Abbildungen der Seite


China, British intercourse with, 250 Halford, Sir H., selection from, 173 Masonry, process of, 141

Christening of Queen Elizabeth, ac- Hatfield, residence of the Princess Materialism, doctrine of, 238

count of, 16

Elizabeth at, 225

Microscope, invention of the. 183

Christian Evidences, easy lessons on, Hawke, statue of Admiral, at Cloyne, Miriam, literal version of the song of,

XIII., 22, XIV., 46



Christian discrimination, 118
Head of the elephant, 214

Mode of preparing Olive Oil, 44, 68
Christianity, effects of, in a dying Head-dresses of females, 186

Modern Rome, churches of, 167

hour, 173

Heart, the human, 6

relics of Paganism in,

Church, the village, 16

Heavenly bodies, theories explanatory 168

Churches of Modern Rome, 167

of the motions of, 123

Jews, 22, 46

Churchill, lines by, 223

wisdom, evidences of, 48 Monsoons, the, 907
Cicada, and its organs of voice, 200 Heavens, appearance of the, 122 Monuments of Antiquity, illustrations
City of Rome, account of, VII., 73 Heidelberg, castle of, I., 9-11., 24

of the Bible from, il, 28, 60, 81,
Cloth-wgol, manufacture of, 196
Herring-fishery, account of, 102

108, 132, 148, 180, 228

Cloyne, town of, 241

Herschel, Sir J., extracts from, 62, 112 Moral sentiment, dangers of, 214

Cod Fishery, Dutch, 152
Hogarth, extract from, 187

Morality, necessity of attention to,
Coincidences respecting the harmony Honour, who worthy of, 117

of inharmonious sounds, 115 Horse, foot of a, 115

Morning Sounds, 214
Coni passion, 117

Horsley, Bishop, selection from, 176 Moses, early history of, 84

Connexion between the body and soul, House I live in, V., 100-VI., 245 Mount Vesuvius, lava of, 198


Human hand, formation of, 199

Music, 187

Coronation Anecdotes, I., 231--II., 244 Human frame, number of bones and

Coronations, Chapters on, I., 220-II., joints in, 245

Naples, revolution of, 41, 65

The Regalia, 235

Natural History of Crickets, 135

Creation, knowledge of, 53

Illustrations of the Bible from the Mo-

advantages of a taste

Crickets, natural history of, 133

numents of Antiquity, VI, 11-

for, 62

Criticism, difference between shallow VII., 28-VIII., 60—1X., 84-X.,

Philosophy, recreations in,
and false, 216

108—XI., 132—XII., 140—XIII., 212
Crocus, vernal and autumnal, 96

180-XIV., 228

Nature and Revelation, books ol, 112
Crusade against the Albigeuses, 80.153 Imagination, on reading works of, 53

the image of God, 176
Indigent Blind, visit to the school for, Navigation, brief history of, I., 33—
Dangers of moral sentiment, 214


Navigation of the Ancients, 33–
Davy, Sir H., extracts from, 229 Inharmonious sounds, coincidences Rudiments of, to the formation of
Deity, proofs of, 184

respecting the harmony of, 115

the boat. 33–Tbe sail, 33–Rud.
Dispersion of seeds, on the, 182 Instances of longevity, 6

der, anchor, cables, ship's name,
Doctrine of Materialism, 238

Invention of the microscope and tele- &c., 36 - War and merchants'

Dunloh Castle, 83

ships, 37-Ancient voyage, 39—

Dutch Fisheries, 1,, 102–-II., 152 Irresolution, 24

II., 201-Causes of the romance
Whale-fishery, 218

Israelites, establishment of, in the of ancient naval history, 201—
land of Goshen, 11

Voyages related in naval history,

Early history of Moses, 84

bondage of in Egypt, 28

fears of the ancient mariners, 202

Earth, how clothed with plants, 141

- Romance of ancient navigation,
Education of Queen Elizabeth, 57
Jews, modern, 22, 46

as induced by the desire of mono.

Eel, the, 23

Johannesberg, account of, 193

poly in irade, 206—The monsoons;

Effects of Arsenic on the human body,
Johnson, selections from, 144, 219

a knowledge of the earth increased


Joiner, the, 223

by navigation, 207–The watch.

Christianity at the hour of Joy, selections from, 107

tower or light-house, erected by

death, 173

Judgment, advantage of good, 8

Ptolemy Soter, in the Isle of Pha.

