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fiegers with frequent Sallies, so that at last the Convoys passed unmolested into the Town. But what compleated the Overthrow of the Siege was the Treachery of Andrew Doria, who, under Pretence of being disebliged by France, went over to the Emperor, and recalled his Nephew from before Naples, whereby the Port was immediately freed, and Provisions in Plenty was brought into the City both by Sea and Land,
Marshal Lautrec in the mean time, who Lautrec's had partly recovered, relapsed and died in Death. the Night between the 15th and 16th of August,
* Father Daniel says, “ Lau- built by Chaumont, out of the
trec was one of the best Offi- Spoils of Milan in Burgundy, and “ cers that was in France, but the King's overlooking Lautrec's “ his Haughtiness, Pride and Faults while Governor of that “ Presumption, rendered him Dutchy, through the Interpofi
incapable of hearkening to Ad- tion of his Mistress.
vice; Faults which made him Virtue, though often traversed, " commit very great Mistakes is still in Vogue and sought after; " in several of his Expeditions.” for Lautrec having, after his Re
Brantome relates, “That Lau. turn from Italy, retired into Gui
trec was charged with the Loss enne, some time afterwards was “ of Milan in the Battle of Bi- sent for to Court, received into
coque, and blamed for yielding Favour more than ever, and made
to the Instances of the Swiss, Lieutenant General of the grand “ to fight on that Occasion." It League concluded againit the was also said, “That several Re- Emperor. He was sent on an " monftrances against him were Expedition against Naples, which " sent from Milan to the King, he chearfully undertook, and in “ setting forth, that, though he his March took Bosco, Alexan
was a good Officer, yet very dria, and Pavia. In Pavia he improper for such a Govern- was rather cruel to revenge the
ment : But that Madam de Outrage and Taking of Francis, “ Chateaubriant, Lautrec's Sister, and the Death and Defeat of fo ss and a most beautiful and po- many brave Frenchmen, who had “ lite Lady, for whom the King met with their tragical Fates un“ had a very great Regard, sof- der her Walls ; for which Rezos tened all those Complaints, son he would not enter that City “ and always preserved her Bro- at any of the Gates, but at the “ , “ther in the King's good Graces, Breach on Horse-back, to fhew “ which gave Birth to a Proverb thereby a more absolute Tri"s in that Time, That Milan had umph. " raised Meuillan, and Chateau- Lautrec, having performed se« briant loft Milan ; ” which-al- veral grand military Exploits in ludes to a famous Seat so called, Lombardy, was ready to invest
through the extraordinary Fatigue he was instantly obliged to undergo, by Doria's deserting the French Service.
Milan, to repair his paft Fault, trec was so shocked, that his Gall when he received the King's Or- and Heart broke, which put an ders to march directly to Naples. End to his Days. However, he He arrived at that fatal Place for died with so much Glory, that him, (as Ravennu had been for the Pope caused solemn Obse. Nemours, his Coufin) upon the quies, in a moft pompous ManPoint of a most glorious Vi&ory, ner, to be performed for him if he had pleased : But, as the and the King his Master caused a Neapolitans fay, Fortune is not to funeral Service to be performed be catched by the Locks; which he for him in the Church of Notrê neglected, when he might have Dame at Paris, with the same had it by Hand-fulls, through his Grandeur and Magnificence as own Presumption, who would if he were his own Child, or listen to no Advice, and refused fome grand Prince of the Blood : to affault or batter the Towns, But the Office performed for him contrary to the concurrent Opi- by the Spaniard, his Enemy, exnions of all his Officers, saying, ceeded all this a hundred De• That he would not consume grees, by erecting a Superb Mar“his Ammunition to no Purpose, ble Tomb for his poor Bones, ! which should serye him well which must have been tumbled « elsewhere ; and that he knew and tossed in a miserable Vault, • he must soon have all the Gar- where his people had buried him I rison, with their Necks in Hal- without any funeral Pomp, and
ters, by Famine and a long as if he had been the most private
Siege.' But it happened quite Centinel of his Time. The Tomb otherwise, as we have already re- appears fill in excellent good lated. When Lautrec was con Condition, in the Duke of Seffined to his Bed, he frequently fa's Chapel, in the new Church asked of the Officers and Phy- of St. Mary, at Naples; the Episicians, who visited him, What taph on which is as follows : State of Health the Camp was in ? who constantly replied,
To Opero Foix LAUTREC
GONSALVO FERDINANDO, • That all better and better,
grew for the Infection daily dimi- The Son of Lewis de Cordova, • nished' But he, suspecting their And Nephew to the Great GonAnswers proceeded more from Complaisance to him than Re- The Spanish Grandee, finding gard to Truth, threatened one this Warrior's Bones, though an Day to have two of his Pages Enemy, lie without that Hofeverely punished, if they did not nour due to them, and to which inform him of the true Condi- the Fortune of War had brought tion the Army was in ; then they him, and mindful of human Mideclared, That the Camp was de- feries, has bestowed this Tomb ftroyed, and that scarce any escap- on the French General in the id the Sickness: At whick Lau. Chapel of his Forefathers,
Sir Robert Jerningham, Gentleman of the Bedchamber both to King Henry and Francis, who had the Command of 200 Horse in the Army, paid by our King, died of the Plague, as did John Carew, who succeeded him, the Sweating Sickness being all this Summer in England, whereof also died Sir Francis Poyntz, William Compton, Esq; and others of Note.
