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with at least twenty shakes, then throw the bed opening and leave it to cool; in the meanwhile, continuing andrest, walk about your chainbei, will your skin has had time to discharge its load, which it will do sooner as the air may be drier and colder. When you begin to feel the cold air unpleasant, then return to your bed; and you will soon full asleep, and your sleep will be sweet and pleasant. All the scenes presented by your fancy, will be of the pleasing kind. I am often as agreeably entertained with them, as by the scenery of an opera. If you happen to be too indolent to get out of bed, you may instead of it, lift up your bed-clothes with one arm and leg, soas to draw in a good deal of fresh air, and, by letting them full, force it out again. This, repeated twenty times, will so clear them of the perspirable malter they have' imbibed, as to permit your sleeping well for some time afterwards. But this Latter method is not equal to the former.
Those who do not love trouble, and can afford to bave two beds, will find great luxury in rising, when they wake in a hot bed, and going into the cool one. Such shifting of beds, would also be of great service to persons ill in a fever; as it refreshes and frequently procures sleep. A very large bed, that will adinit at removal so distant from the first situation as to be cool and sweet, may in a degree answer the same end.
One or two observations more will conclude this lite tle piece. Care must be taken, when you lie down, to dispose your pillow so as to suit your manner of placing your head, and to be perfectly easy ; then place your limbs so as not to bear inconveniently hard upon · one another, as for instance, the joints of your ancles: for though; a bad position may at first give but little pain, and be hardly noticed, yet a continuance will relia: Cerit less tolerable, and the uneasiness may come on while you are asleep, and disturb your imagination.
These are the rules of the art. But though they will-generally prove effectual in producing the end intended, there is a case in which the most punctual ob
servance of them will be totally fruilless. I need not mention the case to you, my dear friend : but my account of the art would be imperfect without it. The case is, when the person who desires to have pleasant dreams has not taken care to preserve, what is neces sary above all things, A GOOD CONSCIENCE.
ADVICE TO A YOUNG TRADESMAN. • WRITTEN ANNO 1748, TO MY FRIEND A. B. As you have desired it of me, I write the following hints,
which have been of service to me, and may, if observed be 80 to you.
REMEMBER that time is money. He that can earn ten shillings a day by his labour, and goes abroad, or sits idle one half of that day, though he spends but sixpence during his diversion or idleness,, ought not to reckon that the only expence ; he has really spent, or rather thrown away five shillings besides.'
Remember that credit is money. If a man lets his money lie in my hands after it is due, he gives me the interest, or so much as I can make of it during that time. This amounts to a considerable sum where a man has good and large credit, and makes good use of it.
Remember that money is of a prolific generating na. ture. Money can beget money, and its offspring can beget more, and so on. ' Five shillings turned is six ; turned again, it is seven and three pence; and so on till it becomes an hundred pounds. The more there is of it, the more it produces, every turning, so that the profits rise quicker and quicker. He that kills a breed. ing sow, destroys all her offspring to the thousandth gee neration. He that murders a crown, destroys all that it might have produced, even scores of pounds. ..
Remember that six pounds a year is but a groat a day. For this little sum, which may be daily wasted either
viu time or expence, unerceived, a man of credit mar,
on his own security have the constant possession and use of an hundred pounds. So much in stock, briskly turned by an industrious man, produces great advantages.
Remember this saying, “ The good paymaster is Jord of another man's purse." He that is known to pay punctually and exactly to the time he promises, may at any time, and on any occasior), raise all the money his friends can spare. This is sometimes of great use. After industry and frugality, nothing contributes more to the raising of a young man in the world, than punctuality and justice in all his dealings: therefore never keep borrowed money an hour beyond the time you promised, lest a disappointment shut up your friend's purse for ever. ? The most trilling actions that affect a man's credit are to be regarded. The sound of your hammer at five in the morning, or nine at night, heard by a credit, or, makes him easy six months Jonger; but if he sees you at a billiard table, or hears your voice at a tavern, when you should be at work, he sends for his money the next day; demands it before he can receive it in a lump.
It shews, besides, that you are mindful of what you owe; it make you appear a careful, as well as an honest man, and that still increases your credit.
Beware of thinking all your own that you possess, and of living accordingly. It is a mistake that many people who have credit fall into. : To prevent this keep an exact account, for some time, both of your expenses and your income. If you take the pains at first to mention particulars, it will have this good effect; you will discover how wonderfully. small trifling expences mount up to large sums, and will discern what might have been, and may for the fue ture be saved, without occasioning any great inconvepience.
In short, the way to wealth, if you desire it, is as
plain as the way to market. It depends chiefly on two words, Industry and Huzulity; that is, vaste neither time nori money, but make ihe best use of both. Withon Industry and 'frugality, nothing will do, and with them evei y thing. He trai gets all he can honestly, and saves all be gets, (necessary Expunces X6pted) will certainly become rich-- if that Being who governs the world, in whom all should look for a blessing on their honest endeavours, cloth roi, in his wise providence, otherwise determine.
AN OLD TRADESMAN.
Necessary hints to those that would be rich.
WRITTEN ANNO 1756. The use of money is all the advantage there is in having money.
For six pounds a year you may have the use of one hundred pounds, provided you are a man of known prue. dence and honesty.
He that spends his groat a day idly, spends idly above six pounds a year, which is the price for the use of one hundred pounds.
He that wastes idly a groat's worth of his time per day, one day with another, wastes the privilege of using one hundred pounds each day.
He that idly loses five shillings worth of tine, loses five shillings, and might as prudently throw five shil. lings into the sea.
He that loses five shillings, not only loses that sum, but all the advantages that might be made by tuining it in dealing, which, by the time that a young man be. comes old, will amount to a considerable sum of money.
Again : he that sells upon credit, asks a price for what he sells equivalent to the principal and interest of his money for the time he is to be kept out of it; there's fore, he that buys upon credit, pays interest for what. he buys;, and he that pay's ready money, might let That money out to use : so that he that possesses any thing he has bought, pays interest for the use of it.
Yet, in buying goods, it is best to pay ready money because, he that sells upon credit, expects to lose five per cent, by bad debts; therefore he charges, on all he belis upon credit, an advance that shall make up that deficiency.
Those who pay for what they buy upon credit, pay their share of this advance.
He that pays ready money, escapes, or may escape thai charge.
A penny sav'd is too pence clear
The way to make money plenty in every
man's pocket. At this time, when the general complaint is that " money is scarce,” it will be an act of kindness to inform the moneyless how they may reinforce their pockets. I will acquaint them with the true secret of money-catching the certain way to fill emply purses and how to keep them always full. Two simple rules, well obsesved, will do the business.
First, let honesty and industry be thy constant com. panious: and,
Secondly, spend one penny less than thy clear gains.
Then shall thy hidle-bound pocket soon begin to thrive, and will never again cry with the empty bellyach; neither will creditors insult thee nor want oppress, nor hunger bite, nor nakedness freeze the. The whole hemisphere will shine brighter, and pleasure spring up in every corner of thy heart. Now, therefore, embrace these rules and be happy. Banish the bleak winds of soriow from thy mind, and live independent. Then shalt thou be a mali, and not hide thy face at the apo proach of the rich, nor suffer the pain of feeling little