Egypt, plagues of, 109, 132

ros, 208

Ehrenfels, castle of, 107

Keswick, black-lead mine at, 110 Nests of Wasps, 215

Elephant, head of the, 214

Killarney, Lakes of, VI., 81-VII., 137 Newton, Sir I., selection from, 184

Elizabeth, Queen, her

-Vill., 177

Notes on Forest Trees, XXII., Great.

public processions, I., 2-II., 17-

town of, 82

flowered Magnolia, 112-XXIII.,

11., 57—IV., 97-V., 145—VI., 225 King, ancient office of Purveyor to The Mangrove, 144-XXIV., The

England, salubrity of, 6

the, 190

Camphor Tree, 184

Enjnyments of an active life, 107 Knowledge of Creation, 53

Esculent Swallow, 248

pleasure of acquiring, 95 Oberland, Bernese, 217

Evelyn, epitaph of, by himself, 184

on the uses of, 134

Obligations, pleasure of conferring, 230

Excellence the reward of labour, 27

Olive-Tree, history of, I., 44-II., 68

Exchange, Royal, account of, 50 Lahore, some account of, 239, 247 Organs of Sight, popular description

Exodus o the Jews from Egypt, 148

Lakes of Killarney, VI., 81-VII., 137 of, 92

Exposure of the eye to acrid fumes, -VIII., 177

Origin of Coronations, 220

effects of, 198

Lamprey, the, 172

Otter, Bishop, extract from, 198

Eye-sight, employments which injure, Lava of Mount Vesuvius, 198

Oval, the elementary form of beauty,

I., 92-11., 117-III., 159 IV., Lessons on Christian Evidences, XIII., 176

174-V., 198-VI., 222-VII., 230 22-XIV., 46

Letters of Queen Elizabeth, 58, 99, 146 Paley, selection from, 21

Fastolf, Sir John, biographical notice Lise-boat, the, 20

Papists, barbarities committed by, on

of, 209

Life, how best enjoyed, 107

the Albigenses, 91, 154

Feather of a Peacock, 95

Light, phosphoric, emitted by flowers, Parr, selections from, 6

Females, head-dresses of, 186


Pascal, selections from, 176

Fisheries, the Dutch, 102, 152, 218 Limited power of man, 186

Peaceable temper and carriage,, on,

Flowers, phosphoric light emitted by, Lines to a waterfowl, 143



Locke, selection from, 94

Peacock, feather of, 95

Foot of a horse, 115

London, warning voice in, 192

Pearls, mode of forming artificial, 155

Forest-trees, notes on, 112, 144
Longevity, instances of, 6

Pens, history of Quill, 14

Formatiou of the human hand, 199 Loss of a beloved object, lines on, 232

Steel, 63

Frost-fair on the River Thames, 54

Perseverance, results of, 219

Functions of the eye, 117

Macao, occupation of, by the British, Phantasmagoria and Magic Lantern,

Funeral Rites of the Greco-Russian 182, 253


Church, 150, 157

Macculloch, selections from, 83, 95, Pharos, watch-tower of, 208

115, 117, 119, 141

Phosphoric light emitted by flowers,

Geometry, 48, 92

Macgillicuddy's Reeks, Killarney, 137 183

Gipsies, their resemblance to the Jews, Magic Lantern and Phantasmagoria, Pictures, Scripture, 130


Placentia, the ancient palace of, 19
Glass-making, 60
Magnolia, great flowered, 112

Plagues of Egypt, 108, 132
Glasses, on the customary use of, 222, Man, frailty of, 6

Planetary System, lines descriptire of,


limited power of, 186


Glow-worm, the, 240
Mangnall, lines by, 152

Planets, form of the orbits of, 127
God, Nature the image of, 176
Mangrove, the, 144

Plants, perpetuation of, 119

existence of, proved by his works, Mankind, proof of the common origia Pleasure of acquiring knowledge, 95


of, 224

Pope, lines by, 160

Good judgment, advantage of a, 8

proper study of, 238

Popular Astronomy. I., Introduction,

Great-flowered magnolia, 112

Mant, Bishop, selections from, 52, 118 121-General appearance of the
Greco-Russian Church, ceremonies of Manufacture of Bells, 7

heavens, 122-Theories to explain
150, 157

Gun-flints, 96

the motions of the heavenly bodies,

Guilt not compatible with real happi- | Mariners, means of saving shipwrecked, 123— Porm of the orbits of the


planets, 127

Gun-flints, manufacture of, 96

Masaniello, story of, 41, 65

Pottery and glass-making. 60

Bacon, Lord, selection from, 32

Barrow, extract from, 62

Baths of Titus, 73

Beattie, lines by, 214

Beauty, oval the elementary form of,


Bell, extracts from, 199, 214

Bells, use and manufacture of, 7

Beloved object, on the loss of a, 232

Bernese Oberland, account of, 217

Bible, illustrations of the, from the Mo.

