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“ to do I think he will be very glad, as knoweth “ God, who preserve your Grace in his blessed ten“ der Tuition. Written at Tylynganger, the 2d Day

56 of July.

46 Your humble Servant,


It is not to be doubted, that after this Letter Matters were settled to Sir John and his Lady's Satisfaction ; for that, it fully appears, even after the Cardinal's Disgrace, that Sir John retained to the last his Affection for Wolsey.

The Cardinal's Regard for the Safety The Cardinal's and Prosperity of Individuals in private further Care of

his Fellow.subFamilies, and the publick Affairs both

jeets. at Home and Abroad, did not engross his whole Attention, but he readily listened to the Representations from the Chiefs of the Religious Houses, in respect to any Misdeeds there committed; and where the Grievances complained of were notorious, and in his Power, he caused them to be redressed, as many Letters now in being fully shew. He also very readily attended to such Applications that were made to him from any of the Cities and Corporations in the Kingdom, tending to preserve or renew any of their antient Rights and Privileges, or to the encouraging or retrieving their Trade and Manufactures ; the former he interceded with his Majesty to grant and protect, and the latter he encouraged to the utmost of his Power, as appears in many other Letters ; and, as a further Instance of the Cardinals Respect for the City of York, take their own Acknowledgment, from an original Letter now in the Record-office. Most Reverend Father in God, our most special, fine

gular, good, and gracious Lord, N our most humble Manner, with due Reveverence, we recommend us unto your Grace,

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“ thanking your Grace, in our most humble Man

ner, for the great Pains and Goodness that your “ Grace hath oftentimes taken for the Preferment “ and maintaining your poor City of York, whereby

we trust now, by God's Grace and your most gra“ cious Help, that it shall continue a City to our

great Comforts; and that it may stand with your

gracious Pleasure, that we may conclude with the " Earl of Rutland, by Writing, of the Certainty that “ we shall pay to his Lordship yearly for the Fee" farm Rent of the said City : And moreover, we “ beseech your Grace to be good and gracious unto us, touching the Grant for shipping Wool and

, Fell; and we shall daily pray to the Blessed Trinity "

to preserve your said Grace in Honour long to con“ tinue. At the said City of York, under the Seal " of the Office of the Mayoralty of the same, the 27th Day of January,

By your Grace's most bumble and daily Beadf

men, the Mayor, and his Brethren, with the

whole Commonalty of the City of YORK." Here we must observe, that, though Rapin and other Authors have been full of their malicious Reflections against Wolsey, none of them have charged him with any Attempt to corrupt or influence Persons to send Representatives to Parliament of his Recommendation; though it is plain, if he had been minded, he could have caused his own Friends and thofe depending on him, to have been elected in many Places ; on the contrary, he left thein to chuse such Gentlemen as they thought proper, which we think is highly to his Honour. But, when Cromwell came into the Ministry, the Case was quite otherwise, for there are several Letters now in the Exchequer RecordOffice, that shew he actually directed many Places to elect for their Members such Perfons that he recommended to them. See our IId Vol. p. 261.


Now HO)


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To her Grace

This Plate of
is humbly Inscribed by her Gmaices

mostobed: Serv." Ioseph Grove

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the Divorce.

Now we come on to speak of the Pro- Proceedings ceedings relating to the King's Divorce relating to from Queen Catharine, the opposing of which affected our Cardinal so much.

The Writer of the Church History, after he has opened the Matter relating to the Divorce, says, “ The Game being thus started, it was hotly pur« sued by various Persons, upon various Motives : “ The French, the Spaniards, the Germans, the Italians, one way or other, found themselves concern" ed in the Controversy, as well as the English ; " and they made their Attack with the joint Force “ of Politicks, under the various Shapes of Interest, “ Revenge, Conscience, and Passion."

The Bishop of Rochester early declared for the Validity of the Marriage, as appears from the following Letter. Bishop Fisher to Cardinal WOLSEY.

FISHER “ Health to your Highness,

AVING now consulted all those called mute


, my

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diligently discussed the several Opinions and Reason“ ings, I find, as I lately wrote to your Sublimity, " that they disagree very much on the Point in

Question ; many asserting it to be contrary to di“ vine Writ, while others confidently affirm it to be

no ways repugnant to the Laws of God. And, “ having impartially weighed the Reasonings of both “ Parties, the Sollution appears easy to me ; for all “ the Arguments, advanced by those who insist on “ its being unlawful by divine Right, may soon “ be set aside, while the Reasons of the other Side, “ who hold the Negative of the Prohibition, are not “ so easy, by any folid Arguing, to be exploded. “ If this be true, of which I have not the least Doubt, « who then, considering the Fulness of the Power


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