Abbildungen der Seite


PLEASURES OF EDUCATION. YOUTH of my country, children of my

heart, A father's counsel hear his tongue impart, And let his words upon your mem'ries

press, For they are meant to teach you happiness. Your minds, now form'd by Nature's

bounteous hand, With fertile strength, ieem like your native

land; And whatsoever you inay plant or sow, Grain, root, or flower,-will flourishingly

p grow. Yet, though the land be rich, the season

good, Labour alone gives harvest plenitude: The richest soil, uncultivated, feeds Bat vermin foul, and yields the rankest

• weeds. Plant in your minds my words, and they

will shoot, With lasting, firm, and salutary root: Toil to improve, be constant in your care, And Hear'n will bring the goodly fruit to

Mankind in herds, eacl. herd its feudal

lord, Their bread, their lives depending on his

word; Fated to do, or die, as he thought fit, They felt his power, and they bow'd to it. For him or for his cause, unjust or good, They'd fire their neighbour's home, and

spill his blood. His bugle sounded-'twas the signal note To rise and cat his brother baron's throat; Seize on his cattle, castle, and domain, And then, by greater robbers, lose again ! Each pelty tyrant's fancies were the laws, The people slaves, and ignorance the

cause. At length the glorious light of knowledge

broke The deep, dense gloons, and Liberty awoke, Gazed on the opening prospect with a

smile, And breathed her benediction o'er the isle ! Then native Independence rear'd her head. And bloated Tyranny for ever ned. Fair Science, charm'd, beheld the new

bright scene, And built her temple 'midst her bowers

green: The sister arts, all strength’ning as they

grew, For ever varying, and for ever new, Taught the roagh hand of industry to guide, In plastic maze the country's fleecy pride : Genius arose to consecrate the plan, And patriot love united man to man. 'Twas thus in darkness lay the brightest

isle, And thus her blinded people felt awhile The woes man feels when fetter'd by his

kind, But, loosing with the body's chains the

inind: Twas learning gave her sons a deathless

name, And taught the road to opulence and fame Bade po rude marks of feudal pornpre

main, 3 Her foster'd land, her happy home to stain; Drove from the castle-walls th' emballled

din, And planted Justice' sacred throne within.


· Spirit of EDUCATION, Lo thy praise

Arise the efforts of my willing lays;
Inspire me as touch the uniried string,
Thy pleasures to the infant heart to sing.
Thrice happy task, to teach the untaught
To love the sounds that tell thy blessings

To show their beauties to the eye of youth,
In all their bright and captivating truth:
May every infant mind the fire receive,
Which thou, blest spirit, thou alone canst

give. And thus the fogs of ignorance, from earth Shall fiy, nor smother Reason in her birth; Bat light of truth, from one bright arch

shall fall, To show the ways of Heaven and earth to

all. Clouded in barbarism long England lay, And people after people pass'd away Beneath the darkness. Then her woody

plains, Patch'd rude together, forming vast do.

mains, Crouch'd round the spot where the proud

castle stood, And, 'stead of toil, were fertilized with

blood! The humble hind, to Freedom's rights un.

kuown, Crept to the cot he dared not call his own: There slept, supine, beneath the rank dark

shade, Which ignorance had thrown upon his

head. Britons, like oxen, bent beneath the yoke, With patience bore their drivers' galling


Spirit of Learning! yes, in thee we find The happy temperer of the human inind; Nurtured by thee, the poet pours his strain, The soldier conquers, sailors brave the

main; . Commerce and agriculture flourish high, And lighter moves the hand of industry.

(To be continued.)


We earnestly invite our readers to furnish us with hints upon public abuses in either trade, public offices, parish concerns, streets, buildings, travelling inns, coaches, &c. &c., in order that we may by our remarks promote the public good.

Published every Saturday Morning, By KNIGHT and LACEY, 24, Paternoster-Row.

T. C. Hansard, Pater-poster-row Prons.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

CONTENTS: Marketing ............................ 18 Provision made in China against Famine 23 Evil Practice of rendering Meat, Fish,

USEFUL RECEITIS and Ponltry, unwliolesome .....

COOKERY .........
Remarks in the Adulteration of Food..

DOMESTIC MEDICINE ..............
Indigence and its Remedies ...........
Upon the Demoralization caused by

Ale-houses and Pawn-brokers' Shops

Letter from “ A First floor Lodger”
The Family Economist, or Plans for the

USEFUL POETRY, Original and Se
Expenditure of Income..............
Notice to Currespondents......