numents of Antiquity, VI., 11-

VII., 28-VIII., 60-İx., 84-X..,
108-XI., 132–XII., 148-XIII.,

180-XIV., 228
Biographical notice of Sir John Pas.

toll, 209

Birth and childhood of Queen Eliza-

beth, 17

Bishops of Chester, list of eminent, 170

Black-lead mine at Keswick, 110

pencil, history of, 109

Blair, selection from, 117

Blind, School for, 30

Body and soul, connexion between, 147

Book, advantages of a, 112

Boyle, selections from, 53, 219

Brevity, virtue of, 83

Brewster, Sir D., extracts from, 223

Brief history of Navigation, I., 33

British China Trade, opening of the,


Bryant, lines by, 143

Burke, selections from, 173

Cabinet-making, woods used in, 173

Caister Castle, ruins of, 209
Camera Lucida, 120

Obscura, the, 72

Camphor-tree, the, 184

Canton, some account of, III., 249-

Hongs or Factories, 249-Com-

merce, 250 - British intercourse

with China, 250—Its early history,

251-Occupation of Macao by the

British, 253-Disputes of 1829 and

1830, 251-Opening of the British

China Trade, 255

Carpenter, the, 172, 187, 223
Case of amaurosis, 158
Castle of Heidelberg, I., 9-II., 24
Causes by which the Eye-sight is im-

paired, 118

Celestial Bodies, contemplation of

the, 219

Ceremonies of the Greco-Russian

Church, 150, 157

Chalmers, extracts from, 128, 136
Chestor Cathedral, aecount of, 170

progresses and

Poverty, what properly s be cailed,

Power of man, the limitech, 186
Preservation of apple trees, 219
Processes by which the earth is clothed

with plaute, 111
Productious, vegetable, of various cli.

males, 52
Progresses and Processions of Queen

Elizabeth, I., 2-11.,17-111, 57

--IV., 97-V., 145
Promptitude, advautages of, 52
Purveyor w the king, ancieut office of,


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Quarles, lines by, 100
Queen Elizabeth, education of, 57

progresses and pro.
cessions of, 1., 2-11, 17-III., 57

-IV., 97-V., 115
Quill-pen, history of, 14
Keading, true use of, 32

taste for, 62

works of imagination, on, 53
Recreations in Natural Philosophy,

Regalia of England, account of, 233
Religion, how displayed to mankind, 94

the source of all good, 173

true spirit of, 196
Religious habit, necessity of a, 63
Revolution of Naples, 41, 65
Revolutions of the seasons, 94
Reynolds, Sir J., selections from, 27.

Rheingau, produce of the, 106
Rhino, the,'v., 105–VI., 193

wines of the, 193
River Thames, frost-fair on, 54

Romance of ancient naval history, Shuttleworth, selections from, 69
causes of the, 201

Sight, description of organs of. 92
Rome, some account of, VII., 73 Simon de Monfort, his crusade against

Baths of Titus, 73-Seven Halls the Albigeuses, 89, 153
of Vespasian, 74-Aqueducts, 75 Siphon, description of the, 212
-Forum of Trajan, 76–Pillar, or Smith, Adam, selection from, 144
Columu, of Trijau, 77–Mole of

Charlotte, lines by, 240
Hadrian, or Castle of St. Angelo, Somerville, Mrs., selections from, 224
78-VIII., 161-1listory of St. “Song of the Bell," by Schiller, ex-
*Peter's, 161-Approaeli, Colon. tracts from, 8
nade, and Front, 162-Descrip- Sonnet, by Queen Elizabeth, 147
tion of interior. 162-The Dome, Soul and body, connexion between, 147
166 - Illuminations of,


Specks in the eye, fixed or floating, 158
Churches of Modern Rome, 167– Sieel peus, liistory of, 63
Relics of Paganism in, 108

