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added, that I supposed this piece of intelligence had at that time escaped bis lordship. By no means, said he; and who do you think first told it me? It was the king himself; who subjoined, “And what do you think, my Lord, I should do with him ?” Lord Holderness owned that he was puzzled how to reply, forif he declared his real sentiments, they might favour of indifference to the royal family. The king perceived his embarrassment, and extricated him from it by adding, “ My Lord, I shall just. do nothing at all; and when he is tired of England, he will go abroad again."-I think this story, for the honour of the late king, ought to be more generally known.

But what will surprise you more, Lord Marechal, a few days after the coronation of the present king, told me that he believed the young Pretender was at that time in London, or at least had been so very lately, and had come over to see the shew of the coronation, and had actually seen it. I asked my lord the reason for this strange fact. "Why, says he, a gentleman told me so that saw him there, and that he even spoke to him, and whispered in his ears these words; Your Royal Highness is the last of all mortals whom I should expect to see here.” “ It was curiosity that led me, said the other; " but I assure you,” added he, “that the person who is the object of all this pomp and magnificence, is the man I envy the least." You see this story is so near traced from the fountain-head, as to wear a great face of probability. Query, what if the Pretender had taken up Dymock's gauntlet?

I find that the Pretender's visit in England in the year 1753, was known to all the Jacobites; and some of them have assured me, that he took the opportunity of formally renouncing the Roman Catholic religion, under his own name of Charles Stuart, in the New Church in the Strand ! and that this is the reason of the bad treatment he met with at the court of Rome. I own that I am a sceptic with regard to the last particulars.

Lord Marechal had a very bad opinion of this unfortunate prince, and thought there was no vice so mean or atrocious of which he was not capable; of which he gave me sereral instances -- My lord, though a man of great honour, may be thought a discontented courtier; but what quite confirmed me in that idea of that prince, was a conversation I had with Helvetius at Paris, which I believe I have told you. In case I have not, I shall mention a few particulars. That gentleman told me that he had no acquaintance with the Pretender; but some time after that prince was chaced out

of France, a letter, said he, was brought me from him, in which he told me, that the necessity of his affairs obliged him to be at Paris, and as he knew me by character to be a man of the greatest probity and honour in France, he would trust himself to me if I would promise to conceal and protect him. I own, added Helvetius to me, although I knew the danger to be greater of harbouring him at Paris than at London; and although I thought the family of Hanover not only the lawful sovereigns in England, but the only lawful sovereigns in Europe, as having the free consent of the people; yet was I such a dupe to his flattery, that I invited him to my house, concealed him there, going and coming, near two years, had all his correspondence pass through my hands, met with his partizans upon Pont Neuf, and found at last that I had incurred all this danger and trouble for the most unworthy of all niortals; insomuch that I have been assured, when he went down to Nantz to embark on his expedition to Scotland, he took fright, and refused to go on board; and his attendants, thinking the matter gone too far, and that they would be affronted for his cowardice, carried him in the night-time into the ship, pieds et mains liés. I asked him, if he meant literally. Yes, said he, literally ; they tied him, and carried him by main force. What think you now of this hero and conqueror?

Both Lord Marechal and Helvetius agree, that with all this strange character, he was no bigot, but rather had learned from the philosophers at Paris to affect a contempt of all religion. You must know that both these persons thought they were ascribing to bim an excellent quality. Indeed both of them used to laugh at me for my narrow way of thinking in those particulars. However, my dear Sir John, I hope you will do me the justice to acquit me.

I doubt not but these circumstances will appear curious to Lord Hardwicke, to whom you will please to present my respects. I suppose his lordship will think this unaccountable mixture of temerity and tiniidity in the same character, not a little siugular.

I am yours very sincerely, 3788, May.


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LXVI. The Rev. Dr. Free to Archbishop Moore.


Feb. 9, 1788. I BEG leave to present your grace with the fourth edition of my History of the English Tongue, begun by the permission of his Royal Highness Frederick Prince of Wales, for the use of his eldest son, now King George the Third, which honour was communicated to me by Mr. Drax, Secretary to his Royal Highness; but the prince dying before it was printed, I missed of my reward, and with it my future hopes of preferment.

For though there could not be, in my station, a better subject to one of the best of princes, King George the Second, as your grace will see by the papers which accompany this book; yet I found my services overlooked, or obstructed, by the Duke of Newcastle and his adherents :-Of this I was convinced once for all, by the unsuccessful application of a great man abroad, who was much a favourite of King George the Second, and chancellor of his University of Gottingen, Baron Mosheim, with whom I kept a Latin correspondence, and who, out of friendship, immediately took a journey from Gottingen to Hanover, where the king was at that time, to solicit a prebend of Bristol for me, which was then vacant; but meeting there the Duke of Newcastle, he was told that it was disposed of.