ANNALS O"A Firsi fooral and Sele

The series of the Plates of the markets (four in number) are published:

we shall give an article upon the subject of London markets generally,


Green* until Monday; upon these oc( Continuel from p. 4). casions a fine joint of veal or lamb

may often be purchased for three In our preceding Number, under this head, we adverted to the several

pence or four-pence the pound, which retail prices of meat, as compared with

would in the morning have fetched the wholesale: we shall now offer a

seven-pence or eight-pence. few desultory remarks upon this sub Beer for a week for a family of ject.

three grown persons and three growAn economist will purchase arti ing children for little more than seven cles for general consumption when shillings, prime meat, plenty too, they are plentiful in the market, and luxurious, and elegant:consequently cheaper than when

Buy (suppose on a Saturday) a scarce, but persons who will indulge thin flank of beef, at four-pence halfin certain luxuries at particular sea

penny the pound (the highest price), sons must pay for the fashion. A

weighing eighteen pounds; this costs calf's head at Christmas will fetch

six-shillings and nine-pence; cut off eight shillings ; this month one equally

about three pounds from the thick good may be bought for two shillings.

end ; take out the bones with care, At Christmas a calf's foot will cost

cutting from you, to prevent accident one shilling and sixpence; now four

(careful persons rarely meet with accimay be lought for sixpence. At

dents); strip off as much of the inside Christmas the purchase of a fine cod

skin as you can ; divide the meat thus will leave little change from a sove

cut off, into ten or a dozen pieces ; ! reign ; now half a crown will buy a

put the bones into a stew or saucepan, cod weighing eighteen pounds, not

with three quarts of water, and stew twopence per lb.* Last week, two for two hours ; take out the bones, and dozen of whitings, perfectly fresh,

put in the pieces of meat; boil in a were sold at Billingsgate for one shil.

separate saucepan six pounds of poling and fourpence; the same money

tatoes; when nearly done, strain and must frequently be given for a single

peel them; cut them into thin slices, fish of the same description ; nothing

and put them into the vessel with the varies more than the price of this

meat; stew the whole an hour longer ; article; an arrival of a boat or two

season it with pepper and salt to your at the market will effect a reduction

taste: this will make a nice dinner for of fifty per cent in a few minutes.

the Sunday, and sufficient left to be Early in the morning is the best

warmed up (just as good) for the time to have a choice of meat at

Monday. market; but under certain circum

We must now return to Saturday stances the economist will prefer the , for the remainder of the flank. Have evening; wholesale and large butch

a pickling-tub with a broad bottom; ers having a stock of veal or lamb on

a very good one may be bought of hands on a Saturday night in summer,

any cheescmonger (the half of a Dorwill sell upon almost any terms; as

set butter-tub) for ten-pence; get the meat, although then perfectly good

two ounces of each of the followand fit for cooking on Sunday, would

ing :-bay-salt, salt-petre, sal-prunot resist the assaults of Captain

nella, ilb. common salt, and half-a• A large cod, if more than sufficient

pound of coarse brown sugar; beat for present use, may be divided, the head

the hard salts into a fime powder, rub and shoulders boiled fresh ; the re the meat well with the whole, and mainder, cleaned, washed, and salted for a day or two, will be found much pre A quaint saying amongst the butch . ferable to the salt fish as generally ers, alluding to the discoloration in veal brought to market.

when kept too long.

some persons, that the dealers in potatoes are so accommodating as to wash them from the dirt, and sell them without any increase of price: it is a secret worth knowing. They suffer them to lay in water for å dozen hours or more before they wash them, during which time they suck up water as a sponge, and the dealer sells the water as well as the vegetable at six shillings per hundred. Never buy washed potatoes; they will not boil well; they will not keep ; and you lose a fourth in quantity. It is not every body who knows how to boil potatoes well; we shall have a word to say upon the subject another time.

place it in the tub, turning it each day with the brine. On Tuesday cut off 4 lb. more from the thick end, and boil it; it will be nicely corned, and will make, with vegetables, good dinners for two days. On the Wednesday evening take your meat out of the pickle, wash it well, hang it up to drain, wipe it with a cloth, take a handful of parsley, a pennyworth of sweet herbs, chopped fine, with a ground nutmeg, a very small quantity of ground mace and cloves, about twenty corns of all-spice powdered, with a tea-spoonful of black pepper; strew the inside of the meat with this mixture, then roll it up tight; cover it with a coarse cloth, wrapt once round it; tie it round with broad tape in three places, and let the tape pass once round it long-wise ; boil it for three hours and a half; let it stand in a press, or under a weight all night; take off the cloth, and you will be tempted to taste it for breakfast ; this cut into thin slices, will be found quite sufficient for the remainder of the week (and enough to supply a piece to a neighbour as a practical lesson in economy), and it will form an elegant dish; or if you prefer only eating it occasionally, you may put it by; it will keep good for a month. Pastrycooks sell it thus prepared for two shillings the pound; the expense does not exceed one halfpenny per pound increase on the cost price, but some will say it is so much trouble; try it, and you will find the trouble is scarce any, and will occupy little more time than the reading this article. Now, pray, which is most profitable, this or mutton-chops, and such like? The same family, if fed upon chops, steaks, sausages, or tripe, would consume twenty-one pounds, at an average of seven-pence per pound, which would amount to upwards of twelve shillings, being an increased expenditure of five shillings per week in meat alone, not to mention the loss of time in marketing, dressing, &c.