Steele, selection from, 8
Royal Exchange, acconut of, 50

Stomach, the, 6
Ruins of Caister Castle, 209

Story of Masaniello, I., 41-II., 65
Ruujeet Singh, account of, 239, 217 Stove, description of Dr. Arnott's, 116
Russia, VIII. 150–IX., 157

Swallow, the esculent, 248

System, the planetary, 152
St. Angelo, castle of, 78
St. Peter's, Rome, history of, 161 Taste for readiog. 62
Salubrity of England, 6

natural history, advantages
School for Indigent Blind, visit to, 30 of, 62
Science, amusements in, V., Arith. Telescope, invention of the, 183

metic, 31-VI., Geometry, 48- Temper, on a peaceable, 62
VII. Astronomy, 88—VITI., Geo. Thames, frost-lair on the, 54
metry, 92

Thermometer stove, 115
Scott, Sir W., selections from, 144, 215 Thomson, lines by, 213
Scripture pictures, 130

Tillotson, selections from, 23, 27
Seasons, the, I., Winter, 71

Titus, baths of, 73
revolutions of the, 94

Tobacco employed in counteracting
Seeds, on the dispersion of, 182

the effects of arsenic, 87
Sell-love, lines on, 160

Tower, confinement of the Princess
Seven days, ancient division of time Elizabeth in, 146
into, 224

Trajan, pillar or column of, 77
Shipwrecked marivers, means of sa- True use of reading, 32
ving. 20

Trusler, selections from, 183
Short or Cloth Wool, manufacture of, | Twilight, 140


Use or bells, 7
Useful Arts, XXXIV., Masonry, 141

-XXXV., The Carpenter, 172
XXXVI., 187 — XXXVII, Car.

penter and Joiner, 223
Uses of Knowledge, 134
Vegetable productions of various cli.

mates, 52
Vernal and autumnal crocus. 96
Vesuvius. Lava of Mount, 198
Village church, lines on, 16
Visit to the School for ladigent Blind,

Voyage, an ancient, 39
War and merchant ships, 37
Waruing voice in London, 192
Wasps, nests of, 215
Waterfowl, lines to a, 143
Waterton, extracts from, 219
Watson, selections from, 112
Whewell, extracts from, 183, 186, 230
Whale.fishery, Durch, 218
White (of Selborne). extract from, 135
Wigs and Head-dresses, 1., 114--II.

159-III., 186
Wines of the Rhine, 193
Wither, lines by. 232
Wood, extracts from, 62
Woods, description of various fancy,

Woollen Manufacture, III., 196
Works of Imagination, on reading, 53
Writing Materials, history of, 14, 63,

Wye and Moumonthshire, I., 233

Youtn, the time of enterprise, 144,



AMMOY, figure of, 103
Ampulla, ihe, 236
Anatomical Illustrations, 100, 101
Ancient German King, elevation of,

picture of an Egyptian ship,

rowing ooat, 33

ship, showing the sign or
image at the prow, 37

Egyptian casket, 61

Roman coins, representations
of war-galleys on, 304
Anglo-Saxon peu and inkstanı, 15
Animal worship and sacrifices of the

Egyptians, 133
Antique seal of Minerva, 45
Apteryx Australis, 129
Ashridge Abbey, in the time of Queen

Elizabeth, 97
Athenian ship, ears and eyes of, 38
Balance, ancient Egyptian, 149
Bell, moulding a large, 8
Bible, illustrations of, from the monu-

ments of ancient Egypt, 12, 13,
28, 29, 60, 61, 85, 108, 132, 133, 148,

149, 181, 182
Bird's-eye view of an Egyptian table,

Cot, life preserving. 20*

Rullaruey, view on the Upper Lake, 177
Court-yard of Heidelberg Castle, 9 King Edward's chair, 236
Crowns, various specimens of, 237
Crussol, castle of, 153

Lamprey, the sea, 179
Cymbals, sacred dances with, 228 Lazzaroni of Naples, 41

Life-boat, the, 20
Diagrams illustrative of Geometry, 92
Dunlol Castle, Killarney, 81

Macgillicuddy's Reeks, from Aghadoe,

East view of Heidelberg Castle, 25 Magic lantern, diagrams illustrative of
Eels, various species of, 24

the, 104
Egyptian ladies, head-dresses of, 185 Magnolia, great-fowered, 112
altar table,'with fowls, bread,