During the administration of my Lord Bute, I presented my petition to the king, a copy of which accompanies this book; by wbich your grace will see, that by some misrepresentation I was again disappointed.

My dependencies upon churchmen were altogether as delusive as those which were founded upon the favour of ministers of state. I have been connected with three bishops as my diocesans, esteemed by them all, but never preferred by any.

The first was Bishop Peploe, when I was vicar of Runcorn in Cheshire: bis politics and mine agreed. I associ. ated with him in the rebellion, for the defence of the king and royal family; but, having relations, he could not gratify me with a prebend of Chester, the height of my request. Upon ny return from Cheshire to Oxford, the rebels were advanced as far as Derby, when I preached at St. Mary's, the famous 5th. of November, a sermon, which procured the curses of the other party, who abused me in every Jacobite paper through Englund; and the then ministry

through fear of displeasing them, consented to such a sacrifice; robbed of my pupils by the party, I left the University, and went to teach school in Southwark.

Here I had hopes at this time from Dr. Willes of Bath and Wells, the second bishop under whom I served :-His name appears amongst my father's friends, who was a sufferer for the royal cause, in the rebellion of the year 1715, as may be seen in my petition to the king. Dr. Willes was under promise of providing for me, which was made to the warden and fellows of Merton College in Oxford, where I was disappointed of a fellowship, to make room for one of his friends. Being removed from Runcorn in Cheshire, to East Coker, a vicarage of the same mean value, which was in his diocese--every body imagined that I should be a prebendary of Wells and so forth; but the bishop died before he could provide for me. The third diocesan is the present bishop of that see [Dr. Moss,) a very worthy gentleman, with whom I have lived upon very good terms; but places in his cathedral would be too long to expect, and the charge of a parish I would not now undertake.

For, during these periods, I am advancing to the age of 77 years; had been a public preacher, at the time I left the pulpit, 54 years; a doctor in divinity 44, without any share of preferment from the patronage or patrimony of the church, but a vicarage about 701. the year, to struggle with the world and bring up a family :-Reduced by this situation, I am obliged to the charity of the laity to make up deficiences. Emeritus Miles Ecclesiæ Anglicana, a wornout invalid, who has served in 54 campaigns, and finds himself in a worse situation than a Chelsea pensioner; for they are supported by the military establishment, whilst a clergyman, whose writings, preaching, and behaviour, have been irreproachable, is turned over to another p.ofessionto ask for bread.

While I am giving this detail, my lord, I would not have it thought, though it looks suspicious, that I ain applying to yourgrace for your personal charity for my subsistence-No; it is the church that I demand it of:-These are the usekuata Xpiso, which, by St. Paul's leave, I choose to construe the arrears of the church, which I demand for the loss of my time and labour, to be brought to an account, and see it settled before I go hence. I beg leave to deposit these demands in your grace's hands, not doubting but, when you have power and opportunity, your grace will do me justice.

In the late scramble for preferment, I had thoughts once more of applying to the minister, in the throng of the

clergy attending his levee as minister for church and state, that while the rest were striving to gratify their ambition, I might meet with some of the fragments of the loaves and fishes; for there were many to be fed; but then it occurred, that I might not be quick enough; being old, the young ones would out-run me, or I might be thrown down in the scuffle. This shewed that on such an occasion I ought to have an advocate more powerful than myself.

But where should I find a person in power of that affability and freedom of access, to receive a petition from the disappointed; of that humanity, as well from their disposition as from experience, to pity their sufferings; of that activity in their high station, to endeavour their relief; of that compass of thought as a politician, to look upon it as a bad

symptom in a state to see a good subject distressed in and by the community, which be all his life-time faithfully served, and mored thereby from the love and credit of his country to seek for their redress? Upon reflection, I could not find another person of high

I rank'with whose character this description so well agrees as with that of bis Grace the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury; and from this persuasion, I make bold to beg the favour of your grace to be my advocate, and represent my case to Mr. Pitt, who is generally well spoken of for his good disposition, and whose sentiments may be the same with your own. His father, Lord Chatham, professed an esteem for me: I have received compliments from Hayes on account of some of my works which he approved; and that he regarded my politics, I have an evident proof from his adopting my plan of invading Normandy, first published in the 58th. Monitor, Saturday, September 1756, which paper is luckily preserved, notwithstanding the violent removal of my writings, and is requested to be returned when seen by Mr. Pitt; for this descent upon Normandy was followed by the reduction of Cherburg, and the conquest of Belleisle, which if not given up at the peace, would have been of the same advantage to England, as the possession of the Isle of Wight would be to France.

These are some of the services I have rendered my country, both in church and state, for which I do not expect at this time such a reward as my long residence in the University, and the expences of my four degrees, miglit in equity and ancient custom require, because of late those einoluments have gone to people of another stamp, who have never seen an University; but as matters now stand, and for present use, that Mr. Pitt would be so good as to

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