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so liberally supplied us with provisions, take the bag- 1767. gage, with the fruit that had not been eaten, and some je cocoa-nut-shells full of fresh water, and made signs that they should follow us up the side of the mountain. As soon as he was gone, they gathered green branches from the neighbouring trees, and with many ceremonies, of which we did not know the meaning, laid them down before us : after this they took small berries with which they painted themselves red, and the bark of a tree that contained a yellow juice, with which they stained their garments in different parts. We began to climb the mountain while our old man was still in sight, and he, perceiving that we made our way with difficulty through the weeds and brush-wood, which grew very thick, turned back, and said something to the natives in a firm loud tone; upon which twenty or thirty of the men went before us, and cleared us a very good path ; they also refreshed us with water and fruit as we went along, and aftsted us to climb the most difficult places, which we should otherwise have found altogetherimpracticable. We began to ascend this hill at the distance of about six miles from the place where we landed, and I reckoned the top of it to be near a mile above the river that runs through the valley below. When we arrived at the summit, we again sat down to rest and refresh ourselves. While we were climbing we flattered ourselves that from the top we should command the whole island, but we now faw mountains before us so much higher than our situation, that with respect to them we appeared to be in a valley ; towards the ship indeed the view was enchanting : the sides of the hills were beautifully clothed with wood, villages were every where interspersed, and the vallies between them afforded a ftill richer prospect; the houses stood thicker, and the verdure was more luxuriant. We faw very few habitations above us, but discovered smoke in many places ascending from between the highest hills that were in sight, and therefore I conjecture that the most elevated parts of the country are by no means without inhabitants. As we ascended the mountain, we saw many springs gush from fissures on the side of it, and when we had reached the summit, we found many houses that we did


1967. July,

not discover as we passed them. No part of these
mountains is naked; the summits of the highest that
we could see were crowned with wood, but of what
kind I know not : those that were of the same height
with that which we had climed, were woody on the
sides, but on the summit were rocky and covered with
fern. Upon the flats that appeared below these, there
grew a fedgy kind of grass and weeds: in general the.
foil here, as well as in the valley, seemed to be rich.
We saw several bushes of sugar-cane, which were very
large and very good, growing wild, without the least
culture. I likewise found ginger and turmerick, and
have brought samples of both, but could not procure
seeds of any tree, most of them being in blossom.
After traversing the top of this mountain to a good
distance, I found a tree exa&tly like a fern, except
that it was '1 4 or 15 feet high. This tree I cut down,
and found the inside of it also like a fern : I would
have brought a piece of it with me, but found it too
cumbersome, and I knew not what difficulties we
might meet with before we got back to the ship,
which we judged to be now at a great distance.. -After
having again recruited our strength by refreshment
and rest, we began to descend the mountain, being
still attended by the people to whose care we had been
recommended by our old man. We kept our gene-
ral direction towards the ship, but sometimes deviated
a little to the right and left in the plains and vallies,
when we saw any houses that were pleasantly situated,
the inhabitants being every where ready to accommo-
date us with whatever they had. We saw no beast, ex-
cept a few hogs, nor any birds, except parrots, parro-
quets, and green doves; by the river, however, there
was plenty of ducks, and every place that was planted
and cultivated, appeared to flourish with great luxuri-
ance, though in the midst of what had the appearance
of barren ground. I planted the stones of peaches,
cherries, and plums, with a great variety of garden seeds,
where I thought it was most probable that they would
thrive, and limes, lemons, and oranges, in situations
which resembled those in which they are found in the
West Indies. In the afternoon, we arrived at a very
pleasant spot, within about three miles of the ship,


where we procured two hogs and some fowls, which 1767. the natives dressed for us very well, and with great July. expedition. Here we continued till the cool of the evening, and then made the best of our way for the ship, having liberally rewarded our guides, and the people who had provided us so good a dinner. Our men be- * haved through the whole day with the greatest decency and order, and we parted with our Indian friends in perfect good-humour with each other.”