Mangrove, ihe, 144
fruit, &c, 12

Masonry diagram to illustrate the
pottery-float, 33

mode of joining stones in, 141
casket, 61

Mice Tower and Castle of Ehrenfels,
fisherman in a boat of the

papyrus, 65

Minerva, antiqne seal of, 45

Minerve, castle of, Languedoc, 89
sweetmeats, 118

Moulding a large Bell, 3
Ehrenfels, castle of, 105
Elevation of an ancient German king. Naples. Lazzaroni of, 41

Neapolitan Lazzaroni, children of the,
Elizabeth, Queen, in one of her pro.

gresses, borne by six gentlemen,
and atteuded by her court, 1

Old Somerset-House, 225
Esculent Swallow, 248

Olive-tree, 44
Exterior of St. Peter's, at Rome, 161

Olive press, 69

Round tower at Cloyne, 241
Royal Exchange, Loudon, 49
Ruins of Caister Castle, 209
Sacred dances with cymbals, 229
Saxon pen and inkstand, 15
Seal of Minerva, 45
Seren Halls of Vespasian, remains of,

Sharp-nosed Eel, 24
Ship. Athenian, 38
Ships at sea, 122
- rostra and heads of ancient, 205
Siphov, diugiais illustrative of the

uses of, 212, 213
Snig Eel, 24
Solar system, 121
Somerset House, old, 225
St. Peter's, view of the exterior of, 161

iuterior of, 165
Storing the corn in the royal grana.

ries, Egypt, 13
Sun.dials, diagrams for constructive,

Swallow, the esculent, 248
Thames, Frost-fair on the, 56
Thermometer.stove, tiyure of, 116
Tiber, view on the, 13
Tools employed in making gun-lints,


Broud-nosed Eel, 24

Oral, diagrams elucidating the pro-
Falchion, ancient Egyptian, 181

perties of the, 176
Female musicians, chuir of, 229

Pen and inkstand, Anglo-Saxon, 15
Floating-tower, ancient, 40

Pharos, walich-tower of, 208
Fort on the river, near Canton, 249
Frost-fair on the River Thames, 56

Pillar, or Columu, of Trojan, 77
Placentia, palace of, at Greenwich, 17

Pole- axı, ancient Egyptian, 181
Galley, from a painting at Hercule Pottory-float, Egyptiani, 33

Ptolemaic system, 124
Geometry, diagrams illustrative of, 48
German King, elevation of an ancient, Queen Elizabeth, borne by six gentle-

mnen, 1
Greciau ladies, head-dresses of, 185

costume o., when
Greenwich, palace of Placentia at, 17

young, 57
Grig rel, 24

Queen's crowu and circlet, 237
Gun flints, tools employed in making. Quivers, ancient Egyptian, 180

Remains of the Seven Halls of Vespa.
Heidelberg Castle, court-yard of, 9

pastan, 80
east view of, 25 Rhayadyr Bridge. Monmouthshire, 233

Roman war.galley, ancient, 40
Interior of St. Peter's, Rome, 165

ladies, head dresses of, 184

Rope, shot, and shells, to be used in
Johannesberg Castle, 193

cases of shipwreck, 21
Jungfrau und Weugeu Alps, 217 Rostra and heads of ancient ships, 205

Trajan, pillar or columu of, 77
Triumphal arch at Canton, 256
Twilight, diagram to illustrate the

duction of, 140
Tychonic system, 125

nenm, 36

Vassal king of Persia, investiture of,

Vespasian, remains of the seven halls

of, 80

Caister Castle, ruins of, 209
Camera Obscura, illustrations of the, 72

Lucida, illustrations of the, 120
Camplior-tree, leaf and fruit of the,

Canton, triumphal arch at, 256

fort on the river near, 249
Carpentry, diagrams illustrative of,

188, 189, 224
Chair, King Edward's, 236
Chariot, charioteer, and warrior, Egyp-

tian, 180
Chester Cathedral, 169
Children of the Neapolitan lazzaroni,

Choir of female musicians, 220
Cicada, the, 200
Cloyne, round tower at, 901
Common wasp, section of the nest of,

Costume of Queen Elizabeth when

young, 57

War-galleys on ancient Roman coins,

representations of, 204
Wasps, nests of various species of,

Watch-tower of Pharos, 209
Wigs and head dresses, various spe.

cimets, of, 113, 160, 184
Wool-caruing engine, 197
Woodstock Castle, 145
World, general features of, according

1o the geographers just before the
Christian era, 20

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Queen Elizabeth in one of her Progresses, borne by sıx Gentlemen, and attended by her Court

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QUEEN ELIZABETII ; HER PROGRESSES Bohun, a writer of the seventeenth century, the AND PUBLIC PROCESSIONS.

scheme of her progresses is thus explained :No. I.