Potutoes.—The very best champion potatoes are now sold at six shillings the hundred and twenty pounds, somethmg better than three pounds for two-pence. It may surprise



The abominable custom daily prace tised of blowing, as it is technically called, or inflating butcher's meat, especially the joints of veal and lamb, with the breath respired from the lungs, to make it appear white and glistening, is a practice which claims the interference of the magistrates.

This detestable custom unques. tionably renders meat not only unfit for keeping, but likewise unwholesome for human food. It is the opinion of physiologists that the meat is capable of communicating the most loathsome diseases; besides, it is such a dirty trick, that the very idea of it is sufficient to disgust one at every thing which comes from a butcher's shop; for who can bear the notion of eating meat, the cellular substance of which has been filled with the air of a dirty fellow, who may at the same time be afflicted with the very worst of diseases ?

But not only butchers' meat, but sea-fish, especially cod, haddock, and whiting, are in a similar measure often blown to make them appear large and plump; a quill, or the stem of a tobacco pipe, being inserted into the orifice at the belly of the fish, and a hole being made under the fin, which is next the gill, the breath is blown in to extend the bulk of the fish. This imposition is detected by cesses of complicated and lengthened cruelty, too horrid to relate, are only for the purpose of whitening the flesh; and with a similar view two calves are often tied together by their hind legs, and thrown across a horse when brought to the butcher's shop, so that they are suffered to be suspended for. hours together, with the head downwards before they are killed.

On the frequent cruelties committed by butchers it is not our business to speak: every person resident in this city must have noticed, that in driving a number of sheep and oxen, if any of them be untractable, the driver often breaks one of the legs of the sheep, or cuts the large tendon on the foot of the ox. This is a cruelty at which the human mind shudders.

placing the thumb on each side of the orifice, and pressing it hard, when the air will be perceived to escape. Meat that has been inflated may at once be recognized by the cellular membranes being distended.

Another pernicious custoin of rendering meat unwholesome is, to throw the beast, previous to its being killed, into a state of disease, by over-driving it; for the fever into which the furious animal is often thrown, by the cruelty of the drover, is frequently raised to madness. No person would choose to eat the flesh of an animal which died in a high fever, yet that is actually the case with all over-driven cattle. The flesh of such animals is at once distinguished at the butcher's shambles, by the cellular membrane being filled with blood, which makes the meat appear of a more florid colour, and adds to its weight. · Another highly blamable custom to render meat unwholesome is, to keep animals without food for four or five days together, to save the lutcher the trouble of clearing the stomach and intestines more readily. Oxen are usually kept without food for four or five days before they are killed. Calves, sheep, and pigs, each of them two or three days. Fasting so long renders the animals unhealthy, and makes them restless, feverish, and diseased. . It is also a common practice in some grazing counties to bring to market the carcases of such animals as die of themselves. Poverty may indeed oblige people to eat such meat, but it would be better for them to eat a smaller quantity of what is sound and wholesome; at least it would afford a better nourishment, with less danger.

The injunction given to the Jews, not to eat of any creature which had died in consequence of a disease, seems to have a strict regard to health, and ought to be observed as a wholesome lesson by Christians as well as Jews.

The editor of the Literary Miscellany states, that it is a practice among many butchers to suspend calves by the hind legs with the head downwards, for hours, and to bleed them to death slowly. Such pro


FOOD. The object of all unprincipled modern manufacturers seems to be

sparing of their time and labour, as much as possible, and to increase the quantity of the articles they produce, without much regard to their quality. The ingenuity and perseverance of self-interest is proof against prohibitions, and contrives to elude the vigilance of the most active government.

The eager and insatiable thirst for gain, which seems to be a leading characteristic of the times, calls into action every human faculty, and gives an irresistible impulse to the power of invention ; and when lucre becomes the reigning principle, the possible sacrifice of even a fellow-creature's life is a secondary consideration. In reference to the deterioration of almost all the necessaries and comforts of existence, it may be justly observed, in a civil as well as a religious sense, that “ in the midst of life we are in death.”


(Continued from p. 9.) In considering the innocent causes of indigence, as exhibited in one collected view in our last Number, it will be seen that those requiring constant and permanent support are few

« ZurückWeiter »