King. Who's there? ha!
Nor. Pray God he be not angry.

King. Who's there, I say? how dare you thrust yourselves
Into my private Meditations ?
Who am I ? ha !

Nor. A gracious King, that pardons all Offences
Malice ne'er meant : Our Breach of Duty this Way
Is Business of th' State ; in which we come
To know your royal Pleasure.

King. Ye are too bold !
Go to ; I'll make ye know your Times of Business :
Is this an Hour for temporal Affairs ? ha!

Enter Wolsey, and Campeius, the Pope's Legate, with a Como

Who's there! my good Lord Cardinal ? O my Wolley!
The Quiet of

my wounded Conscience ;
Thou art a Cure fit for the King. You're welcome,
Most learned rev'rend Sir, into our Kingdom,
Ule us, and it ; My good Lord, have great Care
I be not found a Talker.

Wol. Sir, you cannot:
I would your Grace would give us but an Hour
Of private Conf'rence,

King. We are busy ; go.
Nor. This Priest has no Pride in him !

Suff: Not to speak of:
I would not be so sick though for his Place :
But this cannot continue.

Nor. If it do,
I'll venture one Heave at him.
Suff. I another.

Exeunt Norfolk and Suffolk.
Wol. Your Grace has given a President of Wisdom
Above all Princes, in committing freely
Your Scruple to the Voice of Christendom:
Who can be angry now? What Envy reach you?


that, on the oth of O&tober, he took Water at St. Mary Overy's, and landed at Bath-place, where he was visited by Wolsey and divers of the Nobility and Gentry. Af


The Spaniard, ty'd by Blood and Favour to her,
Must now confess, if they have any Goodness,
The Trial just and noble. All the Clerks,
I mean the learned ones in Christian Kingdoms,
Have their free Voices. Rome, the Nurse of Judgment,
Invited by your Noble Self, hath sent
One gen'ral Tongue unto us, this good Man,
This just and learned Priest, Cardinal Campeius,
Whom once more I present unto your Highness.

King. And once more, in my Arms, I bid him Welcome,
And thank the holy Conclave for their Loves,
They've sent me such a Man I would have wish'd for.

Cam. Your Grace muit needs deserve all Strangers Loves,
You are so noble; to your Highness's Hand
I tender my Commission, by whose Virtue
(The Court of Rome commanding) you, my Lord,
Cardinal of York, are join'd with me, their Servant,
In the impartial Judging of this business.

King. Two equal Men! the Queen shall be acquainted
Forthwith for what you come. Where's Gardiner ?

Wol. I know your Majesty has always lov'd her
So dear in Heart, not to deny her what
A Woman of less Place might ask by Law,
Scholars allow'd freely to argue for her,

King. Ay, and the best she shall have ; and my Favour
To him that does best, God forbid else. Cardinal,
Pr’ythee call Gardiner to me, my new Secretary,
I find him a fit Fellow.

Enter Gardiner.
Wol. Give me your Hand; much Joy and Favour to you į
You are the King's now.

Gard. But to be commanded
For ever by your Grace, whose Hand has rais'd me.
King. Come hither, Gardiner !

[Walks and whispers. Deliver this with Modefty to the Queen.

[Exit Gardiner,
The most convenient Place that I can think of,
For such Receit of Learning, is Black-fryars:

ye shall meet about this weighty Business.
My Wolley, see it furnish'd. O! my Lord,
Would it not grieve an able Man to leave
So sweet a Bedfellow? But Conscience, Conscience -
Q! 'tis a tender Place, and I must leave her!



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ter he was a little recovered, though not able to walk, he was carried in a Chair by four Persons, and introduced to the King's Presence by the Cardinal of York, and both Cardinals being feated on the Right-hand of the King's Throne, Francesco, Campeius's Secretary, addressed himself to the King in Latin, in which he related “ with what Cruelty the Emperor's Soldiers “ had handled the Pope, the Tyranny they had shew" ed to the Cardinals and Priests, the Sacrilege and

Spoil they had committed in St. Peter's Church “ how they had violated Virgins, ravished Men's " Wives, spoiled, robbed, and tormented all the Ro

mans and Inhabitants in the City of Rome ; then re“ cited what Friendship the College of Rome had met “ with at the Royal Hands of the Kings of England “ and France, in the Time of that Tribulation ; that, “ if they had not joined together, the City of Rome “ with all their Governors had been brought to Ruin: “ For which Pope Clement, and all his College of Car“ dinals, the Senators, with all the Citizens, rendered

to the King their hearty Thanks, and promised him 66 their Love, Favour, and Amity perpetual.”

To this Specch Dr. Fox, Provost of Cambridge, made answer, and as to the first Point declared, , " That the King much lamented to hear his Friends,

or any other Christian Men, should be handled with “ Tyranny:” To the second, “ That the King had “ done but the Duty of a Christian Prince, to relieve “ his Friends in Distress, for which he desired that the “ whole City of Rome would give Thanks to God, " and not to him."

Whilft Matters were preparing for the Trial Campeius had an Audience of the Queen, when he took Occasion to acquaint her of the Danger of the present Difpute, and, endeavouring to persuade her to retire to a Monastery, seemed to charge her with some unseasonable Freedoms and Misconduct in her Behaviour ; for that, since the granting of the Legate's Commission, she




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was observed to allow Dancing and Court-diversions more than before, and to appear in Publick with an unusual Air of Chearfulness and Spirit ; whereas the Condition of her Circumstances ought to have made her more grave, and recollect, that the Perplexity of the King's Conscience, not to mention other gloomy Appearances, were no Motives for Satisfaction.

The Queen, by no means pleased with this Difcourse, replied positively, That she was resolved to stand by the Marriage allowed by the Apostolick See : So that Campeius, finding there was no good to be done with the Queen, took his Leave, and returned to his Majesty, to acquaint him with what had passed.

Stow says, “ The common People talked largely in respect to Campeius's Arrival in England, by say

ing, the King wanted another Wife, and had fent “ for this Legate in order to get rid of his Queen :

Particularly the Women charged him with Incontenency, and that there was more Passion than Coscience in this Application."

The King, hearing of the daily Grumblings of his People, thought proper to call before him the great Men of his Kingdom, both Spiritual and Temporal, besides others of inferior Degree were adınitted ; to whom he made the following Speech. * The King's Oration, Spoken on the Ides of Novem

ber, 1528. ENERABLE and dear Assembly of Prelates,

Peers and Counsellors, which the common “ Care of Administring well for the Republick and our

Kingdom has brought together. It is no Secret to you, that, by Divine Providence, we have these

twenty Yearst almost governed this our Realm with “ so much Happiness, that in all that Time it was free “ from hostile Incursions ; and we, in those Wars

(6 which * Mr. Parker's Ant. Brit. p. 475. + Eighteen of which the Cardinal had the Conducting of Affairs.

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