In the Summer she for the most part lived in the coun

trey; and she took her royal progresses into the several INTRODUCTION.

counties of England, and she would amuse herself with It was remarked in the last century by Bishop Percy, considering and commending the pleasantness and goodness that the splendour and magnificence of Elizabeth's of her country, and the greatness and variety of the fruits reign are nowhere more strongly painted than in the goodness of God in diversifying the face of the earth, by

England produced; she would also admire the wisdom and little diaries which have come down to us of some of the mixture of fields, meadows, pastures, and woods; and her Progresses, or Summer excursions to the houses she would, as occasion offered, hunt too. In all this she of her nobility. It may be added with equal truth, was intent upon that which was her main business, the that nowhere do we meet with more interesting and government of her people, the management of her family instructive illustrations of the manners and taste of and of her revenues, and the observing the state and con

dition, the carriage and designs, of the neighbour states that age—an age which, for many reasons, has always and princes. Which way soever she went, she was sure to been particularly attractive to Englishmen. The same draw upon her the eyes of her people: innumerable crowds learned and accomplished prelate likewise observed of them met her in all places with loud hearty acclamations, that a more acceptable present could not be given to with countenances full of joy, and hearts equally filled with the world than a republication of a select number of love and admiration: and this ever attended her in publick the most interesting accounts, such as those relating and in private: for what sight in this world can possibly to the entertainments which the Earl of Leicester please mortals like that of a just, beneficent, and kind

prince? So that those places were accounted the most gave the Queen at Kenilworth Castle in 1575, or to happy, in which, for the goodness of the air or the pleasantthat which the Earl of Hertford gave her Majesty at ness of the fields, she was pleased to stay the longest. Elvetham, in 1591. Several years have now elapsed

IIe then proceeds to describe her extreme affability since the desideratum then pointed out in our literature, was more than supplied by the able research and effect thereof upon her people :

and condescension during these journeys, and the indefatigable industry of Mr. Nichols, who published, in three quarto volumes, all the accounts which he private persons and magistrates, men and women, country

In her progress she was the most easy to be approached; could collect from original contemporary manuscripts, | people and children, came joyfully, and without any fear, to or from scarce pamphlets, &c., concerning the pro. wait upon her and see her. Her ears were then open to gresses, public processions, and other ceremonials the complaints of the afflicted, and of those that had been which occurred in the reign of this celebrated queen.

any way injured. She would not suffer the meanest of her Valuable, however, as were the labours of Mr. people to be shut out from the places where she resided,

but the greatest and the least were then in a manner Nichols, his work is rather a book of reference, or

levelled. She took with her own hand, and read with the collection of authentic records and documents, than greatest goodness, the petitions of the meanest rusticks : a narrative digested from the materials which he had and she would frequently assure them that she would take amassed; its character, therefore, no less than its a particular care of their affairs, and she would ever be as bulk, renders it not very well fitted to the general good as her word. She, by her royal authority, protected reader. Under these circumstances, we deem that

those that were injured and oppressed: she punished the we shall be offering an acceptable present, in the fraudulent, false, perfidious, and wicked. In all this variety phrase of Bishop Percy, to our readers, in furnishing an equal and uninterrupted serenity and humanity to all

of affairs she was able to keep her temper, and appear with them with a series of papers, descriptive of the pro- that came nigh her; she was never seen angry with the gresses of Queen Elizabeth, her public processions, most unseasonable or uncourtly approach: she was never and such other similar matters as tend to illustrate offended with the most impudent and importunate petitioner. the taste and manners which prevailed in our country There was no commotion to be seen in her mind; no reduring her reign.