About 10 o'clock, the next morning, the Queen Sund. 26. came on board, according to her promise, with a present of hogs and fowls, but went on shore again soon afterwards. This day, the Gunner sent off near thirty hogs, with great plenty of fowl and fruit. We completed our wood and water, and got all ready for sea. More inhabitants came down to the beach, from the inland country, than we had seen before, and many of them appeared, by the respect that was paid them, to be of a superior rank. About three o'clock in the afternoon, the Queen came again down to the beach, very well dressed, and followed by a great nuñiber of people. Having crossed the river with her attendants, and our old man, she came once more on board the ship. She brought with her some very fine fruit, and renewed her solicitation, that. I would stay ten days longer, with great earnestness, intimating that she would go into the country, and bring me plenty of hogs, fowls, and fruit. I endeavoured to express a proper sense of her kindness and bounty, but assured her that I should certainly fail the next morning. This, as usual, threw her into tears, and after the recovered, she enquired by signs when I should, return : I endeavoured to express fifty days, and she made signs for thirty: but the sign for fifty being constantly repeated, she seemed satisfied. She stayed on board till night, and it was then with the greatest difficulty that she could be prevailed upon to go on shore. When she was told that the boat was ready, she threw herself down upon the arm-chest, and wept a long time with an excess of passion that could not be pacified; at last, however, though with the greatest reluctance, she went into the boat, and was followed by her attendants and the old man. The old man had often intimated that his son, a lad about fourteen years of age, should go with us, and the boy seemed to be willing: he had,


The old teen years of ing: he h

however, now disappeared for two days. I enquired after him when I first missed him, and the old man gave me to understand that he was gone into the country to see his friends, and would return time enough to go with us; but I have reason to think that, when the time drew near, the father's courage failed, and that to keep his child, he secreted him till the ship was gone,

for we never saw him afterwards. Monday 27. At break of day, on Monday the 27th, we unmoored,

and at the same time I sent the barge and cutter to fill the few water-casks that were now empty. When they came near the shore, they saw, to their great surprise, the whole beach covered with inhabitants, and having fome doubt whether it would be prudent to venture themselves among such a multitude, they were about to pull back again for the ship. As soon as this was perceived from the shore, the Queen came forward, and beckoned them; at the same time guessing the reason of what had happened, she made the natives retire to the other side of the river. The boats then proceeded to the fhore, and filled the casks; in the mean time she put some hogs and fruit on board, and when they were putting off would fain have returned with them to the ship. The officer, however, who had received orders to bring off none of the natives, would not permit her ; upon which she presently launched a double canoe, and was rowed off by her own people. Her canoe was immediately followed by fifteen or sixteen more, and all of them came up to the ship. The Queen came on board, but not being able to speak, she sat down and gave vent to her passion by weeping. After she had been on board, about an hour, a breeze springing up we weighed anchor and made fail. Finding it now necessary to return into her canoe, she embraced us all in the most affe&ionate manner, and with many tears; all her attendants also expressed great forrow at our departure. Soon after it fell calm, and I sent the boats a-head to tow, upon which all the canoes returned to the ship, and that which had the Queen on board came up to the gun-room port, where her people made it fast. In a few minutes she came into the bow of her canoe, where the fat weeping with inconsolable forrow. I gave her many things which I thought would be of great use to her, and some for ornament; she silently accepted of all, but took little 1767. July.

notice of any thing. About 10 o'clock we were got without the reef, and a fresh breeze springing up, our Indian friends, and particularly the Queen, once more bade us farewel, with such tenderness of affection and grief, as filled both my heart and my eyes.

At noon, the harbour from which we sailed bore S. E. : E. distant about twelve miles. It lies in latitude 170 30 S. longitude 1500 W. and I gave it the name of Port Royal Harbour.

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A more particular Account of the Inhabitants of Otaheite,

and of their domestic Life, Manners, and Arts. U A VING lain off this island from the 24th of

N° June to the 27th of July, I shall now give the best account of its inhabitants, with their manners and arts, that I can'; but having been in a very bad state of health the whole time, and for great part of it confined to my bed, it will of necefsity be much less accurate and particular than I'might otherwise have made it.

The inhabitants of this island are a stout, well-made, a&tive, and comely people. The stature of the men, in general; is from five feet seven to five feet ten inches, though a few individuals are taller, and a few shorter ; that of the women from five feet to five feet fix. The complexion of the men is tawney, but those that go upon the water are much redder than those who live on fhore. Their hair in general is black, but in some it is brown, in some red, and others Aaxen, which is remarkable, because the hair of all other natives of Asia, Africa, and 'America, is black, without a single exception. It is generally tied up, either in one bunch, in the middle of the head, or in two, one on each side, but some wear it loose, and it then curls very strongly : in the children of both sexes it is generally flaxen. They hăve no combs, yet their hair is very neatly dressed, and those who had combs from us, made good use of them. It is a universal custom to anoint the head with cocoanut oil, in which a root has been scraped that smells something like roses. The women are all handsome, and some of them extremely beautiful. Chastity does not seem to be considered as a virtue among them, for they Vol. I.


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