Lautrec's Death was followed with raising the Siege of Naples, and the Marquis of Saluzzo, to whom the Command of the Army devolved, retreated in good Order and retired to Aversa, where he was besieged, being wounded with a Blow from a Stone that broke his Knees, which fo discouraged the Soldiers, that they
, obliged him to surrender on a dishonourable Capitulation ; for the Marquis submitted to be a Prisoner of War; but the French Officers and Soldiers had leave to go into France, upon leaving their Colours and Standards behind them: Terrible Terms for Men of real Blood! The Swiss, by one of the Articles, were to return Home : The Italians, by another Article, were obliged not to serve against the Emperor for fix Months; and the Marquis was also to do all that lay in his ower to oblige the Governors of of the Places, taken either by the French or the Allies, to deliver them up, but most of them refused to stand to this Capitulation.
Naples was no sooner lost but Genoa followed, Andrew Doria, who was very powerful in that City, made it revolt. Marshal Theodore Trivulca retired into the Castle with some Soldiers, but was obliged to surrender about the End of OEtober for want of Provisions : Whereupon Doria, pursuant to his Agreement with the Emperor, restored his Country to Liberty, and established the Government, which fubfifts at this Day. Savona was also delivered up thro' the Cowardice of Governor Moreta.
The French were no less unfortunate in the Milanese, for Anthony Leyva surprized Pavia and other
Places, but was obliged to raise the Siege of Lodi,
a forcement from France, and joined by the Venetian Army, retook Pavia, and made himself Master of Como; and with this the Campaign ended in the Milanese.
“ So fatal a War, says Father Daniel, the Advantages and Disadvantages of which were not yet great enough on either Side to secure the Event, be
gun to tire both the Emperor and France, and “ make them hearken to peaceable Councils, which
Margaret of Austria gave the Emperor, her Ne
phew ;-and the Princess Regent, on the other hand, “ the King, her Son.” Whereupon they both signified their Inclinations to the Pope by their Envoys, in the beginning of the following Year, 1529, and had this Effect, that the City of Cambray was pitched upon for the Conferences which were agreed to be negotiated by the above Princess, and to begin at the End of May ; but, before these Ladies met, the War was carried on in Italy, and Anthony Leyva attacked the Count of St. Pol in the Milanese, routed his Forces, and took him Prisoner. The Remainder of the French that were at Pavia, hearing the News, deserted in whole Companies, so that there was scarce any French left in the Milanese ; and thus ended this new Expedition into Italy, which, one would think, should have been a sufficient Memento to prevent them from sending Troops thither, that has generally proved fatal to them, and not improperly called, The Grave of the Frenchmen. Congress at In July the two Princesses repaired to CamCambray. bray, as did Dr. Tunstal, Bishop of Durham,and
1529. Sir Thomas More, on King Henry's Behalf, and on the 5th of August a Treaty of Peace was concluded between the Emperor and France, in which England was
included, called the Lady's Peace, the Substance where of follows.
“ That the Emperor should desist from Treaty of Cam“ his present Demands on Burgundy, with bray. out prejudicing any Right he might
1529. “ claim to that Dutchy by Course of Law. That the *** Crown of France should pay him two Millions of " Crowns of Gold, for the Ransom of Francis's Sons, " and withdraw his Forces out of Italy. That he should “ resign to the Emperor the Sovereignty of Flanders and " Artois. That he should restore to the Emperor the “ Earldom of Esti, with whatever he held in the " Dutchy of Milan. That he should renounce all “ his Pretentions to the Kingdom of Naples, and
marry Eleanora, with whom the Emperor should give him in Dower 200,000 Crowns.
There was also several other Articles, particularly, “ Francis promised to restore the Heirs of the late “ Duke of Bourbon to all that Prince poffeffed in " France." And also
And also “That the King of France " should pay the 200,000 Crowns due from the Em
peror to England by Instalment, and redeem the “ rich Flower-de-Luce, pawned to Henry the VIIth “ for 50,000 Crowns.
But there was no mention of the Venetians, who were Allies of France, save that Francis undertook to require the Venetians to yield to the Emperor what they poffefled in the Kingdom of Naples. This made a Venetian Nobleman tell the Doge, That the City of Cambray was the Purgatory of the Venetians ; alluding not only to this Treaty, but that which was formed to ruin them, as before mentioned.
The Pope had before made his Peace with the Emperor, upon as advantageous Conditions as if that Prince had had the worst of the War in Italy : And his Holiness's Aim was not only to be restored to Florence, but to other Places taken by the Venetians during his Captivity. But, whilst he was forming these Projeêts, Vol. IV.