proaches, no reprehensions came from her. Nor was there The practice of making progresses in different the hearts of the people than this her wonderful facility,

anything in the whole course of her reign that more won parts of her kingdom, is a striking feature in the condescension, and the strange sweetness and pleasantness plan of popularity which Elizabeth seems to have with which she entertained all that came to her. Thus, followed from the beginning of her reign. The spirit for the most part, she spent her Summer. of the times encouraged those splendid recreations, When Queen Mary died, on the 17th of November, when the habits and amusements of the great pos- 1558, Elizabeth was at Hatfield. On the 23rd of sessed so different a character from that which they November, she made a magnificent progress from have in more modern times. To show the impression thence to the Charter-house in London ; which was which these progresses made upon the people generally the prelude to her passage through the city from the we shall first quote the words of a contemporary poet, Tower to Westminster, on the 13th of January followwho was one of Elizabeth's gentlemen pensioners, -we ing, the day before her coronation. In the Summer of mean Puttenham, whose Arte of English Poesie has 1559, she made an excursion from Greenwich to Dartsecured the transmission of his name to our days. In ford and Cobham, and afterwards to Eltham, Nonsuch, one of his poems in praise of the Queen, he thus and Hampton Court. In 1560, she went in progress addresses her:

to Winchester and Basing. In the third year of her Thou that besydes forreyne affayres

reign, 1561, she began her progress through Essex, Canst tend to make yerely repayres,

Suffolk, and Hertfordshire ; and on her return, she
By Sommer progresse and by sporte,
To shire and towne, citye and porte,

passed from Hertford Castle through Enfield, IslingTo view and compasse all thye lande,

ton, and over St. Giles in the Fields (which did not And take the bills with thine own hande

then belie its name,) to St. James.

In 1563, she
Of clowne and earle, of knight and swayne, received the congratulations of the Eton scholars at
Who list to thee for right complayne,

Windsor Castle, and in the next year, those of the
And therin dost such justice yeelde,
As in thy sexo folke see but scelde ;

University of Cambridge at King's College. In 1561
And thus to do arte less afrayde,

likewise, she went into Huntingdonshire and LeicesWith houshold trayne, a syllye mayde,

tershire ; in 1565, to Coventry, and the year following Than thyne anncestours one of tenne

to Oxford, in compliment to Dudley, Earl of Leicester, Durst do with troopes of armed men.

then Chancellor of that University, and to Burghley, In the Characlor of Queen Elizabeth, by Edward on a visit to her Treasurer, the great Cecil. In 1567,

she was in Berkshire, Surrey, and Hampshire ; in sixty-eighth year." In 1600, also, and the following 1568, in Kent, Essex, Hertfordshire, and Northamp- year, she made progresses into Surrey, Hampshire, tonshire ; in 1569, in Surrey and Hampshire. In Wiltshire, and Berks; and in 1602, she made short 1570, Elizabeth went into the city again, to honour visits from the capital into Middlesex and Kent. In Sir Thomas Gresham on the occasion of his building the year 1603, she closed her reign and life. the Royal Exchange; she was likewise entertained The Puritans in Elizabeth's time, condemned much by him in 1573, at his mansion at Mayfield in Sussex ; of the gaiety and splendour of the court, but the queen and some time between 1577 and 1579 at his house was exhorted from the poetical press, not to regard at Osterley near London. In 1571, she visited their objections. The poet and gentleman pensioner, Hunsdon House, which had formerly been her nursery, George Puttenham, in a poem, or rather collection of and which she gave to her first cousin, Henry Cary, poems, styled Partheniades, which he devoted as a new whom she had created Baron Hunsdon. On May- year's gift to the Queen in 1579, has some lines writday, 1572, she was entertained at Greenwich, with ten for the purpose of maintaining “agaynste the many warlike feats, by the citizens of London; the Puritantes,” that “amonge men many thinges be coming of the French ambassadors in the same allowed of necessitye, many for ornament, which year, was the occasion of great festivities, and after cannot be misliked nor well spared, without blemishe their departure, the Queen proceeded on a progress to the cyvile life;" and that “all auncyent courtly into Essex, Kent, Herts, Bedfordshire, to Kenilworth, usages, devised as well for the publique intertaynWarwick, Reading, Windsor, and Hampton Court; ments, as for other private solaces and disportes," are at which last place, about the end of September, she “not scandalously evill or vicious.” The muse Calfell ill of the small-pox. In 1573, she passed through liope, addressing the Queen, recounts a list of calamia part of Surrey and Sussex, and honoured many ties which must result from adopting the obnoxious places in Kent with her presence. She visited Arch- principles : bishop Parker at Croydon; and seems to have intended

Deny honoure to dignity paying him another visit in 1574; in which year

And triumphe to just victorie also, she was amused at Bristol with the regular siege

Pull puissance from soverayntie of a fort; was entertained by the Earl of Pembroke at

And credit from authoritee Wilton, and visited the city of New Sarum.

From holy-dayes and fro weddinges

Minstrells and feasts and robes and ringes In 1575, the Queen made a progress through the

Take fro kinges courtes intertaynments; counties of Northampton, Oxford, and Worcester ;

From ladyes riche habillimentes : and it was during this progress, that she was so mag; And then indignantly exclaimsnificently entertained for nineteen days by the Earl

Princesse! yt ys as if one take away of Leicester at Kenilworth*. In 1577, she was again

Green woodes from forrests and sunne-shine fro the daye. in Kent, Surrey, and Sussex, and spent three days at Sir Nicholas Bacon's mansion at Gorhambury. In

The chances of success in this contest, were natu1578, she went over Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridge- rally with the poets. The innovating spirit of the shire ; and received the compliments of the University Puritans rendered them very unacceptable to the of Cambridge on her way, at Audley Inn. In 1579, Queen ; and the manner in which they put forward she again visited Essex and · Suffolk. In 1581, she their demands, was not at all calculated to ensure received ten commissioners from the King of France their success. Camden thus describes the "Insolency concerning her marriage with the Duke of Anjou; and of the Puritans,” in the year 1588, in which year, he in their honour, a "Triumph” was performed with tells us, that England was “ pestered with schism." great solemnity.

Certainly, (he says,) never did contumacious impudency From 1591 to 1588, the Queen appears to have and contumelious malapertness against ecclesiastical ma remained quiet at Westminster; her amusements gistrates, show itself more bold and insolent. For when consisting of shows and tiltings on the reception of to innovatours in religion who designed (as she thought) to

the Queen (who was always the same) would not give ear foreign princes and ambassadors. In the latter year,

cut in sunder the very sinews of her ecclesiastical gowhich is memorable for the projected invasion of her vernment and her royal prerogative at once, some of those kingdom by the Spaniards, and the defeat of their men who were great admirers of the discipline of the church grand Armada, Elizabeth paid her celebrated visit of Genera, thought there was no better way to be taken to her army at Tilbury Fort. In 1591 we find her for establishing the same in England, than by inveighing recommencing her progresses over Surrey, Sussex, the people to a dislike and hatred of the bishops and pre

and railing against the English hierarchy, and stirring up and Hampshire, and being entertained at Cowdry, lacy. These men, therefore, set forth scandalous books Southampton, and Elvetham ; and the next year at against both the church government and the prelates, the Bisham, Sudley and Ricott, with all the fantastic pomp titles whereof were, Martin Marre-Prelaté, Mineralis, which characterized the age. In 1592, likewise, she Diotrephes, a Demonstration of Discipline, &c. In these paid a second visit to Oxford, in compliment to Lord libels they belched forth most virulent calumnies and opBurleigh, who was then Chancellor of that University. that the authors might seem to have been rather scullions

probrious taunts and reproaches in such a scurrilous manner, In 1594, the students of Gray's Inn entertained her out of the kitchen than pious and godly men.

Yet were with a masque; and next year the Earl of Essex cele- the authors thereof (forsooth) Penry and Udal, ministers brated the anniversary of her accession with a “device." of the word, and Job Throckmorton, a learned man and of In 1599, she went again over part of Berkshire. In a facetious and gybing tongue. Their favourers and up1600, she honoured the wedding of Lord Herbert with holders were Richard Knightley, and Wigston, Knights, her presence, in Black Fryers, and was there enter

men otherwise good, grave, and sober, but drawn in by

certain ministers, who aimed at some private respects of tained with dancing and a masque at the Lord Cob- their own, for which the said knights har smarted by a ham's, and even “ dawnced t” herself, though in her heavy fine laid upon them in the Star-Chamber, had not the See Saturday Magasine, Vol. I., p. 101.

Archbishop of Canterbury, (such was his mildness and + The fondness of Queen Elizabeth for music and “ dawncing" in good nature,) with much adoe requested and obtained a ber old age, is thus noticed in a letter from the Earl of Worcester 10

remission thereof from the

queen. the Earl of Shrewsbury, dated September 19, 1602, and printed by Mr. Lodge, from the Talbot MSS., in his Illustrations of British

But if the Queen had been disposed to abolish History: “Wee are frolyke heare in Courte; mutehe dawncing in what the Puritans disliked, she had not the power to the privi chamber of contrey dawnces before the Q. M. (Queen's do so. She did not, as Mr. Sharon Turner remarks, Majesty) whoe is exceedingly pleased therwth. Irishe tunes are at this game most pleasing," &c.

like Charles the Second, make the manners of her

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